Abstract

A tiling integral floating display system is proposed using the optimization of viewing window. The integral floating display, which is a combination of an integral imaging system and a floating lens, has many advantages, but it is hard to realize a large system due to the cost and difficulties in making the large floating device. In this paper, the stackable integral floating display is proposed by modifying the size of the viewing window to be the same as that of the display device, which can be a solution for the large scale autostereoscopic three-dimensional display system.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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2011 (1)

H. Deng, Q.-H. Wang, D.-H. Li, and F.-N. Wang, “An integral imaging display with wide viewing angle,” SID Digest Tech. Papers 42,  1095–1097 (2011).

2010 (2)

H. Kakeya, T. Kurokawa, and Y. Mano, “Electronic realization of coarse integral volumetric imaging with wide viewing angle,” Proc. SPIE 7524, 752411 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Park, B.-S. Song, and S.-W. Min, “Analysis of image visibility in projection-type integral imaging system without diffuser,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 14, 121–126 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

H. Kakeya, “Formulation of coarse integral imaging and its applications,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 680317 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2005 (3)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1980 (1)

T. Okoshi, “Three-dimensional displays,” Proc. IEEE 68, 548–564 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1931 (1)

1908 (1)

G. Lippmann, “La photographie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 46, 446–451 (1908).

Arai, J.

Choi, H.

Choi, H.-J.

Deng, H.

H. Deng, Q.-H. Wang, D.-H. Li, and F.-N. Wang, “An integral imaging display with wide viewing angle,” SID Digest Tech. Papers 42,  1095–1097 (2011).

Hahn, M.

Hong, J.

Hoshino, H.

Ives, H. E.

Jang, J. S.

Javidi, B.

Jin, F.

Jung, S.

Jung, S.-Y.

Kakeya, H.

H. Kakeya, T. Kurokawa, and Y. Mano, “Electronic realization of coarse integral volumetric imaging with wide viewing angle,” Proc. SPIE 7524, 752411 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Kakeya, “Formulation of coarse integral imaging and its applications,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 680317 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Kakeya, “MOEVision: simple multiview display with clear floating image,” Proc. SPIE 6490, 64900J (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

Kim, Y.

Kurokawa, T.

H. Kakeya, T. Kurokawa, and Y. Mano, “Electronic realization of coarse integral volumetric imaging with wide viewing angle,” Proc. SPIE 7524, 752411 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

Li, D.-H.

H. Deng, Q.-H. Wang, D.-H. Li, and F.-N. Wang, “An integral imaging display with wide viewing angle,” SID Digest Tech. Papers 42,  1095–1097 (2011).

Lippmann, G.

G. Lippmann, “La photographie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 46, 446–451 (1908).

Mano, Y.

H. Kakeya, T. Kurokawa, and Y. Mano, “Electronic realization of coarse integral volumetric imaging with wide viewing angle,” Proc. SPIE 7524, 752411 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Martinez-Corral, M.

Martínez-Cuenca, R.

Min, S.-W.

Navarro, H.

Okano, F.

Okoshi, T.

T. Okoshi, “Three-dimensional displays,” Proc. IEEE 68, 548–564 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.-H.

Park, S.

Saavedra, G.

Song, B.-S.

Wang, F.-N.

H. Deng, Q.-H. Wang, D.-H. Li, and F.-N. Wang, “An integral imaging display with wide viewing angle,” SID Digest Tech. Papers 42,  1095–1097 (2011).

Wang, Q.-H.

H. Deng, Q.-H. Wang, D.-H. Li, and F.-N. Wang, “An integral imaging display with wide viewing angle,” SID Digest Tech. Papers 42,  1095–1097 (2011).

Yuyama, I.

Appl. Opt. (3)

C. R. Acad. Sci. (1)

G. Lippmann, “La photographie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 46, 446–451 (1908).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Korea (3)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S.-W. Min, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “New characteristic equation of three-dimensional integral imaging system and its applications,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L71–L74 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

T. Okoshi, “Three-dimensional displays,” Proc. IEEE 68, 548–564 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (3)

H. Kakeya, “MOEVision: simple multiview display with clear floating image,” Proc. SPIE 6490, 64900J (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Kakeya, “Formulation of coarse integral imaging and its applications,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 680317 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Kakeya, T. Kurokawa, and Y. Mano, “Electronic realization of coarse integral volumetric imaging with wide viewing angle,” Proc. SPIE 7524, 752411 (2010).
[CrossRef]

SID Digest Tech. Papers (1)

H. Deng, Q.-H. Wang, D.-H. Li, and F.-N. Wang, “An integral imaging display with wide viewing angle,” SID Digest Tech. Papers 42,  1095–1097 (2011).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Integral floating system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Viewing window and flipped images in integral floating display.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Diagram of modified integral floating display.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Structure of stackable integral floating display unit.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Viewing angle of integral floating display unit.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Viewing zone of tiled integral floating display system.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Optical structure composed by lens array and floating lens for integral floating unit.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Elemental images (a) for each integral floating unit and (b) display of them using common display device.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Experimental setup of 2-by-2 tiling integral floating display system.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Experimental results captured at various viewpoints.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Specifications of Rectangular Lens Array and Floating Lens

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

s=φdgd,
wi=φgdg.
mφdgd=φgdg,
g=dm=Fm,
wi=φ(1+m),
θ=2arctan|mφ2d|
D=Nωi2tan(Θ2)=N|d|m(1+m).
Θtotal=2arctan[(LoD)Lotan(Θ2)]=2arctan[tan(Θ2)Nφ(2Lo)(1+m)]=2arctan[|mφ2d|Nφ(2Lo)(1+m)].

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