Abstract

Light reabsorption and radiation trapping can noticeably distort fluorescence decay in solid-state laser gain media with a partial overlap of absorption and emission bands. In this paper, the upper-state lifetime measurements in laser materials by the method of transient gratings are discussed. A theoretical model for description of reabsorption in a thin layer is developed. It is shown that under certain conditions reabsorption has no effect on the transient time of refractive index grating and thus the true upper-state lifetime can be measured. Some experimental results confirming effectiveness of the technique are presented.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. A. Noginov, “Reabsorption trapping of luminescence in laser crystals: enhancement of energy storage and upconversion,” Appl. Opt. 36, 4153–4158 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, V. G. Shcherbitskii, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Luminescent and lasing characteristics of heavily doped Yb3+: KY(WO4)(2) crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36, 319–323 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. S. Sumida and T. Y. Fan, “Effect of radiation trapping on fluorescence lifetime and emission cross section measurements in solid-state laser media,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1343–1345 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. P. Hehlen, “Effect of radiation trapping on measured excited-state lifetimes in solids,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. Payne and C. Pollack, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1996), paper SM16.
  5. H. Kühn, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, C. Kränkel, R. Peters, and K. Petermann, “Model for the calculation of radiation trapping and description of the pinhole method,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1908–1910 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Kühn, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Correction of reabsorption artifacts in fluorescence spectra by the pinhole method,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1524–1526 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. J. Eichler, J. Eichler, J. Knof, and C. Noack, “Lifetimes of laser-induced population density gratings in ruby,” Physica Status Solidi A 52, 481–486 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  8. O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeykin, A. P. Savikin, E. V. Ivakin, and A. V. Sukhadolau, “Electronic mechanism for refractive-index changes in intensively pumped Yb:YAG laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31, 763–765 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. V. Ivakin, A. V. Sukhadolau, O. L. Antipov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Transient grating measurements of refractive-index changes in intensively pumped Yb-doped laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 315–318 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeikin, E. V. Ivakin, A. P. Savikin, A. V. Sukhodolov, and K. A. Fedorova, “Mechanisms of a change in the refractive index of an intensely pumped Yb:YAG crystal,” Quantum Electron. 36, 418–423 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. C. Powell, Physics of Solid-State Laser Materials (Springer-Verlag, 1998).
  12. E. V. Ivakin and I. G. Kisialiou, “Direct quantitative estimation of the spatial energy migration between ions Yb3+ in Gd3Ga5O12 matrix,” in Proceedings CAOL 2010, International Conference on Advanced Optoelectronics and Lasers (IEEE, 2010), pp. 112–114 .
  13. O. L. Antipov, A. A. Novikov, N. G. Zakharov, and A. P. Zinoviev, “Optical properties and efficient laser oscillation at 2066 nm of novel Tm:Lu2O3 ceramics,” Opt. Mater. Express 2, 183–189 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. Jiang, Z. Zhao, X. Xu, P. Song, X. Wang, J. Xu, and P. Deng, “Spectral properties and charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Yb:GGG) crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 277, 186–191 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. L. D. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  16. V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy and continuous-wave diode-pumped laser action of Yb3+:YVO4,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2491–2493 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2010 (1)

2007 (2)

E. V. Ivakin, A. V. Sukhadolau, O. L. Antipov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Transient grating measurements of refractive-index changes in intensively pumped Yb-doped laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 315–318 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Kühn, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, C. Kränkel, R. Peters, and K. Petermann, “Model for the calculation of radiation trapping and description of the pinhole method,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1908–1910 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, V. G. Shcherbitskii, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Luminescent and lasing characteristics of heavily doped Yb3+: KY(WO4)(2) crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36, 319–323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeikin, E. V. Ivakin, A. P. Savikin, A. V. Sukhodolov, and K. A. Fedorova, “Mechanisms of a change in the refractive index of an intensely pumped Yb:YAG crystal,” Quantum Electron. 36, 418–423 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeykin, A. P. Savikin, E. V. Ivakin, and A. V. Sukhadolau, “Electronic mechanism for refractive-index changes in intensively pumped Yb:YAG laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31, 763–765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

B. Jiang, Z. Zhao, X. Xu, P. Song, X. Wang, J. Xu, and P. Deng, “Spectral properties and charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Yb:GGG) crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 277, 186–191 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

L. D. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

H. J. Eichler, J. Eichler, J. Knof, and C. Noack, “Lifetimes of laser-induced population density gratings in ruby,” Physica Status Solidi A 52, 481–486 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Antipov, O. L.

O. L. Antipov, A. A. Novikov, N. G. Zakharov, and A. P. Zinoviev, “Optical properties and efficient laser oscillation at 2066 nm of novel Tm:Lu2O3 ceramics,” Opt. Mater. Express 2, 183–189 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Ivakin, A. V. Sukhadolau, O. L. Antipov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Transient grating measurements of refractive-index changes in intensively pumped Yb-doped laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 315–318 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeykin, A. P. Savikin, E. V. Ivakin, and A. V. Sukhadolau, “Electronic mechanism for refractive-index changes in intensively pumped Yb:YAG laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31, 763–765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeikin, E. V. Ivakin, A. P. Savikin, A. V. Sukhodolov, and K. A. Fedorova, “Mechanisms of a change in the refractive index of an intensely pumped Yb:YAG crystal,” Quantum Electron. 36, 418–423 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bredikhin, D. V.

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeikin, E. V. Ivakin, A. P. Savikin, A. V. Sukhodolov, and K. A. Fedorova, “Mechanisms of a change in the refractive index of an intensely pumped Yb:YAG crystal,” Quantum Electron. 36, 418–423 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeykin, A. P. Savikin, E. V. Ivakin, and A. V. Sukhadolau, “Electronic mechanism for refractive-index changes in intensively pumped Yb:YAG laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31, 763–765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brunner, F.

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, V. G. Shcherbitskii, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Luminescent and lasing characteristics of heavily doped Yb3+: KY(WO4)(2) crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36, 319–323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

DeLoach, L. D.

L. D. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Deng, P.

B. Jiang, Z. Zhao, X. Xu, P. Song, X. Wang, J. Xu, and P. Deng, “Spectral properties and charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Yb:GGG) crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 277, 186–191 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eichler, H. J.

H. J. Eichler, J. Eichler, J. Knof, and C. Noack, “Lifetimes of laser-induced population density gratings in ruby,” Physica Status Solidi A 52, 481–486 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Eichler, J.

H. J. Eichler, J. Eichler, J. Knof, and C. Noack, “Lifetimes of laser-induced population density gratings in ruby,” Physica Status Solidi A 52, 481–486 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Eremeikin, O. N.

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeikin, E. V. Ivakin, A. P. Savikin, A. V. Sukhodolov, and K. A. Fedorova, “Mechanisms of a change in the refractive index of an intensely pumped Yb:YAG crystal,” Quantum Electron. 36, 418–423 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eremeykin, O. N.

Fan, T. Y.

Fedorova, K. A.

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeikin, E. V. Ivakin, A. P. Savikin, A. V. Sukhodolov, and K. A. Fedorova, “Mechanisms of a change in the refractive index of an intensely pumped Yb:YAG crystal,” Quantum Electron. 36, 418–423 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fredrich-Thornton, S. T.

Hehlen, M. P.

M. P. Hehlen, “Effect of radiation trapping on measured excited-state lifetimes in solids,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. Payne and C. Pollack, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1996), paper SM16.

Huber, G.

Ivakin, E. V.

E. V. Ivakin, A. V. Sukhadolau, O. L. Antipov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Transient grating measurements of refractive-index changes in intensively pumped Yb-doped laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 315–318 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeykin, A. P. Savikin, E. V. Ivakin, and A. V. Sukhadolau, “Electronic mechanism for refractive-index changes in intensively pumped Yb:YAG laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31, 763–765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeikin, E. V. Ivakin, A. P. Savikin, A. V. Sukhodolov, and K. A. Fedorova, “Mechanisms of a change in the refractive index of an intensely pumped Yb:YAG crystal,” Quantum Electron. 36, 418–423 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Ivakin and I. G. Kisialiou, “Direct quantitative estimation of the spatial energy migration between ions Yb3+ in Gd3Ga5O12 matrix,” in Proceedings CAOL 2010, International Conference on Advanced Optoelectronics and Lasers (IEEE, 2010), pp. 112–114 .

Jiang, B.

B. Jiang, Z. Zhao, X. Xu, P. Song, X. Wang, J. Xu, and P. Deng, “Spectral properties and charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Yb:GGG) crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 277, 186–191 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, V. G. Shcherbitskii, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Luminescent and lasing characteristics of heavily doped Yb3+: KY(WO4)(2) crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36, 319–323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kisel, V. E.

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, V. G. Shcherbitskii, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Luminescent and lasing characteristics of heavily doped Yb3+: KY(WO4)(2) crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36, 319–323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy and continuous-wave diode-pumped laser action of Yb3+:YVO4,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2491–2493 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kisialiou, I. G.

E. V. Ivakin and I. G. Kisialiou, “Direct quantitative estimation of the spatial energy migration between ions Yb3+ in Gd3Ga5O12 matrix,” in Proceedings CAOL 2010, International Conference on Advanced Optoelectronics and Lasers (IEEE, 2010), pp. 112–114 .

Knof, J.

H. J. Eichler, J. Eichler, J. Knof, and C. Noack, “Lifetimes of laser-induced population density gratings in ruby,” Physica Status Solidi A 52, 481–486 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Kränkel, C.

Krupke, W.

L. D. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kühn, H.

Kuleshov, N. V.

E. V. Ivakin, A. V. Sukhadolau, O. L. Antipov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Transient grating measurements of refractive-index changes in intensively pumped Yb-doped laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 315–318 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, V. G. Shcherbitskii, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Luminescent and lasing characteristics of heavily doped Yb3+: KY(WO4)(2) crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36, 319–323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy and continuous-wave diode-pumped laser action of Yb3+:YVO4,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2491–2493 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kupchenko, M. I.

Kway, W.

L. D. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Matrosov, V. N.

Matrosova, T. A.

Morier-Genoud, F.

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, V. G. Shcherbitskii, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Luminescent and lasing characteristics of heavily doped Yb3+: KY(WO4)(2) crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36, 319–323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Noack, C.

H. J. Eichler, J. Eichler, J. Knof, and C. Noack, “Lifetimes of laser-induced population density gratings in ruby,” Physica Status Solidi A 52, 481–486 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M. A.

Novikov, A. A.

Paschotta, R.

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, V. G. Shcherbitskii, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Luminescent and lasing characteristics of heavily doped Yb3+: KY(WO4)(2) crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36, 319–323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pavlyuk, A. A.

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, V. G. Shcherbitskii, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Luminescent and lasing characteristics of heavily doped Yb3+: KY(WO4)(2) crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36, 319–323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S.

L. D. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

Peters, R.

Powell, R. C.

R. C. Powell, Physics of Solid-State Laser Materials (Springer-Verlag, 1998).

Savikin, A. P.

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeikin, E. V. Ivakin, A. P. Savikin, A. V. Sukhodolov, and K. A. Fedorova, “Mechanisms of a change in the refractive index of an intensely pumped Yb:YAG crystal,” Quantum Electron. 36, 418–423 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeykin, A. P. Savikin, E. V. Ivakin, and A. V. Sukhadolau, “Electronic mechanism for refractive-index changes in intensively pumped Yb:YAG laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31, 763–765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbitskii, V. G.

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, V. G. Shcherbitskii, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Luminescent and lasing characteristics of heavily doped Yb3+: KY(WO4)(2) crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36, 319–323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

Smith, L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Song, P.

B. Jiang, Z. Zhao, X. Xu, P. Song, X. Wang, J. Xu, and P. Deng, “Spectral properties and charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Yb:GGG) crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 277, 186–191 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sukhadolau, A. V.

E. V. Ivakin, A. V. Sukhadolau, O. L. Antipov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Transient grating measurements of refractive-index changes in intensively pumped Yb-doped laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 315–318 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeykin, A. P. Savikin, E. V. Ivakin, and A. V. Sukhadolau, “Electronic mechanism for refractive-index changes in intensively pumped Yb:YAG laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31, 763–765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sukhodolov, A. V.

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeikin, E. V. Ivakin, A. P. Savikin, A. V. Sukhodolov, and K. A. Fedorova, “Mechanisms of a change in the refractive index of an intensely pumped Yb:YAG crystal,” Quantum Electron. 36, 418–423 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sumida, D. S.

Tolstik, N. A.

Troshin, A. E.

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, V. G. Shcherbitskii, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Luminescent and lasing characteristics of heavily doped Yb3+: KY(WO4)(2) crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36, 319–323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy and continuous-wave diode-pumped laser action of Yb3+:YVO4,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2491–2493 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

B. Jiang, Z. Zhao, X. Xu, P. Song, X. Wang, J. Xu, and P. Deng, “Spectral properties and charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Yb:GGG) crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 277, 186–191 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

B. Jiang, Z. Zhao, X. Xu, P. Song, X. Wang, J. Xu, and P. Deng, “Spectral properties and charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Yb:GGG) crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 277, 186–191 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

B. Jiang, Z. Zhao, X. Xu, P. Song, X. Wang, J. Xu, and P. Deng, “Spectral properties and charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Yb:GGG) crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 277, 186–191 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zakharov, N. G.

Zhao, Z.

B. Jiang, Z. Zhao, X. Xu, P. Song, X. Wang, J. Xu, and P. Deng, “Spectral properties and charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Yb:GGG) crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 277, 186–191 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zinoviev, A. P.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

E. V. Ivakin, A. V. Sukhadolau, O. L. Antipov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Transient grating measurements of refractive-index changes in intensively pumped Yb-doped laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 315–318 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. D. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

B. Jiang, Z. Zhao, X. Xu, P. Song, X. Wang, J. Xu, and P. Deng, “Spectral properties and charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Yb:GGG) crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 277, 186–191 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Physica Status Solidi A (1)

H. J. Eichler, J. Eichler, J. Knof, and C. Noack, “Lifetimes of laser-induced population density gratings in ruby,” Physica Status Solidi A 52, 481–486 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (2)

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, V. G. Shcherbitskii, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Luminescent and lasing characteristics of heavily doped Yb3+: KY(WO4)(2) crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36, 319–323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeikin, E. V. Ivakin, A. P. Savikin, A. V. Sukhodolov, and K. A. Fedorova, “Mechanisms of a change in the refractive index of an intensely pumped Yb:YAG crystal,” Quantum Electron. 36, 418–423 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

R. C. Powell, Physics of Solid-State Laser Materials (Springer-Verlag, 1998).

E. V. Ivakin and I. G. Kisialiou, “Direct quantitative estimation of the spatial energy migration between ions Yb3+ in Gd3Ga5O12 matrix,” in Proceedings CAOL 2010, International Conference on Advanced Optoelectronics and Lasers (IEEE, 2010), pp. 112–114 .

M. P. Hehlen, “Effect of radiation trapping on measured excited-state lifetimes in solids,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. Payne and C. Pollack, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1996), paper SM16.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The model of effective volume for the analytical solution of the reabsorption problem for a groove of transient grating.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Theoretical dependence of relative contribution of reabsorption (Δτ/τ) on αΛ-product.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Scheme of experimental setup: (a) optoacoustic modulator; (b) half-wave plate; (c) attenuator; (d) beamsplitter; (e) focusing lens or telescope; (f) sample; (g) fiber; and (h) PMT.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Experimentally Determined Lifetimes of a Metastable Level in Some Solid-State Laser Materials

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

dNdt=AN(γ1),
D(t)[A1(Δne)exp(tτe)+A2(ΔnT)exp(tτT)]2,
dN(R,t)dt=N(R,t)τ+αVN(R,t)τe(α|RR|)4π|RR|2dV.
dN(t)dt=N(t)τ+αN(t)4πτVe(α|RR|)|RR|2dV.
dN(t)dt=N(t)τ+N(t)τ{[1exp(αΛ22)]+αΛ4[Ei(12ααpump)+Γ(0,αΛ22)]}.
τ=τ(1{[1exp(αΛ22)]+αΛ4[Ei(12ααpump)+Γ(0,αΛ22)]})1=τ+Δτ.

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