Abstract

By conventional melting and quenching methods, 3Yb2O3-0.2Tm2O3-xHo2O3 (wt%, x=0.21.2) was doped into an easily fiberized tellurite glass with composition of 78TeO2-10ZnO-12Na2O (mol%) to form YTH-TZN78 glasses. Under 976 nm excitation, the direct sensitizing effect of Yb ions (YbHo) and indirect sensitizing and self-depopulating effects of Tm ions (YbTmHo) were found to present intense red upconversion emission at 657 nm (Red, Ho:F55I58) and were responsible for the absence of the usually observed 484 nm emission (Blue, Tm:G14H36). Regardless of the dopant concentration of Ho ions, the intensity of the red emission at 657 nm (Red, Ho:F55I85) is about three times stronger than that of the green one at 543 nm (Green, Ho:S52I85). For this certain red emission at 657 nm, 0.4 wt% Ho2O3-doped YTH-TZN78 glass was found to present the highest emission intensity and is therefore determined as a promising active tellurite glass for red fiber laser development.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Sun, J. Zhang, C. I. Yu, Z. Duan, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Green and red upconversion luminescence in ytterbium-sensitized erbrium-doped novel lead-free germanium—bismuth- lanthanum glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 2361–2364 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. Q. Y. Zhang, T. Li, and Z. H. Jiang, “980 nm laser-diode-excited intense blue upconversion in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped gallate–bismuth–lead glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 171911(2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. He, Z. Zhou, H. Zhan, and A. Lin, “Spectroscopic properties of Ho3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids, submitted (2011).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2011 (3)

A. Lin, A. Ryasnyanskiy, and J. Toulouse, “Fabrication and characterization of a water-free mid-infrared fluorotellurite glass,” Opt. Lett. 36, 740–742 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. He, Z. Zhou, H. Zhan, and A. Lin, “Spectroscopic properties of Ho3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids, submitted (2011).

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Intense 2.0 μm emission properties and energy transfer of Ho3+/Tm3+/Yb3+ doped fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 033502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

D. L. Yang, H. Gong, E. Y. B. Pun, X. Zhao, and H. Lin, “Rare-earth ions doped heavy metal germanium tellurite glasses for fiber lighting in minimally invasive surgery,” Opt. Express 18, 18997–19008 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Q. Wang, X. Zhao, C. M. Li, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Upconversion and color tunability in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ doped low phonon energy bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 130, 1044–1047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhou, A. Lin, H. Guo, X. Liu, C. Hou, M. Lu, W. Wei, B. Peng, W. Zhao, and J. Toulouse, “Tb3+/Yb3+ heavily-doped tellurite glasses with efficient green light emission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2896–2899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

M. Nyk, A. Kuzmin, P. N. Prasad, W. Strek, and C. B. de Araújo, “Red up-conversion emission from nanocrystalline GaN powders co-doped with Er3+ and Yb3+,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) 31, 800–804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhou, E. Y. -B. Pun, H. Lin, D. Yang, and L. Huang, “Judd–Ofelt analysis, frequency upconversion, and infrared photoluminescence of Ho3+-doped and Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped lead bismuth gallate oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 103105(2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Lin, A. Zhang, E. J. Bushong, and J. Toulouse, “Solid-core tellurite glass fiber for infrared and nonlinear applications,” Opt. Express 17, 16716–16721 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (3)

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, and E. B. da Costa, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, H. Lin, and D. Yang, “Optical transitions and upconversion fluorescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ doped bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113535 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Lin, B. H. Kim, D. S. Moon, Y. Chung, and W. T. Han, “Cu2+-doped germano-silicate fiber with high resonant nonlinearity,” Opt. Express 15, 3665–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (5)

A. K. Singh, S. B. Rai, and V. B. Singh, “Up-conversions in Ho3+ doped tellurite glass,” J. Alloys Compd. 403, 97–103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Xu, D. Fang, Z. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Upconversion luminescence and mechanisms of Tm3+/Yb3+ codoped oxyhalide tellurite glasses,” Solid State Commun. 133, 89–92 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, J. Zhang, C. I. Yu, Z. Duan, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Green and red upconversion luminescence in ytterbium-sensitized erbrium-doped novel lead-free germanium—bismuth- lanthanum glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 2361–2364 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Karmakar, “IRRS, UV-Vis-NIR absorption and photo-luminescence upconversion in Ho3+-doped oxyfluorophosphate glasses,” J. Solid State Chem. 178, 2663–2672 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. Y. Zhang, T. Li, and Z. H. Jiang, “980 nm laser-diode-excited intense blue upconversion in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped gallate–bismuth–lead glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 171911(2005).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

B. Peng and T. Izumitani, “Blue, green and 0.8 μm Tm3+, Ho3+ doped up-conversion laser glasses, sensitized by Yb,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) 4, 701–711 (1995).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou and H. Toratani, “Dynamics and mechanisms of up-conversion processes in Yb3+ sensitized Tm3+ and Ho3+ doped fluorozircoaluminate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181, 87–99 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Baxter, G. W.

Binks, D.

Blanc, W.

Bueno, L. A.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, and E. B. da Costa, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bushong, E. J.

Chung, Y.

Collins, S. F.

da Costa, E. B.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, and E. B. da Costa, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

da Silva, E. A.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, and E. B. da Costa, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

de Araújo, C. B.

M. Nyk, A. Kuzmin, P. N. Prasad, W. Strek, and C. B. de Araújo, “Red up-conversion emission from nanocrystalline GaN powders co-doped with Er3+ and Yb3+,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) 31, 800–804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

do Nascimento, R. F.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, and E. B. da Costa, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Duan, Z.

H. Sun, J. Zhang, C. I. Yu, Z. Duan, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Green and red upconversion luminescence in ytterbium-sensitized erbrium-doped novel lead-free germanium—bismuth- lanthanum glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 2361–2364 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dussardier, B.

Fang, D.

S. Xu, D. Fang, Z. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Upconversion luminescence and mechanisms of Tm3+/Yb3+ codoped oxyhalide tellurite glasses,” Solid State Commun. 133, 89–92 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, W. E. K.

Giri, N. K.

N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “Multicolor upconversion emission from Tm3++Ho3++Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses on NIR excitations,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 437–441 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gong, H.

Gouveia-Neto, A. S.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, and E. B. da Costa, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guo, H.

Z. Zhou, A. Lin, H. Guo, X. Liu, C. Hou, M. Lu, W. Wei, B. Peng, W. Zhao, and J. Toulouse, “Tb3+/Yb3+ heavily-doped tellurite glasses with efficient green light emission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2896–2899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Han, W. T.

He, J.

J. He, Z. Zhou, H. Zhan, and A. Lin, “Spectroscopic properties of Ho3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids, submitted (2011).

Hou, C.

Z. Zhou, A. Lin, H. Guo, X. Liu, C. Hou, M. Lu, W. Wei, B. Peng, W. Zhao, and J. Toulouse, “Tb3+/Yb3+ heavily-doped tellurite glasses with efficient green light emission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2896–2899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hu, L.

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Intense 2.0 μm emission properties and energy transfer of Ho3+/Tm3+/Yb3+ doped fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 033502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, J. Zhang, C. I. Yu, Z. Duan, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Green and red upconversion luminescence in ytterbium-sensitized erbrium-doped novel lead-free germanium—bismuth- lanthanum glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 2361–2364 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L.

B. Zhou, E. Y. -B. Pun, H. Lin, D. Yang, and L. Huang, “Judd–Ofelt analysis, frequency upconversion, and infrared photoluminescence of Ho3+-doped and Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped lead bismuth gallate oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 103105(2009).
[CrossRef]

Izumitani, T.

B. Peng and T. Izumitani, “Blue, green and 0.8 μm Tm3+, Ho3+ doped up-conversion laser glasses, sensitized by Yb,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) 4, 701–711 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jha, A.

Jiang, Z.

H. Sun, J. Zhang, C. I. Yu, Z. Duan, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Green and red upconversion luminescence in ytterbium-sensitized erbrium-doped novel lead-free germanium—bismuth- lanthanum glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 2361–2364 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Xu, D. Fang, Z. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Upconversion luminescence and mechanisms of Tm3+/Yb3+ codoped oxyhalide tellurite glasses,” Solid State Commun. 133, 89–92 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z. H.

Q. Y. Zhang, T. Li, and Z. H. Jiang, “980 nm laser-diode-excited intense blue upconversion in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped gallate–bismuth–lead glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 171911(2005).
[CrossRef]

Karmakar, B.

B. Karmakar, “IRRS, UV-Vis-NIR absorption and photo-luminescence upconversion in Ho3+-doped oxyfluorophosphate glasses,” J. Solid State Chem. 178, 2663–2672 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. H.

Kuzmin, A.

M. Nyk, A. Kuzmin, P. N. Prasad, W. Strek, and C. B. de Araújo, “Red up-conversion emission from nanocrystalline GaN powders co-doped with Er3+ and Yb3+,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) 31, 800–804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, C. M.

N. Q. Wang, X. Zhao, C. M. Li, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Upconversion and color tunability in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ doped low phonon energy bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 130, 1044–1047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

Q. Y. Zhang, T. Li, and Z. H. Jiang, “980 nm laser-diode-excited intense blue upconversion in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped gallate–bismuth–lead glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 171911(2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, A.

J. He, Z. Zhou, H. Zhan, and A. Lin, “Spectroscopic properties of Ho3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids, submitted (2011).

A. Lin, A. Ryasnyanskiy, and J. Toulouse, “Fabrication and characterization of a water-free mid-infrared fluorotellurite glass,” Opt. Lett. 36, 740–742 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhou, A. Lin, H. Guo, X. Liu, C. Hou, M. Lu, W. Wei, B. Peng, W. Zhao, and J. Toulouse, “Tb3+/Yb3+ heavily-doped tellurite glasses with efficient green light emission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2896–2899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Lin, A. Zhang, E. J. Bushong, and J. Toulouse, “Solid-core tellurite glass fiber for infrared and nonlinear applications,” Opt. Express 17, 16716–16721 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Lin, B. H. Kim, D. S. Moon, Y. Chung, and W. T. Han, “Cu2+-doped germano-silicate fiber with high resonant nonlinearity,” Opt. Express 15, 3665–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

D. L. Yang, H. Gong, E. Y. B. Pun, X. Zhao, and H. Lin, “Rare-earth ions doped heavy metal germanium tellurite glasses for fiber lighting in minimally invasive surgery,” Opt. Express 18, 18997–19008 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Q. Wang, X. Zhao, C. M. Li, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Upconversion and color tunability in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ doped low phonon energy bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 130, 1044–1047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhou, E. Y. -B. Pun, H. Lin, D. Yang, and L. Huang, “Judd–Ofelt analysis, frequency upconversion, and infrared photoluminescence of Ho3+-doped and Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped lead bismuth gallate oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 103105(2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, H. Lin, and D. Yang, “Optical transitions and upconversion fluorescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ doped bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113535 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Z. Zhou, A. Lin, H. Guo, X. Liu, C. Hou, M. Lu, W. Wei, B. Peng, W. Zhao, and J. Toulouse, “Tb3+/Yb3+ heavily-doped tellurite glasses with efficient green light emission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2896–2899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lousteau, J.

Lu, M.

Z. Zhou, A. Lin, H. Guo, X. Liu, C. Hou, M. Lu, W. Wei, B. Peng, W. Zhao, and J. Toulouse, “Tb3+/Yb3+ heavily-doped tellurite glasses with efficient green light emission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2896–2899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Monnom, G.

Moon, D. S.

Nyk, M.

M. Nyk, A. Kuzmin, P. N. Prasad, W. Strek, and C. B. de Araújo, “Red up-conversion emission from nanocrystalline GaN powders co-doped with Er3+ and Yb3+,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) 31, 800–804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Peng, B.

Z. Zhou, A. Lin, H. Guo, X. Liu, C. Hou, M. Lu, W. Wei, B. Peng, W. Zhao, and J. Toulouse, “Tb3+/Yb3+ heavily-doped tellurite glasses with efficient green light emission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2896–2899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Peng and T. Izumitani, “Blue, green and 0.8 μm Tm3+, Ho3+ doped up-conversion laser glasses, sensitized by Yb,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) 4, 701–711 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Peterka, P.

Prasad, P. N.

M. Nyk, A. Kuzmin, P. N. Prasad, W. Strek, and C. B. de Araújo, “Red up-conversion emission from nanocrystalline GaN powders co-doped with Er3+ and Yb3+,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) 31, 800–804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pun, E. Y. B.

N. Q. Wang, X. Zhao, C. M. Li, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Upconversion and color tunability in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ doped low phonon energy bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 130, 1044–1047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Yang, H. Gong, E. Y. B. Pun, X. Zhao, and H. Lin, “Rare-earth ions doped heavy metal germanium tellurite glasses for fiber lighting in minimally invasive surgery,” Opt. Express 18, 18997–19008 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pun, E. Y. -B.

B. Zhou, E. Y. -B. Pun, H. Lin, D. Yang, and L. Huang, “Judd–Ofelt analysis, frequency upconversion, and infrared photoluminescence of Ho3+-doped and Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped lead bismuth gallate oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 103105(2009).
[CrossRef]

Rai, D. K.

N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “Multicolor upconversion emission from Tm3++Ho3++Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses on NIR excitations,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 437–441 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rai, S. B.

N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “Multicolor upconversion emission from Tm3++Ho3++Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses on NIR excitations,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 437–441 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Singh, S. B. Rai, and V. B. Singh, “Up-conversions in Ho3+ doped tellurite glass,” J. Alloys Compd. 403, 97–103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Richards, B.

Ryasnyanskiy, A.

Simpson, D. A.

Singh, A. K.

A. K. Singh, S. B. Rai, and V. B. Singh, “Up-conversions in Ho3+ doped tellurite glass,” J. Alloys Compd. 403, 97–103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Singh, V. B.

A. K. Singh, S. B. Rai, and V. B. Singh, “Up-conversions in Ho3+ doped tellurite glass,” J. Alloys Compd. 403, 97–103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Strek, W.

M. Nyk, A. Kuzmin, P. N. Prasad, W. Strek, and C. B. de Araújo, “Red up-conversion emission from nanocrystalline GaN powders co-doped with Er3+ and Yb3+,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) 31, 800–804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.

H. Sun, J. Zhang, C. I. Yu, Z. Duan, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Green and red upconversion luminescence in ytterbium-sensitized erbrium-doped novel lead-free germanium—bismuth- lanthanum glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 2361–2364 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Y.

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Intense 2.0 μm emission properties and energy transfer of Ho3+/Tm3+/Yb3+ doped fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 033502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Toratani, H.

X. Zou and H. Toratani, “Dynamics and mechanisms of up-conversion processes in Yb3+ sensitized Tm3+ and Ho3+ doped fluorozircoaluminate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181, 87–99 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Toulouse, J.

Tsang, Y.

Wang, N. Q.

N. Q. Wang, X. Zhao, C. M. Li, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Upconversion and color tunability in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ doped low phonon energy bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 130, 1044–1047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

X. Wang, H. Lin, and D. Yang, “Optical transitions and upconversion fluorescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ doped bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113535 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wei, W.

Z. Zhou, A. Lin, H. Guo, X. Liu, C. Hou, M. Lu, W. Wei, B. Peng, W. Zhao, and J. Toulouse, “Tb3+/Yb3+ heavily-doped tellurite glasses with efficient green light emission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2896–2899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, R.

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Intense 2.0 μm emission properties and energy transfer of Ho3+/Tm3+/Yb3+ doped fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 033502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, S.

S. Xu, D. Fang, Z. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Upconversion luminescence and mechanisms of Tm3+/Yb3+ codoped oxyhalide tellurite glasses,” Solid State Commun. 133, 89–92 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D.

B. Zhou, E. Y. -B. Pun, H. Lin, D. Yang, and L. Huang, “Judd–Ofelt analysis, frequency upconversion, and infrared photoluminescence of Ho3+-doped and Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped lead bismuth gallate oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 103105(2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, H. Lin, and D. Yang, “Optical transitions and upconversion fluorescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ doped bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113535 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D. L.

Yu, C. I.

H. Sun, J. Zhang, C. I. Yu, Z. Duan, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Green and red upconversion luminescence in ytterbium-sensitized erbrium-doped novel lead-free germanium—bismuth- lanthanum glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 2361–2364 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhan, H.

J. He, Z. Zhou, H. Zhan, and A. Lin, “Spectroscopic properties of Ho3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids, submitted (2011).

Zhang, A.

Zhang, J.

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Intense 2.0 μm emission properties and energy transfer of Ho3+/Tm3+/Yb3+ doped fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 033502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, J. Zhang, C. I. Yu, Z. Duan, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Green and red upconversion luminescence in ytterbium-sensitized erbrium-doped novel lead-free germanium—bismuth- lanthanum glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 2361–2364 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. Y.

Q. Y. Zhang, T. Li, and Z. H. Jiang, “980 nm laser-diode-excited intense blue upconversion in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped gallate–bismuth–lead glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 171911(2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

S. Xu, D. Fang, Z. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Upconversion luminescence and mechanisms of Tm3+/Yb3+ codoped oxyhalide tellurite glasses,” Solid State Commun. 133, 89–92 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, W.

Z. Zhou, A. Lin, H. Guo, X. Liu, C. Hou, M. Lu, W. Wei, B. Peng, W. Zhao, and J. Toulouse, “Tb3+/Yb3+ heavily-doped tellurite glasses with efficient green light emission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2896–2899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

N. Q. Wang, X. Zhao, C. M. Li, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Upconversion and color tunability in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ doped low phonon energy bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 130, 1044–1047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Yang, H. Gong, E. Y. B. Pun, X. Zhao, and H. Lin, “Rare-earth ions doped heavy metal germanium tellurite glasses for fiber lighting in minimally invasive surgery,” Opt. Express 18, 18997–19008 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, B.

B. Zhou, E. Y. -B. Pun, H. Lin, D. Yang, and L. Huang, “Judd–Ofelt analysis, frequency upconversion, and infrared photoluminescence of Ho3+-doped and Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped lead bismuth gallate oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 103105(2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Z.

J. He, Z. Zhou, H. Zhan, and A. Lin, “Spectroscopic properties of Ho3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids, submitted (2011).

Z. Zhou, A. Lin, H. Guo, X. Liu, C. Hou, M. Lu, W. Wei, B. Peng, W. Zhao, and J. Toulouse, “Tb3+/Yb3+ heavily-doped tellurite glasses with efficient green light emission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2896–2899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zou, X.

X. Zou and H. Toratani, “Dynamics and mechanisms of up-conversion processes in Yb3+ sensitized Tm3+ and Ho3+ doped fluorozircoaluminate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181, 87–99 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “Multicolor upconversion emission from Tm3++Ho3++Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses on NIR excitations,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 437–441 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Q. Y. Zhang, T. Li, and Z. H. Jiang, “980 nm laser-diode-excited intense blue upconversion in Tm3+/Yb3+-codoped gallate–bismuth–lead glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 171911(2005).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, and E. B. da Costa, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

A. K. Singh, S. B. Rai, and V. B. Singh, “Up-conversions in Ho3+ doped tellurite glass,” J. Alloys Compd. 403, 97–103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

B. Zhou, E. Y. -B. Pun, H. Lin, D. Yang, and L. Huang, “Judd–Ofelt analysis, frequency upconversion, and infrared photoluminescence of Ho3+-doped and Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped lead bismuth gallate oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 103105(2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Intense 2.0 μm emission properties and energy transfer of Ho3+/Tm3+/Yb3+ doped fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 033502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, H. Lin, and D. Yang, “Optical transitions and upconversion fluorescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ doped bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113535 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

N. Q. Wang, X. Zhao, C. M. Li, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Upconversion and color tunability in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ doped low phonon energy bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 130, 1044–1047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (4)

Z. Zhou, A. Lin, H. Guo, X. Liu, C. Hou, M. Lu, W. Wei, B. Peng, W. Zhao, and J. Toulouse, “Tb3+/Yb3+ heavily-doped tellurite glasses with efficient green light emission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2896–2899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, J. Zhang, C. I. Yu, Z. Duan, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Green and red upconversion luminescence in ytterbium-sensitized erbrium-doped novel lead-free germanium—bismuth- lanthanum glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 2361–2364 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou and H. Toratani, “Dynamics and mechanisms of up-conversion processes in Yb3+ sensitized Tm3+ and Ho3+ doped fluorozircoaluminate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181, 87–99 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. He, Z. Zhou, H. Zhan, and A. Lin, “Spectroscopic properties of Ho3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids, submitted (2011).

J. Solid State Chem. (1)

B. Karmakar, “IRRS, UV-Vis-NIR absorption and photo-luminescence upconversion in Ho3+-doped oxyfluorophosphate glasses,” J. Solid State Chem. 178, 2663–2672 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) (2)

M. Nyk, A. Kuzmin, P. N. Prasad, W. Strek, and C. B. de Araújo, “Red up-conversion emission from nanocrystalline GaN powders co-doped with Er3+ and Yb3+,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) 31, 800–804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Peng and T. Izumitani, “Blue, green and 0.8 μm Tm3+, Ho3+ doped up-conversion laser glasses, sensitized by Yb,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) 4, 701–711 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

S. Xu, D. Fang, Z. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Upconversion luminescence and mechanisms of Tm3+/Yb3+ codoped oxyhalide tellurite glasses,” Solid State Commun. 133, 89–92 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Absorption spectra of YTH-TZN78 glasses. (a) UV-VIS-NIR band. (b) Mid-IR band.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Effect of Ho3+ content on absorption coefficient α in YTH-TZN78 glasses.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Emission spectra of YTH-TZN78 glasses. (a) VIS band. (b) NIR band.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Schematic energy level diagram of YTH-TZN78 glasses.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Luminescence contrast between the YH-TZN78 glass and the YTH-TZN78 glass.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Dependence of luminescence intensity of YTH-TZN78 glasses on Ho3+ concentration.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Absorption Peaks and Corresponding Energy Levels of YTH-TZN78 Glasses

Equations (1)

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α=1L2L1·ln(T1T2),

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