We have recently shown [Appl. Opt. 51, 2739 (2012)] that performance analysis of optical imaging systems based on results obtained with classic one-dimensional (1D) resolution targets (such as the U.S. Air Force resolution target) are significantly different than those obtained with a newly proposed two-dimensional (2D) target. We hereby provide experimental evidence and show how the new 2D template can be used to correctly characterize optical imaging systems in terms of resolution and contrast. In particular, we apply the consequences of these observations to the optimal design of some 2D barcode structures.
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