Abstract

An array of microprisms was described by a model of multiperiod blazed gratings consisting of triangular apertures. The origins of hexagram-shaped diffraction patterns were interpreted based on multiple-beam interference and diffraction array theorem. The relation between zonal/line ghost fringes and imperfectly fabricated array structures was analyzed. Geometrical performance (e.g., the dihedral angle of the microprism) was tested by measuring the features of diffraction patterns of samples from three retroreflective sheeting manufacturers.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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