Abstract

Thermo-optic coefficients anisotropy was characterized in monoclinic potassium (rare-earth) double tungstates KGd(WO4)2 and KY(WO4)2 in the spectral range of 0.44–0.63 μm by a modified minimum deviation method. This approach takes into account the changes in the shape and dimensions of the prismatic sample caused by the anisotropic thermal expansion effect under uniform heating together with the conventional measurements of minimum deviation angle. At room temperature at the wavelength of 633 nm, principal refractive indices for KGdW are np=2.0135, nm=2.0458, and ng=2.0860, and for KYW they are np=1.9979, nm=2.0396, and ng=2.0869. Optical axes position for KGdW (KYW) crystals is Ng±42.60 (Ng±44.1°) in the NpNg plane. For both crystals, all the thermo-optic coefficients are negative and equal dnp/dT=10.6, dnm/dT=8.4, and dng/dT=15.2 for KGdW, and dnp/dT=10.1, dnm/dT=7.3, and dng/dT=8.4 for KYW [106K1] (at 633 nm).

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2012 (1)

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing study and athermal directions in flashlamp-pumped Nd:KGd(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 881–886 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermo-optic dispersion formulas for monoclinic double tungstates KRe(WO4)2 where Re=Gd, Y, Lu, Yb,” Opt. Mater. 33, 1688–1694 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Detailed characterization of thermal expansion tensor in monoclinic KRe(WO4)2 (where Re=Gd, Y, Lu, Yb),” Opt. Mater. 34, 23–26 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

2009 (1)

S. Vatnik, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and V. Petrov, “Thermo-optic coefficients of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (4)

V. V. Filippov and I. T. Bodnar, “Thermo-optical parameters and dispersion of pure and Yb3+-doped KY(WO4)2 laser crystals,” Appl. Opt. 46, 6843–6846 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: from bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 661–671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Filippov, N. V. Kuleshov, and I. T. Bodnar, “Negative thermo-optical coefficients and athermal directions in monoclinic KGd(WO4)2 and KY(WO4)2 laser host crystals in the visible region,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 611–614 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

S. Chenais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid-state lasers: the case of ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 89–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavalda, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, “Crystal growth, optical and spectroscopic characterization of monoclinic KY(WO4)2 co-doped with Er3+ and Yb3+,” Opt. Mater. 28, 423–431 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2003 (1)

A. A. Andrade, T. Catunda, I. Bodnar, J. Mura, and M. L. Baesso, “Thermal lens determination of the temperature coefficient of optical path length in optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 877–880 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldà, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Diaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

A. A. Kaminskii, A. F. Konstantinova, V. P. Orekhova, A. V. Butashin, R. F. Klevtsova, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Optical and nonlinear laser properties of the χ(3)-active monoclinic α–KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Crystallogr. Rep. 46, 665–672 (2001), transl. from Kristallographiya 46, 733–741 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Massons, Jna. Gavalda, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Linear thermal expansion tensor in KRe(WO4)2 (Re=Gd, Y, Er, Yb) monoclinic crystals,” Mater. Sci. Forum 378–381, 710–717 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. Solé, J. Massons, Jna. Gavaldà, X. Solans, C. Zaldo, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural study of monoclinic KGd(WO4)2 and effects of lanthanide substitution,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 34, 1–6 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Dıaz, “Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 187–197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

I. V. Mochalov, “Laser and nonlinear properties of the potassium gadolinium tungstate laser crystal KGd(WO4)2:Nd3+-(KGW:Nd),” Opt. Eng. 36, 1660–1669 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

S. I. Novikova, “Anisotropy of thermal expansion of solids,” Meas. Tech. 27, 933–938 (1984), transl. from Izmer. Tekh. 10, 40–42 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

S. V. Borisov and R. F. Kletsova, “Crystal structure of KY(WO4)2,” Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 13, 420–421 (1968), transl. from Kristallografiya 13, 517–519 (1968).

Aguiló, M.

S. Vatnik, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and V. Petrov, “Thermo-optic coefficients of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ò. Silvestre, J. Grau, M. C. Pujol, J. Massons, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. T. Borowiec, A. Szewczyk, M. U. Gutowska, M. Massot, A. Salazar, and V. Petrov, “Thermal properties of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2 as a promising solid state laser host,” Opt. Express 16, 5022–5034 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavalda, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, “Crystal growth, optical and spectroscopic characterization of monoclinic KY(WO4)2 co-doped with Er3+ and Yb3+,” Opt. Mater. 28, 423–431 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldà, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Diaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Massons, Jna. Gavalda, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Linear thermal expansion tensor in KRe(WO4)2 (Re=Gd, Y, Er, Yb) monoclinic crystals,” Mater. Sci. Forum 378–381, 710–717 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. Solé, J. Massons, Jna. Gavaldà, X. Solans, C. Zaldo, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural study of monoclinic KGd(WO4)2 and effects of lanthanide substitution,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 34, 1–6 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Dıaz, “Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 187–197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Andrade, A. A.

A. A. Andrade, T. Catunda, I. Bodnar, J. Mura, and M. L. Baesso, “Thermal lens determination of the temperature coefficient of optical path length in optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 877–880 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Antipov, O.

Aravazhi, S.

Aznar, A.

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baesso, M. L.

A. A. Andrade, T. Catunda, I. Bodnar, J. Mura, and M. L. Baesso, “Thermal lens determination of the temperature coefficient of optical path length in optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 877–880 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Balembois, F.

S. Chenais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid-state lasers: the case of ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 89–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Biswal, S.

Bodnar, I.

A. A. Andrade, T. Catunda, I. Bodnar, J. Mura, and M. L. Baesso, “Thermal lens determination of the temperature coefficient of optical path length in optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 877–880 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bodnar, I. T.

V. V. Filippov and I. T. Bodnar, “Thermo-optical parameters and dispersion of pure and Yb3+-doped KY(WO4)2 laser crystals,” Appl. Opt. 46, 6843–6846 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Filippov, N. V. Kuleshov, and I. T. Bodnar, “Negative thermo-optical coefficients and athermal directions in monoclinic KGd(WO4)2 and KY(WO4)2 laser host crystals in the visible region,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 611–614 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Borca, C. N.

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: from bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 661–671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Borisov, S. V.

S. V. Borisov and R. F. Kletsova, “Crystal structure of KY(WO4)2,” Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 13, 420–421 (1968), transl. from Kristallografiya 13, 517–519 (1968).

Borowiec, M. T.

Bowman, S. R.

Burakevich, V. N.

Bursukova, M. A.

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldà, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Diaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Butashin, A. V.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. F. Konstantinova, V. P. Orekhova, A. V. Butashin, R. F. Klevtsova, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Optical and nonlinear laser properties of the χ(3)-active monoclinic α–KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Crystallogr. Rep. 46, 665–672 (2001), transl. from Kristallographiya 46, 733–741 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Carvajal, J. J.

S. Vatnik, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and V. Petrov, “Thermo-optic coefficients of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Catunda, T.

A. A. Andrade, T. Catunda, I. Bodnar, J. Mura, and M. L. Baesso, “Thermal lens determination of the temperature coefficient of optical path length in optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 877–880 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chenais, S.

S. Chenais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid-state lasers: the case of ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 89–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Demidovich, A. A.

Diaz, F.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavalda, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, “Crystal growth, optical and spectroscopic characterization of monoclinic KY(WO4)2 co-doped with Er3+ and Yb3+,” Opt. Mater. 28, 423–431 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldà, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Diaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. Solé, J. Massons, Jna. Gavaldà, X. Solans, C. Zaldo, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural study of monoclinic KGd(WO4)2 and effects of lanthanide substitution,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 34, 1–6 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Dıaz, “Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 187–197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Díaz, F.

S. Vatnik, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and V. Petrov, “Thermo-optic coefficients of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ò. Silvestre, J. Grau, M. C. Pujol, J. Massons, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. T. Borowiec, A. Szewczyk, M. U. Gutowska, M. Massot, A. Salazar, and V. Petrov, “Thermal properties of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2 as a promising solid state laser host,” Opt. Express 16, 5022–5034 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Massons, Jna. Gavalda, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Linear thermal expansion tensor in KRe(WO4)2 (Re=Gd, Y, Er, Yb) monoclinic crystals,” Mater. Sci. Forum 378–381, 710–717 (2001).
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Druon, F.

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V. V. Filippov and I. T. Bodnar, “Thermo-optical parameters and dispersion of pure and Yb3+-doped KY(WO4)2 laser crystals,” Appl. Opt. 46, 6843–6846 (2007).
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V. V. Filippov, N. V. Kuleshov, and I. T. Bodnar, “Negative thermo-optical coefficients and athermal directions in monoclinic KGd(WO4)2 and KY(WO4)2 laser host crystals in the visible region,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 611–614 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Forget, S.

S. Chenais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid-state lasers: the case of ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 89–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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M. S. Gaponenko, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, and A. A. Onushchenko, “Passive mode locking of diode-pumped Tm:KYW laser with PbS quantum-dot-doped glass,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 286–289 (2010).
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M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: from bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 661–671 (2007).
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Gavalda, Jna.

X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavalda, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, “Crystal growth, optical and spectroscopic characterization of monoclinic KY(WO4)2 co-doped with Er3+ and Yb3+,” Opt. Mater. 28, 423–431 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Massons, Jna. Gavalda, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Linear thermal expansion tensor in KRe(WO4)2 (Re=Gd, Y, Er, Yb) monoclinic crystals,” Mater. Sci. Forum 378–381, 710–717 (2001).
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M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldà, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Diaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
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M. C. Pujol, M. Solé, J. Massons, Jna. Gavaldà, X. Solans, C. Zaldo, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural study of monoclinic KGd(WO4)2 and effects of lanthanide substitution,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 34, 1–6 (2001).
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S. Chenais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid-state lasers: the case of ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 89–153 (2006).
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Grau, J.

Griebner, U.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: from bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 661–671 (2007).
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M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldà, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Diaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
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Güell, F.

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldà, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Diaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
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Ivakin, E.

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A. A. Kaminskii, A. F. Konstantinova, V. P. Orekhova, A. V. Butashin, R. F. Klevtsova, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Optical and nonlinear laser properties of the χ(3)-active monoclinic α–KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Crystallogr. Rep. 46, 665–672 (2001), transl. from Kristallographiya 46, 733–741 (2001).
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Kiefer, W.

Kisel, V. E.

M. S. Gaponenko, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, and A. A. Onushchenko, “Passive mode locking of diode-pumped Tm:KYW laser with PbS quantum-dot-doped glass,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 286–289 (2010).
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A. A. Kaminskii, A. F. Konstantinova, V. P. Orekhova, A. V. Butashin, R. F. Klevtsova, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Optical and nonlinear laser properties of the χ(3)-active monoclinic α–KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Crystallogr. Rep. 46, 665–672 (2001), transl. from Kristallographiya 46, 733–741 (2001).
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Klopp, P.

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldà, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Diaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
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A. A. Kaminskii, A. F. Konstantinova, V. P. Orekhova, A. V. Butashin, R. F. Klevtsova, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Optical and nonlinear laser properties of the χ(3)-active monoclinic α–KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Crystallogr. Rep. 46, 665–672 (2001), transl. from Kristallographiya 46, 733–741 (2001).
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Kuleshov, N. V.

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing study and athermal directions in flashlamp-pumped Nd:KGd(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 881–886 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermo-optic dispersion formulas for monoclinic double tungstates KRe(WO4)2 where Re=Gd, Y, Lu, Yb,” Opt. Mater. 33, 1688–1694 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Detailed characterization of thermal expansion tensor in monoclinic KRe(WO4)2 (where Re=Gd, Y, Lu, Yb),” Opt. Mater. 34, 23–26 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Gaponenko, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, and A. A. Onushchenko, “Passive mode locking of diode-pumped Tm:KYW laser with PbS quantum-dot-doped glass,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 286–289 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Filippov, N. V. Kuleshov, and I. T. Bodnar, “Negative thermo-optical coefficients and athermal directions in monoclinic KGd(WO4)2 and KY(WO4)2 laser host crystals in the visible region,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 611–614 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lisinetskii, V. A.

Liu, J.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Loiko, P. A.

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing study and athermal directions in flashlamp-pumped Nd:KGd(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 881–886 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermo-optic dispersion formulas for monoclinic double tungstates KRe(WO4)2 where Re=Gd, Y, Lu, Yb,” Opt. Mater. 33, 1688–1694 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Detailed characterization of thermal expansion tensor in monoclinic KRe(WO4)2 (where Re=Gd, Y, Lu, Yb),” Opt. Mater. 34, 23–26 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Malyarevich, A. M.

M. S. Gaponenko, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, and A. A. Onushchenko, “Passive mode locking of diode-pumped Tm:KYW laser with PbS quantum-dot-doped glass,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 286–289 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Massons, J.

Ò. Silvestre, J. Grau, M. C. Pujol, J. Massons, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. T. Borowiec, A. Szewczyk, M. U. Gutowska, M. Massot, A. Salazar, and V. Petrov, “Thermal properties of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2 as a promising solid state laser host,” Opt. Express 16, 5022–5034 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavalda, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, “Crystal growth, optical and spectroscopic characterization of monoclinic KY(WO4)2 co-doped with Er3+ and Yb3+,” Opt. Mater. 28, 423–431 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldà, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Diaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. Solé, J. Massons, Jna. Gavaldà, X. Solans, C. Zaldo, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural study of monoclinic KGd(WO4)2 and effects of lanthanide substitution,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 34, 1–6 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Massons, Jna. Gavalda, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Linear thermal expansion tensor in KRe(WO4)2 (Re=Gd, Y, Er, Yb) monoclinic crystals,” Mater. Sci. Forum 378–381, 710–717 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Massot, M.

Mateos, X.

S. Vatnik, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and V. Petrov, “Thermo-optic coefficients of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavalda, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, “Crystal growth, optical and spectroscopic characterization of monoclinic KY(WO4)2 co-doped with Er3+ and Yb3+,” Opt. Mater. 28, 423–431 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldà, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Diaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Massons, Jna. Gavalda, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Linear thermal expansion tensor in KRe(WO4)2 (Re=Gd, Y, Er, Yb) monoclinic crystals,” Mater. Sci. Forum 378–381, 710–717 (2001).
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M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Dıaz, “Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 187–197 (1999).
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M. S. Gaponenko, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, and A. A. Onushchenko, “Passive mode locking of diode-pumped Tm:KYW laser with PbS quantum-dot-doped glass,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 286–289 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Orekhova, V. P.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. F. Konstantinova, V. P. Orekhova, A. V. Butashin, R. F. Klevtsova, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Optical and nonlinear laser properties of the χ(3)-active monoclinic α–KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Crystallogr. Rep. 46, 665–672 (2001), transl. from Kristallographiya 46, 733–741 (2001).
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Paschke, K.

Pavlyuk, A. A.

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing study and athermal directions in flashlamp-pumped Nd:KGd(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 881–886 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermo-optic dispersion formulas for monoclinic double tungstates KRe(WO4)2 where Re=Gd, Y, Lu, Yb,” Opt. Mater. 33, 1688–1694 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Detailed characterization of thermal expansion tensor in monoclinic KRe(WO4)2 (where Re=Gd, Y, Lu, Yb),” Opt. Mater. 34, 23–26 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, A. F. Konstantinova, V. P. Orekhova, A. V. Butashin, R. F. Klevtsova, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Optical and nonlinear laser properties of the χ(3)-active monoclinic α–KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Crystallogr. Rep. 46, 665–672 (2001), transl. from Kristallographiya 46, 733–741 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pekarek, S.

Petrov, V.

S. Vatnik, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and V. Petrov, “Thermo-optic coefficients of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ò. Silvestre, J. Grau, M. C. Pujol, J. Massons, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. T. Borowiec, A. Szewczyk, M. U. Gutowska, M. Massot, A. Salazar, and V. Petrov, “Thermal properties of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2 as a promising solid state laser host,” Opt. Express 16, 5022–5034 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: from bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 661–671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldà, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Diaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
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D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “High-power, broadly tunable, and low-quantum-defect KG1−xLux(WO4)2:Yb3+ channel waveguide lasers,” Opt. Express 18, 26107–26112 (2010).
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M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: from bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 661–671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pujol, M. C.

S. Vatnik, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and V. Petrov, “Thermo-optic coefficients of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ò. Silvestre, J. Grau, M. C. Pujol, J. Massons, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. T. Borowiec, A. Szewczyk, M. U. Gutowska, M. Massot, A. Salazar, and V. Petrov, “Thermal properties of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2 as a promising solid state laser host,” Opt. Express 16, 5022–5034 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldà, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Diaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Massons, Jna. Gavalda, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Linear thermal expansion tensor in KRe(WO4)2 (Re=Gd, Y, Er, Yb) monoclinic crystals,” Mater. Sci. Forum 378–381, 710–717 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. Solé, J. Massons, Jna. Gavaldà, X. Solans, C. Zaldo, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural study of monoclinic KGd(WO4)2 and effects of lanthanide substitution,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 34, 1–6 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Dıaz, “Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 187–197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rachkovskaya, G. E.

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Detailed characterization of thermal expansion tensor in monoclinic KRe(WO4)2 (where Re=Gd, Y, Lu, Yb),” Opt. Mater. 34, 23–26 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermo-optic dispersion formulas for monoclinic double tungstates KRe(WO4)2 where Re=Gd, Y, Lu, Yb,” Opt. Mater. 33, 1688–1694 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rico, M.

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Dıaz, “Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 187–197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rivier, S.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: from bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 661–671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Romanyuk, Y. E.

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: from bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 661–671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Salazar, A.

Silvestre, Ò.

Ò. Silvestre, J. Grau, M. C. Pujol, J. Massons, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. T. Borowiec, A. Szewczyk, M. U. Gutowska, M. Massot, A. Salazar, and V. Petrov, “Thermal properties of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2 as a promising solid state laser host,” Opt. Express 16, 5022–5034 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Solans, X.

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. Solé, J. Massons, Jna. Gavaldà, X. Solans, C. Zaldo, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural study of monoclinic KGd(WO4)2 and effects of lanthanide substitution,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 34, 1–6 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Dıaz, “Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 187–197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Solé, M.

M. C. Pujol, M. Solé, J. Massons, Jna. Gavaldà, X. Solans, C. Zaldo, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural study of monoclinic KGd(WO4)2 and effects of lanthanide substitution,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 34, 1–6 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Solé, R.

X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavalda, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, “Crystal growth, optical and spectroscopic characterization of monoclinic KY(WO4)2 co-doped with Er3+ and Yb3+,” Opt. Mater. 28, 423–431 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldà, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Diaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Massons, Jna. Gavalda, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Linear thermal expansion tensor in KRe(WO4)2 (Re=Gd, Y, Er, Yb) monoclinic crystals,” Mater. Sci. Forum 378–381, 710–717 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Dıaz, “Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 187–197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Solé, R. M.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Soulard, R.

Stumpf, M. C.

Sudmeyer, T.

Suriñach, S.

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Szewczyk, A.

Vatnik, S.

S. Vatnik, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and V. Petrov, “Thermo-optic coefficients of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wörhoff, K.

Yumashev, K. V.

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing study and athermal directions in flashlamp-pumped Nd:KGd(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 881–886 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermo-optic dispersion formulas for monoclinic double tungstates KRe(WO4)2 where Re=Gd, Y, Lu, Yb,” Opt. Mater. 33, 1688–1694 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Detailed characterization of thermal expansion tensor in monoclinic KRe(WO4)2 (where Re=Gd, Y, Lu, Yb),” Opt. Mater. 34, 23–26 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Gaponenko, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, and A. A. Onushchenko, “Passive mode locking of diode-pumped Tm:KYW laser with PbS quantum-dot-doped glass,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 286–289 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zaldo, C.

M. C. Pujol, M. Solé, J. Massons, Jna. Gavaldà, X. Solans, C. Zaldo, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural study of monoclinic KGd(WO4)2 and effects of lanthanide substitution,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 34, 1–6 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Dıaz, “Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 187–197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zinoviev, A.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (4)

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Dıaz, “Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 187–197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing study and athermal directions in flashlamp-pumped Nd:KGd(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 881–886 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Vatnik, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and V. Petrov, “Thermo-optic coefficients of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Filippov, N. V. Kuleshov, and I. T. Bodnar, “Negative thermo-optical coefficients and athermal directions in monoclinic KGd(WO4)2 and KY(WO4)2 laser host crystals in the visible region,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 611–614 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Crystallogr. Rep. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, A. F. Konstantinova, V. P. Orekhova, A. V. Butashin, R. F. Klevtsova, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Optical and nonlinear laser properties of the χ(3)-active monoclinic α–KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Crystallogr. Rep. 46, 665–672 (2001), transl. from Kristallographiya 46, 733–741 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: from bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 661–671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Crystallogr. (3)

M. C. Pujol, M. Solé, J. Massons, Jna. Gavaldà, X. Solans, C. Zaldo, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural study of monoclinic KGd(WO4)2 and effects of lanthanide substitution,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 34, 1–6 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, A. Aznar, X. Solans, S. Suriñach, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Structural redetermination, thermal expansion and refractive indices of KLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Crystallogr. 39, 230–236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

M. S. Gaponenko, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, and A. A. Onushchenko, “Passive mode locking of diode-pumped Tm:KYW laser with PbS quantum-dot-doped glass,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 286–289 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Forum (1)

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Massons, Jna. Gavalda, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Linear thermal expansion tensor in KRe(WO4)2 (Re=Gd, Y, Er, Yb) monoclinic crystals,” Mater. Sci. Forum 378–381, 710–717 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Tech. (1)

S. I. Novikova, “Anisotropy of thermal expansion of solids,” Meas. Tech. 27, 933–938 (1984), transl. from Izmer. Tekh. 10, 40–42 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

I. V. Mochalov, “Laser and nonlinear properties of the potassium gadolinium tungstate laser crystal KGd(WO4)2:Nd3+-(KGW:Nd),” Opt. Eng. 36, 1660–1669 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (3)

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermo-optic dispersion formulas for monoclinic double tungstates KRe(WO4)2 where Re=Gd, Y, Lu, Yb,” Opt. Mater. 33, 1688–1694 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Detailed characterization of thermal expansion tensor in monoclinic KRe(WO4)2 (where Re=Gd, Y, Lu, Yb),” Opt. Mater. 34, 23–26 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavalda, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, “Crystal growth, optical and spectroscopic characterization of monoclinic KY(WO4)2 co-doped with Er3+ and Yb3+,” Opt. Mater. 28, 423–431 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldà, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Diaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Chenais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid-state lasers: the case of ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 89–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. A. Andrade, T. Catunda, I. Bodnar, J. Mura, and M. L. Baesso, “Thermal lens determination of the temperature coefficient of optical path length in optical materials,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 877–880 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. (1)

S. V. Borisov and R. F. Kletsova, “Crystal structure of KY(WO4)2,” Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 13, 420–421 (1968), transl. from Kristallografiya 13, 517–519 (1968).

Other (2)

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering6th ed. (Springer, 2006).

G. Ghosh, “Thermo-optic coefficients,” in Handbook of Thermo-Optic Coefficients of Optical Materials with Applications (Academic, 1998), Chap. 3.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Orientation of right-angle prisms from pure KGdW and KYW crystals cut for thermo-optic coefficient measurements by modified minimum deviation method. Np, Nm, and Ng are optical indicatrix axes; a1, b1, and c1 are crystallographic axes (I2/c crystallographic setting); Xi is the principal axis of the thermal expansion tensor.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of the prism cross-section deformation due to anisotropic thermal expansion of KREW host. ABC are prism cross sections at room temperature and ABC at high temperature; δ is the prism angle at room temperature and δ(T) at high temperature; Lp, Lm, and Lg are the lengths of prism edges at room temperature.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Calculated change of the prism angle δ(T)δ in dependence on the temperature rise for prisms prepared from KGdW and KYW crystals.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Parameters of the Thermal Expansion Tensor for Monoclinic KGdW and KYW Crystals (in Accordance with [25])a

Tables Icon

Table 2. Thermo-Optic Coefficients dnp/dT, dnm/dT, and dng/dT 106K1 Determined for KGdW and KYW Crystals by a Modified Minimum Deviation Methoda

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n=ngnm(ng2(cosφ)2+nm2(sinφ)2)1/2.
dndT=dnmdTn3nm3cos2φ+dngdTn3ng3sin2φ.

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