Abstract

Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ tri-doped phosphate glass ceramics were prepared by a high-temperature melting method and thermal treatment technology. Upconversion (UC) emissions of the Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ tri-doped phosphate glass ceramic samples were studied under 975 nm excitation. The glass ceramic samples can simultaneously generate blue, green, and red emissions. The multicolor emission obtained was tuned to white light by adjusting the Er3+ ion concentration. The emission color of the sample doped with 8 mol.% Er3+ ion is white to the naked eye, and CIE coordinates (x=0.316, y=0.354) of the sample are close to the standard equal energy white-light illumination (x=0.333, y=0.333). The material will be useful in developing the white-light-emitting diode.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2011 (3)

2009 (2)

C. Jiang and W. B. Xu, “Modeling multiple rare earth-doped system for white light generation,” J. Disp. Technol. 5, 431–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Lin, Y. S. Tang, S. F. Hu, and R. S. Liu, “KBaPO4:Ln(Ln=Eu,Tb,Sm) phosphors for UV excitable white light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 129, 1682–1684(2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “White light upconversion emissions from Tm3++Ho3++Tb3+ codoped tellurite and germanate glasses on excitation with 798 nm radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 113107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Cao, W. P. Qin, J. S. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. F. Wang, G. D. Wei, P. F. Zhu, L. L. Wang, and L. Z. Jin, “Up-conversion white light of Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ tri-doped CaF2 phosphors,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1716–1719 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Simpson, W. E. K. Gibbs, S. F. Collins, W. Blanc, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, P. Peterka, and G. W. Baxter, “Visible and near infra-red up-conversion in Tm3+/Yb3+ codoped silica fibers under 980 nm excitation,” Opt. Express 16, 13781–13799 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

C. J. Sun, Z. H. Xu, B. Hu, G. S. Yi, G. M. Chow, and J. Shen, “Application of NaYF4:Yb,Er upconversion fluorescence nanocrystals for solution-processed near infrared photodetectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191113 (2007).

C. R. Li, B. Dong, C. G. Ming, and M. K. Lei, “Application to temperature sensor based on green up-conversion of Er3+ doped silicate glass,” Sensors 7, 2652–2659 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Liu and J. Heo, “Generation of white from oxy-fluoride nano-glass doped with Ho3+, Tm3+ and Yb3+,” Mater. Lett. 61, 3751–3754 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

G. Y. Chen, Y. G. Zhang, G. Somesfalean, and Z. G. Zhang, “Two-color emission in rare-earth-ion-doped ZrO2 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 163105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

F. Pandozzi, F. Vetrone, J. C. Boyer, R. Naccache, J. A. Capobianco, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “A spectroscopic analysis of blue and ultraviolet upconverted emissions from Gd3Ga5O12:Tm3+,Yb3+ nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 17400–17405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

R. R. Goncalves, G. Carturan, L. Zampedri, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, M. Montagna, G. C. Righini, S. Pelli, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible CW frequency upconversion in erbium activated silica-hafnia waveguides prepared by sol-gel route,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 322, 306–310 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. B. Seddon, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937–1939 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, M. R. Shang, H. Tan, J. Yang, and F. Meng, “Three-photon phenomena in the upconversion luminescence of erbium-ytterbium-codoped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1748–1750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Mortier, A. Monteville, G. Patriarche, G. Mazé, and F. Auzel, “New progresses in transparent rare-earth doped glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 16, 255–267 (2001).
[CrossRef]

An, L. Q.

F. Song, C. G. Ming, L. Q. An, Q. R. Wang, Y. Yu, H. Yu, and T. Sun, “Tm3+/Tb3+/Mn2+ tri-doped phosphate glass ceramic for enhanced white-light-emitting material,” Mater. Lett. 65, 3140–3142 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Auzel, F.

M. Mortier, A. Monteville, G. Patriarche, G. Mazé, and F. Auzel, “New progresses in transparent rare-earth doped glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 16, 255–267 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baxter, G. W.

Beggiora, M.

V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. B. Seddon, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937–1939 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bettinelli, M.

F. Pandozzi, F. Vetrone, J. C. Boyer, R. Naccache, J. A. Capobianco, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “A spectroscopic analysis of blue and ultraviolet upconverted emissions from Gd3Ga5O12:Tm3+,Yb3+ nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 17400–17405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Blanc, W.

Boyer, J. C.

F. Pandozzi, F. Vetrone, J. C. Boyer, R. Naccache, J. A. Capobianco, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “A spectroscopic analysis of blue and ultraviolet upconverted emissions from Gd3Ga5O12:Tm3+,Yb3+ nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 17400–17405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cao, C. Y.

C. Y. Cao, W. P. Qin, J. S. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. F. Wang, G. D. Wei, P. F. Zhu, L. L. Wang, and L. Z. Jin, “Up-conversion white light of Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ tri-doped CaF2 phosphors,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1716–1719 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Capobianco, J. A.

F. Pandozzi, F. Vetrone, J. C. Boyer, R. Naccache, J. A. Capobianco, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “A spectroscopic analysis of blue and ultraviolet upconverted emissions from Gd3Ga5O12:Tm3+,Yb3+ nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 17400–17405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Carturan, G.

R. R. Goncalves, G. Carturan, L. Zampedri, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, M. Montagna, G. C. Righini, S. Pelli, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible CW frequency upconversion in erbium activated silica-hafnia waveguides prepared by sol-gel route,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 322, 306–310 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, G. Y.

G. Y. Chen, Y. G. Zhang, G. Somesfalean, and Z. G. Zhang, “Two-color emission in rare-earth-ion-doped ZrO2 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 163105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chiasera, A.

R. R. Goncalves, G. Carturan, L. Zampedri, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, M. Montagna, G. C. Righini, S. Pelli, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible CW frequency upconversion in erbium activated silica-hafnia waveguides prepared by sol-gel route,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 322, 306–310 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chow, G. M.

C. J. Sun, Z. H. Xu, B. Hu, G. S. Yi, G. M. Chow, and J. Shen, “Application of NaYF4:Yb,Er upconversion fluorescence nanocrystals for solution-processed near infrared photodetectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191113 (2007).

Collins, S. F.

Dong, B.

C. R. Li, B. Dong, C. G. Ming, and M. K. Lei, “Application to temperature sensor based on green up-conversion of Er3+ doped silicate glass,” Sensors 7, 2652–2659 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dussardier, B.

Ferrari, M.

R. R. Goncalves, G. Carturan, L. Zampedri, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, M. Montagna, G. C. Righini, S. Pelli, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible CW frequency upconversion in erbium activated silica-hafnia waveguides prepared by sol-gel route,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 322, 306–310 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. B. Seddon, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937–1939 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Furniss, D.

V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. B. Seddon, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937–1939 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, W. E. K.

Giri, N. K.

N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “White light upconversion emissions from Tm3++Ho3++Tb3+ codoped tellurite and germanate glasses on excitation with 798 nm radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 113107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Goncalves, R. R.

R. R. Goncalves, G. Carturan, L. Zampedri, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, M. Montagna, G. C. Righini, S. Pelli, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible CW frequency upconversion in erbium activated silica-hafnia waveguides prepared by sol-gel route,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 322, 306–310 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Heo, J.

C. Liu and J. Heo, “Generation of white from oxy-fluoride nano-glass doped with Ho3+, Tm3+ and Yb3+,” Mater. Lett. 61, 3751–3754 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hu, B.

C. J. Sun, Z. H. Xu, B. Hu, G. S. Yi, G. M. Chow, and J. Shen, “Application of NaYF4:Yb,Er upconversion fluorescence nanocrystals for solution-processed near infrared photodetectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191113 (2007).

Hu, S. F.

C. C. Lin, Y. S. Tang, S. F. Hu, and R. S. Liu, “KBaPO4:Ln(Ln=Eu,Tb,Sm) phosphors for UV excitable white light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 129, 1682–1684(2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, C.

C. Jiang and W. B. Xu, “Modeling multiple rare earth-doped system for white light generation,” J. Disp. Technol. 5, 431–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jin, L. Z.

C. Y. Cao, W. P. Qin, J. S. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. F. Wang, G. D. Wei, P. F. Zhu, L. L. Wang, and L. Z. Jin, “Up-conversion white light of Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ tri-doped CaF2 phosphors,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1716–1719 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lei, M. K.

C. R. Li, B. Dong, C. G. Ming, and M. K. Lei, “Application to temperature sensor based on green up-conversion of Er3+ doped silicate glass,” Sensors 7, 2652–2659 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, C. R.

C. G. Ming, F. Song, C. R. Li, Y. Yu, G. Zhang, H. Yu, T. Sun, and J. Tian, “Highly efficient downconversion white light in Tm3+/Tb3+/Mn2+ tridoped P2O5-Li2O-Sb2O3 glass,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2242–2244 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Li, B. Dong, C. G. Ming, and M. K. Lei, “Application to temperature sensor based on green up-conversion of Er3+ doped silicate glass,” Sensors 7, 2652–2659 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. C.

C. C. Lin, Y. S. Tang, S. F. Hu, and R. S. Liu, “KBaPO4:Ln(Ln=Eu,Tb,Sm) phosphors for UV excitable white light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 129, 1682–1684(2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

C. Liu and J. Heo, “Generation of white from oxy-fluoride nano-glass doped with Ho3+, Tm3+ and Yb3+,” Mater. Lett. 61, 3751–3754 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R. S.

C. C. Lin, Y. S. Tang, S. F. Hu, and R. S. Liu, “KBaPO4:Ln(Ln=Eu,Tb,Sm) phosphors for UV excitable white light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 129, 1682–1684(2009).
[CrossRef]

Mazé, G.

M. Mortier, A. Monteville, G. Patriarche, G. Mazé, and F. Auzel, “New progresses in transparent rare-earth doped glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 16, 255–267 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Meng, F.

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, M. R. Shang, H. Tan, J. Yang, and F. Meng, “Three-photon phenomena in the upconversion luminescence of erbium-ytterbium-codoped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1748–1750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Messaddeq, Y.

R. R. Goncalves, G. Carturan, L. Zampedri, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, M. Montagna, G. C. Righini, S. Pelli, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible CW frequency upconversion in erbium activated silica-hafnia waveguides prepared by sol-gel route,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 322, 306–310 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ming, C. G.

C. G. Ming, F. Song, C. R. Li, Y. Yu, G. Zhang, H. Yu, T. Sun, and J. Tian, “Highly efficient downconversion white light in Tm3+/Tb3+/Mn2+ tridoped P2O5-Li2O-Sb2O3 glass,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2242–2244 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Song, C. G. Ming, L. Q. An, Q. R. Wang, Y. Yu, H. Yu, and T. Sun, “Tm3+/Tb3+/Mn2+ tri-doped phosphate glass ceramic for enhanced white-light-emitting material,” Mater. Lett. 65, 3140–3142 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Li, B. Dong, C. G. Ming, and M. K. Lei, “Application to temperature sensor based on green up-conversion of Er3+ doped silicate glass,” Sensors 7, 2652–2659 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Monnom, G.

Montagna, M.

R. R. Goncalves, G. Carturan, L. Zampedri, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, M. Montagna, G. C. Righini, S. Pelli, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible CW frequency upconversion in erbium activated silica-hafnia waveguides prepared by sol-gel route,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 322, 306–310 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. B. Seddon, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937–1939 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Monteville, A.

M. Mortier, A. Monteville, G. Patriarche, G. Mazé, and F. Auzel, “New progresses in transparent rare-earth doped glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 16, 255–267 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mortier, M.

M. Mortier, A. Monteville, G. Patriarche, G. Mazé, and F. Auzel, “New progresses in transparent rare-earth doped glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 16, 255–267 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Naccache, R.

F. Pandozzi, F. Vetrone, J. C. Boyer, R. Naccache, J. A. Capobianco, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “A spectroscopic analysis of blue and ultraviolet upconverted emissions from Gd3Ga5O12:Tm3+,Yb3+ nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 17400–17405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pandozzi, F.

F. Pandozzi, F. Vetrone, J. C. Boyer, R. Naccache, J. A. Capobianco, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “A spectroscopic analysis of blue and ultraviolet upconverted emissions from Gd3Ga5O12:Tm3+,Yb3+ nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 17400–17405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Patriarche, G.

M. Mortier, A. Monteville, G. Patriarche, G. Mazé, and F. Auzel, “New progresses in transparent rare-earth doped glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 16, 255–267 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pelli, S.

R. R. Goncalves, G. Carturan, L. Zampedri, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, M. Montagna, G. C. Righini, S. Pelli, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible CW frequency upconversion in erbium activated silica-hafnia waveguides prepared by sol-gel route,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 322, 306–310 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Peterka, P.

Qin, W. P.

C. Y. Cao, W. P. Qin, J. S. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. F. Wang, G. D. Wei, P. F. Zhu, L. L. Wang, and L. Z. Jin, “Up-conversion white light of Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ tri-doped CaF2 phosphors,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1716–1719 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rai, D. K.

N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “White light upconversion emissions from Tm3++Ho3++Tb3+ codoped tellurite and germanate glasses on excitation with 798 nm radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 113107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rai, S. B.

N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “White light upconversion emissions from Tm3++Ho3++Tb3+ codoped tellurite and germanate glasses on excitation with 798 nm radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 113107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reaney, I. M.

V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. B. Seddon, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937–1939 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ribeiro, S. J. L.

R. R. Goncalves, G. Carturan, L. Zampedri, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, M. Montagna, G. C. Righini, S. Pelli, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible CW frequency upconversion in erbium activated silica-hafnia waveguides prepared by sol-gel route,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 322, 306–310 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Righini, G. C.

R. R. Goncalves, G. Carturan, L. Zampedri, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, M. Montagna, G. C. Righini, S. Pelli, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible CW frequency upconversion in erbium activated silica-hafnia waveguides prepared by sol-gel route,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 322, 306–310 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rolli, R.

V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. B. Seddon, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937–1939 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Seddon, A. B.

V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. B. Seddon, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937–1939 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Seo, H. J.

Shang, M. R.

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, M. R. Shang, H. Tan, J. Yang, and F. Meng, “Three-photon phenomena in the upconversion luminescence of erbium-ytterbium-codoped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1748–1750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shen, J.

C. J. Sun, Z. H. Xu, B. Hu, G. S. Yi, G. M. Chow, and J. Shen, “Application of NaYF4:Yb,Er upconversion fluorescence nanocrystals for solution-processed near infrared photodetectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191113 (2007).

Shi, L.

Simpson, D. A.

Somesfalean, G.

G. Y. Chen, Y. G. Zhang, G. Somesfalean, and Z. G. Zhang, “Two-color emission in rare-earth-ion-doped ZrO2 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 163105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Song, F.

C. G. Ming, F. Song, C. R. Li, Y. Yu, G. Zhang, H. Yu, T. Sun, and J. Tian, “Highly efficient downconversion white light in Tm3+/Tb3+/Mn2+ tridoped P2O5-Li2O-Sb2O3 glass,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2242–2244 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Song, C. G. Ming, L. Q. An, Q. R. Wang, Y. Yu, H. Yu, and T. Sun, “Tm3+/Tb3+/Mn2+ tri-doped phosphate glass ceramic for enhanced white-light-emitting material,” Mater. Lett. 65, 3140–3142 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, M. R. Shang, H. Tan, J. Yang, and F. Meng, “Three-photon phenomena in the upconversion luminescence of erbium-ytterbium-codoped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1748–1750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Speghini, A.

F. Pandozzi, F. Vetrone, J. C. Boyer, R. Naccache, J. A. Capobianco, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “A spectroscopic analysis of blue and ultraviolet upconverted emissions from Gd3Ga5O12:Tm3+,Yb3+ nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 17400–17405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C. J.

C. J. Sun, Z. H. Xu, B. Hu, G. S. Yi, G. M. Chow, and J. Shen, “Application of NaYF4:Yb,Er upconversion fluorescence nanocrystals for solution-processed near infrared photodetectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191113 (2007).

Sun, T.

F. Song, C. G. Ming, L. Q. An, Q. R. Wang, Y. Yu, H. Yu, and T. Sun, “Tm3+/Tb3+/Mn2+ tri-doped phosphate glass ceramic for enhanced white-light-emitting material,” Mater. Lett. 65, 3140–3142 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Ming, F. Song, C. R. Li, Y. Yu, G. Zhang, H. Yu, T. Sun, and J. Tian, “Highly efficient downconversion white light in Tm3+/Tb3+/Mn2+ tridoped P2O5-Li2O-Sb2O3 glass,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2242–2244 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tan, H.

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, M. R. Shang, H. Tan, J. Yang, and F. Meng, “Three-photon phenomena in the upconversion luminescence of erbium-ytterbium-codoped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1748–1750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y. S.

C. C. Lin, Y. S. Tang, S. F. Hu, and R. S. Liu, “KBaPO4:Ln(Ln=Eu,Tb,Sm) phosphors for UV excitable white light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 129, 1682–1684(2009).
[CrossRef]

Tian, J.

Tikhomirov, V. K.

V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. B. Seddon, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937–1939 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vetrone, F.

F. Pandozzi, F. Vetrone, J. C. Boyer, R. Naccache, J. A. Capobianco, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “A spectroscopic analysis of blue and ultraviolet upconverted emissions from Gd3Ga5O12:Tm3+,Yb3+ nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 17400–17405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G. F.

C. Y. Cao, W. P. Qin, J. S. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. F. Wang, G. D. Wei, P. F. Zhu, L. L. Wang, and L. Z. Jin, “Up-conversion white light of Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ tri-doped CaF2 phosphors,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1716–1719 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. L.

C. Y. Cao, W. P. Qin, J. S. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. F. Wang, G. D. Wei, P. F. Zhu, L. L. Wang, and L. Z. Jin, “Up-conversion white light of Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ tri-doped CaF2 phosphors,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1716–1719 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. R.

F. Song, C. G. Ming, L. Q. An, Q. R. Wang, Y. Yu, H. Yu, and T. Sun, “Tm3+/Tb3+/Mn2+ tri-doped phosphate glass ceramic for enhanced white-light-emitting material,” Mater. Lett. 65, 3140–3142 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

C. Y. Cao, W. P. Qin, J. S. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. F. Wang, G. D. Wei, P. F. Zhu, L. L. Wang, and L. Z. Jin, “Up-conversion white light of Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ tri-doped CaF2 phosphors,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1716–1719 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wei, G. D.

C. Y. Cao, W. P. Qin, J. S. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. F. Wang, G. D. Wei, P. F. Zhu, L. L. Wang, and L. Z. Jin, “Up-conversion white light of Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ tri-doped CaF2 phosphors,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1716–1719 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W. B.

C. Jiang and W. B. Xu, “Modeling multiple rare earth-doped system for white light generation,” J. Disp. Technol. 5, 431–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z. H.

C. J. Sun, Z. H. Xu, B. Hu, G. S. Yi, G. M. Chow, and J. Shen, “Application of NaYF4:Yb,Er upconversion fluorescence nanocrystals for solution-processed near infrared photodetectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191113 (2007).

Yang, J.

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, M. R. Shang, H. Tan, J. Yang, and F. Meng, “Three-photon phenomena in the upconversion luminescence of erbium-ytterbium-codoped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1748–1750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yi, G. S.

C. J. Sun, Z. H. Xu, B. Hu, G. S. Yi, G. M. Chow, and J. Shen, “Application of NaYF4:Yb,Er upconversion fluorescence nanocrystals for solution-processed near infrared photodetectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191113 (2007).

Yu, H.

C. G. Ming, F. Song, C. R. Li, Y. Yu, G. Zhang, H. Yu, T. Sun, and J. Tian, “Highly efficient downconversion white light in Tm3+/Tb3+/Mn2+ tridoped P2O5-Li2O-Sb2O3 glass,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2242–2244 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Song, C. G. Ming, L. Q. An, Q. R. Wang, Y. Yu, H. Yu, and T. Sun, “Tm3+/Tb3+/Mn2+ tri-doped phosphate glass ceramic for enhanced white-light-emitting material,” Mater. Lett. 65, 3140–3142 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y.

F. Song, C. G. Ming, L. Q. An, Q. R. Wang, Y. Yu, H. Yu, and T. Sun, “Tm3+/Tb3+/Mn2+ tri-doped phosphate glass ceramic for enhanced white-light-emitting material,” Mater. Lett. 65, 3140–3142 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Ming, F. Song, C. R. Li, Y. Yu, G. Zhang, H. Yu, T. Sun, and J. Tian, “Highly efficient downconversion white light in Tm3+/Tb3+/Mn2+ tridoped P2O5-Li2O-Sb2O3 glass,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2242–2244 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zampedri, L.

R. R. Goncalves, G. Carturan, L. Zampedri, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, M. Montagna, G. C. Righini, S. Pelli, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible CW frequency upconversion in erbium activated silica-hafnia waveguides prepared by sol-gel route,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 322, 306–310 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

Zhang, G. Y.

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, M. R. Shang, H. Tan, J. Yang, and F. Meng, “Three-photon phenomena in the upconversion luminescence of erbium-ytterbium-codoped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1748–1750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. S.

C. Y. Cao, W. P. Qin, J. S. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. F. Wang, G. D. Wei, P. F. Zhu, L. L. Wang, and L. Z. Jin, “Up-conversion white light of Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ tri-doped CaF2 phosphors,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1716–1719 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. G.

G. Y. Chen, Y. G. Zhang, G. Somesfalean, and Z. G. Zhang, “Two-color emission in rare-earth-ion-doped ZrO2 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 163105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. G.

G. Y. Chen, Y. G. Zhang, G. Somesfalean, and Z. G. Zhang, “Two-color emission in rare-earth-ion-doped ZrO2 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 163105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, P. F.

C. Y. Cao, W. P. Qin, J. S. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. F. Wang, G. D. Wei, P. F. Zhu, L. L. Wang, and L. Z. Jin, “Up-conversion white light of Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ tri-doped CaF2 phosphors,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1716–1719 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. B. Seddon, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937–1939 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, M. R. Shang, H. Tan, J. Yang, and F. Meng, “Three-photon phenomena in the upconversion luminescence of erbium-ytterbium-codoped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1748–1750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Y. Chen, Y. G. Zhang, G. Somesfalean, and Z. G. Zhang, “Two-color emission in rare-earth-ion-doped ZrO2 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 163105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Sun, Z. H. Xu, B. Hu, G. S. Yi, G. M. Chow, and J. Shen, “Application of NaYF4:Yb,Er upconversion fluorescence nanocrystals for solution-processed near infrared photodetectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191113 (2007).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “White light upconversion emissions from Tm3++Ho3++Tb3+ codoped tellurite and germanate glasses on excitation with 798 nm radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 113107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

C. Jiang and W. B. Xu, “Modeling multiple rare earth-doped system for white light generation,” J. Disp. Technol. 5, 431–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

C. C. Lin, Y. S. Tang, S. F. Hu, and R. S. Liu, “KBaPO4:Ln(Ln=Eu,Tb,Sm) phosphors for UV excitable white light-emitting diodes,” J. Lumin. 129, 1682–1684(2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

R. R. Goncalves, G. Carturan, L. Zampedri, M. Ferrari, A. Chiasera, M. Montagna, G. C. Righini, S. Pelli, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible CW frequency upconversion in erbium activated silica-hafnia waveguides prepared by sol-gel route,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 322, 306–310 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

F. Pandozzi, F. Vetrone, J. C. Boyer, R. Naccache, J. A. Capobianco, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “A spectroscopic analysis of blue and ultraviolet upconverted emissions from Gd3Ga5O12:Tm3+,Yb3+ nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 17400–17405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Lett. (2)

C. Liu and J. Heo, “Generation of white from oxy-fluoride nano-glass doped with Ho3+, Tm3+ and Yb3+,” Mater. Lett. 61, 3751–3754 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Song, C. G. Ming, L. Q. An, Q. R. Wang, Y. Yu, H. Yu, and T. Sun, “Tm3+/Tb3+/Mn2+ tri-doped phosphate glass ceramic for enhanced white-light-emitting material,” Mater. Lett. 65, 3140–3142 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Y. Cao, W. P. Qin, J. S. Zhang, Y. Wang, G. F. Wang, G. D. Wei, P. F. Zhu, L. L. Wang, and L. Z. Jin, “Up-conversion white light of Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ tri-doped CaF2 phosphors,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1716–1719 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

M. Mortier, A. Monteville, G. Patriarche, G. Mazé, and F. Auzel, “New progresses in transparent rare-earth doped glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 16, 255–267 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sensors (1)

C. R. Li, B. Dong, C. G. Ming, and M. K. Lei, “Application to temperature sensor based on green up-conversion of Er3+ doped silicate glass,” Sensors 7, 2652–2659 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

UC emission spectra of the Yb3+/Er3+ and Yb3+/Tm3+ co-doped phosphate glass ceramics under 975 nm excitation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

UC emission spectra of the Er3+/Tm3+/Yb3+ co-doped phosphate glass ceramics under 975 nm excitation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

CIE (x,y) coordinate diagram that shows the chromaticity points of the emissions.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Log-log plots for the dependence of UC emissions intensities on pump power of the Er8 sample.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Energy level diagrams of the Yb3+, Tm3+, and Er3+ ions, as well as the proposed UC processes under 975 nm excitation.

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