Abstract

We demonstrate a multiwavelength laser in the green-yellow region by means of a diode-pumped neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser. This laser system combines a homemade 1074 nm and 1112 nm dual-wavelength laser with extracavity second harmonic generation (SHG) or sum-frequency generation in a lithium triborate crystal to generate visible output at any one of three wavelengths, 537 nm, 546 nm, and 556 nm, by simple temperature tuning, which has an important application in detecting carbon monoxide. The maximum average output power at the three wavelengths (537 nm, 546 nm, and 556 nm) was obtained to be 10.5 W, 0.5 W, and 8.5 W, respectively. The maximum SHG conversion efficiency from the infrared to the visible spectral region was about 51%.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. P. Mildren, H. M. Pask, H. Ogilvy, and J. A. Piper, “Discretely tunable, all-solid-state laser in the green, yellow, and red,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1500–1502 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  5. Y. E. Hou, Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, and H. T. Wang, “High-efficiency continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped multi-wavelength Nd:YAG lasers,” Opt. Commun. 265, 301–305 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262, 241–245 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Y. Shen, “Dual-wavelength crystal lasers,” Chin J. Lasers A21, 334–340 (1994).
  15. Z. C. Wang, Q. J. Peng, Y. Bo, S. Y. Xie, C. Y. Li, Y. T. Xu, F. Yang, J. L. Xu, J. Y. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, “60 W yellow laser at 561 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 328–330 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

Z. C. Wang, Q. J. Peng, Y. Bo, S. Y. Xie, C. Y. Li, Y. T. Xu, F. Yang, J. L. Xu, J. Y. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, “60 W yellow laser at 561 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 328–330 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

H. M. Pask, R. P. Mildren, and J. A. Piper, “Optical field dynamics in a wavelength-versatile, all-solid-state intracavity cascaded pulsed Raman laser,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 507–513 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

Y. E. Hou, Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, and H. T. Wang, “High-efficiency continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped multi-wavelength Nd:YAG lasers,” Opt. Commun. 265, 301–305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262, 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Saha, A. Ray, S. Mukhopadhyay, N. Sinha, P. K. Datta, and P. K. Dutta, “Simultaneous multi-wavelength oscillation of Nd laser around 1.3 μm: A potential source for coherent terahertz generation,” Opt. Express 14, 4721–4726 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Yun, J. Y. Wang, and Y. J. Wang, “Rapid diagnosis of carbon monoxide poisoning by 4300 spectrophotometer,” Chin. J. Integr. Med. 4, 292–293 (2006).

2005 (2)

1994 (1)

H. Y. Shen, “Dual-wavelength crystal lasers,” Chin J. Lasers A21, 334–340 (1994).

1974 (1)

S. Singh, R. G. Smith, and L. G. Van Uitert, “Stimulated-emission cross-section and fluorescent quantum efficiency of Nd3+ in yttrium aluminum garnet at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 10, 2566–2572 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Bo, Y.

Z. C. Wang, Q. J. Peng, Y. Bo, S. Y. Xie, C. Y. Li, Y. T. Xu, F. Yang, J. L. Xu, J. Y. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, “60 W yellow laser at 561 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 328–330 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cai, Z.

Chen, L. J.

Cui, D. F.

Z. C. Wang, Q. J. Peng, Y. Bo, S. Y. Xie, C. Y. Li, Y. T. Xu, F. Yang, J. L. Xu, J. Y. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, “60 W yellow laser at 561 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 328–330 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Datta, P. K.

Ding, X.

Dutta, P. K.

Fan, Y. X.

Y. E. Hou, Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, and H. T. Wang, “High-efficiency continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped multi-wavelength Nd:YAG lasers,” Opt. Commun. 265, 301–305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Guo, L.

He, J. L.

Y. E. Hou, Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, and H. T. Wang, “High-efficiency continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped multi-wavelength Nd:YAG lasers,” Opt. Commun. 265, 301–305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hou, Y. E.

Y. E. Hou, Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, and H. T. Wang, “High-efficiency continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped multi-wavelength Nd:YAG lasers,” Opt. Commun. 265, 301–305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hu, D. W.

Ji, F.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262, 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lan, R. J.

Lee, A. J.

Li, C. Y.

Z. C. Wang, Q. J. Peng, Y. Bo, S. Y. Xie, C. Y. Li, Y. T. Xu, F. Yang, J. L. Xu, J. Y. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, “60 W yellow laser at 561 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 328–330 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, E. B.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262, 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

Lu, Y.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262, 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lv, Y. H.

Mildren, R. P.

H. M. Pask, R. P. Mildren, and J. A. Piper, “Optical field dynamics in a wavelength-versatile, all-solid-state intracavity cascaded pulsed Raman laser,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 507–513 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Mildren, H. M. Pask, H. Ogilvy, and J. A. Piper, “Discretely tunable, all-solid-state laser in the green, yellow, and red,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1500–1502 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mukhopadhyay, S.

Ogilvy, H.

Pask, H. M.

Peng, Q. J.

Z. C. Wang, Q. J. Peng, Y. Bo, S. Y. Xie, C. Y. Li, Y. T. Xu, F. Yang, J. L. Xu, J. Y. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, “60 W yellow laser at 561 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 328–330 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Piper, J. A.

Ray, A.

Saha, A.

Sang, Y. H.

Shao, Z. S.

Shen, H. Y.

H. Y. Shen, “Dual-wavelength crystal lasers,” Chin J. Lasers A21, 334–340 (1994).

Singh, S.

S. Singh, R. G. Smith, and L. G. Van Uitert, “Stimulated-emission cross-section and fluorescent quantum efficiency of Nd3+ in yttrium aluminum garnet at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 10, 2566–2572 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Sinha, N.

Smith, R. G.

S. Singh, R. G. Smith, and L. G. Van Uitert, “Stimulated-emission cross-section and fluorescent quantum efficiency of Nd3+ in yttrium aluminum garnet at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 10, 2566–2572 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Spence, D. J.

Van Uitert, L. G.

S. Singh, R. G. Smith, and L. G. Van Uitert, “Stimulated-emission cross-section and fluorescent quantum efficiency of Nd3+ in yttrium aluminum garnet at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 10, 2566–2572 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. T.

Y. E. Hou, Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, and H. T. Wang, “High-efficiency continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped multi-wavelength Nd:YAG lasers,” Opt. Commun. 265, 301–305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, P.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262, 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Zhou, W. Wen, Z. Cai, X. Ding, P. Wang, and J. Yao, “Efficient stable simultaneous CW dual wavelength diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG laser operating at 1.319 and 1.338 μm,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 3, 597–599 (2005).

Wang, Y. J.

K. M. Yun, J. Y. Wang, and Y. J. Wang, “Rapid diagnosis of carbon monoxide poisoning by 4300 spectrophotometer,” Chin. J. Integr. Med. 4, 292–293 (2006).

Wang, Z. C.

Z. C. Wang, Q. J. Peng, Y. Bo, S. Y. Xie, C. Y. Li, Y. T. Xu, F. Yang, J. L. Xu, J. Y. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, “60 W yellow laser at 561 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 328–330 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. P.

Wen, W.

Xie, S. Y.

Z. C. Wang, Q. J. Peng, Y. Bo, S. Y. Xie, C. Y. Li, Y. T. Xu, F. Yang, J. L. Xu, J. Y. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, “60 W yellow laser at 561 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 328–330 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, D. G.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262, 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J. L.

Z. C. Wang, Q. J. Peng, Y. Bo, S. Y. Xie, C. Y. Li, Y. T. Xu, F. Yang, J. L. Xu, J. Y. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, “60 W yellow laser at 561 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 328–330 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X. G.

Xu, Y. T.

Z. C. Wang, Q. J. Peng, Y. Bo, S. Y. Xie, C. Y. Li, Y. T. Xu, F. Yang, J. L. Xu, J. Y. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, “60 W yellow laser at 561 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 328–330 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z. Y.

Z. C. Wang, Q. J. Peng, Y. Bo, S. Y. Xie, C. Y. Li, Y. T. Xu, F. Yang, J. L. Xu, J. Y. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, “60 W yellow laser at 561 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 328–330 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, F.

Z. C. Wang, Q. J. Peng, Y. Bo, S. Y. Xie, C. Y. Li, Y. T. Xu, F. Yang, J. L. Xu, J. Y. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, “60 W yellow laser at 561 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 328–330 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J.

Yao, J. Q.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262, 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H. H.

Yun, K. M.

K. M. Yun, J. Y. Wang, and Y. J. Wang, “Rapid diagnosis of carbon monoxide poisoning by 4300 spectrophotometer,” Chin. J. Integr. Med. 4, 292–293 (2006).

Zhang, B. G.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262, 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. J.

Zhang, J. Y.

Z. C. Wang, Q. J. Peng, Y. Bo, S. Y. Xie, C. Y. Li, Y. T. Xu, F. Yang, J. L. Xu, J. Y. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, “60 W yellow laser at 561 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 328–330 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, T. L.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262, 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262, 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. G.

Zhou, R.

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262, 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Zhou, W. Wen, Z. Cai, X. Ding, P. Wang, and J. Yao, “Efficient stable simultaneous CW dual wavelength diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG laser operating at 1.319 and 1.338 μm,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 3, 597–599 (2005).

Zhuang, S. D.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. M. Pask, R. P. Mildren, and J. A. Piper, “Optical field dynamics in a wavelength-versatile, all-solid-state intracavity cascaded pulsed Raman laser,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 507–513 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chin J. Lasers (1)

H. Y. Shen, “Dual-wavelength crystal lasers,” Chin J. Lasers A21, 334–340 (1994).

Chin. J. Integr. Med. (1)

K. M. Yun, J. Y. Wang, and Y. J. Wang, “Rapid diagnosis of carbon monoxide poisoning by 4300 spectrophotometer,” Chin. J. Integr. Med. 4, 292–293 (2006).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Commun. (3)

Y. E. Hou, Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, and H. T. Wang, “High-efficiency continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped multi-wavelength Nd:YAG lasers,” Opt. Commun. 265, 301–305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, B. G. Zhang, E. B. Li, D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, X. Zhao, F. Ji, T. L. Zhang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “High-power simultaneous dual-wavelength emission of an end-pumped Nd:YAG laser using the quasi-three-level and the four-level transition,” Opt. Commun. 262, 241–245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. C. Wang, Q. J. Peng, Y. Bo, S. Y. Xie, C. Y. Li, Y. T. Xu, F. Yang, J. L. Xu, J. Y. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, “60 W yellow laser at 561 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 285, 328–330 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

S. Singh, R. G. Smith, and L. G. Van Uitert, “Stimulated-emission cross-section and fluorescent quantum efficiency of Nd3+ in yttrium aluminum garnet at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 10, 2566–2572 (1974).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the multiwavelength Nd:YAG laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Total and respective output powers versus the LD pump power.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectrum of the dual-wavelength laser.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Spectrum of the visible lasers at (a) 537 nm; (b) 546 nm; and (c) 556 nm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Typical oscilloscope trace of a single pulse at (a) 537 nm and (b) 556 nm.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Beam intensity distribution of visible lasers at (a) 537 nm, insert: the enlarged beam profile; and (b) 556 nm, insert: the enlarged beam profile.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Output Properties for the Visible Wavelengths

Equations (1)

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hυ1074σ1074τ1074×L1074+ln(1R1074×R1074)2η1074·l=hυ1112σ1112τ1112×L1112+ln(1R1112×R1112)2η1112·l,

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