Abstract

A tunable multimode unidirectional traveling-wave Ti:sapphire laser was developed to measure in situ the atmospheric absorption spectra using intracavity absorption spectroscopy. The effective absorption path length was 2100 km. O2 and H2O vapor lines in atmosphere with absorption coefficients of 106108cm1 were measured with uncertainties <5%, and the absorption coefficients were in agreement with those estimated from the HITRAN database. By tuning the wavelength, a weak absorption line with an absorption coefficient of 109cm1 was measured with a sensitivity of 2×1010cm1. The sensitivity was limited by the residual parasitic variation that appeared in the spectrum.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. W. Demtröder, Laser Spectroscopy, 2nd ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2002).
  2. V. M. Baev, T. Latz, and P. E. Toschek, “Laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 171–202 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Sierks, T. Latz, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toschek, “Spectral dynamics of multi-mode dye lasers and single-atom absorption,” in Proceeding of the 1996 European Quantum Electronics Conference (EQEC) (1996), p. 100.
  4. J. Sierks, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toschek, “Enhancement of the sensitivity of a multimode dye laser to intracavity absorption,” Opt. Commun. 96, 81–86 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Takemura, T. Okazaki, M. Taniguchi, Y.−H. Zhou, and A. Morinaga, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy of atmospheric water vapor using a multimode traveling-wave ring dye laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4578–4582 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Kato, T. Ueda, T. Okazaki, Y. Sakuragi, and A. Morinaga, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy using a multimode unidirectional traveling−wave ring dye laser with a high sensitivity of 5×10−11  cm−1,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 040205 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. He and B. J. Orr, “Detection of trace gases by rapidly-swept continuous-wave cavity ringdown spectroscopy: pushing limit of the sensitivity,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 355–364 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. J. Moyer, D. S. Sayres, G. S. Engel, J. M. St. Clair, F. N. Keutsch, N. T. Allen, J. H. Kroll, and J. G. Anderson, “Design considerations in high-sensitivity off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 474 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. A. Gilmore, P. Vujkovic Cvijin, and G. H. Atkinson, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 385–389 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Charvát, A. A. Kachanov, A. Campargue, D. Permogorov, and F. Stoeckel, “High sensitive intracavity absorption spectroscopy of CHD3 in the near infrared with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 214, 495–501 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Campargue, A. Charvat, and D. Permogorov, “Absolute intensity measurement of CO2 overtone transitions in the near-infrared,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 223, 567–572 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Abel, A. Charvát, and S. F. Deppe, “Lifetimes of the lowest triplet state of ozone by intracavity laser absorption spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 277, 347–355 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. Kalmar and J. O’Brien, “Quantitative intracavity laser spectroscopy measurements with a Ti:sapphire laser: absorption intensities for water vapor lines in the 790–800 nm region,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 192, 386–393 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Sierks, J. Eschner, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toscheck, “Sensitivity of intracavity absorption measurements with Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Commun. 102, 265–270 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Kachavov, A. Charvat, and F. Stoeckel, “Intracavity laser spectroscopy with vibronic solid-state lasers: II. Influence of the nonlinear mode coupling on the maximum sensitivity of a Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 970–979(1995).
    [CrossRef]
  17. C. E. Wagstaff and M. H. Dunn, “A second-harmonic, ring dye laser for the generation of continuous-wave, single-frequency UV radiation,” J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys. 12, 355–368(1979).
    [CrossRef]
  18. F. Biraben, “Efficacite des systemes unidirectionnels utilisables dans les lasers en anneau,” Opt. Commun. 29, 353–356(1979).
    [CrossRef]
  19. B. Löhden, S. Kuznetsova, K. Sengstock, V. M. Baev, A. Goldman, S. Cheskis, and B. Pálsdóttir, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy for in situ multicomponent gas analysis in the atmosphere and combustion environments,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 331–344 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  20. E. N. Antonov, P. S. Antsyferov, A. A. Kachanov, and V. G. Koloshnikov, “Parasitic selection in intracavity laser detection spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 41, 131–134 (1982).
    [CrossRef]

2011

N. Kato, T. Ueda, T. Okazaki, Y. Sakuragi, and A. Morinaga, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy using a multimode unidirectional traveling−wave ring dye laser with a high sensitivity of 5×10−11  cm−1,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 040205 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Löhden, S. Kuznetsova, K. Sengstock, V. M. Baev, A. Goldman, S. Cheskis, and B. Pálsdóttir, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy for in situ multicomponent gas analysis in the atmosphere and combustion environments,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 331–344 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

A. Takemura, T. Okazaki, M. Taniguchi, Y.−H. Zhou, and A. Morinaga, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy of atmospheric water vapor using a multimode traveling-wave ring dye laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4578–4582 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Moyer, D. S. Sayres, G. S. Engel, J. M. St. Clair, F. N. Keutsch, N. T. Allen, J. H. Kroll, and J. G. Anderson, “Design considerations in high-sensitivity off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 474 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

Y. He and B. J. Orr, “Detection of trace gases by rapidly-swept continuous-wave cavity ringdown spectroscopy: pushing limit of the sensitivity,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 355–364 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1999

V. M. Baev, T. Latz, and P. E. Toschek, “Laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 171–202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

B. Kalmar and J. O’Brien, “Quantitative intracavity laser spectroscopy measurements with a Ti:sapphire laser: absorption intensities for water vapor lines in the 790–800 nm region,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 192, 386–393 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

B. Abel, A. Charvát, and S. F. Deppe, “Lifetimes of the lowest triplet state of ozone by intracavity laser absorption spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 277, 347–355 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

1994

A. Campargue, A. Charvat, and D. Permogorov, “Absolute intensity measurement of CO2 overtone transitions in the near-infrared,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 223, 567–572 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

A. Charvát, A. A. Kachanov, A. Campargue, D. Permogorov, and F. Stoeckel, “High sensitive intracavity absorption spectroscopy of CHD3 in the near infrared with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 214, 495–501 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Sierks, J. Eschner, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toscheck, “Sensitivity of intracavity absorption measurements with Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Commun. 102, 265–270 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Sierks, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toschek, “Enhancement of the sensitivity of a multimode dye laser to intracavity absorption,” Opt. Commun. 96, 81–86 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990

D. A. Gilmore, P. Vujkovic Cvijin, and G. H. Atkinson, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 385–389 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1982

E. N. Antonov, P. S. Antsyferov, A. A. Kachanov, and V. G. Koloshnikov, “Parasitic selection in intracavity laser detection spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 41, 131–134 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979

C. E. Wagstaff and M. H. Dunn, “A second-harmonic, ring dye laser for the generation of continuous-wave, single-frequency UV radiation,” J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys. 12, 355–368(1979).
[CrossRef]

F. Biraben, “Efficacite des systemes unidirectionnels utilisables dans les lasers en anneau,” Opt. Commun. 29, 353–356(1979).
[CrossRef]

Abel, B.

B. Abel, A. Charvát, and S. F. Deppe, “Lifetimes of the lowest triplet state of ozone by intracavity laser absorption spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 277, 347–355 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Allen, N. T.

E. J. Moyer, D. S. Sayres, G. S. Engel, J. M. St. Clair, F. N. Keutsch, N. T. Allen, J. H. Kroll, and J. G. Anderson, “Design considerations in high-sensitivity off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 474 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, J. G.

E. J. Moyer, D. S. Sayres, G. S. Engel, J. M. St. Clair, F. N. Keutsch, N. T. Allen, J. H. Kroll, and J. G. Anderson, “Design considerations in high-sensitivity off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 474 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Antonov, E. N.

E. N. Antonov, P. S. Antsyferov, A. A. Kachanov, and V. G. Koloshnikov, “Parasitic selection in intracavity laser detection spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 41, 131–134 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Antsyferov, P. S.

E. N. Antonov, P. S. Antsyferov, A. A. Kachanov, and V. G. Koloshnikov, “Parasitic selection in intracavity laser detection spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 41, 131–134 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Atkinson, G. H.

D. A. Gilmore, P. Vujkovic Cvijin, and G. H. Atkinson, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 385–389 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Baev, V. M.

B. Löhden, S. Kuznetsova, K. Sengstock, V. M. Baev, A. Goldman, S. Cheskis, and B. Pálsdóttir, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy for in situ multicomponent gas analysis in the atmosphere and combustion environments,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 331–344 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Baev, T. Latz, and P. E. Toschek, “Laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 171–202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Sierks, J. Eschner, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toscheck, “Sensitivity of intracavity absorption measurements with Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Commun. 102, 265–270 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Sierks, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toschek, “Enhancement of the sensitivity of a multimode dye laser to intracavity absorption,” Opt. Commun. 96, 81–86 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Sierks, T. Latz, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toschek, “Spectral dynamics of multi-mode dye lasers and single-atom absorption,” in Proceeding of the 1996 European Quantum Electronics Conference (EQEC) (1996), p. 100.

Barbe, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Benner, D. C.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bernath, P. F.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Biraben, F.

F. Biraben, “Efficacite des systemes unidirectionnels utilisables dans les lasers en anneau,” Opt. Commun. 29, 353–356(1979).
[CrossRef]

Birk, M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boudon, V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brown, L. R.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Campargue, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Campargue, A. Charvat, and D. Permogorov, “Absolute intensity measurement of CO2 overtone transitions in the near-infrared,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 223, 567–572 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Charvát, A. A. Kachanov, A. Campargue, D. Permogorov, and F. Stoeckel, “High sensitive intracavity absorption spectroscopy of CHD3 in the near infrared with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 214, 495–501 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Champion, J.-P.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Charvat, A.

Charvát, A.

B. Abel, A. Charvát, and S. F. Deppe, “Lifetimes of the lowest triplet state of ozone by intracavity laser absorption spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 277, 347–355 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Charvát, A. A. Kachanov, A. Campargue, D. Permogorov, and F. Stoeckel, “High sensitive intracavity absorption spectroscopy of CHD3 in the near infrared with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 214, 495–501 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cheskis, S.

B. Löhden, S. Kuznetsova, K. Sengstock, V. M. Baev, A. Goldman, S. Cheskis, and B. Pálsdóttir, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy for in situ multicomponent gas analysis in the atmosphere and combustion environments,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 331–344 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Clair, J. M. St.

E. J. Moyer, D. S. Sayres, G. S. Engel, J. M. St. Clair, F. N. Keutsch, N. T. Allen, J. H. Kroll, and J. G. Anderson, “Design considerations in high-sensitivity off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 474 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Coudert, L. H.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cvijin, P. Vujkovic

D. A. Gilmore, P. Vujkovic Cvijin, and G. H. Atkinson, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 385–389 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Dana, V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Demtröder, W.

W. Demtröder, Laser Spectroscopy, 2nd ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2002).

Deppe, S. F.

B. Abel, A. Charvát, and S. F. Deppe, “Lifetimes of the lowest triplet state of ozone by intracavity laser absorption spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 277, 347–355 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Devi, V. M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, M. H.

C. E. Wagstaff and M. H. Dunn, “A second-harmonic, ring dye laser for the generation of continuous-wave, single-frequency UV radiation,” J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys. 12, 355–368(1979).
[CrossRef]

Engel, G. S.

E. J. Moyer, D. S. Sayres, G. S. Engel, J. M. St. Clair, F. N. Keutsch, N. T. Allen, J. H. Kroll, and J. G. Anderson, “Design considerations in high-sensitivity off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 474 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Eschner, J.

J. Sierks, J. Eschner, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toscheck, “Sensitivity of intracavity absorption measurements with Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Commun. 102, 265–270 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fally, S.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Flaud, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gamache, R. R.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gilmore, D. A.

D. A. Gilmore, P. Vujkovic Cvijin, and G. H. Atkinson, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 385–389 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Goldman, A.

B. Löhden, S. Kuznetsova, K. Sengstock, V. M. Baev, A. Goldman, S. Cheskis, and B. Pálsdóttir, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy for in situ multicomponent gas analysis in the atmosphere and combustion environments,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 331–344 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, I. E.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

He, Y.

Y. He and B. J. Orr, “Detection of trace gases by rapidly-swept continuous-wave cavity ringdown spectroscopy: pushing limit of the sensitivity,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 355–364 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jacquemart, D.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kachanov, A. A.

A. Charvát, A. A. Kachanov, A. Campargue, D. Permogorov, and F. Stoeckel, “High sensitive intracavity absorption spectroscopy of CHD3 in the near infrared with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 214, 495–501 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. N. Antonov, P. S. Antsyferov, A. A. Kachanov, and V. G. Koloshnikov, “Parasitic selection in intracavity laser detection spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 41, 131–134 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kachavov, A.

Kalmar, B.

B. Kalmar and J. O’Brien, “Quantitative intracavity laser spectroscopy measurements with a Ti:sapphire laser: absorption intensities for water vapor lines in the 790–800 nm region,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 192, 386–393 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kato, N.

N. Kato, T. Ueda, T. Okazaki, Y. Sakuragi, and A. Morinaga, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy using a multimode unidirectional traveling−wave ring dye laser with a high sensitivity of 5×10−11  cm−1,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 040205 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Keutsch, F. N.

E. J. Moyer, D. S. Sayres, G. S. Engel, J. M. St. Clair, F. N. Keutsch, N. T. Allen, J. H. Kroll, and J. G. Anderson, “Design considerations in high-sensitivity off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 474 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kleiner, I.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Koloshnikov, V. G.

E. N. Antonov, P. S. Antsyferov, A. A. Kachanov, and V. G. Koloshnikov, “Parasitic selection in intracavity laser detection spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 41, 131–134 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kroll, J. H.

E. J. Moyer, D. S. Sayres, G. S. Engel, J. M. St. Clair, F. N. Keutsch, N. T. Allen, J. H. Kroll, and J. G. Anderson, “Design considerations in high-sensitivity off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 474 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetsova, S.

B. Löhden, S. Kuznetsova, K. Sengstock, V. M. Baev, A. Goldman, S. Cheskis, and B. Pálsdóttir, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy for in situ multicomponent gas analysis in the atmosphere and combustion environments,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 331–344 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lacome, N.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lafferty, W. J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Latz, T.

V. M. Baev, T. Latz, and P. E. Toschek, “Laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 171–202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Sierks, T. Latz, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toschek, “Spectral dynamics of multi-mode dye lasers and single-atom absorption,” in Proceeding of the 1996 European Quantum Electronics Conference (EQEC) (1996), p. 100.

Löhden, B.

B. Löhden, S. Kuznetsova, K. Sengstock, V. M. Baev, A. Goldman, S. Cheskis, and B. Pálsdóttir, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy for in situ multicomponent gas analysis in the atmosphere and combustion environments,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 331–344 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mandin, J.-Y.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Massie, S. T.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailenko, S. N.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Miller, C. E.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Moazzen-Ahmadi, N.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Morinaga, A.

N. Kato, T. Ueda, T. Okazaki, Y. Sakuragi, and A. Morinaga, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy using a multimode unidirectional traveling−wave ring dye laser with a high sensitivity of 5×10−11  cm−1,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 040205 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Takemura, T. Okazaki, M. Taniguchi, Y.−H. Zhou, and A. Morinaga, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy of atmospheric water vapor using a multimode traveling-wave ring dye laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4578–4582 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Moyer, E. J.

E. J. Moyer, D. S. Sayres, G. S. Engel, J. M. St. Clair, F. N. Keutsch, N. T. Allen, J. H. Kroll, and J. G. Anderson, “Design considerations in high-sensitivity off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 474 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Naumenko, O.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nikitin, A. V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, J.

B. Kalmar and J. O’Brien, “Quantitative intracavity laser spectroscopy measurements with a Ti:sapphire laser: absorption intensities for water vapor lines in the 790–800 nm region,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 192, 386–393 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Okazaki, T.

N. Kato, T. Ueda, T. Okazaki, Y. Sakuragi, and A. Morinaga, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy using a multimode unidirectional traveling−wave ring dye laser with a high sensitivity of 5×10−11  cm−1,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 040205 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Takemura, T. Okazaki, M. Taniguchi, Y.−H. Zhou, and A. Morinaga, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy of atmospheric water vapor using a multimode traveling-wave ring dye laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4578–4582 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Orphal, J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Orr, B. J.

Y. He and B. J. Orr, “Detection of trace gases by rapidly-swept continuous-wave cavity ringdown spectroscopy: pushing limit of the sensitivity,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 355–364 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pálsdóttir, B.

B. Löhden, S. Kuznetsova, K. Sengstock, V. M. Baev, A. Goldman, S. Cheskis, and B. Pálsdóttir, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy for in situ multicomponent gas analysis in the atmosphere and combustion environments,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 331–344 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Perevalov, V. I.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Permogorov, D.

A. Campargue, A. Charvat, and D. Permogorov, “Absolute intensity measurement of CO2 overtone transitions in the near-infrared,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 223, 567–572 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Charvát, A. A. Kachanov, A. Campargue, D. Permogorov, and F. Stoeckel, “High sensitive intracavity absorption spectroscopy of CHD3 in the near infrared with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 214, 495–501 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Predoi-Cross, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rinsland, C. P.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rotger, M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rothman, L. S.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sakuragi, Y.

N. Kato, T. Ueda, T. Okazaki, Y. Sakuragi, and A. Morinaga, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy using a multimode unidirectional traveling−wave ring dye laser with a high sensitivity of 5×10−11  cm−1,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 040205 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sayres, D. S.

E. J. Moyer, D. S. Sayres, G. S. Engel, J. M. St. Clair, F. N. Keutsch, N. T. Allen, J. H. Kroll, and J. G. Anderson, “Design considerations in high-sensitivity off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 474 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sengstock, K.

B. Löhden, S. Kuznetsova, K. Sengstock, V. M. Baev, A. Goldman, S. Cheskis, and B. Pálsdóttir, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy for in situ multicomponent gas analysis in the atmosphere and combustion environments,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 331–344 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sierks, J.

J. Sierks, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toschek, “Enhancement of the sensitivity of a multimode dye laser to intracavity absorption,” Opt. Commun. 96, 81–86 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Sierks, J. Eschner, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toscheck, “Sensitivity of intracavity absorption measurements with Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Commun. 102, 265–270 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Sierks, T. Latz, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toschek, “Spectral dynamics of multi-mode dye lasers and single-atom absorption,” in Proceeding of the 1996 European Quantum Electronics Conference (EQEC) (1996), p. 100.

Simecková, M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. A. H.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stoeckel, F.

A. Kachavov, A. Charvat, and F. Stoeckel, “Intracavity laser spectroscopy with vibronic solid-state lasers: II. Influence of the nonlinear mode coupling on the maximum sensitivity of a Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 970–979(1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Charvát, A. A. Kachanov, A. Campargue, D. Permogorov, and F. Stoeckel, “High sensitive intracavity absorption spectroscopy of CHD3 in the near infrared with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 214, 495–501 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sung, K.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takemura, A.

A. Takemura, T. Okazaki, M. Taniguchi, Y.−H. Zhou, and A. Morinaga, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy of atmospheric water vapor using a multimode traveling-wave ring dye laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4578–4582 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Taniguchi, M.

A. Takemura, T. Okazaki, M. Taniguchi, Y.−H. Zhou, and A. Morinaga, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy of atmospheric water vapor using a multimode traveling-wave ring dye laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4578–4582 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tashkun, S. A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tennyson, J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Toscheck, P. E.

J. Sierks, J. Eschner, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toscheck, “Sensitivity of intracavity absorption measurements with Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Commun. 102, 265–270 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Toschek, P. E.

V. M. Baev, T. Latz, and P. E. Toschek, “Laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 171–202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Sierks, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toschek, “Enhancement of the sensitivity of a multimode dye laser to intracavity absorption,” Opt. Commun. 96, 81–86 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Sierks, T. Latz, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toschek, “Spectral dynamics of multi-mode dye lasers and single-atom absorption,” in Proceeding of the 1996 European Quantum Electronics Conference (EQEC) (1996), p. 100.

Toth, R. A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, T.

N. Kato, T. Ueda, T. Okazaki, Y. Sakuragi, and A. Morinaga, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy using a multimode unidirectional traveling−wave ring dye laser with a high sensitivity of 5×10−11  cm−1,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 040205 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vandaele, A. C.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vander Auwera, J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wagstaff, C. E.

C. E. Wagstaff and M. H. Dunn, “A second-harmonic, ring dye laser for the generation of continuous-wave, single-frequency UV radiation,” J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys. 12, 355–368(1979).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.-H.

A. Takemura, T. Okazaki, M. Taniguchi, Y.−H. Zhou, and A. Morinaga, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy of atmospheric water vapor using a multimode traveling-wave ring dye laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4578–4582 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

V. M. Baev, T. Latz, and P. E. Toschek, “Laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 171–202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. He and B. J. Orr, “Detection of trace gases by rapidly-swept continuous-wave cavity ringdown spectroscopy: pushing limit of the sensitivity,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 355–364 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Moyer, D. S. Sayres, G. S. Engel, J. M. St. Clair, F. N. Keutsch, N. T. Allen, J. H. Kroll, and J. G. Anderson, “Design considerations in high-sensitivity off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 474 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Löhden, S. Kuznetsova, K. Sengstock, V. M. Baev, A. Goldman, S. Cheskis, and B. Pálsdóttir, “Fiber laser intracavity absorption spectroscopy for in situ multicomponent gas analysis in the atmosphere and combustion environments,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 331–344 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

A. Charvát, A. A. Kachanov, A. Campargue, D. Permogorov, and F. Stoeckel, “High sensitive intracavity absorption spectroscopy of CHD3 in the near infrared with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 214, 495–501 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Campargue, A. Charvat, and D. Permogorov, “Absolute intensity measurement of CO2 overtone transitions in the near-infrared,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 223, 567–572 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. Abel, A. Charvát, and S. F. Deppe, “Lifetimes of the lowest triplet state of ozone by intracavity laser absorption spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 277, 347–355 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectrosc.

B. Kalmar and J. O’Brien, “Quantitative intracavity laser spectroscopy measurements with a Ti:sapphire laser: absorption intensities for water vapor lines in the 790–800 nm region,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 192, 386–393 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys.

C. E. Wagstaff and M. H. Dunn, “A second-harmonic, ring dye laser for the generation of continuous-wave, single-frequency UV radiation,” J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys. 12, 355–368(1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simecková, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 110, 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

A. Takemura, T. Okazaki, M. Taniguchi, Y.−H. Zhou, and A. Morinaga, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy of atmospheric water vapor using a multimode traveling-wave ring dye laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4578–4582 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Kato, T. Ueda, T. Okazaki, Y. Sakuragi, and A. Morinaga, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy using a multimode unidirectional traveling−wave ring dye laser with a high sensitivity of 5×10−11  cm−1,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 040205 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

F. Biraben, “Efficacite des systemes unidirectionnels utilisables dans les lasers en anneau,” Opt. Commun. 29, 353–356(1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Sierks, J. Eschner, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toscheck, “Sensitivity of intracavity absorption measurements with Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Commun. 102, 265–270 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Gilmore, P. Vujkovic Cvijin, and G. H. Atkinson, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 385–389 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Sierks, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toschek, “Enhancement of the sensitivity of a multimode dye laser to intracavity absorption,” Opt. Commun. 96, 81–86 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. N. Antonov, P. S. Antsyferov, A. A. Kachanov, and V. G. Koloshnikov, “Parasitic selection in intracavity laser detection spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 41, 131–134 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Other

W. Demtröder, Laser Spectroscopy, 2nd ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2002).

J. Sierks, T. Latz, V. M. Baev, and P. E. Toschek, “Spectral dynamics of multi-mode dye lasers and single-atom absorption,” in Proceeding of the 1996 European Quantum Electronics Conference (EQEC) (1996), p. 100.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (11)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup. M1–M8 are mirrors, AOM1 and AOM2 are acousto-optic modulators, and CCD denotes a charge-coupled detector.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Emission spectra of Ti:sapphire laser with absorption lines for delay time of 100 μs. (a) Standing-wave laser. (b) Unidirectional traveling-wave ring laser. Absorption lines of H2O vapor estimated from the HITRAN database are shown in the upper part of the figure.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Square of peak intensity M02 (open circles) and total intensity I (open triangles) of a unidirectional traveling-wave ring Ti:sapphire laser as a function of delay time td.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Saturation time of emission spectrum as a function of excitation ratio η.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Saturation time of emission spectrum as a function of threshold power.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Absorption spectrum of O2 vapor; together with (b) transmittance estimated from the HITRAN database and atmospheric conditions.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Absorption signals of some H2O vapor lines as a function of delay time.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Weak absorption signal K (open circles) and linewidth (FWHM) Γ (open triangles) at a wavelength of 803.230 nm versus delay time td.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Spectral width (FWHM) of emission as a function of delay time.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Growth of emission and absorption spectra around a wavelength of 791.60 nm for several delay times.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Absorption signal K at a wavelength of 791.611 nm as a function of delay time. The dashed line indicates the growth of a parasitic oscillation.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Comparison of Saturation Times of Emission and Absorption, Effective Absorption Pass Length, and Sensitivity Between the Unidirectional Traveling-Wave Dye Laser and Ti:Sapphire Laser

Tables Icon

Table 2. Measured Absolute Absorption Coefficients of Some O2 Vapor Lines Together With Those Estimated From Data in the HITRAN Database With an Uncertainty of 2%–5% Under Atmospheric Conditions of a Temperature of 22.8±0.3°C, an Atmospheric Pressure of 1012±2hPa, and a Concentration of O2 Vapor of 21±1%

Tables Icon

Table 3. Measured Absolute Absorption Coefficients of Some H2O Vapor Lines Together With Those Estimated From Data in the HITRAN Database Under Atmospheric Conditions of a Temperature of 23.2±0.3°C, a Relative Humidity of 46±5%, and an Atmospheric Pressure of 1013±2hPa

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

kHITRAN(λ)=N(Pair,T)×PxPair×1πiSiΓi/2(λ1λi1)2+(Γi/2)2,

Metrics