Abstract

In this paper, we demonstrate a high-definition 3-liquid-crystal-on-silicon (3-LCOS) home cinema projection system based on RGB laser source modules. Both red and blue laser modules are composed of an array of laser diodes, and the green laser is based on an optically pumped semiconductor laser. The illumination engine is designed to realize high energy efficiency, uniform illumination, and suppression of speckle noise. The presented laser projection system producing 1362 lm D65 light has a volume of about 450×360×160mm3.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011 (2)

2010 (3)

W. Gao, V. Kartashov, G. Ouyang, Z. Tong, M. N. Akram, and X. Chen, “The matrices used to reduce speckle in laser projector system,” Proc. SPIE 7387, 73871R (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Sun and Z. K. Lu, “Speckle suppression with a rotating light pipe,” Opt. Eng. 49, 024202 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Buckley, “Eye-safety analysis of current laser-based LCOS projection systems,” J. Soc. Info. Display 18, 1051–1057 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (6)

H. Murat, A. Avci, R. Beernaert, K. Dhaenens, H. De Smet, L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, and H. Thienpont, “Two LCOS full color projector with efficient LED illumination engine,” Displays 30, 155–163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Shimada, M. Yukawa, K. Shibata, K. Ono, T. Yagi, and A. Shima, “640 nm laser diode for small laser display,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. A. Yu, C. Jung, I. S. Kim, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, and D. K. Ko, “Temperature controlled, efficient microchip green laser for mobile projection displays,” Electron. Lett. 45, 943–944 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Thomas, C. Middlebrook, and J. Smith, “Laser speckle contrast reduction measurement using diffractive diffusers,” Proc. SPIE 7232, 72320W (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Yurlov, A. Lapchuk, S. Yun, J. Song, I. Yeo, H. Yang, and S. An, “Speckle suppression in scanning laser displays: aberration and defocusing of the projection system,” Appl. Opt. 48, 80–90 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. An, A. Lapchuk, V. Yurlov, J. Song, H. Park, J. Jang, W. Shin, S. Karpoltsev, and S. K. Yun, “Speckle suppression in laser display using several partially coherent beams,” Opt. Express 17, 92–103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (5)

J. W. Goodman, “Speckle with a finite number of steps,” Appl. Opt. 47, A111–A118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Fournier and J. Rolland, “Design methodology for high brightness projectors,” J. Display Technol. 4, 86–91 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Zheng, B. Wang, T. Fang, H. Cheng, Y. Qi, Y. W. Wang, B. X. Yan, Y. Bi, Y. Wang, S. W. Chu, T. J. Wu, J. K. Xu, H. T. Min, S. P. Yan, C. W. Ye, and Z. D. Jia, “Laser digital cinema projector,” J. Display Technol. 4, 314–318 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Furukawa, N. Ohse, Y. Sato, D. Imanishi, K. Wakabayashi, S. Ito, K. Tamamura, and S. Hirata, “Effective speckle reduction in laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6911, 69110T (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “LED projector with two liquid crystal on solicon light valves and a fly’s eye integrator,” Displays 29, 464–470 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

H. Murat, H. De Smet, and D. Cuypers, “Compact LED projector with tapered light pipes for moderate light output applications,” Displays 27, 117–123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Shin, S. S. Yooa, S. Y. Leea, C. Y. Parka, S. Y. Parka, J. W. Kwona, and S. G. Leea, “Removal of hot spot speckle on laser projection screen using both the running screen and the rotating diffuser,” Displays 27, 91–96 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Jansenm, B. D. Cantos, G. P. Carey, R. Dato, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, W. R. Hitchens, D. Lee, A. Mooradian, R. F. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. V. Shchegrow, A. Umbrasas, and J. P. Watson, “Visible laser and laser array sources for projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6135, 61350T (2006).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. I. Trisnadi, “Speckle contrast reduction in laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 4657, 131–137 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

G. Hollemann, B. Braun, P. Heist, J. Symanowski, U. Krause, J. Kraenert, and C. Deter, “High-power laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 4294, 36–46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

L. Wang, T. Tschudi, T. Halldórsson, and P. R. Pétursson, “Speckle reduction in laser projection systems by diffractive optical elements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 1770–1775 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Hargis, R. Bergstedt, A. Earman, P. Gullicksen, R. Hurtado, A. Minich, S. Nelte, D. Ornelas, M. Pessot, E. Takeuchi, B. Vivian, and J. Zarrabi, “Diode-pumped microlasers for display applications,” Proc. SPIE 3285, 115–125 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

R. Bergstedt, C. G. Fink, G. Flint, D. Hargis, and P. Peppler, “Microlaser-based display,” Proc. SPIE 3057, 362–367(1997).
[CrossRef]

F. C. Gibeau and K. K. McKinney, “Compact solid state laser projector,” Proc. SPIE 3057, 354–361 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

S. Jutamulia, T. Asakura, and H. Ambar, “Reduction of coherent noise using various artificial incoherent sources,” Optik 70, 52–57 (1985).

1976 (2)

Akram, M. N.

W. Gao, V. Kartashov, G. Ouyang, Z. Tong, M. N. Akram, and X. Chen, “The matrices used to reduce speckle in laser projector system,” Proc. SPIE 7387, 73871R (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ambar, H.

S. Jutamulia, T. Asakura, and H. Ambar, “Reduction of coherent noise using various artificial incoherent sources,” Optik 70, 52–57 (1985).

An, S.

Asakura, T.

S. Jutamulia, T. Asakura, and H. Ambar, “Reduction of coherent noise using various artificial incoherent sources,” Optik 70, 52–57 (1985).

Avci, A.

H. Murat, A. Avci, R. Beernaert, K. Dhaenens, H. De Smet, L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, and H. Thienpont, “Two LCOS full color projector with efficient LED illumination engine,” Displays 30, 155–163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Beernaert, R.

H. Murat, A. Avci, R. Beernaert, K. Dhaenens, H. De Smet, L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, and H. Thienpont, “Two LCOS full color projector with efficient LED illumination engine,” Displays 30, 155–163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bergstedt, R.

D. Hargis, R. Bergstedt, A. Earman, P. Gullicksen, R. Hurtado, A. Minich, S. Nelte, D. Ornelas, M. Pessot, E. Takeuchi, B. Vivian, and J. Zarrabi, “Diode-pumped microlasers for display applications,” Proc. SPIE 3285, 115–125 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Bergstedt, C. G. Fink, G. Flint, D. Hargis, and P. Peppler, “Microlaser-based display,” Proc. SPIE 3057, 362–367(1997).
[CrossRef]

Bi, Y.

Bogaert, L.

H. Murat, A. Avci, R. Beernaert, K. Dhaenens, H. De Smet, L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, and H. Thienpont, “Two LCOS full color projector with efficient LED illumination engine,” Displays 30, 155–163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “LED projector with two liquid crystal on solicon light valves and a fly’s eye integrator,” Displays 29, 464–470 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Braun, B.

G. Hollemann, B. Braun, P. Heist, J. Symanowski, U. Krause, J. Kraenert, and C. Deter, “High-power laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 4294, 36–46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Buckley, E.

E. Buckley, “Holographic laser projection,” J. Display Technol. 7, 135–140 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Buckley, “Eye-safety analysis of current laser-based LCOS projection systems,” J. Soc. Info. Display 18, 1051–1057 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cantos, B. D.

M. Jansenm, B. D. Cantos, G. P. Carey, R. Dato, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, W. R. Hitchens, D. Lee, A. Mooradian, R. F. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. V. Shchegrow, A. Umbrasas, and J. P. Watson, “Visible laser and laser array sources for projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6135, 61350T (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carey, G. P.

M. Jansenm, B. D. Cantos, G. P. Carey, R. Dato, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, W. R. Hitchens, D. Lee, A. Mooradian, R. F. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. V. Shchegrow, A. Umbrasas, and J. P. Watson, “Visible laser and laser array sources for projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6135, 61350T (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

W. Gao, V. Kartashov, G. Ouyang, Z. Tong, M. N. Akram, and X. Chen, “The matrices used to reduce speckle in laser projector system,” Proc. SPIE 7387, 73871R (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, H.

Chu, S. W.

Cuypers, D.

H. Murat, H. De Smet, and D. Cuypers, “Compact LED projector with tapered light pipes for moderate light output applications,” Displays 27, 117–123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dato, R.

M. Jansenm, B. D. Cantos, G. P. Carey, R. Dato, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, W. R. Hitchens, D. Lee, A. Mooradian, R. F. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. V. Shchegrow, A. Umbrasas, and J. P. Watson, “Visible laser and laser array sources for projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6135, 61350T (2006).
[CrossRef]

De Smet, H.

H. Murat, A. Avci, R. Beernaert, K. Dhaenens, H. De Smet, L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, and H. Thienpont, “Two LCOS full color projector with efficient LED illumination engine,” Displays 30, 155–163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “LED projector with two liquid crystal on solicon light valves and a fly’s eye integrator,” Displays 29, 464–470 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Murat, H. De Smet, and D. Cuypers, “Compact LED projector with tapered light pipes for moderate light output applications,” Displays 27, 117–123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Deter, C.

G. Hollemann, B. Braun, P. Heist, J. Symanowski, U. Krause, J. Kraenert, and C. Deter, “High-power laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 4294, 36–46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dhaenens, K.

H. Murat, A. Avci, R. Beernaert, K. Dhaenens, H. De Smet, L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, and H. Thienpont, “Two LCOS full color projector with efficient LED illumination engine,” Displays 30, 155–163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Earman, A.

D. Hargis, R. Bergstedt, A. Earman, P. Gullicksen, R. Hurtado, A. Minich, S. Nelte, D. Ornelas, M. Pessot, E. Takeuchi, B. Vivian, and J. Zarrabi, “Diode-pumped microlasers for display applications,” Proc. SPIE 3285, 115–125 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fang, T.

Fink, C. G.

R. Bergstedt, C. G. Fink, G. Flint, D. Hargis, and P. Peppler, “Microlaser-based display,” Proc. SPIE 3057, 362–367(1997).
[CrossRef]

Flint, G.

R. Bergstedt, C. G. Fink, G. Flint, D. Hargis, and P. Peppler, “Microlaser-based display,” Proc. SPIE 3057, 362–367(1997).
[CrossRef]

Fournier, F.

Furukawa, A.

A. Furukawa, N. Ohse, Y. Sato, D. Imanishi, K. Wakabayashi, S. Ito, K. Tamamura, and S. Hirata, “Effective speckle reduction in laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6911, 69110T (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gao, W.

W. Gao, V. Kartashov, G. Ouyang, Z. Tong, M. N. Akram, and X. Chen, “The matrices used to reduce speckle in laser projector system,” Proc. SPIE 7387, 73871R (2010).
[CrossRef]

Giaretta, G.

M. Jansenm, B. D. Cantos, G. P. Carey, R. Dato, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, W. R. Hitchens, D. Lee, A. Mooradian, R. F. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. V. Shchegrow, A. Umbrasas, and J. P. Watson, “Visible laser and laser array sources for projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6135, 61350T (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gibeau, F. C.

F. C. Gibeau and K. K. McKinney, “Compact solid state laser projector,” Proc. SPIE 3057, 354–361 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Goodman, J. W.

Gullicksen, P.

D. Hargis, R. Bergstedt, A. Earman, P. Gullicksen, R. Hurtado, A. Minich, S. Nelte, D. Ornelas, M. Pessot, E. Takeuchi, B. Vivian, and J. Zarrabi, “Diode-pumped microlasers for display applications,” Proc. SPIE 3285, 115–125 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Halldórsson, T.

Hallstein, S.

M. Jansenm, B. D. Cantos, G. P. Carey, R. Dato, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, W. R. Hitchens, D. Lee, A. Mooradian, R. F. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. V. Shchegrow, A. Umbrasas, and J. P. Watson, “Visible laser and laser array sources for projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6135, 61350T (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hargis, D.

D. Hargis, R. Bergstedt, A. Earman, P. Gullicksen, R. Hurtado, A. Minich, S. Nelte, D. Ornelas, M. Pessot, E. Takeuchi, B. Vivian, and J. Zarrabi, “Diode-pumped microlasers for display applications,” Proc. SPIE 3285, 115–125 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Bergstedt, C. G. Fink, G. Flint, D. Hargis, and P. Peppler, “Microlaser-based display,” Proc. SPIE 3057, 362–367(1997).
[CrossRef]

Heist, P.

G. Hollemann, B. Braun, P. Heist, J. Symanowski, U. Krause, J. Kraenert, and C. Deter, “High-power laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 4294, 36–46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hirata, S.

A. Furukawa, N. Ohse, Y. Sato, D. Imanishi, K. Wakabayashi, S. Ito, K. Tamamura, and S. Hirata, “Effective speckle reduction in laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6911, 69110T (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hitchens, W. R.

M. Jansenm, B. D. Cantos, G. P. Carey, R. Dato, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, W. R. Hitchens, D. Lee, A. Mooradian, R. F. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. V. Shchegrow, A. Umbrasas, and J. P. Watson, “Visible laser and laser array sources for projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6135, 61350T (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hollemann, G.

G. Hollemann, B. Braun, P. Heist, J. Symanowski, U. Krause, J. Kraenert, and C. Deter, “High-power laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 4294, 36–46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hurtado, R.

D. Hargis, R. Bergstedt, A. Earman, P. Gullicksen, R. Hurtado, A. Minich, S. Nelte, D. Ornelas, M. Pessot, E. Takeuchi, B. Vivian, and J. Zarrabi, “Diode-pumped microlasers for display applications,” Proc. SPIE 3285, 115–125 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Imanishi, D.

A. Furukawa, N. Ohse, Y. Sato, D. Imanishi, K. Wakabayashi, S. Ito, K. Tamamura, and S. Hirata, “Effective speckle reduction in laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6911, 69110T (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ito, S.

A. Furukawa, N. Ohse, Y. Sato, D. Imanishi, K. Wakabayashi, S. Ito, K. Tamamura, and S. Hirata, “Effective speckle reduction in laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6911, 69110T (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jang, J.

Jansenm, M.

M. Jansenm, B. D. Cantos, G. P. Carey, R. Dato, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, W. R. Hitchens, D. Lee, A. Mooradian, R. F. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. V. Shchegrow, A. Umbrasas, and J. P. Watson, “Visible laser and laser array sources for projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6135, 61350T (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z. D.

Jung, C.

B. A. Yu, C. Jung, I. S. Kim, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, and D. K. Ko, “Temperature controlled, efficient microchip green laser for mobile projection displays,” Electron. Lett. 45, 943–944 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jutamulia, S.

S. Jutamulia, T. Asakura, and H. Ambar, “Reduction of coherent noise using various artificial incoherent sources,” Optik 70, 52–57 (1985).

Karpoltsev, S.

Kartashov, V.

W. Gao, V. Kartashov, G. Ouyang, Z. Tong, M. N. Akram, and X. Chen, “The matrices used to reduce speckle in laser projector system,” Proc. SPIE 7387, 73871R (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, I. S.

B. A. Yu, C. Jung, I. S. Kim, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, and D. K. Ko, “Temperature controlled, efficient microchip green laser for mobile projection displays,” Electron. Lett. 45, 943–944 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ko, D. K.

B. A. Yu, C. Jung, I. S. Kim, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, and D. K. Ko, “Temperature controlled, efficient microchip green laser for mobile projection displays,” Electron. Lett. 45, 943–944 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kraenert, J.

G. Hollemann, B. Braun, P. Heist, J. Symanowski, U. Krause, J. Kraenert, and C. Deter, “High-power laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 4294, 36–46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Krause, U.

G. Hollemann, B. Braun, P. Heist, J. Symanowski, U. Krause, J. Kraenert, and C. Deter, “High-power laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 4294, 36–46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kwona, J. W.

S. C. Shin, S. S. Yooa, S. Y. Leea, C. Y. Parka, S. Y. Parka, J. W. Kwona, and S. G. Leea, “Removal of hot spot speckle on laser projection screen using both the running screen and the rotating diffuser,” Displays 27, 91–96 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lapchuk, A.

Lee, D.

M. Jansenm, B. D. Cantos, G. P. Carey, R. Dato, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, W. R. Hitchens, D. Lee, A. Mooradian, R. F. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. V. Shchegrow, A. Umbrasas, and J. P. Watson, “Visible laser and laser array sources for projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6135, 61350T (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. L.

B. A. Yu, C. Jung, I. S. Kim, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, and D. K. Ko, “Temperature controlled, efficient microchip green laser for mobile projection displays,” Electron. Lett. 45, 943–944 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Leea, S. G.

S. C. Shin, S. S. Yooa, S. Y. Leea, C. Y. Parka, S. Y. Parka, J. W. Kwona, and S. G. Leea, “Removal of hot spot speckle on laser projection screen using both the running screen and the rotating diffuser,” Displays 27, 91–96 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Leea, S. Y.

S. C. Shin, S. S. Yooa, S. Y. Leea, C. Y. Parka, S. Y. Parka, J. W. Kwona, and S. G. Leea, “Removal of hot spot speckle on laser projection screen using both the running screen and the rotating diffuser,” Displays 27, 91–96 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Z. K.

M. J. Sun and Z. K. Lu, “Speckle suppression with a rotating light pipe,” Opt. Eng. 49, 024202 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Marraccini, P. J.

McKinney, K. K.

F. C. Gibeau and K. K. McKinney, “Compact solid state laser projector,” Proc. SPIE 3057, 354–361 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Meuret, Y.

H. Murat, A. Avci, R. Beernaert, K. Dhaenens, H. De Smet, L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, and H. Thienpont, “Two LCOS full color projector with efficient LED illumination engine,” Displays 30, 155–163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “LED projector with two liquid crystal on solicon light valves and a fly’s eye integrator,” Displays 29, 464–470 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Middlebrook, C.

W. Thomas, C. Middlebrook, and J. Smith, “Laser speckle contrast reduction measurement using diffractive diffusers,” Proc. SPIE 7232, 72320W (2009).
[CrossRef]

Min, H. T.

Minich, A.

D. Hargis, R. Bergstedt, A. Earman, P. Gullicksen, R. Hurtado, A. Minich, S. Nelte, D. Ornelas, M. Pessot, E. Takeuchi, B. Vivian, and J. Zarrabi, “Diode-pumped microlasers for display applications,” Proc. SPIE 3285, 115–125 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mooradian, A.

M. Jansenm, B. D. Cantos, G. P. Carey, R. Dato, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, W. R. Hitchens, D. Lee, A. Mooradian, R. F. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. V. Shchegrow, A. Umbrasas, and J. P. Watson, “Visible laser and laser array sources for projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6135, 61350T (2006).
[CrossRef]

Murat, H.

H. Murat, A. Avci, R. Beernaert, K. Dhaenens, H. De Smet, L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, and H. Thienpont, “Two LCOS full color projector with efficient LED illumination engine,” Displays 30, 155–163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “LED projector with two liquid crystal on solicon light valves and a fly’s eye integrator,” Displays 29, 464–470 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Murat, H. De Smet, and D. Cuypers, “Compact LED projector with tapered light pipes for moderate light output applications,” Displays 27, 117–123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nabiev, R. F.

M. Jansenm, B. D. Cantos, G. P. Carey, R. Dato, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, W. R. Hitchens, D. Lee, A. Mooradian, R. F. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. V. Shchegrow, A. Umbrasas, and J. P. Watson, “Visible laser and laser array sources for projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6135, 61350T (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nafarrate, A. B.

Nelte, S.

D. Hargis, R. Bergstedt, A. Earman, P. Gullicksen, R. Hurtado, A. Minich, S. Nelte, D. Ornelas, M. Pessot, E. Takeuchi, B. Vivian, and J. Zarrabi, “Diode-pumped microlasers for display applications,” Proc. SPIE 3285, 115–125 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Niven, G.

M. Jansenm, B. D. Cantos, G. P. Carey, R. Dato, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, W. R. Hitchens, D. Lee, A. Mooradian, R. F. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. V. Shchegrow, A. Umbrasas, and J. P. Watson, “Visible laser and laser array sources for projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6135, 61350T (2006).
[CrossRef]

Norton, R. E.

Ohse, N.

A. Furukawa, N. Ohse, Y. Sato, D. Imanishi, K. Wakabayashi, S. Ito, K. Tamamura, and S. Hirata, “Effective speckle reduction in laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6911, 69110T (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ono, K.

N. Shimada, M. Yukawa, K. Shibata, K. Ono, T. Yagi, and A. Shima, “640 nm laser diode for small laser display,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ornelas, D.

D. Hargis, R. Bergstedt, A. Earman, P. Gullicksen, R. Hurtado, A. Minich, S. Nelte, D. Ornelas, M. Pessot, E. Takeuchi, B. Vivian, and J. Zarrabi, “Diode-pumped microlasers for display applications,” Proc. SPIE 3285, 115–125 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ouyang, G.

W. Gao, V. Kartashov, G. Ouyang, Z. Tong, M. N. Akram, and X. Chen, “The matrices used to reduce speckle in laser projector system,” Proc. SPIE 7387, 73871R (2010).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.

Parka, C. Y.

S. C. Shin, S. S. Yooa, S. Y. Leea, C. Y. Parka, S. Y. Parka, J. W. Kwona, and S. G. Leea, “Removal of hot spot speckle on laser projection screen using both the running screen and the rotating diffuser,” Displays 27, 91–96 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Parka, S. Y.

S. C. Shin, S. S. Yooa, S. Y. Leea, C. Y. Parka, S. Y. Parka, J. W. Kwona, and S. G. Leea, “Removal of hot spot speckle on laser projection screen using both the running screen and the rotating diffuser,” Displays 27, 91–96 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peppler, P.

R. Bergstedt, C. G. Fink, G. Flint, D. Hargis, and P. Peppler, “Microlaser-based display,” Proc. SPIE 3057, 362–367(1997).
[CrossRef]

Pessot, M.

D. Hargis, R. Bergstedt, A. Earman, P. Gullicksen, R. Hurtado, A. Minich, S. Nelte, D. Ornelas, M. Pessot, E. Takeuchi, B. Vivian, and J. Zarrabi, “Diode-pumped microlasers for display applications,” Proc. SPIE 3285, 115–125 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pétursson, P. R.

Qi, Y.

Rawson, E. G.

Riza, N. A.

Rolland, J.

Sato, Y.

A. Furukawa, N. Ohse, Y. Sato, D. Imanishi, K. Wakabayashi, S. Ito, K. Tamamura, and S. Hirata, “Effective speckle reduction in laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6911, 69110T (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shchegrow, A. V.

M. Jansenm, B. D. Cantos, G. P. Carey, R. Dato, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, W. R. Hitchens, D. Lee, A. Mooradian, R. F. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. V. Shchegrow, A. Umbrasas, and J. P. Watson, “Visible laser and laser array sources for projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6135, 61350T (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, K.

N. Shimada, M. Yukawa, K. Shibata, K. Ono, T. Yagi, and A. Shima, “640 nm laser diode for small laser display,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shima, A.

N. Shimada, M. Yukawa, K. Shibata, K. Ono, T. Yagi, and A. Shima, “640 nm laser diode for small laser display,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shimada, N.

N. Shimada, M. Yukawa, K. Shibata, K. Ono, T. Yagi, and A. Shima, “640 nm laser diode for small laser display,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shin, S. C.

S. C. Shin, S. S. Yooa, S. Y. Leea, C. Y. Parka, S. Y. Parka, J. W. Kwona, and S. G. Leea, “Removal of hot spot speckle on laser projection screen using both the running screen and the rotating diffuser,” Displays 27, 91–96 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shin, W.

Smith, J.

W. Thomas, C. Middlebrook, and J. Smith, “Laser speckle contrast reduction measurement using diffractive diffusers,” Proc. SPIE 7232, 72320W (2009).
[CrossRef]

Song, J.

Sun, M. J.

M. J. Sun and Z. K. Lu, “Speckle suppression with a rotating light pipe,” Opt. Eng. 49, 024202 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Symanowski, J.

G. Hollemann, B. Braun, P. Heist, J. Symanowski, U. Krause, J. Kraenert, and C. Deter, “High-power laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 4294, 36–46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Takeuchi, E.

D. Hargis, R. Bergstedt, A. Earman, P. Gullicksen, R. Hurtado, A. Minich, S. Nelte, D. Ornelas, M. Pessot, E. Takeuchi, B. Vivian, and J. Zarrabi, “Diode-pumped microlasers for display applications,” Proc. SPIE 3285, 115–125 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tamamura, K.

A. Furukawa, N. Ohse, Y. Sato, D. Imanishi, K. Wakabayashi, S. Ito, K. Tamamura, and S. Hirata, “Effective speckle reduction in laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6911, 69110T (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thienpont, H.

H. Murat, A. Avci, R. Beernaert, K. Dhaenens, H. De Smet, L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, and H. Thienpont, “Two LCOS full color projector with efficient LED illumination engine,” Displays 30, 155–163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “LED projector with two liquid crystal on solicon light valves and a fly’s eye integrator,” Displays 29, 464–470 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, W.

W. Thomas, C. Middlebrook, and J. Smith, “Laser speckle contrast reduction measurement using diffractive diffusers,” Proc. SPIE 7232, 72320W (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tong, Z.

W. Gao, V. Kartashov, G. Ouyang, Z. Tong, M. N. Akram, and X. Chen, “The matrices used to reduce speckle in laser projector system,” Proc. SPIE 7387, 73871R (2010).
[CrossRef]

Trisnadi, J. I.

J. I. Trisnadi, “Speckle contrast reduction in laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 4657, 131–137 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tschudi, T.

Umbrasas, A.

M. Jansenm, B. D. Cantos, G. P. Carey, R. Dato, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, W. R. Hitchens, D. Lee, A. Mooradian, R. F. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. V. Shchegrow, A. Umbrasas, and J. P. Watson, “Visible laser and laser array sources for projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6135, 61350T (2006).
[CrossRef]

Van Giel, B.

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “LED projector with two liquid crystal on solicon light valves and a fly’s eye integrator,” Displays 29, 464–470 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vivian, B.

D. Hargis, R. Bergstedt, A. Earman, P. Gullicksen, R. Hurtado, A. Minich, S. Nelte, D. Ornelas, M. Pessot, E. Takeuchi, B. Vivian, and J. Zarrabi, “Diode-pumped microlasers for display applications,” Proc. SPIE 3285, 115–125 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wakabayashi, K.

A. Furukawa, N. Ohse, Y. Sato, D. Imanishi, K. Wakabayashi, S. Ito, K. Tamamura, and S. Hirata, “Effective speckle reduction in laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6911, 69110T (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, B.

Wang, L.

Wang, Y.

Wang, Y. W.

Watson, J. P.

M. Jansenm, B. D. Cantos, G. P. Carey, R. Dato, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, W. R. Hitchens, D. Lee, A. Mooradian, R. F. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. V. Shchegrow, A. Umbrasas, and J. P. Watson, “Visible laser and laser array sources for projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6135, 61350T (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, T. J.

Xu, J. K.

Yagi, T.

N. Shimada, M. Yukawa, K. Shibata, K. Ono, T. Yagi, and A. Shima, “640 nm laser diode for small laser display,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yan, B. X.

Yan, S. P.

Yang, H.

Ye, C. W.

Yeo, I.

Yooa, S. S.

S. C. Shin, S. S. Yooa, S. Y. Leea, C. Y. Parka, S. Y. Parka, J. W. Kwona, and S. G. Leea, “Removal of hot spot speckle on laser projection screen using both the running screen and the rotating diffuser,” Displays 27, 91–96 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu, B. A.

B. A. Yu, C. Jung, I. S. Kim, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, and D. K. Ko, “Temperature controlled, efficient microchip green laser for mobile projection displays,” Electron. Lett. 45, 943–944 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, N. E.

B. A. Yu, C. Jung, I. S. Kim, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, and D. K. Ko, “Temperature controlled, efficient microchip green laser for mobile projection displays,” Electron. Lett. 45, 943–944 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yukawa, M.

N. Shimada, M. Yukawa, K. Shibata, K. Ono, T. Yagi, and A. Shima, “640 nm laser diode for small laser display,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yun, S.

Yun, S. K.

Yurlov, V.

Zarrabi, J.

D. Hargis, R. Bergstedt, A. Earman, P. Gullicksen, R. Hurtado, A. Minich, S. Nelte, D. Ornelas, M. Pessot, E. Takeuchi, B. Vivian, and J. Zarrabi, “Diode-pumped microlasers for display applications,” Proc. SPIE 3285, 115–125 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, G.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Displays (4)

S. C. Shin, S. S. Yooa, S. Y. Leea, C. Y. Parka, S. Y. Parka, J. W. Kwona, and S. G. Leea, “Removal of hot spot speckle on laser projection screen using both the running screen and the rotating diffuser,” Displays 27, 91–96 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Murat, H. De Smet, and D. Cuypers, “Compact LED projector with tapered light pipes for moderate light output applications,” Displays 27, 117–123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Murat, A. Avci, R. Beernaert, K. Dhaenens, H. De Smet, L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, and H. Thienpont, “Two LCOS full color projector with efficient LED illumination engine,” Displays 30, 155–163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “LED projector with two liquid crystal on solicon light valves and a fly’s eye integrator,” Displays 29, 464–470 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. A. Yu, C. Jung, I. S. Kim, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, and D. K. Ko, “Temperature controlled, efficient microchip green laser for mobile projection displays,” Electron. Lett. 45, 943–944 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Display Technol. (4)

J. Opt Soc. Am. (1)

J. W. Goodman, “Some fundamental properties of speckle,” J. Opt Soc. Am. 66, 1145–1150 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Soc. Info. Display (1)

E. Buckley, “Eye-safety analysis of current laser-based LCOS projection systems,” J. Soc. Info. Display 18, 1051–1057 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

M. J. Sun and Z. K. Lu, “Speckle suppression with a rotating light pipe,” Opt. Eng. 49, 024202 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Optik (1)

S. Jutamulia, T. Asakura, and H. Ambar, “Reduction of coherent noise using various artificial incoherent sources,” Optik 70, 52–57 (1985).

Proc. SPIE (10)

A. Furukawa, N. Ohse, Y. Sato, D. Imanishi, K. Wakabayashi, S. Ito, K. Tamamura, and S. Hirata, “Effective speckle reduction in laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6911, 69110T (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Gao, V. Kartashov, G. Ouyang, Z. Tong, M. N. Akram, and X. Chen, “The matrices used to reduce speckle in laser projector system,” Proc. SPIE 7387, 73871R (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Hollemann, B. Braun, P. Heist, J. Symanowski, U. Krause, J. Kraenert, and C. Deter, “High-power laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 4294, 36–46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Trisnadi, “Speckle contrast reduction in laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 4657, 131–137 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Thomas, C. Middlebrook, and J. Smith, “Laser speckle contrast reduction measurement using diffractive diffusers,” Proc. SPIE 7232, 72320W (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Jansenm, B. D. Cantos, G. P. Carey, R. Dato, G. Giaretta, S. Hallstein, W. R. Hitchens, D. Lee, A. Mooradian, R. F. Nabiev, G. Niven, A. V. Shchegrow, A. Umbrasas, and J. P. Watson, “Visible laser and laser array sources for projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6135, 61350T (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Hargis, R. Bergstedt, A. Earman, P. Gullicksen, R. Hurtado, A. Minich, S. Nelte, D. Ornelas, M. Pessot, E. Takeuchi, B. Vivian, and J. Zarrabi, “Diode-pumped microlasers for display applications,” Proc. SPIE 3285, 115–125 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Bergstedt, C. G. Fink, G. Flint, D. Hargis, and P. Peppler, “Microlaser-based display,” Proc. SPIE 3057, 362–367(1997).
[CrossRef]

F. C. Gibeau and K. K. McKinney, “Compact solid state laser projector,” Proc. SPIE 3057, 354–361 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Shimada, M. Yukawa, K. Shibata, K. Ono, T. Yagi, and A. Shima, “640 nm laser diode for small laser display,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

QPC Lasers, “BrightLase Ultra-50 RGB,” http://www.qpclaers.com .

QPC Lasers, “BrightLock Ultra-G,” http://www. qpclaers.com .

Safety of Laser Products—Part 1: Equipment Classification, Requirements and User’s Guide, British Standards Institute Std. BS EN 60825-1.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The schematic diagram of the red laser source module.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The fabricated red laser source module.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a): The fabricated blue source module. (b): The layout of the green source module.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The schematic structure of the projection system.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Illumination system of the red light.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a)–(c) The speckle image of three colors without diffuser. (d)–(f) The speckle image of three colors with diffuser B. (g) The speckle image of green color with diffuser A.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

The 3-LCOS projection system.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

The projected picture system.

Tables (7)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Characteristics of the Three Primary Laser Source Modules

Tables Icon

Table 2. Power Budget of the Projector

Tables Icon

Table 3. Balanced White Light Output

Tables Icon

Table 4. Speckle Contrast of Images

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Table 5. Measured Optical Efficiency

Tables Icon

Table 6. Balanced Light Output and Electricity Consumption of Lasers

Tables Icon

Table 7. Performance Comparison between our Projector and other Commercial Projectors

Metrics