Abstract

This paper presents the prism-type holographic optical element (PT-HOE) design for a small-form-factor (SFF) optical pickup head (OPH). The surface of the PT-HOE was simulated by three steps of optimization and generated by binary optics. Its grating pattern was fabricated on the inclined plane of a microprism by using the standard photolithography and specific dicing procedures. The optical characteristics of the device were verified. Based on the virtual image method, the SFF-OPH with the device was assembled and realized.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  7. H. F. Shih, T. P. Yang, M. O. Freeman, J. K. Wang, H. F. Yau, and D. R. Huang, “Holographic laser module with dual wavelength for digital versatile disc optical heads,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1750–1754 (1999).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (1)

2011 (5)

P. C. Chou, Y. C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “Miniaturized suspension structure for precise flying height positioning measurement using a swing arm actuator with a holographic optical element module sensor,” Opt. Eng. 50, 035201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Chou, Y. C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “Enhancement of optical adaptive sensing by using a dual-stage seesaw-swivel actuator with a tunable vibration absorber,” Sensors 11, 4808–4829 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Hou, P. C. Chou, S. Cheng, Y. J. Lin, Y. Chiu, and J. C. Chiou, “Fabrication and verification for the small-form-factor holographic optical pickup,” Opt. Rev. 18, 60–65 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Hou and J. C. Chiou, “Verification of a small-form-factor optical head with micro holographic optical element,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 47, 564–567 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Lin, P. C. Chou, K. C. Hou, S. Cheng, J. C. Chiou, and H. F. Shih, “Optimising the performance of optical data storage drives based on a novel seesaw–swivel actuator for a holographic module,” Micro Nano Lett. 6, 571–574 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

P. C. Chou, Y. C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “A novel seesaw swivel actuator design and fabrication,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 46, 2603–2610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P.-C. Chou, Y.-C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “Optimization of seesaw swing arm actuator design for small form factor optical disk drive,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 052502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

C. H. Chen, Y. N. Su, and C. L. Yang, “Off-axis astigmatic reflector for compact optical pickup,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 03A016 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chiu, H. F. Shih, J. C. Chiou, S. T. Cheng, K. Y. Hung, F. G. Tseng, and W. Fang, “Design and fabrication of a small-form-factor optical pickup head,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 45, 2194–2197 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

Y. Chiu, J. C. Chiou, W. Fang, Y. J. Lin, and M. Wu, “Design, fabrication, and control of components in MEMS-based optical pickups,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 43, 780–784 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Shih, Y. C. Lee, Y. Chiu, and G. D. Lin, “Optical head design using prism-type holographic optical element for small form factor applications,” Proc. SPIE 6827, 682716 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

D. L. Blankenbeckler, B. W. Bell, K. Ramadurai, and R. L. Mahajan, “Recent advancements in Dataplay’s small-form-factor optical disc and drive,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1181–1186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Kang, J. E. Lee, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, Y. P. Park, E. H. Cho, J. S. Sohn, and S. D. Suh, “Development of integrated small-form-factor optical pickup with Blu-ray disc specification,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 6723–6729 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

H. F. Shih, “Optical head with two wavelengths in single path using holographic optical element,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1797–1802 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Shih, C. L. Chang, K. J. Lee, and C. S. Chang, “Design of optical head with holographic optical element for small form factor drive systems,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 41, 1058–1060 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Sohn, S. H. Lee, M. S. Jung, T. S. Song, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Design of an integrated optical pickup with NA of 0.85 for small form factor optical disk drives,” Microsyst. Tech. 11, 457–463 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. A. H. van der Aa, F. C. Penning, A. L. Braun, J. J. H. B. Schleipen, B. H. W. Hendriks, M. A. van As, H. R. M. Verberne, M. Meftah, C. T. H. F. Liedenbaum, and W. C. J. Bierhoff, “Highly miniaturized prototype optical drive for use in portable devices,” Proc. SPIE 5069, 1–4 (2003).

2002 (1)

B. W. Bell, “DataPlay’s mobile recording technology,” Proc. SPIE 4342, 543–552 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. F. Shih, T. P. Yang, M. O. Freeman, J. K. Wang, H. F. Yau, and D. R. Huang, “Holographic laser module with dual wavelength for digital versatile disc optical heads,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1750–1754 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

W. H. Lee, “Diffractive optics for data storage,” Proc. SPIE 2383, 390–395 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bell, B. W.

D. L. Blankenbeckler, B. W. Bell, K. Ramadurai, and R. L. Mahajan, “Recent advancements in Dataplay’s small-form-factor optical disc and drive,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1181–1186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. W. Bell, “DataPlay’s mobile recording technology,” Proc. SPIE 4342, 543–552 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bierhoff, W. C. J.

M. A. H. van der Aa, F. C. Penning, A. L. Braun, J. J. H. B. Schleipen, B. H. W. Hendriks, M. A. van As, H. R. M. Verberne, M. Meftah, C. T. H. F. Liedenbaum, and W. C. J. Bierhoff, “Highly miniaturized prototype optical drive for use in portable devices,” Proc. SPIE 5069, 1–4 (2003).

Blankenbeckler, D. L.

D. L. Blankenbeckler, B. W. Bell, K. Ramadurai, and R. L. Mahajan, “Recent advancements in Dataplay’s small-form-factor optical disc and drive,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1181–1186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Braun, A. L.

M. A. H. van der Aa, F. C. Penning, A. L. Braun, J. J. H. B. Schleipen, B. H. W. Hendriks, M. A. van As, H. R. M. Verberne, M. Meftah, C. T. H. F. Liedenbaum, and W. C. J. Bierhoff, “Highly miniaturized prototype optical drive for use in portable devices,” Proc. SPIE 5069, 1–4 (2003).

Chang, C. L.

H. F. Shih, C. L. Chang, K. J. Lee, and C. S. Chang, “Design of optical head with holographic optical element for small form factor drive systems,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 41, 1058–1060 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C. S.

H. F. Shih, C. L. Chang, K. J. Lee, and C. S. Chang, “Design of optical head with holographic optical element for small form factor drive systems,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 41, 1058–1060 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chao, D. W. C.

Chen, C. H.

C. H. Chen, Y. N. Su, and C. L. Yang, “Off-axis astigmatic reflector for compact optical pickup,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 03A016 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, S.

P. C. Chou, Y. C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “Miniaturized suspension structure for precise flying height positioning measurement using a swing arm actuator with a holographic optical element module sensor,” Opt. Eng. 50, 035201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Chou, Y. C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “Enhancement of optical adaptive sensing by using a dual-stage seesaw-swivel actuator with a tunable vibration absorber,” Sensors 11, 4808–4829 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Hou, P. C. Chou, S. Cheng, Y. J. Lin, Y. Chiu, and J. C. Chiou, “Fabrication and verification for the small-form-factor holographic optical pickup,” Opt. Rev. 18, 60–65 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Lin, P. C. Chou, K. C. Hou, S. Cheng, J. C. Chiou, and H. F. Shih, “Optimising the performance of optical data storage drives based on a novel seesaw–swivel actuator for a holographic module,” Micro Nano Lett. 6, 571–574 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Chou, Y. C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “A novel seesaw swivel actuator design and fabrication,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 46, 2603–2610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P.-C. Chou, Y.-C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “Optimization of seesaw swing arm actuator design for small form factor optical disk drive,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 052502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, S. T.

Y. Chiu, H. F. Shih, J. C. Chiou, S. T. Cheng, K. Y. Hung, F. G. Tseng, and W. Fang, “Design and fabrication of a small-form-factor optical pickup head,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 45, 2194–2197 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chiou, J. C.

Y. J. Lin, Yi Chiu, H. F. Shih, and J. C. Chiou, “Fabrication and verification of a small-form-factor blue-light optical pickup head with holographic optical element,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 38–42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Lin, P. C. Chou, K. C. Hou, S. Cheng, J. C. Chiou, and H. F. Shih, “Optimising the performance of optical data storage drives based on a novel seesaw–swivel actuator for a holographic module,” Micro Nano Lett. 6, 571–574 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Hou and J. C. Chiou, “Verification of a small-form-factor optical head with micro holographic optical element,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 47, 564–567 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Hou, P. C. Chou, S. Cheng, Y. J. Lin, Y. Chiu, and J. C. Chiou, “Fabrication and verification for the small-form-factor holographic optical pickup,” Opt. Rev. 18, 60–65 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chiu, H. F. Shih, J. C. Chiou, S. T. Cheng, K. Y. Hung, F. G. Tseng, and W. Fang, “Design and fabrication of a small-form-factor optical pickup head,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 45, 2194–2197 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Shih, Y. C. Lee, Y. Chiu, D. W. C. Chao, G. D. Lin, C. S. Lu, and J. C. Chiou, “Micro objective lens with NA 0.65 for the blue-light small-form-factor optical pickup head,” Opt. Express 16, 13150–13157 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chiu, J. C. Chiou, W. Fang, Y. J. Lin, and M. Wu, “Design, fabrication, and control of components in MEMS-based optical pickups,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 43, 780–784 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, Y.

K. C. Hou, P. C. Chou, S. Cheng, Y. J. Lin, Y. Chiu, and J. C. Chiou, “Fabrication and verification for the small-form-factor holographic optical pickup,” Opt. Rev. 18, 60–65 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chiu, H. F. Shih, J. C. Chiou, S. T. Cheng, K. Y. Hung, F. G. Tseng, and W. Fang, “Design and fabrication of a small-form-factor optical pickup head,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 45, 2194–2197 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Shih, Y. C. Lee, Y. Chiu, D. W. C. Chao, G. D. Lin, C. S. Lu, and J. C. Chiou, “Micro objective lens with NA 0.65 for the blue-light small-form-factor optical pickup head,” Opt. Express 16, 13150–13157 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chiu, J. C. Chiou, W. Fang, Y. J. Lin, and M. Wu, “Design, fabrication, and control of components in MEMS-based optical pickups,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 43, 780–784 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Shih, Y. C. Lee, Y. Chiu, and G. D. Lin, “Optical head design using prism-type holographic optical element for small form factor applications,” Proc. SPIE 6827, 682716 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, Yi

Cho, E. H.

S. M. Kang, J. E. Lee, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, Y. P. Park, E. H. Cho, J. S. Sohn, and S. D. Suh, “Development of integrated small-form-factor optical pickup with Blu-ray disc specification,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 6723–6729 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chou, P. C.

P. C. Chou, Y. C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “Miniaturized suspension structure for precise flying height positioning measurement using a swing arm actuator with a holographic optical element module sensor,” Opt. Eng. 50, 035201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Chou, Y. C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “Enhancement of optical adaptive sensing by using a dual-stage seesaw-swivel actuator with a tunable vibration absorber,” Sensors 11, 4808–4829 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Lin, P. C. Chou, K. C. Hou, S. Cheng, J. C. Chiou, and H. F. Shih, “Optimising the performance of optical data storage drives based on a novel seesaw–swivel actuator for a holographic module,” Micro Nano Lett. 6, 571–574 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Hou, P. C. Chou, S. Cheng, Y. J. Lin, Y. Chiu, and J. C. Chiou, “Fabrication and verification for the small-form-factor holographic optical pickup,” Opt. Rev. 18, 60–65 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Chou, Y. C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “A novel seesaw swivel actuator design and fabrication,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 46, 2603–2610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chou, P.-C.

P.-C. Chou, Y.-C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “Optimization of seesaw swing arm actuator design for small form factor optical disk drive,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 052502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cullumber, D. I.

W. H. Lee and D. I. Cullumber, “Tracking and focus actuator for a holographic optical head,” U.S. patent 5001694 (19 March 1991).

Fang, W.

Y. Chiu, H. F. Shih, J. C. Chiou, S. T. Cheng, K. Y. Hung, F. G. Tseng, and W. Fang, “Design and fabrication of a small-form-factor optical pickup head,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 45, 2194–2197 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chiu, J. C. Chiou, W. Fang, Y. J. Lin, and M. Wu, “Design, fabrication, and control of components in MEMS-based optical pickups,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 43, 780–784 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Freeman, M. O.

H. F. Shih, T. P. Yang, M. O. Freeman, J. K. Wang, H. F. Yau, and D. R. Huang, “Holographic laser module with dual wavelength for digital versatile disc optical heads,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1750–1754 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hendriks, B. H. W.

M. A. H. van der Aa, F. C. Penning, A. L. Braun, J. J. H. B. Schleipen, B. H. W. Hendriks, M. A. van As, H. R. M. Verberne, M. Meftah, C. T. H. F. Liedenbaum, and W. C. J. Bierhoff, “Highly miniaturized prototype optical drive for use in portable devices,” Proc. SPIE 5069, 1–4 (2003).

Hou, K. C.

K. C. Hou, P. C. Chou, S. Cheng, Y. J. Lin, Y. Chiu, and J. C. Chiou, “Fabrication and verification for the small-form-factor holographic optical pickup,” Opt. Rev. 18, 60–65 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Hou and J. C. Chiou, “Verification of a small-form-factor optical head with micro holographic optical element,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 47, 564–567 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Lin, P. C. Chou, K. C. Hou, S. Cheng, J. C. Chiou, and H. F. Shih, “Optimising the performance of optical data storage drives based on a novel seesaw–swivel actuator for a holographic module,” Micro Nano Lett. 6, 571–574 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D. R.

H. F. Shih, T. P. Yang, M. O. Freeman, J. K. Wang, H. F. Yau, and D. R. Huang, “Holographic laser module with dual wavelength for digital versatile disc optical heads,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1750–1754 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hung, K. Y.

Y. Chiu, H. F. Shih, J. C. Chiou, S. T. Cheng, K. Y. Hung, F. G. Tseng, and W. Fang, “Design and fabrication of a small-form-factor optical pickup head,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 45, 2194–2197 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jung, M. S.

J. S. Sohn, S. H. Lee, M. S. Jung, T. S. Song, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Design of an integrated optical pickup with NA of 0.85 for small form factor optical disk drives,” Microsyst. Tech. 11, 457–463 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kang, S. M.

S. M. Kang, J. E. Lee, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, Y. P. Park, E. H. Cho, J. S. Sohn, and S. D. Suh, “Development of integrated small-form-factor optical pickup with Blu-ray disc specification,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 6723–6729 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, W. C.

S. M. Kang, J. E. Lee, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, Y. P. Park, E. H. Cho, J. S. Sohn, and S. D. Suh, “Development of integrated small-form-factor optical pickup with Blu-ray disc specification,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 6723–6729 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. E.

S. M. Kang, J. E. Lee, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, Y. P. Park, E. H. Cho, J. S. Sohn, and S. D. Suh, “Development of integrated small-form-factor optical pickup with Blu-ray disc specification,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 6723–6729 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. J.

H. F. Shih, C. L. Chang, K. J. Lee, and C. S. Chang, “Design of optical head with holographic optical element for small form factor drive systems,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 41, 1058–1060 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

J. S. Sohn, S. H. Lee, M. S. Jung, T. S. Song, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Design of an integrated optical pickup with NA of 0.85 for small form factor optical disk drives,” Microsyst. Tech. 11, 457–463 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W. H.

W. H. Lee, “Diffractive optics for data storage,” Proc. SPIE 2383, 390–395 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Lee, “Hybrid surface emitting laser and detector,” U.S. patent 4906839 (6 March 1990).

W. H. Lee and D. I. Cullumber, “Tracking and focus actuator for a holographic optical head,” U.S. patent 5001694 (19 March 1991).

Lee, Y. C.

H. F. Shih, Y. C. Lee, Y. Chiu, D. W. C. Chao, G. D. Lin, C. S. Lu, and J. C. Chiou, “Micro objective lens with NA 0.65 for the blue-light small-form-factor optical pickup head,” Opt. Express 16, 13150–13157 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Shih, Y. C. Lee, Y. Chiu, and G. D. Lin, “Optical head design using prism-type holographic optical element for small form factor applications,” Proc. SPIE 6827, 682716 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liedenbaum, C. T. H. F.

M. A. H. van der Aa, F. C. Penning, A. L. Braun, J. J. H. B. Schleipen, B. H. W. Hendriks, M. A. van As, H. R. M. Verberne, M. Meftah, C. T. H. F. Liedenbaum, and W. C. J. Bierhoff, “Highly miniaturized prototype optical drive for use in portable devices,” Proc. SPIE 5069, 1–4 (2003).

Lin, G. D.

H. F. Shih, Y. C. Lee, Y. Chiu, D. W. C. Chao, G. D. Lin, C. S. Lu, and J. C. Chiou, “Micro objective lens with NA 0.65 for the blue-light small-form-factor optical pickup head,” Opt. Express 16, 13150–13157 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Shih, Y. C. Lee, Y. Chiu, and G. D. Lin, “Optical head design using prism-type holographic optical element for small form factor applications,” Proc. SPIE 6827, 682716 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y. C.

Y. C. Lin, P. C. Chou, K. C. Hou, S. Cheng, J. C. Chiou, and H. F. Shih, “Optimising the performance of optical data storage drives based on a novel seesaw–swivel actuator for a holographic module,” Micro Nano Lett. 6, 571–574 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Chou, Y. C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “Miniaturized suspension structure for precise flying height positioning measurement using a swing arm actuator with a holographic optical element module sensor,” Opt. Eng. 50, 035201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Chou, Y. C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “Enhancement of optical adaptive sensing by using a dual-stage seesaw-swivel actuator with a tunable vibration absorber,” Sensors 11, 4808–4829 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Chou, Y. C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “A novel seesaw swivel actuator design and fabrication,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 46, 2603–2610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y. J.

Y. J. Lin, Yi Chiu, H. F. Shih, and J. C. Chiou, “Fabrication and verification of a small-form-factor blue-light optical pickup head with holographic optical element,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 38–42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Hou, P. C. Chou, S. Cheng, Y. J. Lin, Y. Chiu, and J. C. Chiou, “Fabrication and verification for the small-form-factor holographic optical pickup,” Opt. Rev. 18, 60–65 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chiu, J. C. Chiou, W. Fang, Y. J. Lin, and M. Wu, “Design, fabrication, and control of components in MEMS-based optical pickups,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 43, 780–784 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.-C.

P.-C. Chou, Y.-C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “Optimization of seesaw swing arm actuator design for small form factor optical disk drive,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 052502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C. S.

Mahajan, R. L.

D. L. Blankenbeckler, B. W. Bell, K. Ramadurai, and R. L. Mahajan, “Recent advancements in Dataplay’s small-form-factor optical disc and drive,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1181–1186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meftah, M.

M. A. H. van der Aa, F. C. Penning, A. L. Braun, J. J. H. B. Schleipen, B. H. W. Hendriks, M. A. van As, H. R. M. Verberne, M. Meftah, C. T. H. F. Liedenbaum, and W. C. J. Bierhoff, “Highly miniaturized prototype optical drive for use in portable devices,” Proc. SPIE 5069, 1–4 (2003).

Park, N. C.

S. M. Kang, J. E. Lee, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, Y. P. Park, E. H. Cho, J. S. Sohn, and S. D. Suh, “Development of integrated small-form-factor optical pickup with Blu-ray disc specification,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 6723–6729 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Sohn, S. H. Lee, M. S. Jung, T. S. Song, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Design of an integrated optical pickup with NA of 0.85 for small form factor optical disk drives,” Microsyst. Tech. 11, 457–463 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y. P.

S. M. Kang, J. E. Lee, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, Y. P. Park, E. H. Cho, J. S. Sohn, and S. D. Suh, “Development of integrated small-form-factor optical pickup with Blu-ray disc specification,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 6723–6729 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Sohn, S. H. Lee, M. S. Jung, T. S. Song, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Design of an integrated optical pickup with NA of 0.85 for small form factor optical disk drives,” Microsyst. Tech. 11, 457–463 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Penning, F. C.

M. A. H. van der Aa, F. C. Penning, A. L. Braun, J. J. H. B. Schleipen, B. H. W. Hendriks, M. A. van As, H. R. M. Verberne, M. Meftah, C. T. H. F. Liedenbaum, and W. C. J. Bierhoff, “Highly miniaturized prototype optical drive for use in portable devices,” Proc. SPIE 5069, 1–4 (2003).

Ramadurai, K.

D. L. Blankenbeckler, B. W. Bell, K. Ramadurai, and R. L. Mahajan, “Recent advancements in Dataplay’s small-form-factor optical disc and drive,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1181–1186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schleipen, J. J. H. B.

M. A. H. van der Aa, F. C. Penning, A. L. Braun, J. J. H. B. Schleipen, B. H. W. Hendriks, M. A. van As, H. R. M. Verberne, M. Meftah, C. T. H. F. Liedenbaum, and W. C. J. Bierhoff, “Highly miniaturized prototype optical drive for use in portable devices,” Proc. SPIE 5069, 1–4 (2003).

Shih, H. F.

Y. J. Lin, Yi Chiu, H. F. Shih, and J. C. Chiou, “Fabrication and verification of a small-form-factor blue-light optical pickup head with holographic optical element,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 38–42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Lin, P. C. Chou, K. C. Hou, S. Cheng, J. C. Chiou, and H. F. Shih, “Optimising the performance of optical data storage drives based on a novel seesaw–swivel actuator for a holographic module,” Micro Nano Lett. 6, 571–574 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chiu, H. F. Shih, J. C. Chiou, S. T. Cheng, K. Y. Hung, F. G. Tseng, and W. Fang, “Design and fabrication of a small-form-factor optical pickup head,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 45, 2194–2197 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Shih, Y. C. Lee, Y. Chiu, D. W. C. Chao, G. D. Lin, C. S. Lu, and J. C. Chiou, “Micro objective lens with NA 0.65 for the blue-light small-form-factor optical pickup head,” Opt. Express 16, 13150–13157 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Shih, Y. C. Lee, Y. Chiu, and G. D. Lin, “Optical head design using prism-type holographic optical element for small form factor applications,” Proc. SPIE 6827, 682716 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Shih, “Optical head with two wavelengths in single path using holographic optical element,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1797–1802 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Shih, C. L. Chang, K. J. Lee, and C. S. Chang, “Design of optical head with holographic optical element for small form factor drive systems,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 41, 1058–1060 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Shih, T. P. Yang, M. O. Freeman, J. K. Wang, H. F. Yau, and D. R. Huang, “Holographic laser module with dual wavelength for digital versatile disc optical heads,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1750–1754 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sohn, J. S.

S. M. Kang, J. E. Lee, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, Y. P. Park, E. H. Cho, J. S. Sohn, and S. D. Suh, “Development of integrated small-form-factor optical pickup with Blu-ray disc specification,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 6723–6729 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Sohn, S. H. Lee, M. S. Jung, T. S. Song, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Design of an integrated optical pickup with NA of 0.85 for small form factor optical disk drives,” Microsyst. Tech. 11, 457–463 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Song, T. S.

J. S. Sohn, S. H. Lee, M. S. Jung, T. S. Song, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Design of an integrated optical pickup with NA of 0.85 for small form factor optical disk drives,” Microsyst. Tech. 11, 457–463 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Su, Y. N.

C. H. Chen, Y. N. Su, and C. L. Yang, “Off-axis astigmatic reflector for compact optical pickup,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 03A016 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suh, S. D.

S. M. Kang, J. E. Lee, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, Y. P. Park, E. H. Cho, J. S. Sohn, and S. D. Suh, “Development of integrated small-form-factor optical pickup with Blu-ray disc specification,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 6723–6729 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tseng, F. G.

Y. Chiu, H. F. Shih, J. C. Chiou, S. T. Cheng, K. Y. Hung, F. G. Tseng, and W. Fang, “Design and fabrication of a small-form-factor optical pickup head,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 45, 2194–2197 (2009).
[CrossRef]

van As, M. A.

M. A. H. van der Aa, F. C. Penning, A. L. Braun, J. J. H. B. Schleipen, B. H. W. Hendriks, M. A. van As, H. R. M. Verberne, M. Meftah, C. T. H. F. Liedenbaum, and W. C. J. Bierhoff, “Highly miniaturized prototype optical drive for use in portable devices,” Proc. SPIE 5069, 1–4 (2003).

van der Aa, M. A. H.

M. A. H. van der Aa, F. C. Penning, A. L. Braun, J. J. H. B. Schleipen, B. H. W. Hendriks, M. A. van As, H. R. M. Verberne, M. Meftah, C. T. H. F. Liedenbaum, and W. C. J. Bierhoff, “Highly miniaturized prototype optical drive for use in portable devices,” Proc. SPIE 5069, 1–4 (2003).

Verberne, H. R. M.

M. A. H. van der Aa, F. C. Penning, A. L. Braun, J. J. H. B. Schleipen, B. H. W. Hendriks, M. A. van As, H. R. M. Verberne, M. Meftah, C. T. H. F. Liedenbaum, and W. C. J. Bierhoff, “Highly miniaturized prototype optical drive for use in portable devices,” Proc. SPIE 5069, 1–4 (2003).

Wang, J. K.

H. F. Shih, T. P. Yang, M. O. Freeman, J. K. Wang, H. F. Yau, and D. R. Huang, “Holographic laser module with dual wavelength for digital versatile disc optical heads,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1750–1754 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wu, M.

Y. Chiu, J. C. Chiou, W. Fang, Y. J. Lin, and M. Wu, “Design, fabrication, and control of components in MEMS-based optical pickups,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 43, 780–784 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C. L.

C. H. Chen, Y. N. Su, and C. L. Yang, “Off-axis astigmatic reflector for compact optical pickup,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 03A016 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, T. P.

H. F. Shih, T. P. Yang, M. O. Freeman, J. K. Wang, H. F. Yau, and D. R. Huang, “Holographic laser module with dual wavelength for digital versatile disc optical heads,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1750–1754 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yau, H. F.

H. F. Shih, T. P. Yang, M. O. Freeman, J. K. Wang, H. F. Yau, and D. R. Huang, “Holographic laser module with dual wavelength for digital versatile disc optical heads,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1750–1754 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Magn. (5)

H. F. Shih, C. L. Chang, K. J. Lee, and C. S. Chang, “Design of optical head with holographic optical element for small form factor drive systems,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 41, 1058–1060 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Chou, Y. C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “A novel seesaw swivel actuator design and fabrication,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 46, 2603–2610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chiu, J. C. Chiou, W. Fang, Y. J. Lin, and M. Wu, “Design, fabrication, and control of components in MEMS-based optical pickups,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 43, 780–784 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chiu, H. F. Shih, J. C. Chiou, S. T. Cheng, K. Y. Hung, F. G. Tseng, and W. Fang, “Design and fabrication of a small-form-factor optical pickup head,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 45, 2194–2197 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Hou and J. C. Chiou, “Verification of a small-form-factor optical head with micro holographic optical element,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 47, 564–567 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (6)

C. H. Chen, Y. N. Su, and C. L. Yang, “Off-axis astigmatic reflector for compact optical pickup,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 03A016 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P.-C. Chou, Y.-C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “Optimization of seesaw swing arm actuator design for small form factor optical disk drive,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 052502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Kang, J. E. Lee, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, Y. P. Park, E. H. Cho, J. S. Sohn, and S. D. Suh, “Development of integrated small-form-factor optical pickup with Blu-ray disc specification,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 6723–6729 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Blankenbeckler, B. W. Bell, K. Ramadurai, and R. L. Mahajan, “Recent advancements in Dataplay’s small-form-factor optical disc and drive,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1181–1186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Shih, T. P. Yang, M. O. Freeman, J. K. Wang, H. F. Yau, and D. R. Huang, “Holographic laser module with dual wavelength for digital versatile disc optical heads,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1750–1754 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Shih, “Optical head with two wavelengths in single path using holographic optical element,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1797–1802 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Micro Nano Lett. (1)

Y. C. Lin, P. C. Chou, K. C. Hou, S. Cheng, J. C. Chiou, and H. F. Shih, “Optimising the performance of optical data storage drives based on a novel seesaw–swivel actuator for a holographic module,” Micro Nano Lett. 6, 571–574 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Microsyst. Tech. (1)

J. S. Sohn, S. H. Lee, M. S. Jung, T. S. Song, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Design of an integrated optical pickup with NA of 0.85 for small form factor optical disk drives,” Microsyst. Tech. 11, 457–463 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

P. C. Chou, Y. C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “Miniaturized suspension structure for precise flying height positioning measurement using a swing arm actuator with a holographic optical element module sensor,” Opt. Eng. 50, 035201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Rev. (1)

K. C. Hou, P. C. Chou, S. Cheng, Y. J. Lin, Y. Chiu, and J. C. Chiou, “Fabrication and verification for the small-form-factor holographic optical pickup,” Opt. Rev. 18, 60–65 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (4)

H. F. Shih, Y. C. Lee, Y. Chiu, and G. D. Lin, “Optical head design using prism-type holographic optical element for small form factor applications,” Proc. SPIE 6827, 682716 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. W. Bell, “DataPlay’s mobile recording technology,” Proc. SPIE 4342, 543–552 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Lee, “Diffractive optics for data storage,” Proc. SPIE 2383, 390–395 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. A. H. van der Aa, F. C. Penning, A. L. Braun, J. J. H. B. Schleipen, B. H. W. Hendriks, M. A. van As, H. R. M. Verberne, M. Meftah, C. T. H. F. Liedenbaum, and W. C. J. Bierhoff, “Highly miniaturized prototype optical drive for use in portable devices,” Proc. SPIE 5069, 1–4 (2003).

Sensors (1)

P. C. Chou, Y. C. Lin, and S. Cheng, “Enhancement of optical adaptive sensing by using a dual-stage seesaw-swivel actuator with a tunable vibration absorber,” Sensors 11, 4808–4829 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

W. H. Lee, “Hybrid surface emitting laser and detector,” U.S. patent 4906839 (6 March 1990).

W. H. Lee and D. I. Cullumber, “Tracking and focus actuator for a holographic optical head,” U.S. patent 5001694 (19 March 1991).

ZEMAX: Software for Optical System Design, http://www.zemax.com/ .

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagrams of the blue-light SFF-OPH design from the views of (a) y-z plane, and (b) three-dimensional (3D) scenograph.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Using (a) the quadrant PD for the simulations of (b) spot distributions on the PD corresponding to the defocus distance of the disk, and (c) focus error signal (S-curve).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Conceptual diagrams showing (a) the grating pitch calculation and (b) the optical path difference of the reflective grating with the incident angle of 45°.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Simulations for getting the maximum round-trip efficiency. The optimal grating depth happens at the positions with the maximum value of the multiplication of two orders.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Grating pattern transfer flow, where the hexamethyldisilizane (HDMS) was used for increasing the adhesion of the photoresist. The aluminum was adopted as the material of metal coating.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Dicing procedures for the PT-HOE.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Pictures of (a) the fabricated substrate before dicing and (b) the PT-HOE after dicing.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

AFM measurement of the grating pattern: (a) 3D surface profile and (b) structure data.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Primary orders diffracted from the PT-HOE using a collimated laser beam at the incident angle of 45°.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Inspection of the astigmatic effect: (a) optical setup, where the CCD receives only the positive-one order diffracted light, and (b) spot distributions taken by the CCD through different image planes.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Virtual image method for adjusting the components.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Virtual images viewed from the microscopic corresponding to different focus positions. If the positions of all relative components are exact, the virtual image of the laser emitting point will present a circular shape on the PD active region, as shown in the middle image.

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

Assembled SFF-OPH module.

Tables (6)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Comparison of Optical Component Number Between the Previous and Proposed Designs

Tables Icon

Table 2. Coefficients of the Phase Polynomials for Each Optimization Step

Tables Icon

Table 3. Comparison of Signal Performance with Angle Deviation Between the Previous and Proposed Designs

Tables Icon

Table 4. Primary Specifications of the PT-HOE

Tables Icon

Table 5. Comparison of the Design and Measured Values

Tables Icon

Table 6. Diffraction Efficiencies of Primary Orders

Equations (15)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ϕ(x,y)=m=0Mn=0NCmnxmyn,
ϕ(x,y)=C10x+C01y+C20x2+C11xy+C02y2+C21x2y+C12xy2+C30x3+C03y3,
ϕ1(x,y)=C10x+C01y,
ϕ2(x,y)=C20x2+C11xy+C02y2+C21x2y+C12xy2+C30x3+C03y3,
ϕ3(x,y)=C20x2+C11xy+C02y2,
ϕ(x,y)=ϕ1+ϕ2+ϕ3.
px=2π[ϕ(x,y)x]1|x=0y=0=2πC10,
py=2π[ϕ(x,y)y]1|x=0y=0=2πC01,
p=pxpypx2+py2=2πC102+C012=2.60×103mm,
θ=sin1(λp)=sin1(0.4052.6042)=8.947°.
η0=|(1xr+xrei42πdλ)|2,
η1=|1π[(sinπxr)+(sinπxr)ei42πdλ]|2,
ψ=42πdλ.
ψ=(2n+1)π2n=0,1,2,
d=λψ42π=(2n+1)×λ82=35.8×(2n+1)(nm)n=0,1,2,

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