Abstract

We demonstrate a scheme to generate deep ultraviolet source by the single-stage high-power Ti:sapphire laser with linewidth of 0.05 nm cryogenically operating at repetition rate of 5 kHz. The fundamental laser was tuned by an intracavity birefringent filter and three etalons with an output power greater than 8 W, corresponding to about 17% optical efficiency. The pulse width was 112 ns and M2<1.1. By using the nonlinear crystals BiB3O6 and KBe2BO3F2, the output power of 2.2 W at second harmonic and 8.5 mW at fourth harmonic laser of about 195 nm were produced. This compact high-repetition rate laser with narrow linewidth would be a promising tunable source for spectroscopy.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2010

L. Velarde, D. P. Engelhart, D. Matsiev, J. LaRue, D. J. Auerbach, and A. M. Wodtke, “Generation of tunable narrow bandwidth nanosecond pulses in the deep ultraviolet for efficient optical pumping and high resolution spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 063106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, X. Wang, and C. T. Chen, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 323–326 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

2005

W. D. Kulatilaka, T. N. Anderson, T. L. Bougher, and R. P. Lucht, “Development of injection-seeded, pulsed optical parametric generator/oscillator systems for high-resolution spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 669–680 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2002

2000

1999

1997

1996

C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, D. Q. Deng, J. Zhang, and G. K. L. Wong, “The vacuum ultraviolet phase-matching characteristics of nonlinear optical KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2930–2932 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

1991

T. D. Raymond and A. V. Smith, “Injection-seeded titanium-doped-sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 33–35 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Schulz and S. R. Henion, “Liquid-nitrogen-cooled Ti:Al2O3 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1039–1047 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1978

1972

Adachi, S.

Anderson, T. N.

W. D. Kulatilaka, T. N. Anderson, T. L. Bougher, and R. P. Lucht, “Development of injection-seeded, pulsed optical parametric generator/oscillator systems for high-resolution spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 669–680 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Auerbach, D. J.

L. Velarde, D. P. Engelhart, D. Matsiev, J. LaRue, D. J. Auerbach, and A. M. Wodtke, “Generation of tunable narrow bandwidth nanosecond pulses in the deep ultraviolet for efficient optical pumping and high resolution spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 063106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Backus, S.

Bhar, G. C.

Bo, Y.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, X. Wang, and C. T. Chen, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 323–326 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bougher, T. L.

W. D. Kulatilaka, T. N. Anderson, T. L. Bougher, and R. P. Lucht, “Development of injection-seeded, pulsed optical parametric generator/oscillator systems for high-resolution spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 669–680 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chatterjee, U.

Chen, C. T.

Chen, R. P.

Cui, D.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, X. Wang, and C. T. Chen, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 323–326 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Deki, K.

Deng, D. Q.

C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, D. Q. Deng, J. Zhang, and G. K. L. Wong, “The vacuum ultraviolet phase-matching characteristics of nonlinear optical KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2930–2932 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Engelhart, D. P.

L. Velarde, D. P. Engelhart, D. Matsiev, J. LaRue, D. J. Auerbach, and A. M. Wodtke, “Generation of tunable narrow bandwidth nanosecond pulses in the deep ultraviolet for efficient optical pumping and high resolution spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 063106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Feigelson, R. S.

Finch, A.

Gaudiosi, D. M.

Geng, A.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, X. Wang, and C. T. Chen, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 323–326 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guo, L.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, X. Wang, and C. T. Chen, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 323–326 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hansch, T. W.

Henion, S. R.

P. A. Schulz and S. R. Henion, “Liquid-nitrogen-cooled Ti:Al2O3 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1039–1047 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kanai, T.

Kanda, T.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Karlov, N. V.

Kittelmann, O.

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 6th ed. (Springer, 2006).

Kohl, P.

Krynetskii, B. B.

Kubo, H.

Kulatilaka, W. D.

W. D. Kulatilaka, T. N. Anderson, T. L. Bougher, and R. P. Lucht, “Development of injection-seeded, pulsed optical parametric generator/oscillator systems for high-resolution spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 669–680 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kumbhakar, P.

LaRue, J.

L. Velarde, D. P. Engelhart, D. Matsiev, J. LaRue, D. J. Auerbach, and A. M. Wodtke, “Generation of tunable narrow bandwidth nanosecond pulses in the deep ultraviolet for efficient optical pumping and high resolution spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 063106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, X. Wang, and C. T. Chen, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 323–326 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ling, W. J.

Lucht, R. P.

W. D. Kulatilaka, T. N. Anderson, T. L. Bougher, and R. P. Lucht, “Development of injection-seeded, pulsed optical parametric generator/oscillator systems for high-resolution spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 669–680 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luo, S. Y.

Lytle, A. L.

Ma, X. W.

Matsiev, D.

L. Velarde, D. P. Engelhart, D. Matsiev, J. LaRue, D. J. Auerbach, and A. M. Wodtke, “Generation of tunable narrow bandwidth nanosecond pulses in the deep ultraviolet for efficient optical pumping and high resolution spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 063106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Matsushima, I.

Mishin, V. A.

Mizoguchi, H.

Murnane, M. M.

Nakao, K.

Noack, F.

Ohsako, Y.

Petrov, V.

Prokhorov, A. M.

Raymond, T. D.

Ringling, J.

Route, R. K.

Rudra, A. M.

Sakuma, J.

Schulz, P. A.

P. A. Schulz and S. R. Henion, “Liquid-nitrogen-cooled Ti:Al2O3 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1039–1047 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Seifert, F.

Sekikawa, T.

Smith, A. V.

Spiro, T. G.

Suganuma, T.

Sun, J. H.

Tengroth, C.

Togashi, T.

Tomie, T.

Velarde, L.

L. Velarde, D. P. Engelhart, D. Matsiev, J. LaRue, D. J. Auerbach, and A. M. Wodtke, “Generation of tunable narrow bandwidth nanosecond pulses in the deep ultraviolet for efficient optical pumping and high resolution spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 063106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wakabayashi, O.

Wang, G.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, X. Wang, and C. T. Chen, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 323–326 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G. L.

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, P.

Wang, X.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, X. Wang, and C. T. Chen, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 323–326 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. Y.

Wang, Z. H.

Watanabe, S.

Wei, Z. Y.

Wen, X. H.

Wodtke, A. M.

L. Velarde, D. P. Engelhart, D. Matsiev, J. LaRue, D. J. Auerbach, and A. M. Wodtke, “Generation of tunable narrow bandwidth nanosecond pulses in the deep ultraviolet for efficient optical pumping and high resolution spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 063106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wong, G. K. L.

C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, D. Q. Deng, J. Zhang, and G. K. L. Wong, “The vacuum ultraviolet phase-matching characteristics of nonlinear optical KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2930–2932 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wu, H. X.

Xu, Z.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, X. Wang, and C. T. Chen, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 323–326 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z. Y.

Yashiro, H.

Yokota, T.

Zhan, W. L.

Zhang, C. Q.

Zhang, D. C.

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, X. Wang, and C. T. Chen, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 323–326 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, D. Q. Deng, J. Zhang, and G. K. L. Wong, “The vacuum ultraviolet phase-matching characteristics of nonlinear optical KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2930–2932 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Zhao, X. J.

Zhu, J. F.

Zhu, Y.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, X. Wang, and C. T. Chen, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 323–326 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, X. Wang, and C. T. Chen, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93, 323–326 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. D. Kulatilaka, T. N. Anderson, T. L. Bougher, and R. P. Lucht, “Development of injection-seeded, pulsed optical parametric generator/oscillator systems for high-resolution spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 669–680 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, D. Q. Deng, J. Zhang, and G. K. L. Wong, “The vacuum ultraviolet phase-matching characteristics of nonlinear optical KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2930–2932 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

P. A. Schulz and S. R. Henion, “Liquid-nitrogen-cooled Ti:Al2O3 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1039–1047 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

L. Velarde, D. P. Engelhart, D. Matsiev, J. LaRue, D. J. Auerbach, and A. M. Wodtke, “Generation of tunable narrow bandwidth nanosecond pulses in the deep ultraviolet for efficient optical pumping and high resolution spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 063106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other

“Free software SNLO,” http://www.as-photonics.com/snlo .

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 6th ed. (Springer, 2006).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experiment setup of fundamental Ti:sapphire laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Linewidth of Ti:sapphire laser with intracavity elements.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output power versus the tuning wavelength.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Optical harmonic generation with (a) three-step method, and (b) two-step method.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Comparison of output powers of SHG with BIBO (square), BBO (circle), and LBO (triangle).

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