Abstract

We propose a plasmonic structure, based on a silver-gold two-layered metallic film, where two surface plasmons (SPs) with equal propagation constants are excited simultaneously at different wavelengths. We show theoretically that the bimetallic film provides unique opportunities for manipulation of plasmons and optimization of the accuracy and cross-sensitivity. The structure can be used as an effective self-reference SP sensor in wavelength-interrogated design.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Dostalek, H. Vaisocherova, and J. Homola, “Multichannel surface plasmon resonance biosensor with wavelength division multiplexing,” Sens. Actuators B 108, 758–764 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Slavik, J. Homola, and H. Vaisocherova, “Advanced biosensing using simultaneous excitation of short and long range surface plasmon,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 932–938 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Guo, P. D. Keathley, and J. T. Hastings, “Dual-mode surface-plasmon-resonance sensors using angular interrogation,” Opt. Lett. 33, 512–514 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. K. Akowuah, T. Gorman, S. Haxha, and J. V. Oliver, “Dual channel planar waveguide surface plasmon resonance biosensor for an aqueous environment,” Opt. Express 18, 24412–24422 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. A. Zynio, A. Samoylov, E. Surovtseva, V. Mirsky, and Y. Shirshov, “Bimetallic layer increase sensitivity of affinity sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sensors 2, 62–70 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Y. Wu and H. P. Ho, “Sensitivity improvement of surface plasmon resonance optical sensor by using a gold-silver transducing layer,” in Proceedings of IEEE, Electron Devices Meeting pp. 63–68 (IEEE, 2002).
  7. B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, S. Tjin, J. Zhang, and H. Ng, “Optimised film thickness for maximum evanescent field enhancement of a bimetallic film surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Sens. Actuators B 114, 1028–1034 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, Y. Tan, R. Irawan, X. Fang, L. Zhang, and S. Tjin, “Two-layerd metallic film-indiced surface plasmon polariton for fluorescence emission enhancement in on-chip waveguide,” LabChip 7, 506–512 (2007).
  9. F. Abeles and T. Lopez-Rios, “Decoupled optical excitation of surface plasmons at the two surfaces of a thin film,” Opt. Commun. 11, 89–92 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Dyankov, M. Zekriti, and M. Bousmina, “Long-range surface plasmon supported by asymmetric bimetallic structure,” Plasmonics (in press) DOI: 10.1007/s11468-012-9332-x.
  11. http://lumerical.com .
  12. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings, Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, Vol. 111 (Springer-Verlag, 1988).
  13. J. T. Hasting, J. Guo, P. D. Keathley, P. B. Kumaresh, Y. Wei, S. Law, and L. G. Bachas, “Optimal self-referenced sensing using long- and short- range surface plasmons,” Opt. Express 15, 17661–17672 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. Press, S. Teukolsky, W. Vettering, and B. Flannery, Numerical Recipes, 3rd ed. (Cambridge University, 2007).
  15. X. Chen and K. Jiang, “Effect of aging on optical properties of bimetallic sensor chips,” Opt. Express 18, 1105–1112 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2010

2008

2007

J. T. Hasting, J. Guo, P. D. Keathley, P. B. Kumaresh, Y. Wei, S. Law, and L. G. Bachas, “Optimal self-referenced sensing using long- and short- range surface plasmons,” Opt. Express 15, 17661–17672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, Y. Tan, R. Irawan, X. Fang, L. Zhang, and S. Tjin, “Two-layerd metallic film-indiced surface plasmon polariton for fluorescence emission enhancement in on-chip waveguide,” LabChip 7, 506–512 (2007).

2006

R. Slavik, J. Homola, and H. Vaisocherova, “Advanced biosensing using simultaneous excitation of short and long range surface plasmon,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 932–938 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, S. Tjin, J. Zhang, and H. Ng, “Optimised film thickness for maximum evanescent field enhancement of a bimetallic film surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Sens. Actuators B 114, 1028–1034 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

J. Dostalek, H. Vaisocherova, and J. Homola, “Multichannel surface plasmon resonance biosensor with wavelength division multiplexing,” Sens. Actuators B 108, 758–764 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002

S. A. Zynio, A. Samoylov, E. Surovtseva, V. Mirsky, and Y. Shirshov, “Bimetallic layer increase sensitivity of affinity sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sensors 2, 62–70 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1974

F. Abeles and T. Lopez-Rios, “Decoupled optical excitation of surface plasmons at the two surfaces of a thin film,” Opt. Commun. 11, 89–92 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Abeles, F.

F. Abeles and T. Lopez-Rios, “Decoupled optical excitation of surface plasmons at the two surfaces of a thin film,” Opt. Commun. 11, 89–92 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Akowuah, E. K.

Bachas, L. G.

Bousmina, M.

G. Dyankov, M. Zekriti, and M. Bousmina, “Long-range surface plasmon supported by asymmetric bimetallic structure,” Plasmonics (in press) DOI: 10.1007/s11468-012-9332-x.

Chen, X.

Dostalek, J.

J. Dostalek, H. Vaisocherova, and J. Homola, “Multichannel surface plasmon resonance biosensor with wavelength division multiplexing,” Sens. Actuators B 108, 758–764 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dyankov, G.

G. Dyankov, M. Zekriti, and M. Bousmina, “Long-range surface plasmon supported by asymmetric bimetallic structure,” Plasmonics (in press) DOI: 10.1007/s11468-012-9332-x.

Fang, X.

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, Y. Tan, R. Irawan, X. Fang, L. Zhang, and S. Tjin, “Two-layerd metallic film-indiced surface plasmon polariton for fluorescence emission enhancement in on-chip waveguide,” LabChip 7, 506–512 (2007).

Flannery, B.

W. Press, S. Teukolsky, W. Vettering, and B. Flannery, Numerical Recipes, 3rd ed. (Cambridge University, 2007).

Gorman, T.

Guo, J.

Hasting, J. T.

Hastings, J. T.

Haxha, S.

Ho, H. P.

S. Y. Wu and H. P. Ho, “Sensitivity improvement of surface plasmon resonance optical sensor by using a gold-silver transducing layer,” in Proceedings of IEEE, Electron Devices Meeting pp. 63–68 (IEEE, 2002).

Homola, J.

R. Slavik, J. Homola, and H. Vaisocherova, “Advanced biosensing using simultaneous excitation of short and long range surface plasmon,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 932–938 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Dostalek, H. Vaisocherova, and J. Homola, “Multichannel surface plasmon resonance biosensor with wavelength division multiplexing,” Sens. Actuators B 108, 758–764 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Irawan, R.

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, Y. Tan, R. Irawan, X. Fang, L. Zhang, and S. Tjin, “Two-layerd metallic film-indiced surface plasmon polariton for fluorescence emission enhancement in on-chip waveguide,” LabChip 7, 506–512 (2007).

Jiang, K.

Keathley, P. D.

Kumaresh, P. B.

Law, S.

Lopez-Rios, T.

F. Abeles and T. Lopez-Rios, “Decoupled optical excitation of surface plasmons at the two surfaces of a thin film,” Opt. Commun. 11, 89–92 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Mirsky, V.

S. A. Zynio, A. Samoylov, E. Surovtseva, V. Mirsky, and Y. Shirshov, “Bimetallic layer increase sensitivity of affinity sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sensors 2, 62–70 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ng, H.

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, S. Tjin, J. Zhang, and H. Ng, “Optimised film thickness for maximum evanescent field enhancement of a bimetallic film surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Sens. Actuators B 114, 1028–1034 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oliver, J. V.

Ong, B. H.

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, Y. Tan, R. Irawan, X. Fang, L. Zhang, and S. Tjin, “Two-layerd metallic film-indiced surface plasmon polariton for fluorescence emission enhancement in on-chip waveguide,” LabChip 7, 506–512 (2007).

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, S. Tjin, J. Zhang, and H. Ng, “Optimised film thickness for maximum evanescent field enhancement of a bimetallic film surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Sens. Actuators B 114, 1028–1034 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Press, W.

W. Press, S. Teukolsky, W. Vettering, and B. Flannery, Numerical Recipes, 3rd ed. (Cambridge University, 2007).

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings, Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, Vol. 111 (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

Samoylov, A.

S. A. Zynio, A. Samoylov, E. Surovtseva, V. Mirsky, and Y. Shirshov, “Bimetallic layer increase sensitivity of affinity sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sensors 2, 62–70 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shirshov, Y.

S. A. Zynio, A. Samoylov, E. Surovtseva, V. Mirsky, and Y. Shirshov, “Bimetallic layer increase sensitivity of affinity sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sensors 2, 62–70 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Slavik, R.

R. Slavik, J. Homola, and H. Vaisocherova, “Advanced biosensing using simultaneous excitation of short and long range surface plasmon,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 932–938 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Surovtseva, E.

S. A. Zynio, A. Samoylov, E. Surovtseva, V. Mirsky, and Y. Shirshov, “Bimetallic layer increase sensitivity of affinity sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sensors 2, 62–70 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tan, Y.

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, Y. Tan, R. Irawan, X. Fang, L. Zhang, and S. Tjin, “Two-layerd metallic film-indiced surface plasmon polariton for fluorescence emission enhancement in on-chip waveguide,” LabChip 7, 506–512 (2007).

Teukolsky, S.

W. Press, S. Teukolsky, W. Vettering, and B. Flannery, Numerical Recipes, 3rd ed. (Cambridge University, 2007).

Tjin, S.

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, Y. Tan, R. Irawan, X. Fang, L. Zhang, and S. Tjin, “Two-layerd metallic film-indiced surface plasmon polariton for fluorescence emission enhancement in on-chip waveguide,” LabChip 7, 506–512 (2007).

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, S. Tjin, J. Zhang, and H. Ng, “Optimised film thickness for maximum evanescent field enhancement of a bimetallic film surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Sens. Actuators B 114, 1028–1034 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vaisocherova, H.

R. Slavik, J. Homola, and H. Vaisocherova, “Advanced biosensing using simultaneous excitation of short and long range surface plasmon,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 932–938 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Dostalek, H. Vaisocherova, and J. Homola, “Multichannel surface plasmon resonance biosensor with wavelength division multiplexing,” Sens. Actuators B 108, 758–764 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vettering, W.

W. Press, S. Teukolsky, W. Vettering, and B. Flannery, Numerical Recipes, 3rd ed. (Cambridge University, 2007).

Wei, Y.

Wu, S. Y.

S. Y. Wu and H. P. Ho, “Sensitivity improvement of surface plasmon resonance optical sensor by using a gold-silver transducing layer,” in Proceedings of IEEE, Electron Devices Meeting pp. 63–68 (IEEE, 2002).

Yuan, X.

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, Y. Tan, R. Irawan, X. Fang, L. Zhang, and S. Tjin, “Two-layerd metallic film-indiced surface plasmon polariton for fluorescence emission enhancement in on-chip waveguide,” LabChip 7, 506–512 (2007).

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, S. Tjin, J. Zhang, and H. Ng, “Optimised film thickness for maximum evanescent field enhancement of a bimetallic film surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Sens. Actuators B 114, 1028–1034 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zekriti, M.

G. Dyankov, M. Zekriti, and M. Bousmina, “Long-range surface plasmon supported by asymmetric bimetallic structure,” Plasmonics (in press) DOI: 10.1007/s11468-012-9332-x.

Zhang, J.

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, S. Tjin, J. Zhang, and H. Ng, “Optimised film thickness for maximum evanescent field enhancement of a bimetallic film surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Sens. Actuators B 114, 1028–1034 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, Y. Tan, R. Irawan, X. Fang, L. Zhang, and S. Tjin, “Two-layerd metallic film-indiced surface plasmon polariton for fluorescence emission enhancement in on-chip waveguide,” LabChip 7, 506–512 (2007).

Zynio, S. A.

S. A. Zynio, A. Samoylov, E. Surovtseva, V. Mirsky, and Y. Shirshov, “Bimetallic layer increase sensitivity of affinity sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sensors 2, 62–70 (2002).
[CrossRef]

LabChip

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, Y. Tan, R. Irawan, X. Fang, L. Zhang, and S. Tjin, “Two-layerd metallic film-indiced surface plasmon polariton for fluorescence emission enhancement in on-chip waveguide,” LabChip 7, 506–512 (2007).

Meas. Sci. Technol.

R. Slavik, J. Homola, and H. Vaisocherova, “Advanced biosensing using simultaneous excitation of short and long range surface plasmon,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 932–938 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

F. Abeles and T. Lopez-Rios, “Decoupled optical excitation of surface plasmons at the two surfaces of a thin film,” Opt. Commun. 11, 89–92 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Plasmonics

G. Dyankov, M. Zekriti, and M. Bousmina, “Long-range surface plasmon supported by asymmetric bimetallic structure,” Plasmonics (in press) DOI: 10.1007/s11468-012-9332-x.

Sens. Actuators B

B. H. Ong, X. Yuan, S. Tjin, J. Zhang, and H. Ng, “Optimised film thickness for maximum evanescent field enhancement of a bimetallic film surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Sens. Actuators B 114, 1028–1034 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Dostalek, H. Vaisocherova, and J. Homola, “Multichannel surface plasmon resonance biosensor with wavelength division multiplexing,” Sens. Actuators B 108, 758–764 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sensors

S. A. Zynio, A. Samoylov, E. Surovtseva, V. Mirsky, and Y. Shirshov, “Bimetallic layer increase sensitivity of affinity sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sensors 2, 62–70 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other

S. Y. Wu and H. P. Ho, “Sensitivity improvement of surface plasmon resonance optical sensor by using a gold-silver transducing layer,” in Proceedings of IEEE, Electron Devices Meeting pp. 63–68 (IEEE, 2002).

http://lumerical.com .

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings, Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, Vol. 111 (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

W. Press, S. Teukolsky, W. Vettering, and B. Flannery, Numerical Recipes, 3rd ed. (Cambridge University, 2007).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The range of propagation constants of SP mode supported by silver-gold bimetallic film and excited on the dielectric-metal interface at 633 nm and at 840 nm; the point marked as • corresponds to the points marked in Fig. 2.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) The propagation constants of plasmon modes as a function of wavelength for two thicknesses of the gold layer; the points marked as • correspond to the point marked in Fig. 1; (b,c) angular and wavelength reflectivity of a cell of structure, respectively; (d) penetration of electric field of the two modes into the dielectric; penetration depths Lλi are marked.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Angular reflectivity of a cell of structure providing equal PCs; inset 1: spectral reflectivity of a cell of structure; inset 2: penetration of electric field of the two modes into the dielectric; penetration depths Lλi are marked.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Bulk Sensitivity, Surface Sensitivity, Figure of Merit of Structures, and Characteristics of SPR (for Measurement Units, See Text)

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