Abstract

Thin-shelled composite mirrors have been recently proposed for use as deformable mirrors in optical systems. Large-diameter deformable composite mirrors can be used in the development of active optical zoom systems. We present the fabrication, testing, and modeling of a prototype 0.2 m diameter carbon fiber reinforced polymer mirror for use as a deformable mirror. In addition, three actuation techniques have been modeled and will be presented.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. R. Restaino, C. C. Wilcox, J. R. Andrews, T. Martinez, F. Santiago, S. W. Teare, R. Romeo, R. Martin, and D. M. Payne, “16ʺ OTA prototype telescope project at the Naval Research Laboratory,” in Proceedings of the 2005, AMOS Technical Conference (Maui Economic Development Board, 2005).
  2. B. Coughenour, S. M. Ammons, M. Hart, R. Romeo, R. Martin, M. Rademacher, and H. Bailey, “Demonstration of a robust carbon fiber reinforced polymer deformable mirror with low surface error,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77363I (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. M. Hinckley, “A statistical evaluation of the variation in laminated composite properties resulting from ply misalignment (U),” Sandia Report, SAND90-8205 (Sandia National Laboratories, 1990).
  4. C. C. Wilcox, D. V. Wick, B. E. Bagwell, R. C. Romeo, R. N. Martin, M. S. Baker, N. L. Breivik, B. L. Boyce, T. Martinez, and S. R. Restaino, “Actuation for deformable thin-shelled composite mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 8031, 80310N (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. V. Wick, T. Martinez, D. M. Payne, W. C. Sweatt, and S. R. Restaino, “Active optical zoom system,” Proc. SPIE 5798, 151–157 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. M. Hodgkinson, Mechanical Testing of Advanced Fibre Composites (Woodhead, 2000).
  7. V. Ronchi, “Forty years of history of a grating interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 3, 437–451 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Zygo Corp., http://www.zygo.com/ .
  9. M. Birnbaum, “Adjusting curvatures of large mirrors and lenses,” NASA Tech Briefs 16(9), 68– 72 (1992).

2011 (1)

C. C. Wilcox, D. V. Wick, B. E. Bagwell, R. C. Romeo, R. N. Martin, M. S. Baker, N. L. Breivik, B. L. Boyce, T. Martinez, and S. R. Restaino, “Actuation for deformable thin-shelled composite mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 8031, 80310N (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

B. Coughenour, S. M. Ammons, M. Hart, R. Romeo, R. Martin, M. Rademacher, and H. Bailey, “Demonstration of a robust carbon fiber reinforced polymer deformable mirror with low surface error,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77363I (2010).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

D. V. Wick, T. Martinez, D. M. Payne, W. C. Sweatt, and S. R. Restaino, “Active optical zoom system,” Proc. SPIE 5798, 151–157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. Birnbaum, “Adjusting curvatures of large mirrors and lenses,” NASA Tech Briefs 16(9), 68– 72 (1992).

1964 (1)

Ammons, S. M.

B. Coughenour, S. M. Ammons, M. Hart, R. Romeo, R. Martin, M. Rademacher, and H. Bailey, “Demonstration of a robust carbon fiber reinforced polymer deformable mirror with low surface error,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77363I (2010).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, J. R.

S. R. Restaino, C. C. Wilcox, J. R. Andrews, T. Martinez, F. Santiago, S. W. Teare, R. Romeo, R. Martin, and D. M. Payne, “16ʺ OTA prototype telescope project at the Naval Research Laboratory,” in Proceedings of the 2005, AMOS Technical Conference (Maui Economic Development Board, 2005).

Bagwell, B. E.

C. C. Wilcox, D. V. Wick, B. E. Bagwell, R. C. Romeo, R. N. Martin, M. S. Baker, N. L. Breivik, B. L. Boyce, T. Martinez, and S. R. Restaino, “Actuation for deformable thin-shelled composite mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 8031, 80310N (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bailey, H.

B. Coughenour, S. M. Ammons, M. Hart, R. Romeo, R. Martin, M. Rademacher, and H. Bailey, “Demonstration of a robust carbon fiber reinforced polymer deformable mirror with low surface error,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77363I (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baker, M. S.

C. C. Wilcox, D. V. Wick, B. E. Bagwell, R. C. Romeo, R. N. Martin, M. S. Baker, N. L. Breivik, B. L. Boyce, T. Martinez, and S. R. Restaino, “Actuation for deformable thin-shelled composite mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 8031, 80310N (2011).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, M.

M. Birnbaum, “Adjusting curvatures of large mirrors and lenses,” NASA Tech Briefs 16(9), 68– 72 (1992).

Boyce, B. L.

C. C. Wilcox, D. V. Wick, B. E. Bagwell, R. C. Romeo, R. N. Martin, M. S. Baker, N. L. Breivik, B. L. Boyce, T. Martinez, and S. R. Restaino, “Actuation for deformable thin-shelled composite mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 8031, 80310N (2011).
[CrossRef]

Breivik, N. L.

C. C. Wilcox, D. V. Wick, B. E. Bagwell, R. C. Romeo, R. N. Martin, M. S. Baker, N. L. Breivik, B. L. Boyce, T. Martinez, and S. R. Restaino, “Actuation for deformable thin-shelled composite mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 8031, 80310N (2011).
[CrossRef]

Coughenour, B.

B. Coughenour, S. M. Ammons, M. Hart, R. Romeo, R. Martin, M. Rademacher, and H. Bailey, “Demonstration of a robust carbon fiber reinforced polymer deformable mirror with low surface error,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77363I (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hart, M.

B. Coughenour, S. M. Ammons, M. Hart, R. Romeo, R. Martin, M. Rademacher, and H. Bailey, “Demonstration of a robust carbon fiber reinforced polymer deformable mirror with low surface error,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77363I (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hinckley, C. M.

C. M. Hinckley, “A statistical evaluation of the variation in laminated composite properties resulting from ply misalignment (U),” Sandia Report, SAND90-8205 (Sandia National Laboratories, 1990).

Hodgkinson, J. M.

J. M. Hodgkinson, Mechanical Testing of Advanced Fibre Composites (Woodhead, 2000).

Martin, R.

B. Coughenour, S. M. Ammons, M. Hart, R. Romeo, R. Martin, M. Rademacher, and H. Bailey, “Demonstration of a robust carbon fiber reinforced polymer deformable mirror with low surface error,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77363I (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Restaino, C. C. Wilcox, J. R. Andrews, T. Martinez, F. Santiago, S. W. Teare, R. Romeo, R. Martin, and D. M. Payne, “16ʺ OTA prototype telescope project at the Naval Research Laboratory,” in Proceedings of the 2005, AMOS Technical Conference (Maui Economic Development Board, 2005).

Martin, R. N.

C. C. Wilcox, D. V. Wick, B. E. Bagwell, R. C. Romeo, R. N. Martin, M. S. Baker, N. L. Breivik, B. L. Boyce, T. Martinez, and S. R. Restaino, “Actuation for deformable thin-shelled composite mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 8031, 80310N (2011).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, T.

C. C. Wilcox, D. V. Wick, B. E. Bagwell, R. C. Romeo, R. N. Martin, M. S. Baker, N. L. Breivik, B. L. Boyce, T. Martinez, and S. R. Restaino, “Actuation for deformable thin-shelled composite mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 8031, 80310N (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Wick, T. Martinez, D. M. Payne, W. C. Sweatt, and S. R. Restaino, “Active optical zoom system,” Proc. SPIE 5798, 151–157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Restaino, C. C. Wilcox, J. R. Andrews, T. Martinez, F. Santiago, S. W. Teare, R. Romeo, R. Martin, and D. M. Payne, “16ʺ OTA prototype telescope project at the Naval Research Laboratory,” in Proceedings of the 2005, AMOS Technical Conference (Maui Economic Development Board, 2005).

Payne, D. M.

D. V. Wick, T. Martinez, D. M. Payne, W. C. Sweatt, and S. R. Restaino, “Active optical zoom system,” Proc. SPIE 5798, 151–157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Restaino, C. C. Wilcox, J. R. Andrews, T. Martinez, F. Santiago, S. W. Teare, R. Romeo, R. Martin, and D. M. Payne, “16ʺ OTA prototype telescope project at the Naval Research Laboratory,” in Proceedings of the 2005, AMOS Technical Conference (Maui Economic Development Board, 2005).

Rademacher, M.

B. Coughenour, S. M. Ammons, M. Hart, R. Romeo, R. Martin, M. Rademacher, and H. Bailey, “Demonstration of a robust carbon fiber reinforced polymer deformable mirror with low surface error,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77363I (2010).
[CrossRef]

Restaino, S. R.

C. C. Wilcox, D. V. Wick, B. E. Bagwell, R. C. Romeo, R. N. Martin, M. S. Baker, N. L. Breivik, B. L. Boyce, T. Martinez, and S. R. Restaino, “Actuation for deformable thin-shelled composite mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 8031, 80310N (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Wick, T. Martinez, D. M. Payne, W. C. Sweatt, and S. R. Restaino, “Active optical zoom system,” Proc. SPIE 5798, 151–157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Restaino, C. C. Wilcox, J. R. Andrews, T. Martinez, F. Santiago, S. W. Teare, R. Romeo, R. Martin, and D. M. Payne, “16ʺ OTA prototype telescope project at the Naval Research Laboratory,” in Proceedings of the 2005, AMOS Technical Conference (Maui Economic Development Board, 2005).

Romeo, R.

B. Coughenour, S. M. Ammons, M. Hart, R. Romeo, R. Martin, M. Rademacher, and H. Bailey, “Demonstration of a robust carbon fiber reinforced polymer deformable mirror with low surface error,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77363I (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Restaino, C. C. Wilcox, J. R. Andrews, T. Martinez, F. Santiago, S. W. Teare, R. Romeo, R. Martin, and D. M. Payne, “16ʺ OTA prototype telescope project at the Naval Research Laboratory,” in Proceedings of the 2005, AMOS Technical Conference (Maui Economic Development Board, 2005).

Romeo, R. C.

C. C. Wilcox, D. V. Wick, B. E. Bagwell, R. C. Romeo, R. N. Martin, M. S. Baker, N. L. Breivik, B. L. Boyce, T. Martinez, and S. R. Restaino, “Actuation for deformable thin-shelled composite mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 8031, 80310N (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ronchi, V.

Santiago, F.

S. R. Restaino, C. C. Wilcox, J. R. Andrews, T. Martinez, F. Santiago, S. W. Teare, R. Romeo, R. Martin, and D. M. Payne, “16ʺ OTA prototype telescope project at the Naval Research Laboratory,” in Proceedings of the 2005, AMOS Technical Conference (Maui Economic Development Board, 2005).

Sweatt, W. C.

D. V. Wick, T. Martinez, D. M. Payne, W. C. Sweatt, and S. R. Restaino, “Active optical zoom system,” Proc. SPIE 5798, 151–157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Teare, S. W.

S. R. Restaino, C. C. Wilcox, J. R. Andrews, T. Martinez, F. Santiago, S. W. Teare, R. Romeo, R. Martin, and D. M. Payne, “16ʺ OTA prototype telescope project at the Naval Research Laboratory,” in Proceedings of the 2005, AMOS Technical Conference (Maui Economic Development Board, 2005).

Wick, D. V.

C. C. Wilcox, D. V. Wick, B. E. Bagwell, R. C. Romeo, R. N. Martin, M. S. Baker, N. L. Breivik, B. L. Boyce, T. Martinez, and S. R. Restaino, “Actuation for deformable thin-shelled composite mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 8031, 80310N (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Wick, T. Martinez, D. M. Payne, W. C. Sweatt, and S. R. Restaino, “Active optical zoom system,” Proc. SPIE 5798, 151–157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wilcox, C. C.

C. C. Wilcox, D. V. Wick, B. E. Bagwell, R. C. Romeo, R. N. Martin, M. S. Baker, N. L. Breivik, B. L. Boyce, T. Martinez, and S. R. Restaino, “Actuation for deformable thin-shelled composite mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 8031, 80310N (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Restaino, C. C. Wilcox, J. R. Andrews, T. Martinez, F. Santiago, S. W. Teare, R. Romeo, R. Martin, and D. M. Payne, “16ʺ OTA prototype telescope project at the Naval Research Laboratory,” in Proceedings of the 2005, AMOS Technical Conference (Maui Economic Development Board, 2005).

Appl. Opt. (1)

NASA Tech Briefs (1)

M. Birnbaum, “Adjusting curvatures of large mirrors and lenses,” NASA Tech Briefs 16(9), 68– 72 (1992).

Proc. SPIE (3)

B. Coughenour, S. M. Ammons, M. Hart, R. Romeo, R. Martin, M. Rademacher, and H. Bailey, “Demonstration of a robust carbon fiber reinforced polymer deformable mirror with low surface error,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77363I (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Wilcox, D. V. Wick, B. E. Bagwell, R. C. Romeo, R. N. Martin, M. S. Baker, N. L. Breivik, B. L. Boyce, T. Martinez, and S. R. Restaino, “Actuation for deformable thin-shelled composite mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 8031, 80310N (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Wick, T. Martinez, D. M. Payne, W. C. Sweatt, and S. R. Restaino, “Active optical zoom system,” Proc. SPIE 5798, 151–157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

J. M. Hodgkinson, Mechanical Testing of Advanced Fibre Composites (Woodhead, 2000).

Zygo Corp., http://www.zygo.com/ .

C. M. Hinckley, “A statistical evaluation of the variation in laminated composite properties resulting from ply misalignment (U),” Sandia Report, SAND90-8205 (Sandia National Laboratories, 1990).

S. R. Restaino, C. C. Wilcox, J. R. Andrews, T. Martinez, F. Santiago, S. W. Teare, R. Romeo, R. Martin, and D. M. Payne, “16ʺ OTA prototype telescope project at the Naval Research Laboratory,” in Proceedings of the 2005, AMOS Technical Conference (Maui Economic Development Board, 2005).

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