Abstract

An approach to achieving a light field three-dimensional (3D) display with a large viewing angular range based on spliced multi-LCDs is investigated. The light field reconstruction principle, LCD-based hardware configuration, and diffuser characteristics are analyzed. A point-to-point mapping calibration method is proposed to improve imaging performance, by using an image sensor to capture the coordinate distributions of the images on the LCD panel, projected onto the display space. By measuring the coordinate distributions, calibration is implemented considering both imaging aberration and geometrical inaccuracy of the whole system. The LCD-based experiment demonstrates that this method can achieve not only fast and precise calibration but also easy scalability, flexible depth, and angular range. A touchable floating 3D scene with correct occlusion, high image resolution, and a large continuous viewing angular range can be observed.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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2011 (4)

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

R. G. Yang, X. Y. Huang, S. F. Li, and C. Jaynes, “Toward the light field display: autostereoscopic rendering via a cluster of projectors,” IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 14, 84–96 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

N. A. Dodgson, “Autostereoscopic 3D displays,” Computer 38, 31–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Cobb, “Autostereoscopic desktop display: an evolution of technology,” Proc. SPIE 5664, 139–149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bolas, M.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH Emerging Technologies (ACM, 2007), article 40.

Chen, N.

Choi, H. J.

Cobb, J.

J. Cobb, “Autostereoscopic desktop display: an evolution of technology,” Proc. SPIE 5664, 139–149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Debevec, P.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH Emerging Technologies (ACM, 2007), article 40.

Dodgson, N. A.

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: a review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 57, 362–370 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Dodgson, “Autostereoscopic 3D displays,” Computer 38, 31–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Favalora, G. E.

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: a review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 57, 362–370 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hahn, J.

Hanrahan, P.

M. Levoy and P. Hanrahan, “Light field rendering,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques (ACM, 1996), pp. 31–42.

Heidrich, W.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH 2011 (ACM, 2011), article 95.

Holliman, N. S.

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: a review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 57, 362–370 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hong, J.

Hong, N.

Huang, X. Y.

R. G. Yang, X. Y. Huang, S. F. Li, and C. Jaynes, “Toward the light field display: autostereoscopic rendering via a cluster of projectors,” IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 14, 84–96 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jaynes, C.

R. G. Yang, X. Y. Huang, S. F. Li, and C. Jaynes, “Toward the light field display: autostereoscopic rendering via a cluster of projectors,” IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 14, 84–96 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jones, A.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH Emerging Technologies (ACM, 2007), article 40.

Kim, H.

Kim, Y.

Lanman, D.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH 2011 (ACM, 2011), article 95.

Lee, B.

Levoy, M.

M. Levoy and P. Hanrahan, “Light field rendering,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques (ACM, 1996), pp. 31–42.

Li, D. H.

Li, H. F.

Li, S.

Li, S. F.

R. G. Yang, X. Y. Huang, S. F. Li, and C. Jaynes, “Toward the light field display: autostereoscopic rendering via a cluster of projectors,” IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 14, 84–96 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Luo, J. Y.

Majumder, A.

B. Sajadi and A. Majumder, “Auto-calibration of cylindrical multi-projector systems,” in Proceedings of 2010 IEEE Virtual Reality Conference (VR) (IEEE, 2010), 155–162.

McDowall, I.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH Emerging Technologies (ACM, 2007), article 40.

Min, S. W.

Nago, N.

Park, J. H.

Peng, Y. F.

Pockett, L.

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: a review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 57, 362–370 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Raskar, R.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH 2011 (ACM, 2011), article 95.

Sajadi, B.

B. Sajadi and A. Majumder, “Auto-calibration of cylindrical multi-projector systems,” in Proceedings of 2010 IEEE Virtual Reality Conference (VR) (IEEE, 2010), 155–162.

Takaki, Y.

Wang, A. H.

Wang, Q. H.

Wang, S. C.

Wetzstein, G.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH 2011 (ACM, 2011), article 95.

Xia, X. X.

Yamada, H.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH Emerging Technologies (ACM, 2007), article 40.

Yan, C. J.

Yang, R. G.

R. G. Yang, X. Y. Huang, S. F. Li, and C. Jaynes, “Toward the light field display: autostereoscopic rendering via a cluster of projectors,” IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 14, 84–96 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, W. X.

Zheng, Z. R.

Appl. Opt. (4)

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Computer (1)

N. A. Dodgson, “Autostereoscopic 3D displays,” Computer 38, 31–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Broadcast. (1)

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: a review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 57, 362–370 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. (1)

R. G. Yang, X. Y. Huang, S. F. Li, and C. Jaynes, “Toward the light field display: autostereoscopic rendering via a cluster of projectors,” IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph. 14, 84–96 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Cobb, “Autostereoscopic desktop display: an evolution of technology,” Proc. SPIE 5664, 139–149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

M. Levoy and P. Hanrahan, “Light field rendering,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques (ACM, 1996), pp. 31–42.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH Emerging Technologies (ACM, 2007), article 40.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH 2011 (ACM, 2011), article 95.

B. Sajadi and A. Majumder, “Auto-calibration of cylindrical multi-projector systems,” in Proceedings of 2010 IEEE Virtual Reality Conference (VR) (IEEE, 2010), 155–162.

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: AVI (1788 KB)     

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Illustration of the system structure of the LCD-based light field 3D display.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of the light field display principle.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Geometric relation of the center offset of subdisplay images; cubes with different colors show the expected different depths of field.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Geometric relation between the appropriate diffuse angle of the diffuser and the interval angle of adjacent lenses.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Coordinate distribution P0 on the LCD and (b) the related coordinate distribution P1 captured by the CCD.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a)–(c) Photos of the reconstructed real human model floating in the air (Media 1).

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Specifications of the LCD-Based Scalable Light Field Display Prototype

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S={Ray|PiLjAk,i=(1,2,3,,N),j=(1,2,3,,M),k=(1,2,3,,L)},
XD=LS+LP+RLP+R,
ΔX=(n1)LS·DLP+R,
sin(ε/2δ/2)R=sin(δ/2)LP.
ε=(R+LP)·δLP.

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