Abstract

We demonstrate an all-fiber, single-frequency nanosecond laser with both high peak power and average power based on a master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) configuration. The MOPA produced a single-frequency pulsed laser with pulse duration of 8ns. The average and peak power were as much as 139.3 W and 1.07 kW, respectively, when the repetition rate was 10 MHz, and 153.1 and 668 W, respectively, when the repetition rate was 20 MHz. Higher output power can be obtained by increasing pump power of the main amplifier.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. G. Carlson, P. D. Dragic, R. K. Price, J. J. Coleman, and G. R. Swenson, “A narrow-linewidth, Yb fiber-amplifier-based upper atmospheric Doppler temperature lidar,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 451–461 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Shi, M. A. Leigh, J. Zong, Z. Yao, D. T. Nguyen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High-power all-fiber-based narrow-linewidth single-mode fiber laser pulses in the C-band and frequency conversion to THz generation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 377–384 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Geng, Q. Wang, Z. Jiang, T. Luo, S. Jiang, and G. Czarnecki, “Kilowatt-peak-power, single-frequency, pulsed fiber laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2293–2295 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, D. T. Nguyen, Z. Yao, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, “220 μJ monolithic single-frequency Q-switched fiber laser at 2 μm by using highly Tm-doped germanate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3575–3577(2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Liu, M. A. Norsen, and R. D. Mead, “60-W green output by frequency doubling of a polarized Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 30, 67–69 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Lombard, A. Azarian, K. Cadoret, P. Bourdon, D. Goular, G. Canat, V. Jolivet, Y. Jaouën, and O. Vasseur, “Coherent beam combination of narrow-linewidth 1.5 μm fiber amplifiers in a long-pulse regime,” Opt. Lett. 36, 523–525 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Geng, Q. Wang, J. Smith, T. Luo, F. Amzajerdian, and S. Jiang, “All-fiber Q-switched single-frequency Tm-doped laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3713–3715 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. S. Moskalev, V. V. Fedorov, V. P. Gapontsev, D. V. Gapontsev, N. S. Platonov, and S. B. Mirov, “Highly efficient, narrow-linewidth, and single-frequency actively and passively Q-switched fiber-bulk hybrid Er:YAG lasers operating at 1645 nm,” Opt. Express 16, 19427–19433 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Leigh, W. Shi, J. Zong, J. Wang, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Compact, single-frequency all-fiber Q-switched laser at 1 μm,” Opt. Lett. 32, 897–899 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, M. Leigh, J. Zong, Z. Yao, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High SBS-threshold single-mode single-frequency monolithic pulsed fiber laser in the C-band,” Opt. Express 17, 8237–8245 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Liu, J. Liu, and W. Chen, “Eye-safe, single-frequency pulsed all-fiber laser for Doppler wind lidar,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 090604 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. V. Philippov, C. Codemard, Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “High-energy in-fiber pulse amplification for coherent lidar applications,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2590–2592 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Leigh, W. Shi, J. Zong, Z. Yao, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “High peak power single frequency ns pulses using a short phosphate glass fiber with a large core,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 181108 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, Z. Yao, D. T. Nguyen, J. Zong, M. A. Stephen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Kilowatt-level stimulated-Brillouin-scattering-threshold monolithic transform-limited 100 ns pulsed fiber laser at 1530 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2418–2420 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Xu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Wei, Q. Qian, D. Chen, Q. Zhang, S. Shen, M. Peng, and J. Qiu, “400 mW ultrashort cavity low-noise single-frequency Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3708–3710 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Liao, H. Zhou, and Z. Meng, “Modulation efficiency of a LiNbO3 waveguide electro-optic intensity modulator operating at high microwave frequency,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1822–1824 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2001).

2011

2010

2009

C. G. Carlson, P. D. Dragic, R. K. Price, J. J. Coleman, and G. R. Swenson, “A narrow-linewidth, Yb fiber-amplifier-based upper atmospheric Doppler temperature lidar,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 451–461 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, M. A. Leigh, J. Zong, Z. Yao, D. T. Nguyen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High-power all-fiber-based narrow-linewidth single-mode fiber laser pulses in the C-band and frequency conversion to THz generation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 377–384 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, M. Leigh, J. Zong, Z. Yao, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High SBS-threshold single-mode single-frequency monolithic pulsed fiber laser in the C-band,” Opt. Express 17, 8237–8245 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liao, H. Zhou, and Z. Meng, “Modulation efficiency of a LiNbO3 waveguide electro-optic intensity modulator operating at high microwave frequency,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1822–1824 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Geng, Q. Wang, J. Smith, T. Luo, F. Amzajerdian, and S. Jiang, “All-fiber Q-switched single-frequency Tm-doped laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3713–3715 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

M. Leigh, W. Shi, J. Zong, Z. Yao, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “High peak power single frequency ns pulses using a short phosphate glass fiber with a large core,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 181108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. S. Moskalev, V. V. Fedorov, V. P. Gapontsev, D. V. Gapontsev, N. S. Platonov, and S. B. Mirov, “Highly efficient, narrow-linewidth, and single-frequency actively and passively Q-switched fiber-bulk hybrid Er:YAG lasers operating at 1645 nm,” Opt. Express 16, 19427–19433 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2005

2004

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2001).

Alegria, C.

Amzajerdian, F.

Azarian, A.

Bourdon, P.

Cadoret, K.

Canat, G.

Carlson, C. G.

C. G. Carlson, P. D. Dragic, R. K. Price, J. J. Coleman, and G. R. Swenson, “A narrow-linewidth, Yb fiber-amplifier-based upper atmospheric Doppler temperature lidar,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 451–461 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chavez-Pirson, A.

Chen, D.

Chen, W.

Codemard, C.

Coleman, J. J.

C. G. Carlson, P. D. Dragic, R. K. Price, J. J. Coleman, and G. R. Swenson, “A narrow-linewidth, Yb fiber-amplifier-based upper atmospheric Doppler temperature lidar,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 451–461 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Czarnecki, G.

Dragic, P. D.

C. G. Carlson, P. D. Dragic, R. K. Price, J. J. Coleman, and G. R. Swenson, “A narrow-linewidth, Yb fiber-amplifier-based upper atmospheric Doppler temperature lidar,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 451–461 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, V. V.

Gapontsev, D. V.

Gapontsev, V. P.

Geng, J.

Goular, D.

Jaouën, Y.

Jeong, Y.

Jiang, S.

Jiang, Z.

Jolivet, V.

Leigh, M.

Leigh, M. A.

W. Shi, M. A. Leigh, J. Zong, Z. Yao, D. T. Nguyen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High-power all-fiber-based narrow-linewidth single-mode fiber laser pulses in the C-band and frequency conversion to THz generation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 377–384 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Y.

Liu, A.

Liu, J.

Liu, Y.

Lombard, L.

Luo, T.

Mead, R. D.

Meng, Z.

Mirov, S. B.

Moskalev, I. S.

Nguyen, D. T.

Nilsson, J.

Norsen, M. A.

Pearson, G. N.

Peng, M.

Petersen, E. B.

Peyghambarian, N.

Philippov, V.

Platonov, N. S.

Price, R. K.

C. G. Carlson, P. D. Dragic, R. K. Price, J. J. Coleman, and G. R. Swenson, “A narrow-linewidth, Yb fiber-amplifier-based upper atmospheric Doppler temperature lidar,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 451–461 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Qian, Q.

Qiu, J.

Sahu, J. K.

Shen, S.

Shi, W.

Smith, J.

Stephen, M. A.

Swenson, G. R.

C. G. Carlson, P. D. Dragic, R. K. Price, J. J. Coleman, and G. R. Swenson, “A narrow-linewidth, Yb fiber-amplifier-based upper atmospheric Doppler temperature lidar,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 451–461 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vasseur, O.

Wang, J.

Wang, Q.

Wei, X.

Xu, S.

Yang, Z.

Yao, Z.

Yu, J.

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, W.

Zhou, H.

Zong, J.

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, Z. Yao, D. T. Nguyen, J. Zong, M. A. Stephen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Kilowatt-level stimulated-Brillouin-scattering-threshold monolithic transform-limited 100 ns pulsed fiber laser at 1530 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2418–2420 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, M. Leigh, J. Zong, Z. Yao, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High SBS-threshold single-mode single-frequency monolithic pulsed fiber laser in the C-band,” Opt. Express 17, 8237–8245 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, M. A. Leigh, J. Zong, Z. Yao, D. T. Nguyen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High-power all-fiber-based narrow-linewidth single-mode fiber laser pulses in the C-band and frequency conversion to THz generation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 377–384 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Leigh, W. Shi, J. Zong, Z. Yao, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “High peak power single frequency ns pulses using a short phosphate glass fiber with a large core,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 181108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Leigh, W. Shi, J. Zong, J. Wang, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Compact, single-frequency all-fiber Q-switched laser at 1 μm,” Opt. Lett. 32, 897–899 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Leigh, W. Shi, J. Zong, Z. Yao, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “High peak power single frequency ns pulses using a short phosphate glass fiber with a large core,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 181108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

C. G. Carlson, P. D. Dragic, R. K. Price, J. J. Coleman, and G. R. Swenson, “A narrow-linewidth, Yb fiber-amplifier-based upper atmospheric Doppler temperature lidar,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 451–461 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, M. A. Leigh, J. Zong, Z. Yao, D. T. Nguyen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High-power all-fiber-based narrow-linewidth single-mode fiber laser pulses in the C-band and frequency conversion to THz generation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 377–384 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Y. Liao, H. Zhou, and Z. Meng, “Modulation efficiency of a LiNbO3 waveguide electro-optic intensity modulator operating at high microwave frequency,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1822–1824 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Geng, Q. Wang, J. Smith, T. Luo, F. Amzajerdian, and S. Jiang, “All-fiber Q-switched single-frequency Tm-doped laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3713–3715 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, Z. Yao, D. T. Nguyen, J. Zong, M. A. Stephen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Kilowatt-level stimulated-Brillouin-scattering-threshold monolithic transform-limited 100 ns pulsed fiber laser at 1530 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2418–2420 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Lombard, A. Azarian, K. Cadoret, P. Bourdon, D. Goular, G. Canat, V. Jolivet, Y. Jaouën, and O. Vasseur, “Coherent beam combination of narrow-linewidth 1.5 μm fiber amplifiers in a long-pulse regime,” Opt. Lett. 36, 523–525 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Geng, Q. Wang, Z. Jiang, T. Luo, S. Jiang, and G. Czarnecki, “Kilowatt-peak-power, single-frequency, pulsed fiber laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2293–2295 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, D. T. Nguyen, Z. Yao, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, “220 μJ monolithic single-frequency Q-switched fiber laser at 2 μm by using highly Tm-doped germanate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3575–3577(2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Xu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, X. Wei, Q. Qian, D. Chen, Q. Zhang, S. Shen, M. Peng, and J. Qiu, “400 mW ultrashort cavity low-noise single-frequency Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3708–3710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Philippov, C. Codemard, Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “High-energy in-fiber pulse amplification for coherent lidar applications,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2590–2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Liu, M. A. Norsen, and R. D. Mead, “60-W green output by frequency doubling of a polarized Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 30, 67–69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Leigh, W. Shi, J. Zong, J. Wang, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Compact, single-frequency all-fiber Q-switched laser at 1 μm,” Opt. Lett. 32, 897–899 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2001).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the single-frequency, all-fiber pulsed MOPA system: CW laser, continuous wave laser; FBG, fiber Bragg grating; LD, laser diode; FG, function generator; EOM, electro-optic modulator; WDM, wavelength division multiplexing; ISO, isolator; BPF, bandpass filter; SM YDF, single-mode Yb-doped fiber; LMA YDF, large-mode-area Yb-doped fiber; PD, photodetector; CB, circuit board; CO, collimator; FP, Fabry–Perot interferometer; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectrum of the laser seed over an FP interferometer. (a) Pulsed seed with repetition rate of 10 MHz, (b) pulsed seed with repetition rate of 20 MHz, (c) comparison of the CW laser and pulsed seed.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output power of the main amplifier as a function of the absorbed pump power when repetition rate were (a) 10 MHz and (b) 20 MHz.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Pulse shapes of the single-frequency pulsed laser with repetition rate of (a) 10 MHz and (b) 20 MHz.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Spectrum of the pulsed laser with maximum output power over a spectrum analyzer when the repetition rates were (a) 10 MHz and (b) 20 MHz.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Spectrum of the amplified pulsed laser with repetition rates of (a) 10 MHz and (b) 20 MHz over an FP interferometer.

Equations (3)

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Epulse=ECWA(t)=ECWνAνexp(jνt).
J0/J=(t1t2Idt)/(T1T2Idt).
Ppeak=(t1t2Idt/T1T2Idt)ΔTΔtPave=(t1t2Idt/T1T2Idt)PaveΔtfR,

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