Temporal phase unwrapping is an important method for shape measurement in structured light projection. Its measurement errors mainly come from both the camera noise and nonlinearity. Analysis found that least-squares fitting cannot completely eliminate nonlinear errors, though it can significantly reduce the random errors. To further reduce the measurement errors of current temporal phase unwrapping algorithms, in this paper, we proposed a phase averaging method (PAM) in which an additional fringe sequence at the highest fringe density is employed in the process of data processing and the phase offset of each set of the four frames is carefully chosen according to the period of the phase nonlinear errors, based on fast classical temporal phase unwrapping algorithms. This method can decrease both the random errors and the systematic errors with statistical averaging. In addition, the length of the additional fringe sequence can be changed flexibly according to the precision of the measurement. Theoretical analysis and simulation experiment results showed the validity of the proposed method.
© 2012 Optical Society of America
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