Abstract

We propose a new method of color management for a full-color holographic, three-dimensional (3D) printer, which produces a volume reflection holographic stereogram using red, green, and blue three-color lasers. For natural color management in the holographic 3D printer, we characterize its color reproduction characteristics based on the spectral measurement of reproduced light. Then the color conversion formula, which comprises a one-dimensional lookup table and a 3×3 matrix, was derived from the measurement data. The color reproducibility was evaluated by printing a color chart hologram, and the average CIELAB ΔE=13.19 is fairly small.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Yamaguchi, N. Ohyama, and T. Honda, “Holographic three-dimensional printer: new method,” Appl. Opt. 31, 217–222 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. A. Klug, M. W. Halle, and P. M. Hubel, “Full color ultragrams,” Proc. SPIE 1667, 110–119 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. A. Klug, A. Klein, W. Plesniak, A. Kropp, and B. Chen, “Optics for full-parallax holographic stereograms,” Proc. SPIE 3011, 78–88 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Shirakura, N. Kihara, and S. Baba, “Instant holographic portrait printing system,” Proc. SPIE 3293, 246–253 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. van Nuland, W. C. Spierings, and N. Govers, “Development of an office holoprinter V,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 62–69 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Zacharovas, “Advances in digital holography,” in Proceedings of the International Workshop on Holographic Memories & Display (IWHM, 2008), pp. 55–67.
  7. S. Frey, A. Thelen, S. Hirsch, and P. Hering, “Generation of digital textured surface models from hologram recordings,” Appl. Opt. 46, 1986–1993 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Takano, H. Shigeta, T. Nishihara, M. Yamaguchi, S. Takahashi, N. Ohyama, A. Kobayashi, and F. Iwata, “Full-color holographic 3D printer,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 126–136 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Maruyama, Y. Ono, and M. Yamaguchi, “High-density recording of full-color full-parallax holographic stereogram,” Proc. SPIE 6912, 12–22 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Bjelkhagen and E. Mirlis, “Color holography to produce highly realistic three-dimensional images,” Appl. Opt. 47, A123–A133 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. S. Berns, “Methods for characterizing CRT display,” Displays 16, 173–182 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. Jiménez del Barco, J. A. Díaz, J. R. Jiménez, and M. Rubiño, “Considerations on the calibration of color displays assuming constant channel chromaticity,” Color Res. Appl. 20, 377–387 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. J. Zacharovas, A. M. Rodin, D. B. Ratcliffe, and F. R. Vergnes, “Holographic materials available from Geola,” Proc. SPIE 4296, 206–212 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. DeMarsh, “Colorimetry for HDTV,” IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. 37, 1–6 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. H. Brainard, D. G. Pelli, and T. Robson, “Display characterization,” in Encyclopedia of Imaging Science and Technology (Wiley, 2002), pp. 172–188.
  16. D. H. Brainard, “Calibration of a computer controlled color monitor,” Color Res. Appl. 14, 23–34 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  17. N. Ohta, Color Engineering (Academic, 2008).
  18. M. Yamaguchi, H. Endoh, T. Honda, and N. Ohyama, “High-quality recording of a full-parallax holographic stereogram with a digital diffuser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 135–137 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

S. Maruyama, Y. Ono, and M. Yamaguchi, “High-density recording of full-color full-parallax holographic stereogram,” Proc. SPIE 6912, 12–22 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Bjelkhagen and E. Mirlis, “Color holography to produce highly realistic three-dimensional images,” Appl. Opt. 47, A123–A133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2003 (1)

M. Takano, H. Shigeta, T. Nishihara, M. Yamaguchi, S. Takahashi, N. Ohyama, A. Kobayashi, and F. Iwata, “Full-color holographic 3D printer,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 126–136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. J. Zacharovas, A. M. Rodin, D. B. Ratcliffe, and F. R. Vergnes, “Holographic materials available from Geola,” Proc. SPIE 4296, 206–212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Shirakura, N. Kihara, and S. Baba, “Instant holographic portrait printing system,” Proc. SPIE 3293, 246–253 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. A. Klug, A. Klein, W. Plesniak, A. Kropp, and B. Chen, “Optics for full-parallax holographic stereograms,” Proc. SPIE 3011, 78–88 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

E. van Nuland, W. C. Spierings, and N. Govers, “Development of an office holoprinter V,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 62–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Berns, “Methods for characterizing CRT display,” Displays 16, 173–182 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

L. Jiménez del Barco, J. A. Díaz, J. R. Jiménez, and M. Rubiño, “Considerations on the calibration of color displays assuming constant channel chromaticity,” Color Res. Appl. 20, 377–387 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1992 (2)

M. Yamaguchi, N. Ohyama, and T. Honda, “Holographic three-dimensional printer: new method,” Appl. Opt. 31, 217–222 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Klug, M. W. Halle, and P. M. Hubel, “Full color ultragrams,” Proc. SPIE 1667, 110–119 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

L. DeMarsh, “Colorimetry for HDTV,” IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. 37, 1–6 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

D. H. Brainard, “Calibration of a computer controlled color monitor,” Color Res. Appl. 14, 23–34 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Baba, S.

A. Shirakura, N. Kihara, and S. Baba, “Instant holographic portrait printing system,” Proc. SPIE 3293, 246–253 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Berns, R. S.

R. S. Berns, “Methods for characterizing CRT display,” Displays 16, 173–182 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bjelkhagen, H.

Brainard, D. H.

D. H. Brainard, “Calibration of a computer controlled color monitor,” Color Res. Appl. 14, 23–34 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Brainard, D. G. Pelli, and T. Robson, “Display characterization,” in Encyclopedia of Imaging Science and Technology (Wiley, 2002), pp. 172–188.

Chen, B.

M. A. Klug, A. Klein, W. Plesniak, A. Kropp, and B. Chen, “Optics for full-parallax holographic stereograms,” Proc. SPIE 3011, 78–88 (1997).
[CrossRef]

DeMarsh, L.

L. DeMarsh, “Colorimetry for HDTV,” IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. 37, 1–6 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Díaz, J. A.

L. Jiménez del Barco, J. A. Díaz, J. R. Jiménez, and M. Rubiño, “Considerations on the calibration of color displays assuming constant channel chromaticity,” Color Res. Appl. 20, 377–387 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Endoh, H.

Frey, S.

Govers, N.

E. van Nuland, W. C. Spierings, and N. Govers, “Development of an office holoprinter V,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 62–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Halle, M. W.

M. A. Klug, M. W. Halle, and P. M. Hubel, “Full color ultragrams,” Proc. SPIE 1667, 110–119 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hering, P.

Hirsch, S.

Honda, T.

Hubel, P. M.

M. A. Klug, M. W. Halle, and P. M. Hubel, “Full color ultragrams,” Proc. SPIE 1667, 110–119 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Iwata, F.

M. Takano, H. Shigeta, T. Nishihara, M. Yamaguchi, S. Takahashi, N. Ohyama, A. Kobayashi, and F. Iwata, “Full-color holographic 3D printer,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 126–136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jiménez, J. R.

L. Jiménez del Barco, J. A. Díaz, J. R. Jiménez, and M. Rubiño, “Considerations on the calibration of color displays assuming constant channel chromaticity,” Color Res. Appl. 20, 377–387 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jiménez del Barco, L.

L. Jiménez del Barco, J. A. Díaz, J. R. Jiménez, and M. Rubiño, “Considerations on the calibration of color displays assuming constant channel chromaticity,” Color Res. Appl. 20, 377–387 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kihara, N.

A. Shirakura, N. Kihara, and S. Baba, “Instant holographic portrait printing system,” Proc. SPIE 3293, 246–253 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Klein, A.

M. A. Klug, A. Klein, W. Plesniak, A. Kropp, and B. Chen, “Optics for full-parallax holographic stereograms,” Proc. SPIE 3011, 78–88 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Klug, M. A.

M. A. Klug, A. Klein, W. Plesniak, A. Kropp, and B. Chen, “Optics for full-parallax holographic stereograms,” Proc. SPIE 3011, 78–88 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Klug, M. W. Halle, and P. M. Hubel, “Full color ultragrams,” Proc. SPIE 1667, 110–119 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, A.

M. Takano, H. Shigeta, T. Nishihara, M. Yamaguchi, S. Takahashi, N. Ohyama, A. Kobayashi, and F. Iwata, “Full-color holographic 3D printer,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 126–136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kropp, A.

M. A. Klug, A. Klein, W. Plesniak, A. Kropp, and B. Chen, “Optics for full-parallax holographic stereograms,” Proc. SPIE 3011, 78–88 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Maruyama, S.

S. Maruyama, Y. Ono, and M. Yamaguchi, “High-density recording of full-color full-parallax holographic stereogram,” Proc. SPIE 6912, 12–22 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mirlis, E.

Nishihara, T.

M. Takano, H. Shigeta, T. Nishihara, M. Yamaguchi, S. Takahashi, N. Ohyama, A. Kobayashi, and F. Iwata, “Full-color holographic 3D printer,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 126–136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ohta, N.

N. Ohta, Color Engineering (Academic, 2008).

Ohyama, N.

Ono, Y.

S. Maruyama, Y. Ono, and M. Yamaguchi, “High-density recording of full-color full-parallax holographic stereogram,” Proc. SPIE 6912, 12–22 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pelli, D. G.

D. H. Brainard, D. G. Pelli, and T. Robson, “Display characterization,” in Encyclopedia of Imaging Science and Technology (Wiley, 2002), pp. 172–188.

Plesniak, W.

M. A. Klug, A. Klein, W. Plesniak, A. Kropp, and B. Chen, “Optics for full-parallax holographic stereograms,” Proc. SPIE 3011, 78–88 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ratcliffe, D. B.

S. J. Zacharovas, A. M. Rodin, D. B. Ratcliffe, and F. R. Vergnes, “Holographic materials available from Geola,” Proc. SPIE 4296, 206–212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Robson, T.

D. H. Brainard, D. G. Pelli, and T. Robson, “Display characterization,” in Encyclopedia of Imaging Science and Technology (Wiley, 2002), pp. 172–188.

Rodin, A. M.

S. J. Zacharovas, A. M. Rodin, D. B. Ratcliffe, and F. R. Vergnes, “Holographic materials available from Geola,” Proc. SPIE 4296, 206–212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rubiño, M.

L. Jiménez del Barco, J. A. Díaz, J. R. Jiménez, and M. Rubiño, “Considerations on the calibration of color displays assuming constant channel chromaticity,” Color Res. Appl. 20, 377–387 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shigeta, H.

M. Takano, H. Shigeta, T. Nishihara, M. Yamaguchi, S. Takahashi, N. Ohyama, A. Kobayashi, and F. Iwata, “Full-color holographic 3D printer,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 126–136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shirakura, A.

A. Shirakura, N. Kihara, and S. Baba, “Instant holographic portrait printing system,” Proc. SPIE 3293, 246–253 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Spierings, W. C.

E. van Nuland, W. C. Spierings, and N. Govers, “Development of an office holoprinter V,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 62–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, S.

M. Takano, H. Shigeta, T. Nishihara, M. Yamaguchi, S. Takahashi, N. Ohyama, A. Kobayashi, and F. Iwata, “Full-color holographic 3D printer,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 126–136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takano, M.

M. Takano, H. Shigeta, T. Nishihara, M. Yamaguchi, S. Takahashi, N. Ohyama, A. Kobayashi, and F. Iwata, “Full-color holographic 3D printer,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 126–136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thelen, A.

van Nuland, E.

E. van Nuland, W. C. Spierings, and N. Govers, “Development of an office holoprinter V,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 62–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vergnes, F. R.

S. J. Zacharovas, A. M. Rodin, D. B. Ratcliffe, and F. R. Vergnes, “Holographic materials available from Geola,” Proc. SPIE 4296, 206–212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, M.

S. Maruyama, Y. Ono, and M. Yamaguchi, “High-density recording of full-color full-parallax holographic stereogram,” Proc. SPIE 6912, 12–22 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Takano, H. Shigeta, T. Nishihara, M. Yamaguchi, S. Takahashi, N. Ohyama, A. Kobayashi, and F. Iwata, “Full-color holographic 3D printer,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 126–136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamaguchi, H. Endoh, T. Honda, and N. Ohyama, “High-quality recording of a full-parallax holographic stereogram with a digital diffuser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 135–137 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamaguchi, N. Ohyama, and T. Honda, “Holographic three-dimensional printer: new method,” Appl. Opt. 31, 217–222 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zacharovas, S.

S. Zacharovas, “Advances in digital holography,” in Proceedings of the International Workshop on Holographic Memories & Display (IWHM, 2008), pp. 55–67.

Zacharovas, S. J.

S. J. Zacharovas, A. M. Rodin, D. B. Ratcliffe, and F. R. Vergnes, “Holographic materials available from Geola,” Proc. SPIE 4296, 206–212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Color Res. Appl. (2)

L. Jiménez del Barco, J. A. Díaz, J. R. Jiménez, and M. Rubiño, “Considerations on the calibration of color displays assuming constant channel chromaticity,” Color Res. Appl. 20, 377–387 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Brainard, “Calibration of a computer controlled color monitor,” Color Res. Appl. 14, 23–34 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Displays (1)

R. S. Berns, “Methods for characterizing CRT display,” Displays 16, 173–182 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. (1)

L. DeMarsh, “Colorimetry for HDTV,” IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. 37, 1–6 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (7)

S. J. Zacharovas, A. M. Rodin, D. B. Ratcliffe, and F. R. Vergnes, “Holographic materials available from Geola,” Proc. SPIE 4296, 206–212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Takano, H. Shigeta, T. Nishihara, M. Yamaguchi, S. Takahashi, N. Ohyama, A. Kobayashi, and F. Iwata, “Full-color holographic 3D printer,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 126–136 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Maruyama, Y. Ono, and M. Yamaguchi, “High-density recording of full-color full-parallax holographic stereogram,” Proc. SPIE 6912, 12–22 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Klug, M. W. Halle, and P. M. Hubel, “Full color ultragrams,” Proc. SPIE 1667, 110–119 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Klug, A. Klein, W. Plesniak, A. Kropp, and B. Chen, “Optics for full-parallax holographic stereograms,” Proc. SPIE 3011, 78–88 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakura, N. Kihara, and S. Baba, “Instant holographic portrait printing system,” Proc. SPIE 3293, 246–253 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. van Nuland, W. C. Spierings, and N. Govers, “Development of an office holoprinter V,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 62–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

S. Zacharovas, “Advances in digital holography,” in Proceedings of the International Workshop on Holographic Memories & Display (IWHM, 2008), pp. 55–67.

D. H. Brainard, D. G. Pelli, and T. Robson, “Display characterization,” in Encyclopedia of Imaging Science and Technology (Wiley, 2002), pp. 172–188.

N. Ohta, Color Engineering (Academic, 2008).

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Setup of the optical recording system and the mosaic scheme for color hologram. (a) Recording system: L1L4, M1M10, and AO and AR represent lenses, mirrors, and apertures, respectively. (b) Space-division exposure (primary color mosaic). (c) Multi-exposure.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measurement optical systems. (a) Optical system for the measurement of diffraction efficiency and color of HS. (b) Optical system for measurement of the reconstructed light at changing illumination angle.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Relation between the exposure amount and the diffraction efficiency for each color.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Gray levels of LCD with its diffraction efficiency by space-division exposure.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Chromaticity diagram (a) before and (b) after background compensation. Triangle-, cross-, star-, and diamond-shaped markers represent the chromaticity coordinates of the reconstructed light when input gray levels of (R, G, B) are (d, 0, 0), (0, d, 0), (0, 0, d), and (d, d, d), where d=0, 32, 64, 96, 128, 160, 192, 224, and 255, respectively.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Evaluation of color chart hologram. (a) Reconstruction hologram of color chart hologram. (b) MCC color chart under xenon lamp. (c) Color difference at the incident angle of 38 deg.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Original and reproduced colors in CIE a*b* plane.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Reconstructed spectra of selected color patches in MCC where the numbers in the legend correspond to the numbers shown in Fig. 6. Incident angle of illumination light was 32°.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Color change depending on the incident angle of illumination beam (24 to 38 deg). (a) White patch (No. 19 of MCC chart shown in Fig. 6). (b) B, G, R, Y, M, C color patches (Nos. 13 through 18 of MCC) are shown. The arrows indicate the direction of color shift with increasing incident angle of the illumination beam.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Reconstructed spectra of green patch (No. 14) hologram for illumination angles, as the legend shows, from 22 to 38°.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Reconstruction of cubic 3D hologram image where the proposed color management technique was applied.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Exposing Condition of Lasers

Tables Icon

Table 2. Chromaticity Coordinates of RGB Primary Colors and White

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

gi=Ci(λ)H(λ)I(λ)dλ,
He(λ)=Rfr(λ)+Gfg(λ)+Bfb(λ)+fbg(λ),
R=γr{R},G=γg{G},B=γb{B},
(XYZ)=(XrXgXbYrYgYbZrZgZb)(RGB)+(XbgYbgZbg),
(XkYkZk)=(CX(λ)fk(λ)dλCY(λ)fk(λ)dλCZ(λ)fk(λ)dλ),
(XYZ)=Yw(xrrxggxbbyrryggybbzrrzggzbb)(RGB)+(XbgYbgZbg)and(rgb)=(xrxgxbyrygybzrzgzb)1(xwyw1zwyw),
(RGB)=M{(XYZ)(XbgYbgZbg)},
M=(xrrxggxbbyrryggybbzrrzggzbb)1
R=γr1{R},G=γg1{G},B=γb1{B}.
M=(1.810.410.240.691.640.020.020.051.10).
L*=116f(Y/Yn)16a*=500[f(X/Xn)f(Y/Yn)]b*=200[f(Y/Yn)(Z/Zn)]f(ω)=(ω)1/3ω>0.008856f(ω)=7.787(ω)+16/116ω<0.008856ΔEL*a*b*=(L1*L2*)2+(a1*a2*)2+(b1*b2*)2.

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