Abstract

In order to achieve higher pulse energy in a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser, a long cavity length is commonly implemented. However, a long cavity operating in the anomalous dispersion regime also leads to pulse broadening, which reduces the average pulse power. In this paper, the trade-off between cavity length and average pulse power is investigated with the aim of optimizing the cavity length to achieve maximum pulse energy. Numerical simulation results, presented here, indicate that there exists an optimum cavity length for which the pulse energy is maximum and the optimum length shifts as the pump power changes. The simulation results for a pump power of 500 mW are verified by measurements carried out on a long cavity nonlinear polarization rotation mode-locked all-fiber ring laser operating in the anomalous dispersion regime. With a repetition rate of 266 kHz for the dissipative solitons, we achieve a pulse energy of 139.1 nJ for a cavity length of 700 m. Higher pulse energy can be expected by using a pump laser diode with higher pump power.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and Y. Fedotov, “Ultra-low repetition rate mode-locked fiber laser with high-energy pulses,” Opt. Express 16, 21936–21941 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. X. L. Tian, M. Tang, X. Cheng, P. Ping Shum, Y. Gong, and C. Lin “High-energy wave-breaking-free pulse from all-fiber mode-locked laser system,” Opt. Express 17, 7222–7227 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. L. Tian, M. Tang, P. Ping Shum, Y. Gong, C. Lin, S. Fu, and T. Zhang, “High-energy laser pulse with a submegahertz repetition rate from a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1432–1434 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Ivanenko, S. Turitsyn, S. Kobsev, and M. Dubov, “Mode-locking in 25 km fibre laser,” in 2010 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–3.
  5. B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 661–665 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, and M. N. Zervas, “Self-starting passively mode-locked fiber ring laser exploiting nonlinear polarization switching,” Opt. Commun. 92, 61–66 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. H. Li, X. Liu, X. Hu, L. Wang, H. Lu, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Long-cavity passively mode-locked fiber ring laser with high-energy rectangular-shape pulses in anomalous dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3249–3251 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2006), p. 43.
  9. P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photon. 6, 84–92 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. X. M. Liu, “Mechanism of high-energy pulse generation without wave breaking in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053808 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Experimental research on high-energy dissipative solitons in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Acta Phys. Sin. 59, 6200–6204 (2010).
  12. W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033840 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023830 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. X. M. Liu, “Numerical and experimental investigation of dissipative solitons in passively mode-locked fiber lasers with large net-normal-dispersion and high nonlinearity,” Opt. Express 17, 22401–22416 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Highly-chirped dissipative solitons in anomalous-dispersion fiber lasers,” in 2008 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–2.
  16. F. W. Wise, “High-energy femtosecond fiber lasers based on dissipative solitons,” in 2010 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Cleo and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (IEEE, 2010), p. 1.

2012

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photon. 6, 84–92 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010

X. M. Liu, “Mechanism of high-energy pulse generation without wave breaking in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053808 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Experimental research on high-energy dissipative solitons in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Acta Phys. Sin. 59, 6200–6204 (2010).

B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 661–665 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Li, X. Liu, X. Hu, L. Wang, H. Lu, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Long-cavity passively mode-locked fiber ring laser with high-energy rectangular-shape pulses in anomalous dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3249–3251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and Y. Fedotov, “Ultra-low repetition rate mode-locked fiber laser with high-energy pulses,” Opt. Express 16, 21936–21941 (2008).
[CrossRef]

1992

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, and M. N. Zervas, “Self-starting passively mode-locked fiber ring laser exploiting nonlinear polarization switching,” Opt. Commun. 92, 61–66 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N.

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photon. 6, 84–92 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ankiewicz, A.

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, W.

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X.

Chong, A.

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Highly-chirped dissipative solitons in anomalous-dispersion fiber lasers,” in 2008 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–2.

Denisov, V. I.

B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 661–665 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dubov, M.

A. Ivanenko, S. Turitsyn, S. Kobsev, and M. Dubov, “Mode-locking in 25 km fibre laser,” in 2010 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–3.

Fedotov, Y.

Fu, S.

Gong, Y.

Gong, Y. K.

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Experimental research on high-energy dissipative solitons in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Acta Phys. Sin. 59, 6200–6204 (2010).

Grelu, P.

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photon. 6, 84–92 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X.

Ivanenko, A.

A. Ivanenko, S. Turitsyn, S. Kobsev, and M. Dubov, “Mode-locking in 25 km fibre laser,” in 2010 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–3.

Ivanenko, A. V.

B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 661–665 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kobsev, S.

A. Ivanenko, S. Turitsyn, S. Kobsev, and M. Dubov, “Mode-locking in 25 km fibre laser,” in 2010 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–3.

Kobtsev, S.

Kobtsev, S. M.

B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 661–665 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kolyada, N. A.

B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 661–665 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kukarin, S.

Li, X. H.

Lin, C.

Liu, X.

Liu, X. M.

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Experimental research on high-energy dissipative solitons in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Acta Phys. Sin. 59, 6200–6204 (2010).

X. M. Liu, “Mechanism of high-energy pulse generation without wave breaking in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053808 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, “Numerical and experimental investigation of dissipative solitons in passively mode-locked fiber lasers with large net-normal-dispersion and high nonlinearity,” Opt. Express 17, 22401–22416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H.

Matsas, V. J.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, and M. N. Zervas, “Self-starting passively mode-locked fiber ring laser exploiting nonlinear polarization switching,” Opt. Commun. 92, 61–66 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Newson, T. P.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, and M. N. Zervas, “Self-starting passively mode-locked fiber ring laser exploiting nonlinear polarization switching,” Opt. Commun. 92, 61–66 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nyushkov, B. N.

B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 661–665 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ping Shum, P.

Pivtsov, V. S.

B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 661–665 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Renninger, W. H.

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Highly-chirped dissipative solitons in anomalous-dispersion fiber lasers,” in 2008 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–2.

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tang, M.

Tian, X. L.

Turitsyn, S.

A. Ivanenko, S. Turitsyn, S. Kobsev, and M. Dubov, “Mode-locking in 25 km fibre laser,” in 2010 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–3.

Turitsyn, S. K.

B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 661–665 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

Wang, L. R.

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Experimental research on high-energy dissipative solitons in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Acta Phys. Sin. 59, 6200–6204 (2010).

Wang, Y.

Wise, F. W.

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Highly-chirped dissipative solitons in anomalous-dispersion fiber lasers,” in 2008 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–2.

F. W. Wise, “High-energy femtosecond fiber lasers based on dissipative solitons,” in 2010 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Cleo and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (IEEE, 2010), p. 1.

Zervas, M. N.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, and M. N. Zervas, “Self-starting passively mode-locked fiber ring laser exploiting nonlinear polarization switching,” Opt. Commun. 92, 61–66 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, T.

Zhao, W.

Acta Phys. Sin.

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Experimental research on high-energy dissipative solitons in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Acta Phys. Sin. 59, 6200–6204 (2010).

Laser Phys. Lett.

B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 661–665 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon.

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photon. 6, 84–92 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, and M. N. Zervas, “Self-starting passively mode-locked fiber ring laser exploiting nonlinear polarization switching,” Opt. Commun. 92, 61–66 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

X. M. Liu, “Mechanism of high-energy pulse generation without wave breaking in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053808 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Highly-chirped dissipative solitons in anomalous-dispersion fiber lasers,” in 2008 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–2.

F. W. Wise, “High-energy femtosecond fiber lasers based on dissipative solitons,” in 2010 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Cleo and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (IEEE, 2010), p. 1.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2006), p. 43.

A. Ivanenko, S. Turitsyn, S. Kobsev, and M. Dubov, “Mode-locking in 25 km fibre laser,” in 2010 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–3.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Passive mode-locked fiber ring laser model.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Simulated pulse energy versus cavity length.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic diagram of long cavity fiber ring laser.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temporal profile of the generated dissipative soliton.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Soliton pulse energy versus cavity length based on experiment and simulation.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Temporal profile of the pulse train generated for 700 m inserted SMF fiber length.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Spectrum of the dissipative soliton for 700 m SMF fiber length.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Soliton pulse width versus cavity length based on experiment.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Parameter Settings in Simulations

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E=PavTR=PavnLc,

Metrics