H. V. Tippur, “Coherent gradient sensing (CGS) method for fracture mechanics: a review,” Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct. 33, 832–858 (2010).

[CrossRef]

X. J. Dai, H. Yun, and Q. Pu, “Measuring thickness change of transparent plate by electronic speckle pattern interferometry and digital image correlation,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3481–3486 (2010).

[CrossRef]

M. S. Kirugulige and H. V. Tippur, “Measurement of surface deformations and fracture parameters for a mixed-mode crack driven by stress waves using image correlation technique and high-speed photography,” Strain 45, 108–122(2009).

[CrossRef]

E. Strassburger, “Ballistic testing of transparent armour ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29, 267–273 (2009).

[CrossRef]

S. Iwamoto, A. N. Nakagaito, H. Yano, and M. Nogi, “Optically transparent composites reinforced with plant fiber-based nanofibers,” Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 81, 1109–1112 (2005).

[CrossRef]

H. Yano, J. Sugiyama, A. N. Nakagaito, M. Nogi, T. Matsuura, M. Hikita, and K. Handa, “Optically transparent composites reinforced with networks of bacterial nanofibers,” Adv. Mater. 17, 153–155 (2005).

[CrossRef]

J. Kimberley and J. Lambros, “Dynamic crack kinking from a PMMA/homalite interface,” Exp. Mech. 44, 158–166 (2004).

[CrossRef]

P. Patel, G. A. Gilde, P. G. Dehmer, and J. W. McCauley, “Transparent armor,” AMPTIAC Newsletter 4(3), 1–9 (2000).

S. Ravi, “Development of transparent composite for photoelastic studies,” Adv. Compos. Mater. 7, 73–81 (1998).

J. K. Sinha, H. V. Tippur, and L. M. Xu, “An interferometric and finite element investigation of interfacial crack tip fields: role of mode-mixity on 3-D stress variations,” Int. J. Solids Struct. 34, 741–754 (1997).

[CrossRef]

S. Ramaswamy, H. V. Tippur, and L. Xu, “Mixed-mode crack-tip deformations studied using a modified flexural specimen and coherent gradient sensing,” Exp. Mech. 33, 218–227 (1993).

[CrossRef]

H. V. Tippur, S. Krishnaswamy, and A. J. Rosakis, “Optical mapping of crack tip deformations using the methods of transmission and reflection coherent gradient sensing—a study of crack tip K-dominance,” Int. J. Fract. 52, 91–117 (1991).

H. V. Tippur and A. J. Rosakis, “Quasi-static and dynamic crack-growth along bimaterial interfaces—a note on crack-tip field-measurements using coherent gradient sensing,” Exp. Mech. 31, 243–251 (1991).

[CrossRef]

H. V. Tippur, S. Krishnaswamy, and A. J. Rosakis, “A coherent gradient sensor for crack tip deformation measurements—analysis and experimental results,” Int. J. Fract. 48, 193–204 (1991).

[CrossRef]

E. J. A. Pope, M. Asami, and J. D. Mackenzie, “Transparent silica gel-PMMA composites,” J. Mater. Res. 4, 1018–1026 (1989).

[CrossRef]

E. J. A. Pope, M. Asami, and J. D. Mackenzie, “Transparent silica gel-PMMA composites,” J. Mater. Res. 4, 1018–1026 (1989).

[CrossRef]

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed. (Cambridge, 1999).

R. G. Budynas, Advanced Strength and Applied Stress Analysis (McGraw-Hill, 1998).

X. J. Dai, H. Yun, and Q. Pu, “Measuring thickness change of transparent plate by electronic speckle pattern interferometry and digital image correlation,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3481–3486 (2010).

[CrossRef]

J. W. Dally and W. F. Riley, Experimental Stress Analysis, 4th ed. (College House, 2005).

N. Shukla and J. W. Dally, Experimental Solid Mechanics(College House, 2010).

P. Patel, G. A. Gilde, P. G. Dehmer, and J. W. McCauley, “Transparent armor,” AMPTIAC Newsletter 4(3), 1–9 (2000).

P. Patel, G. A. Gilde, P. G. Dehmer, and J. W. McCauley, “Transparent armor,” AMPTIAC Newsletter 4(3), 1–9 (2000).

H. Yano, J. Sugiyama, A. N. Nakagaito, M. Nogi, T. Matsuura, M. Hikita, and K. Handa, “Optically transparent composites reinforced with networks of bacterial nanofibers,” Adv. Mater. 17, 153–155 (2005).

[CrossRef]

H. Yano, J. Sugiyama, A. N. Nakagaito, M. Nogi, T. Matsuura, M. Hikita, and K. Handa, “Optically transparent composites reinforced with networks of bacterial nanofibers,” Adv. Mater. 17, 153–155 (2005).

[CrossRef]

S. Iwamoto, A. N. Nakagaito, H. Yano, and M. Nogi, “Optically transparent composites reinforced with plant fiber-based nanofibers,” Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 81, 1109–1112 (2005).

[CrossRef]

J. Kimberley and J. Lambros, “Dynamic crack kinking from a PMMA/homalite interface,” Exp. Mech. 44, 158–166 (2004).

[CrossRef]

H. V. Tippur, S. Krishnaswamy, and A. J. Rosakis, “A coherent gradient sensor for crack tip deformation measurements—analysis and experimental results,” Int. J. Fract. 48, 193–204 (1991).

[CrossRef]

H. V. Tippur, S. Krishnaswamy, and A. J. Rosakis, “Optical mapping of crack tip deformations using the methods of transmission and reflection coherent gradient sensing—a study of crack tip K-dominance,” Int. J. Fract. 52, 91–117 (1991).

J. Kimberley and J. Lambros, “Dynamic crack kinking from a PMMA/homalite interface,” Exp. Mech. 44, 158–166 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. J. Mason, J. Lambros, and A. J. Rosakis, “The use of a coherent gradient sensor in dynamic mixed-mode fracture-mechanics experiments,” J. Mech. Phys. Solids 40, 641–661 (1992).

[CrossRef]

E. J. A. Pope, M. Asami, and J. D. Mackenzie, “Transparent silica gel-PMMA composites,” J. Mater. Res. 4, 1018–1026 (1989).

[CrossRef]

J. J. Mason, J. Lambros, and A. J. Rosakis, “The use of a coherent gradient sensor in dynamic mixed-mode fracture-mechanics experiments,” J. Mech. Phys. Solids 40, 641–661 (1992).

[CrossRef]

H. Yano, J. Sugiyama, A. N. Nakagaito, M. Nogi, T. Matsuura, M. Hikita, and K. Handa, “Optically transparent composites reinforced with networks of bacterial nanofibers,” Adv. Mater. 17, 153–155 (2005).

[CrossRef]

P. Patel, G. A. Gilde, P. G. Dehmer, and J. W. McCauley, “Transparent armor,” AMPTIAC Newsletter 4(3), 1–9 (2000).

S. Iwamoto, A. N. Nakagaito, H. Yano, and M. Nogi, “Optically transparent composites reinforced with plant fiber-based nanofibers,” Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 81, 1109–1112 (2005).

[CrossRef]

H. Yano, J. Sugiyama, A. N. Nakagaito, M. Nogi, T. Matsuura, M. Hikita, and K. Handa, “Optically transparent composites reinforced with networks of bacterial nanofibers,” Adv. Mater. 17, 153–155 (2005).

[CrossRef]

H. Yano, J. Sugiyama, A. N. Nakagaito, M. Nogi, T. Matsuura, M. Hikita, and K. Handa, “Optically transparent composites reinforced with networks of bacterial nanofibers,” Adv. Mater. 17, 153–155 (2005).

[CrossRef]

S. Iwamoto, A. N. Nakagaito, H. Yano, and M. Nogi, “Optically transparent composites reinforced with plant fiber-based nanofibers,” Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 81, 1109–1112 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Sutton, U. Orteu, and H. Schreier, Image Correlation for Shape, Motion and Deformation Measurements (Springer, 2009).

P. Patel, G. A. Gilde, P. G. Dehmer, and J. W. McCauley, “Transparent armor,” AMPTIAC Newsletter 4(3), 1–9 (2000).

E. J. A. Pope, M. Asami, and J. D. Mackenzie, “Transparent silica gel-PMMA composites,” J. Mater. Res. 4, 1018–1026 (1989).

[CrossRef]

X. J. Dai, H. Yun, and Q. Pu, “Measuring thickness change of transparent plate by electronic speckle pattern interferometry and digital image correlation,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3481–3486 (2010).

[CrossRef]

S. Ramaswamy, H. V. Tippur, and L. Xu, “Mixed-mode crack-tip deformations studied using a modified flexural specimen and coherent gradient sensing,” Exp. Mech. 33, 218–227 (1993).

[CrossRef]

S. Ravi, “Development of transparent composite for photoelastic studies,” Adv. Compos. Mater. 7, 73–81 (1998).

J. W. Dally and W. F. Riley, Experimental Stress Analysis, 4th ed. (College House, 2005).

J. J. Mason, J. Lambros, and A. J. Rosakis, “The use of a coherent gradient sensor in dynamic mixed-mode fracture-mechanics experiments,” J. Mech. Phys. Solids 40, 641–661 (1992).

[CrossRef]

H. V. Tippur, S. Krishnaswamy, and A. J. Rosakis, “Optical mapping of crack tip deformations using the methods of transmission and reflection coherent gradient sensing—a study of crack tip K-dominance,” Int. J. Fract. 52, 91–117 (1991).

H. V. Tippur and A. J. Rosakis, “Quasi-static and dynamic crack-growth along bimaterial interfaces—a note on crack-tip field-measurements using coherent gradient sensing,” Exp. Mech. 31, 243–251 (1991).

[CrossRef]

H. V. Tippur, S. Krishnaswamy, and A. J. Rosakis, “A coherent gradient sensor for crack tip deformation measurements—analysis and experimental results,” Int. J. Fract. 48, 193–204 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Sutton, U. Orteu, and H. Schreier, Image Correlation for Shape, Motion and Deformation Measurements (Springer, 2009).

N. Shukla and J. W. Dally, Experimental Solid Mechanics(College House, 2010).

J. K. Sinha, H. V. Tippur, and L. M. Xu, “An interferometric and finite element investigation of interfacial crack tip fields: role of mode-mixity on 3-D stress variations,” Int. J. Solids Struct. 34, 741–754 (1997).

[CrossRef]

E. Strassburger, “Ballistic testing of transparent armour ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29, 267–273 (2009).

[CrossRef]

H. Yano, J. Sugiyama, A. N. Nakagaito, M. Nogi, T. Matsuura, M. Hikita, and K. Handa, “Optically transparent composites reinforced with networks of bacterial nanofibers,” Adv. Mater. 17, 153–155 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Sutton, U. Orteu, and H. Schreier, Image Correlation for Shape, Motion and Deformation Measurements (Springer, 2009).

H. V. Tippur, “Coherent gradient sensing (CGS) method for fracture mechanics: a review,” Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct. 33, 832–858 (2010).

[CrossRef]

M. S. Kirugulige and H. V. Tippur, “Measurement of surface deformations and fracture parameters for a mixed-mode crack driven by stress waves using image correlation technique and high-speed photography,” Strain 45, 108–122(2009).

[CrossRef]

M. S. Kirugulige, H. V. Tippur, and T. S. Denney, “Measurement of transient deformations using digital image correlation method and high-speed photography: application to dynamic fracture,” Appl. Opt. 46, 5083–5096 (2007).

[CrossRef]

J. K. Sinha, H. V. Tippur, and L. M. Xu, “An interferometric and finite element investigation of interfacial crack tip fields: role of mode-mixity on 3-D stress variations,” Int. J. Solids Struct. 34, 741–754 (1997).

[CrossRef]

S. Ramaswamy, H. V. Tippur, and L. Xu, “Mixed-mode crack-tip deformations studied using a modified flexural specimen and coherent gradient sensing,” Exp. Mech. 33, 218–227 (1993).

[CrossRef]

H. V. Tippur, “Coherent gradient sensing—a Fourier optics analysis and applications to fracture,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4428–4439 (1992).

[CrossRef]

H. V. Tippur, S. Krishnaswamy, and A. J. Rosakis, “Optical mapping of crack tip deformations using the methods of transmission and reflection coherent gradient sensing—a study of crack tip K-dominance,” Int. J. Fract. 52, 91–117 (1991).

H. V. Tippur and A. J. Rosakis, “Quasi-static and dynamic crack-growth along bimaterial interfaces—a note on crack-tip field-measurements using coherent gradient sensing,” Exp. Mech. 31, 243–251 (1991).

[CrossRef]

H. V. Tippur, S. Krishnaswamy, and A. J. Rosakis, “A coherent gradient sensor for crack tip deformation measurements—analysis and experimental results,” Int. J. Fract. 48, 193–204 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed. (Cambridge, 1999).

S. Ramaswamy, H. V. Tippur, and L. Xu, “Mixed-mode crack-tip deformations studied using a modified flexural specimen and coherent gradient sensing,” Exp. Mech. 33, 218–227 (1993).

[CrossRef]

J. K. Sinha, H. V. Tippur, and L. M. Xu, “An interferometric and finite element investigation of interfacial crack tip fields: role of mode-mixity on 3-D stress variations,” Int. J. Solids Struct. 34, 741–754 (1997).

[CrossRef]

H. Yano, J. Sugiyama, A. N. Nakagaito, M. Nogi, T. Matsuura, M. Hikita, and K. Handa, “Optically transparent composites reinforced with networks of bacterial nanofibers,” Adv. Mater. 17, 153–155 (2005).

[CrossRef]

S. Iwamoto, A. N. Nakagaito, H. Yano, and M. Nogi, “Optically transparent composites reinforced with plant fiber-based nanofibers,” Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 81, 1109–1112 (2005).

[CrossRef]

X. J. Dai, H. Yun, and Q. Pu, “Measuring thickness change of transparent plate by electronic speckle pattern interferometry and digital image correlation,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3481–3486 (2010).

[CrossRef]

S. Ravi, “Development of transparent composite for photoelastic studies,” Adv. Compos. Mater. 7, 73–81 (1998).

H. Yano, J. Sugiyama, A. N. Nakagaito, M. Nogi, T. Matsuura, M. Hikita, and K. Handa, “Optically transparent composites reinforced with networks of bacterial nanofibers,” Adv. Mater. 17, 153–155 (2005).

[CrossRef]

P. Patel, G. A. Gilde, P. G. Dehmer, and J. W. McCauley, “Transparent armor,” AMPTIAC Newsletter 4(3), 1–9 (2000).

S. Iwamoto, A. N. Nakagaito, H. Yano, and M. Nogi, “Optically transparent composites reinforced with plant fiber-based nanofibers,” Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 81, 1109–1112 (2005).

[CrossRef]

H. V. Tippur and A. J. Rosakis, “Quasi-static and dynamic crack-growth along bimaterial interfaces—a note on crack-tip field-measurements using coherent gradient sensing,” Exp. Mech. 31, 243–251 (1991).

[CrossRef]

J. Kimberley and J. Lambros, “Dynamic crack kinking from a PMMA/homalite interface,” Exp. Mech. 44, 158–166 (2004).

[CrossRef]

S. Ramaswamy, H. V. Tippur, and L. Xu, “Mixed-mode crack-tip deformations studied using a modified flexural specimen and coherent gradient sensing,” Exp. Mech. 33, 218–227 (1993).

[CrossRef]

H. V. Tippur, “Coherent gradient sensing (CGS) method for fracture mechanics: a review,” Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct. 33, 832–858 (2010).

[CrossRef]

H. V. Tippur, S. Krishnaswamy, and A. J. Rosakis, “Optical mapping of crack tip deformations using the methods of transmission and reflection coherent gradient sensing—a study of crack tip K-dominance,” Int. J. Fract. 52, 91–117 (1991).

H. V. Tippur, S. Krishnaswamy, and A. J. Rosakis, “A coherent gradient sensor for crack tip deformation measurements—analysis and experimental results,” Int. J. Fract. 48, 193–204 (1991).

[CrossRef]

J. K. Sinha, H. V. Tippur, and L. M. Xu, “An interferometric and finite element investigation of interfacial crack tip fields: role of mode-mixity on 3-D stress variations,” Int. J. Solids Struct. 34, 741–754 (1997).

[CrossRef]

E. Strassburger, “Ballistic testing of transparent armour ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29, 267–273 (2009).

[CrossRef]

E. J. A. Pope, M. Asami, and J. D. Mackenzie, “Transparent silica gel-PMMA composites,” J. Mater. Res. 4, 1018–1026 (1989).

[CrossRef]

J. J. Mason, J. Lambros, and A. J. Rosakis, “The use of a coherent gradient sensor in dynamic mixed-mode fracture-mechanics experiments,” J. Mech. Phys. Solids 40, 641–661 (1992).

[CrossRef]

X. J. Dai, H. Yun, and Q. Pu, “Measuring thickness change of transparent plate by electronic speckle pattern interferometry and digital image correlation,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3481–3486 (2010).

[CrossRef]

M. S. Kirugulige and H. V. Tippur, “Measurement of surface deformations and fracture parameters for a mixed-mode crack driven by stress waves using image correlation technique and high-speed photography,” Strain 45, 108–122(2009).

[CrossRef]

J. W. Dally and W. F. Riley, Experimental Stress Analysis, 4th ed. (College House, 2005).

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed. (Cambridge, 1999).

W. N. Sharpe, ed., Handbook of Experimental Solid Mechanics (Springer, 2008).

N. Shukla and J. W. Dally, Experimental Solid Mechanics(College House, 2010).

M. A. Sutton, U. Orteu, and H. Schreier, Image Correlation for Shape, Motion and Deformation Measurements (Springer, 2009).

R. G. Budynas, Advanced Strength and Applied Stress Analysis (McGraw-Hill, 1998).