A theoretical foundation for the analysis of ocular aberration correction is developed. It enables a comparative study for two different refractive surgical approaches, namely, the conventional and the -preserved treatment modalities. A refractive surgical factor is identified that leads to a simple cubic function for the postoperative asphericity factor for the conventional treatment. A formulation is developed that paves the way for the calculation of the induction of spherical aberration for low-order aberration correction in refractive surgery. Opposite to the general belief, the Munnerlyn shape makes myopic LASIK more prolate, not oblate. A Monte Carlo simulation was conducted for 1000 eyes for these two refractive surgical modalities. It was found that, although the postoperative spherical aberration is similar for these surgical modalities, for the induction of spherical aberration from the ablation target shape, the conventional modality appears to be slightly more predictable.
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