Abstract

In this paper, we present a solution for creating robust monolithic achromatic half-wave plates (HWPs) for the infrared, based on the form birefringence of subwavelength gratings (SWGs) made out of diamond. We use the rigorous coupled wave analysis to design the gratings. Our analysis shows that diamond, besides its outstanding physical and mechanical properties, is a suitable substrate to manufacture mid-infrared HWPs, thanks to its high refractive index, which allows etching SWGs with lower aspect ratio. Based on our optimized design, we manufactured a diamond HWP for the 11–13.2 μm region, with an estimated mean retardance 3.143±0.061rad (180.08±3.51°). In addition, an antireflective grating was etched on the backside of the wave plate, allowing a total transmittance between 89% and 95% over the band.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Mawet, E. Serabyn, K. Liewer, R. Burruss, J. Hickey, and D. Shemo, “The vector vortex coronagraph: laboratory results and first light at Palomar Observatory,” Astrophys. J. 709, 53–57 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Nordin and P. Deguzman, “Broadband form birefringent quarter-wave plate for the mid-infrared wavelength region,” Opt. Express 5, 163–168 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Karlsson and F. Nikolajeff, “Diamond micro-optics: microlenses and antireflection structured surfaces for the infrared spectral region,” Opt. Express 11, 502–507 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, “Rigorous coupled-wave analysis of planar-grating diffraction,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 811–818 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Li, “Multilayer modal method for diffraction gratings of arbitrary profile, depth, and permittivity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 2581–2591 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  14. F. P. Bundy, “Melting point of graphite at high pressure: heat of fusion,” Science 137, 1055–1057 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).
  16. C. Delacroix, P. Forsberg, M. Karlsson, D. Mawet, C. Lenaerts, S. Habraken, C. Hanot, J. Surdej, A. Boccaletti, and J. Baudrand, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph in diamond for mid-IR wavelengths: manufacturing assessment and performance analysis,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77314W (2010).

2010 (3)

N. Murakami, J. Nishikawa, K. Yokochi, M. Tamura, N. Baba, and L. Abe, “Achromatic eight-octant phase-mask coronagraph using photonic crystal,” Astrophys. J. 714, 772–777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Mawet, E. Serabyn, K. Liewer, R. Burruss, J. Hickey, and D. Shemo, “The vector vortex coronagraph: laboratory results and first light at Palomar Observatory,” Astrophys. J. 709, 53–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Delacroix, P. Forsberg, M. Karlsson, D. Mawet, C. Lenaerts, S. Habraken, C. Hanot, J. Surdej, A. Boccaletti, and J. Baudrand, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph in diamond for mid-IR wavelengths: manufacturing assessment and performance analysis,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77314W (2010).

2009 (1)

2006 (2)

2004 (2)

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

R. M. A. Azzam and C. L. Spinu, “Achromatic angle-insensitive infrared quarter-wave retarder based on total internal reflection at the Si-SiO2 interface,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 2019–2022 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

J. Schirmer and T. Schmidt-Kaler, “Liquid crystal phase retarder with broad spectral range,” Opt. Commun. 176, 313–317(2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

1993 (1)

L. Li, “Multilayer modal method for diffraction gratings of arbitrary profile, depth, and permittivity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 2581–2591 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

1962 (1)

F. P. Bundy, “Melting point of graphite at high pressure: heat of fusion,” Science 137, 1055–1057 (1962).
[CrossRef]

1955 (1)

S. Pancharatnam, “Achromatic combinations of birefringent plates—Part II. An achromatic quarter wave plate,” Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. A 42, 24–31 (1955).

Abe, L.

N. Murakami, J. Nishikawa, K. Yokochi, M. Tamura, N. Baba, and L. Abe, “Achromatic eight-octant phase-mask coronagraph using photonic crystal,” Astrophys. J. 714, 772–777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Authier, M.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Azzam, R. M. A.

Baba, N.

N. Murakami, J. Nishikawa, K. Yokochi, M. Tamura, N. Baba, and L. Abe, “Achromatic eight-octant phase-mask coronagraph using photonic crystal,” Astrophys. J. 714, 772–777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baudrand, J.

C. Delacroix, P. Forsberg, M. Karlsson, D. Mawet, C. Lenaerts, S. Habraken, C. Hanot, J. Surdej, A. Boccaletti, and J. Baudrand, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph in diamond for mid-IR wavelengths: manufacturing assessment and performance analysis,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77314W (2010).

Belorgey, J.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Boccaletti, A.

C. Delacroix, P. Forsberg, M. Karlsson, D. Mawet, C. Lenaerts, S. Habraken, C. Hanot, J. Surdej, A. Boccaletti, and J. Baudrand, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph in diamond for mid-IR wavelengths: manufacturing assessment and performance analysis,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77314W (2010).

Bundy, F. P.

F. P. Bundy, “Melting point of graphite at high pressure: heat of fusion,” Science 137, 1055–1057 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Burruss, R.

D. Mawet, E. Serabyn, K. Liewer, R. Burruss, J. Hickey, and D. Shemo, “The vector vortex coronagraph: laboratory results and first light at Palomar Observatory,” Astrophys. J. 709, 53–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Claret, A.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Deguzman, P.

Delacroix, C.

C. Delacroix, P. Forsberg, M. Karlsson, D. Mawet, C. Lenaerts, S. Habraken, C. Hanot, J. Surdej, A. Boccaletti, and J. Baudrand, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph in diamond for mid-IR wavelengths: manufacturing assessment and performance analysis,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77314W (2010).

Doucet, C.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Dubreuil, D.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Durand, G.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Elswijk, E.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Forsberg, P.

C. Delacroix, P. Forsberg, M. Karlsson, D. Mawet, C. Lenaerts, S. Habraken, C. Hanot, J. Surdej, A. Boccaletti, and J. Baudrand, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph in diamond for mid-IR wavelengths: manufacturing assessment and performance analysis,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77314W (2010).

Gallot, G.

Gaylord, T. K.

Girardot, P.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Habraken, S.

C. Delacroix, P. Forsberg, M. Karlsson, D. Mawet, C. Lenaerts, S. Habraken, C. Hanot, J. Surdej, A. Boccaletti, and J. Baudrand, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph in diamond for mid-IR wavelengths: manufacturing assessment and performance analysis,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77314W (2010).

Hanot, C.

C. Delacroix, P. Forsberg, M. Karlsson, D. Mawet, C. Lenaerts, S. Habraken, C. Hanot, J. Surdej, A. Boccaletti, and J. Baudrand, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph in diamond for mid-IR wavelengths: manufacturing assessment and performance analysis,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77314W (2010).

Hanot, Ch.

Hickey, J.

D. Mawet, E. Serabyn, K. Liewer, R. Burruss, J. Hickey, and D. Shemo, “The vector vortex coronagraph: laboratory results and first light at Palomar Observatory,” Astrophys. J. 709, 53–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hickmann, J. M.

Iwata, K.

Karlsson, M.

C. Delacroix, P. Forsberg, M. Karlsson, D. Mawet, C. Lenaerts, S. Habraken, C. Hanot, J. Surdej, A. Boccaletti, and J. Baudrand, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph in diamond for mid-IR wavelengths: manufacturing assessment and performance analysis,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77314W (2010).

M. Karlsson and F. Nikolajeff, “Diamond micro-optics: microlenses and antireflection structured surfaces for the infrared spectral region,” Opt. Express 11, 502–507 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Käufl, H. U.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Kikuta, H.

Kroes, G.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Lagage, P. O.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Lenaerts, C.

C. Delacroix, P. Forsberg, M. Karlsson, D. Mawet, C. Lenaerts, S. Habraken, C. Hanot, J. Surdej, A. Boccaletti, and J. Baudrand, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph in diamond for mid-IR wavelengths: manufacturing assessment and performance analysis,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77314W (2010).

Li, L.

L. Li, “Multilayer modal method for diffraction gratings of arbitrary profile, depth, and permittivity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 2581–2591 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Liewer, K.

D. Mawet, E. Serabyn, K. Liewer, R. Burruss, J. Hickey, and D. Shemo, “The vector vortex coronagraph: laboratory results and first light at Palomar Observatory,” Astrophys. J. 709, 53–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Mawet, E. Serabyn, K. Liewer, Ch. Hanot, S. McEldowney, D. Shemo, and N. O’Brien, “Optical vectorial vortex coronagraphs using liquid crystal polymers: theory, manufacturing and laboratory demonstration,” Opt. Express 17, 1902–1918(2009).
[CrossRef]

Lortholary, M.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Lussignol, Y.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Marchesi, M.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Masson, J.-B.

Mawet, D.

C. Delacroix, P. Forsberg, M. Karlsson, D. Mawet, C. Lenaerts, S. Habraken, C. Hanot, J. Surdej, A. Boccaletti, and J. Baudrand, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph in diamond for mid-IR wavelengths: manufacturing assessment and performance analysis,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77314W (2010).

D. Mawet, E. Serabyn, K. Liewer, R. Burruss, J. Hickey, and D. Shemo, “The vector vortex coronagraph: laboratory results and first light at Palomar Observatory,” Astrophys. J. 709, 53–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Mawet, E. Serabyn, K. Liewer, Ch. Hanot, S. McEldowney, D. Shemo, and N. O’Brien, “Optical vectorial vortex coronagraphs using liquid crystal polymers: theory, manufacturing and laboratory demonstration,” Opt. Express 17, 1902–1918(2009).
[CrossRef]

McCormick, C. F.

McEldowney, S.

Moharam, M. G.

Murakami, N.

N. Murakami, J. Nishikawa, K. Yokochi, M. Tamura, N. Baba, and L. Abe, “Achromatic eight-octant phase-mask coronagraph using photonic crystal,” Astrophys. J. 714, 772–777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nikolajeff, F.

Nishikawa, J.

N. Murakami, J. Nishikawa, K. Yokochi, M. Tamura, N. Baba, and L. Abe, “Achromatic eight-octant phase-mask coronagraph using photonic crystal,” Astrophys. J. 714, 772–777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nordin, G.

O’Brien, N.

Ohira, Y.

Pancharatnam, S.

S. Pancharatnam, “Achromatic combinations of birefringent plates—Part II. An achromatic quarter wave plate,” Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. A 42, 24–31 (1955).

Pantin, E.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Pel, J. W.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Peletier, R.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Pirard, J.-F.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Pragt, J.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Rio, Y.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Schirmer, J.

J. Schirmer and T. Schmidt-Kaler, “Liquid crystal phase retarder with broad spectral range,” Opt. Commun. 176, 313–317(2000).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt-Kaler, T.

J. Schirmer and T. Schmidt-Kaler, “Liquid crystal phase retarder with broad spectral range,” Opt. Commun. 176, 313–317(2000).
[CrossRef]

Schoenmaker, T.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Serabyn, E.

D. Mawet, E. Serabyn, K. Liewer, R. Burruss, J. Hickey, and D. Shemo, “The vector vortex coronagraph: laboratory results and first light at Palomar Observatory,” Astrophys. J. 709, 53–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Mawet, E. Serabyn, K. Liewer, Ch. Hanot, S. McEldowney, D. Shemo, and N. O’Brien, “Optical vectorial vortex coronagraphs using liquid crystal polymers: theory, manufacturing and laboratory demonstration,” Opt. Express 17, 1902–1918(2009).
[CrossRef]

Shemo, D.

D. Mawet, E. Serabyn, K. Liewer, R. Burruss, J. Hickey, and D. Shemo, “The vector vortex coronagraph: laboratory results and first light at Palomar Observatory,” Astrophys. J. 709, 53–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Mawet, E. Serabyn, K. Liewer, Ch. Hanot, S. McEldowney, D. Shemo, and N. O’Brien, “Optical vectorial vortex coronagraphs using liquid crystal polymers: theory, manufacturing and laboratory demonstration,” Opt. Express 17, 1902–1918(2009).
[CrossRef]

Siebenmorgen, R.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Silber, A.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Smette, A.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Solli, D. R.

Spinu, C. L.

Sterzik, M.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Surdej, J.

C. Delacroix, P. Forsberg, M. Karlsson, D. Mawet, C. Lenaerts, S. Habraken, C. Hanot, J. Surdej, A. Boccaletti, and J. Baudrand, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph in diamond for mid-IR wavelengths: manufacturing assessment and performance analysis,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77314W (2010).

Tamura, M.

N. Murakami, J. Nishikawa, K. Yokochi, M. Tamura, N. Baba, and L. Abe, “Achromatic eight-octant phase-mask coronagraph using photonic crystal,” Astrophys. J. 714, 772–777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Veyssiere, C.

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

Yokochi, K.

N. Murakami, J. Nishikawa, K. Yokochi, M. Tamura, N. Baba, and L. Abe, “Achromatic eight-octant phase-mask coronagraph using photonic crystal,” Astrophys. J. 714, 772–777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Astrophys. J. (2)

N. Murakami, J. Nishikawa, K. Yokochi, M. Tamura, N. Baba, and L. Abe, “Achromatic eight-octant phase-mask coronagraph using photonic crystal,” Astrophys. J. 714, 772–777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Mawet, E. Serabyn, K. Liewer, R. Burruss, J. Hickey, and D. Shemo, “The vector vortex coronagraph: laboratory results and first light at Palomar Observatory,” Astrophys. J. 709, 53–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

L. Li, “Multilayer modal method for diffraction gratings of arbitrary profile, depth, and permittivity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 2581–2591 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, “Rigorous coupled-wave analysis of planar-grating diffraction,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 811–818 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Schirmer and T. Schmidt-Kaler, “Liquid crystal phase retarder with broad spectral range,” Opt. Commun. 176, 313–317(2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. A (1)

S. Pancharatnam, “Achromatic combinations of birefringent plates—Part II. An achromatic quarter wave plate,” Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. A 42, 24–31 (1955).

Proc. SPIE (1)

C. Delacroix, P. Forsberg, M. Karlsson, D. Mawet, C. Lenaerts, S. Habraken, C. Hanot, J. Surdej, A. Boccaletti, and J. Baudrand, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph in diamond for mid-IR wavelengths: manufacturing assessment and performance analysis,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77314W (2010).

Science (1)

F. P. Bundy, “Melting point of graphite at high pressure: heat of fusion,” Science 137, 1055–1057 (1962).
[CrossRef]

The Messenger (1)

P. O. Lagage, J. W. Pel, M. Authier, J. Belorgey, A. Claret, C. Doucet, D. Dubreuil, G. Durand, E. Elswijk, P. Girardot, H. U. Käufl, G. Kroes, M. Lortholary, Y. Lussignol, M. Marchesi, E. Pantin, R. Peletier, J.-F. Pirard, J. Pragt, Y. Rio, T. Schoenmaker, R. Siebenmorgen, A. Silber, A. Smette, M. Sterzik, and C. Veyssiere, “Successful commissioning of VISIR: the mid-infrared VLT Instrument,” The Messenger 117, 12–16 (2004).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of a SWG. The incident light beam vector kinc is perpendicular to the grating lines. The filling factor F is such that FΛ corresponds to the width of the grating walls.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

RCWA simulation: the aspect ratio of the gratings for a minimized mean phase shift error as a function of the refractive index.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic diagram of a trapezoidal grating. The grating walls have a slope α and an average width FequivΛ.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

RCWA multiparametric simulation: mean (left) and standard deviation (right) of the RMS phase shift error (logarithmic scale) over the upper N-band, with α ranging from 2.6 to 2.8°. The period is set to Λ=4.6μm (SWG limit).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

SEM-micrographs of a diamond achromatic HWP. Left: cross sectional view of the grooves. Right: antireflective structure on the backside.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Retardance for a diamond HWP with optimal specifications at α=2.62.8° (slope of the walls). Bandwidth: 11–13.2 μm.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Transmission spectrum of a SWG etched on diamond with HWP optimal specifications, with sidewall angle (2.6–2.8°). The dotted line shows the natural transmission of the diamond at N-band, without the SWG (83%).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Transmission spectrum of one diamond interface with ARG measured with a spectrophotometer. The calculated transmission values for three different depths are also shown.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Λλ1nIsinθ+max(nI,nII),
ΔΦTETM(λ)=(2πλ)Δnform(λ),
Δnform(λ)=nTE(λ)nTM(λ).
ε(λ)=ΔΦTETM(λ)π.
ρ=hmin[FΛ;(1F)Λ],

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