Abstract

Internal electric-field enhancement is critical for the laser-induced damage properties of multilayer dielectric compression gratings (MDG) in high-energy laser systems. Due to the complex fabrication processes of MDGs, such as coating, interference lithography, etching, and cleaning, different kinds of defects in multilayers or profiles on MDG surfaces can’t be practically avoided. Combined with a scanning electron microscope of some MDG samples, line-absence and added node seem to be two typical defects, according to which two defective MDG models are established, and numerical calculations are performed. From simulation results, the defect period and defect depth has little effect on the spectral response of the optical elements. However, they may produce large changes of internal electric-field distribution on the grating surface and even in multilayer structures, thus decreasing the damage threshold of MDG. To obtain a better understanding of the dependence of the internal electric-field enhancement on these defects, this work is focused on the near-field distributions of defective MDGs using the Fourier model method.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011 (2)

J. Wang, A. Erdmann, S. Liu, J. Shao, Y. Jin, H. He, and K. Yi, “Influence of geometry variations and defects on the near field optical properties of pulsed compression gratings,” Proc. SPIE 8171, 81710O (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Hocquet, J. Neauport, and N. Bonod, “The role of electric field polarization of the incident laser beam in the short pulse damage mechanism of pulse compression gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 061101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

S. Liu, Z. Shen, W. Kong, J. Shen, Z. Deng, Y. Zhao, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt laser,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

L. Li, “Reformulation of Fourier modal method for surface-relief gratings made with anisotropic materials,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1313–1334 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

J. A. Britten and M. D. Perry, “High-efficiency, dielectric multiplayer gratings optimized for manufacturability and laser damage threshold,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 511–520 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

1969 (1)

E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454–458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Aasen, M. D.

Alessi, D.

Balas, M.

Barty, C. P.

J. A. Britten, W. A. Molander, A. M. Komashko, and C. P. Barty, “Multilayer dielectric gratings for petawatt class laser systems,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2003, H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds. (SPIE, 2004), pp. 1–7.

Barty, C. P. J.

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt laser,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Molander, A. Komashko, J. Britten, L. Jones, C. Brown, J. Caird, I. Jovanovic, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Design and test of advanced multi-layer dielectric gratings for high energy petawatt,” in Third International Conference on Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications (U.S. Department of Energy, 2003).

Bonod, N.

S. Hocquet, J. Neauport, and N. Bonod, “The role of electric field polarization of the incident laser beam in the short pulse damage mechanism of pulse compression gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 061101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, G. Razé, G. Dupuy, N. Bonod, M. Balas, G. de Villele, J. Flamand, S. Kaladgew, and F. Desserouer, “Effect of electric field on laser induced damage threshold of multilayer dielectric gratings,” Opt. Express 15, 12508–12522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. D.

Britten, J.

W. Molander, A. Komashko, J. Britten, L. Jones, C. Brown, J. Caird, I. Jovanovic, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Design and test of advanced multi-layer dielectric gratings for high energy petawatt,” in Third International Conference on Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications (U.S. Department of Energy, 2003).

Britten, J. A.

D. H. Martz, H. T. Nguyen, D. Patel, J. A. Britten, D. Alessi, E. Krous, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, J. George, B. Knollenberg, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Large area high efficiency broad bandwidth 800 nm dielectric gratings for high energy laser pulse compression,” Opt. Express 17, 23809–23816 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Lu, K.-X. Sun, R. L. Byer, J. A. Britten, H. T. Nguyen, J. D. Nissen, C. C. Larson, M. D. Aasen, T. C. Carlson, and C. R. Hoaglan, “Precise diffraction efficiency measurements of large-area greater-than-99%-efficient dielectric gratings at the Littrow angle,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1708–1710 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt laser,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Perry, D. Pennington, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, J. A. Britten, C. Brown, S. Herman, B. Golick, M. Kartz, J. Miller, H. T. Powell, M. Vergino, and V. Yanovsky, “Petawatt laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 24, 160–162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Britten and M. D. Perry, “High-efficiency, dielectric multiplayer gratings optimized for manufacturability and laser damage threshold,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 511–520 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, E. Shults, and L. Li, “High-efficiency multiplayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20, 940–941(1995).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Britten, W. A. Molander, A. M. Komashko, and C. P. Barty, “Multilayer dielectric gratings for petawatt class laser systems,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2003, H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds. (SPIE, 2004), pp. 1–7.

Brown, C.

M. D. Perry, D. Pennington, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, J. A. Britten, C. Brown, S. Herman, B. Golick, M. Kartz, J. Miller, H. T. Powell, M. Vergino, and V. Yanovsky, “Petawatt laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 24, 160–162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Molander, A. Komashko, J. Britten, L. Jones, C. Brown, J. Caird, I. Jovanovic, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Design and test of advanced multi-layer dielectric gratings for high energy petawatt,” in Third International Conference on Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications (U.S. Department of Energy, 2003).

Brown, C. G.

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt laser,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Caird, J.

W. Molander, A. Komashko, J. Britten, L. Jones, C. Brown, J. Caird, I. Jovanovic, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Design and test of advanced multi-layer dielectric gratings for high energy petawatt,” in Third International Conference on Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications (U.S. Department of Energy, 2003).

Canova, F.

Carlson, T. C.

Chambaret, J. P.

Chow, R.

Clady, R.

de Villele, G.

Decker, D.

Deng, Z.

S. Liu, Z. Shen, W. Kong, J. Shen, Z. Deng, Y. Zhao, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Desserouer, F.

Dupuy, G.

Erdmann, A.

J. Wang, A. Erdmann, S. Liu, J. Shao, Y. Jin, H. He, and K. Yi, “Influence of geometry variations and defects on the near field optical properties of pulsed compression gratings,” Proc. SPIE 8171, 81710O (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Z.

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization design of an ultrabroadband, high-efficiency, all-dielectric grating,” Opt. Lett. 35, 187–189 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Liu, Z. Shen, W. Kong, J. Shen, Z. Deng, Y. Zhao, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fechner, R.

Feit, M. D.

Flamand, J.

Flury, M.

George, J.

Golick, B.

Guenther, H.

J. A. Britten, W. A. Molander, A. M. Komashko, and C. P. Barty, “Multilayer dielectric gratings for petawatt class laser systems,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2003, H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds. (SPIE, 2004), pp. 1–7.

He, H.

J. Wang, A. Erdmann, S. Liu, J. Shao, Y. Jin, H. He, and K. Yi, “Influence of geometry variations and defects on the near field optical properties of pulsed compression gratings,” Proc. SPIE 8171, 81710O (2011).
[CrossRef]

Herman, S.

Hoaglan, C. R.

Hocquet, S.

S. Hocquet, J. Neauport, and N. Bonod, “The role of electric field polarization of the incident laser beam in the short pulse damage mechanism of pulse compression gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 061101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y.

J. Wang, A. Erdmann, S. Liu, J. Shao, Y. Jin, H. He, and K. Yi, “Influence of geometry variations and defects on the near field optical properties of pulsed compression gratings,” Proc. SPIE 8171, 81710O (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization design of an ultrabroadband, high-efficiency, all-dielectric grating,” Opt. Lett. 35, 187–189 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jones, L.

W. Molander, A. Komashko, J. Britten, L. Jones, C. Brown, J. Caird, I. Jovanovic, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Design and test of advanced multi-layer dielectric gratings for high energy petawatt,” in Third International Conference on Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications (U.S. Department of Energy, 2003).

Jose, F.

Jovanovic, I.

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt laser,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Molander, A. Komashko, J. Britten, L. Jones, C. Brown, J. Caird, I. Jovanovic, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Design and test of advanced multi-layer dielectric gratings for high energy petawatt,” in Third International Conference on Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications (U.S. Department of Energy, 2003).

Kaiser, N.

J. A. Britten, W. A. Molander, A. M. Komashko, and C. P. Barty, “Multilayer dielectric gratings for petawatt class laser systems,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2003, H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds. (SPIE, 2004), pp. 1–7.

Kaladgew, S.

Kartz, M.

Knollenberg, B.

Komashko, A.

W. Molander, A. Komashko, J. Britten, L. Jones, C. Brown, J. Caird, I. Jovanovic, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Design and test of advanced multi-layer dielectric gratings for high energy petawatt,” in Third International Conference on Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications (U.S. Department of Energy, 2003).

Komashko, A. M.

J. A. Britten, W. A. Molander, A. M. Komashko, and C. P. Barty, “Multilayer dielectric gratings for petawatt class laser systems,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2003, H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds. (SPIE, 2004), pp. 1–7.

Kong, W.

S. Liu, Z. Shen, W. Kong, J. Shen, Z. Deng, Y. Zhao, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krous, E.

Larotonda, M. A.

Larson, C. C.

Lavastre, E.

Lewis, K. L.

J. A. Britten, W. A. Molander, A. M. Komashko, and C. P. Barty, “Multilayer dielectric gratings for petawatt class laser systems,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2003, H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds. (SPIE, 2004), pp. 1–7.

Li, L.

Liu, S.

J. Wang, A. Erdmann, S. Liu, J. Shao, Y. Jin, H. He, and K. Yi, “Influence of geometry variations and defects on the near field optical properties of pulsed compression gratings,” Proc. SPIE 8171, 81710O (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Liu, Z. Shen, W. Kong, J. Shen, Z. Deng, Y. Zhao, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Loomis, G. E.

Lu, P. P.

Luther, B. M.

Martz, D. H.

Menoni, C. S.

Miguel, L.

Miller, J.

Molander, W.

W. Molander, A. Komashko, J. Britten, L. Jones, C. Brown, J. Caird, I. Jovanovic, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Design and test of advanced multi-layer dielectric gratings for high energy petawatt,” in Third International Conference on Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications (U.S. Department of Energy, 2003).

Molander, W. A.

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt laser,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Britten, W. A. Molander, A. M. Komashko, and C. P. Barty, “Multilayer dielectric gratings for petawatt class laser systems,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2003, H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds. (SPIE, 2004), pp. 1–7.

Neauport, J.

S. Hocquet, J. Neauport, and N. Bonod, “The role of electric field polarization of the incident laser beam in the short pulse damage mechanism of pulse compression gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 061101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, G. Razé, G. Dupuy, N. Bonod, M. Balas, G. de Villele, J. Flamand, S. Kaladgew, and F. Desserouer, “Effect of electric field on laser induced damage threshold of multilayer dielectric gratings,” Opt. Express 15, 12508–12522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, H. T.

Nielsen, N.

W. Molander, A. Komashko, J. Britten, L. Jones, C. Brown, J. Caird, I. Jovanovic, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Design and test of advanced multi-layer dielectric gratings for high energy petawatt,” in Third International Conference on Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications (U.S. Department of Energy, 2003).

Nielsen, N. D.

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt laser,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nissen, J. D.

Parriaux, O.

Patel, D.

Pennington, D.

M. D. Perry, D. Pennington, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, J. A. Britten, C. Brown, S. Herman, B. Golick, M. Kartz, J. Miller, H. T. Powell, M. Vergino, and V. Yanovsky, “Petawatt laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 24, 160–162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Molander, A. Komashko, J. Britten, L. Jones, C. Brown, J. Caird, I. Jovanovic, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Design and test of advanced multi-layer dielectric gratings for high energy petawatt,” in Third International Conference on Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications (U.S. Department of Energy, 2003).

Pennington, D. M.

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt laser,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

Powell, H. T.

Razé, G.

Rocca, J. J.

Shannon, C.

Shao, J.

J. Wang, A. Erdmann, S. Liu, J. Shao, Y. Jin, H. He, and K. Yi, “Influence of geometry variations and defects on the near field optical properties of pulsed compression gratings,” Proc. SPIE 8171, 81710O (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization design of an ultrabroadband, high-efficiency, all-dielectric grating,” Opt. Lett. 35, 187–189 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Liu, Z. Shen, W. Kong, J. Shen, Z. Deng, Y. Zhao, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shen, J.

S. Liu, Z. Shen, W. Kong, J. Shen, Z. Deng, Y. Zhao, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Z.

S. Liu, Z. Shen, W. Kong, J. Shen, Z. Deng, Y. Zhao, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shore, B. W.

Shults, E.

Soileau, M. J.

J. A. Britten, W. A. Molander, A. M. Komashko, and C. P. Barty, “Multilayer dielectric gratings for petawatt class laser systems,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2003, H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds. (SPIE, 2004), pp. 1–7.

Stolz, C. J.

J. A. Britten, W. A. Molander, A. M. Komashko, and C. P. Barty, “Multilayer dielectric gratings for petawatt class laser systems,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2003, H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds. (SPIE, 2004), pp. 1–7.

Stuart, B. C.

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt laser,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Perry, D. Pennington, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, J. A. Britten, C. Brown, S. Herman, B. Golick, M. Kartz, J. Miller, H. T. Powell, M. Vergino, and V. Yanovsky, “Petawatt laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 24, 160–162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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J. Wang, A. Erdmann, S. Liu, J. Shao, Y. Jin, H. He, and K. Yi, “Influence of geometry variations and defects on the near field optical properties of pulsed compression gratings,” Proc. SPIE 8171, 81710O (2011).
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[CrossRef]

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I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt laser,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Molander, A. Komashko, J. Britten, L. Jones, C. Brown, J. Caird, I. Jovanovic, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Design and test of advanced multi-layer dielectric gratings for high energy petawatt,” in Third International Conference on Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications (U.S. Department of Energy, 2003).

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J. Wang, A. Erdmann, S. Liu, J. Shao, Y. Jin, H. He, and K. Yi, “Influence of geometry variations and defects on the near field optical properties of pulsed compression gratings,” Proc. SPIE 8171, 81710O (2011).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Hocquet, J. Neauport, and N. Bonod, “The role of electric field polarization of the incident laser beam in the short pulse damage mechanism of pulse compression gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 061101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454–458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

L. Li, “Reformulation of Fourier modal method for surface-relief gratings made with anisotropic materials,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1313–1334 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Liu, Z. Shen, W. Kong, J. Shen, Z. Deng, Y. Zhao, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. SPIE (3)

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt laser,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Britten and M. D. Perry, “High-efficiency, dielectric multiplayer gratings optimized for manufacturability and laser damage threshold,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 511–520 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, A. Erdmann, S. Liu, J. Shao, Y. Jin, H. He, and K. Yi, “Influence of geometry variations and defects on the near field optical properties of pulsed compression gratings,” Proc. SPIE 8171, 81710O (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

W. Molander, A. Komashko, J. Britten, L. Jones, C. Brown, J. Caird, I. Jovanovic, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Design and test of advanced multi-layer dielectric gratings for high energy petawatt,” in Third International Conference on Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications (U.S. Department of Energy, 2003).

J. A. Britten, W. A. Molander, A. M. Komashko, and C. P. Barty, “Multilayer dielectric gratings for petawatt class laser systems,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2003, H. Guenther, N. Kaiser, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds. (SPIE, 2004), pp. 1–7.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scanning electron microscope (SEM) of two typical defects with (a) line absence/incomplete and (b) added-node in surface of MDGs.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Calculation models of MDG with one absence/incomplete line defect with the residual thickness as defect depth. E in , E -1st and E 0 th represent the incident light, the -1st order reflected light, and the 0th reflected light, respectively. The high reflection film stack under the grating layer is composed of alternate high (H) and low (L) index layers.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Diffraction efficiency of the MDG with one line-absence/incomplete defect vs period number of the defect. The defect depths at the defect position are (a) 0 nm and (b) 200 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Diffraction efficiency of the MDG with one line-absence/incomplete defect vs incident wavelength with different defect density of (a) 1 of 9 lines and (b) 1 of 25 lines with reduced height (hd).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Near-field distribution with (a) a single absence-line defect and (b) double absence-line defects.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Maximum electric field inside the grating ridge as a function of defect depth and period number of the defect.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Maximum electric field in the grating ridge as a function of period number with (a) a single absence-line defect and (b) double absence-line defects. The defect depth is 0.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Maximum electric field in the grating ridge vs defect depth for (a) a single absence-line defect and (b) double absence-line defects. The period number in (a) and (b) is 25.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Near-field distribution of MDG with an add-node defect with different period numbers of (a) 7, (b) 7, and (c) 4.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Maximum near field in (a) grating ridge and (b) multilayer vs period number; defect depth is 200 nm.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Maximum near field in (a) grating ridge and (b) multilayer vs the depth of node. Period number is 39.

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