Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a tunable S-band multiwavelength Brillouin/Raman fiber laser (MBRFL) with a tuning range of between 1490 to 1530 nm. The proposed MBRFL is designed around a 7.7 km long dispersion compensating fiber in a simple ring configuration, acting as a nonlinear medium for the generation of multiple wavelengths from stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) and also as a nonlinear gain medium for stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) amplification. A laser source with a maximum power of 12 dBm acts as the Brillouin pump (BP), while two 1420 nm laser diodes with a total power of 26 dBm act as the Raman pumps (RPs). The MBRFL can generate a multiwavelength comb consisting of even and odd Stokes at an average power of 12dBm and 14dBm respectively, and by separating the even and odd Stokes outputs, a 20 GHz channel spacing is obtained between two consecutive wavelengths. Due to the four-wave mixing (FWM) effect, anti-Stokes lines are also observed. The multiwavelength comb generated is not dependent on the BP, thus providing high stability and repeatability and making it a highly potential source for many real-world applications. This is the first time, to the knowledge of the authors, that a tunable MBRFL has been developed using SRS to obtain gain in the S-band region.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. Wang, G. Somesfalean, L. Mei, H. Zhou, C. Yan, and S. He, “Detection of gas concentration by correlation spectroscopy using a multi-wavelength fiber laser,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 114, 469–479 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. V. A. Tran, Y.-G. Han, S.-H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, “Multiwavelength Raman-fiber-laser-based long-distance remote sensor for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1282–1284 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Abtahi, A. D. Simard, S. Doucet, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Characterization of a linearly chirped FBG under local temperature variations for spectral shaping applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 750–755 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Z. Wu, Q. Shen, L. Zhan, J. Liu, W. Yuan, and Y. Wang, “Optical generation of stable microwave signal using a dual-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 568–570 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin–erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. I. Y. Khrushchev, J. D. Bainbridge, J. E. A. Whiteaway, I. H. White, and R. V. Penty, “Multiwavelength pulse source for OTDM/WDM applications based on arrayed waveguide grating,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1651–1661 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Yasaka, Y. Yoshikuni, K. Sato, H. Ishii, and H. Sanjoh, “Multiwavelength light source with precise spacing using mode-locked semiconductor laser and arrayed waveguide filter,” in Proceedings Optical Fiber Communications, 1996, Vol. 2 of 1996 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1996), pp. 299–300.
  8. S. K. Kim, M. J. Chu, and J. H. Lee, “Wideband multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with frequency shifted feedback,” Opt. Commun. 190, 291–302 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y.-G. Han, T. V. A. Tran, and S. B. Lee, “Wavelength-spacing tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on four-wave mixing of dispersion-shifted fiber,” Opt. Lett. 31, 697–699 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Z. Zhang, L. Zhan, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. Xia, and J. Lin, “Multiwavelength fiber laser with fine adjustment, based on nonlinear polarization rotation and birefringence fiber filter,” Opt. Lett. 33, 324–326 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Mokhtar, and S. Hitam, “Broadly tunable multiple wavelength Brillouin fiber laser exploiting erbium amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1789–1794 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. R. Shirazi, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “New Brillouin fiber laser configuration with high output power,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 49, 2656–2658 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. Y. Oh, J. S. Ko, D. S. Lim, and W. Seo, “10 and 20 GHz optical combs generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with shared cavity of Sagnac reflector,” Opt. Commun. 201, 399–403 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. R. Shirazi, M. Biglary, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “Bidirectional multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation in a ring cavity,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 055101 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. G. Shee, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ismail, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with double-Brillouin-frequency spacing,” Opt. Express 19, 1699–1706 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, M. Z. Jamaludin, N. M. Din, and F. Abdullah, “Enhancement of Brillouin gain efficiency in multiwavelength L-band BEFL by utilizing bi-directional Brillouin pump amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1332–1336 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. Parvizi, H. Arof, N. M. Ali, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “0.16 nm spaced multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser in a figure-of-eight configuration,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 866–869 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin–erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 415–421 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2011

B. Wang, G. Somesfalean, L. Mei, H. Zhou, C. Yan, and S. He, “Detection of gas concentration by correlation spectroscopy using a multi-wavelength fiber laser,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 114, 469–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Parvizi, H. Arof, N. M. Ali, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “0.16 nm spaced multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser in a figure-of-eight configuration,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 866–869 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Shee, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ismail, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with double-Brillouin-frequency spacing,” Opt. Express 19, 1699–1706 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Abtahi, A. D. Simard, S. Doucet, S. LaRochelle, and L. A. Rusch, “Characterization of a linearly chirped FBG under local temperature variations for spectral shaping applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 750–755 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, M. Z. Jamaludin, N. M. Din, and F. Abdullah, “Enhancement of Brillouin gain efficiency in multiwavelength L-band BEFL by utilizing bi-directional Brillouin pump amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1332–1336 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wu, Q. Shen, L. Zhan, J. Liu, W. Yuan, and Y. Wang, “Optical generation of stable microwave signal using a dual-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 568–570 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin–erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 415–421 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Mokhtar, and S. Hitam, “Broadly tunable multiple wavelength Brillouin fiber laser exploiting erbium amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1789–1794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

M. R. Shirazi, M. Biglary, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “Bidirectional multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation in a ring cavity,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 055101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, L. Zhan, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. Xia, and J. Lin, “Multiwavelength fiber laser with fine adjustment, based on nonlinear polarization rotation and birefringence fiber filter,” Opt. Lett. 33, 324–326 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

M. R. Shirazi, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “New Brillouin fiber laser configuration with high output power,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 49, 2656–2658 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

2004

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin–erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

W. Y. Oh, J. S. Ko, D. S. Lim, and W. Seo, “10 and 20 GHz optical combs generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with shared cavity of Sagnac reflector,” Opt. Commun. 201, 399–403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

S. K. Kim, M. J. Chu, and J. H. Lee, “Wideband multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with frequency shifted feedback,” Opt. Commun. 190, 291–302 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

I. Y. Khrushchev, J. D. Bainbridge, J. E. A. Whiteaway, I. H. White, and R. V. Penty, “Multiwavelength pulse source for OTDM/WDM applications based on arrayed waveguide grating,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1651–1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Abdullah, F.

Abtahi, M.

Ahmad, H.

R. Parvizi, H. Arof, N. M. Ali, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “0.16 nm spaced multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser in a figure-of-eight configuration,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 866–869 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Shirazi, M. Biglary, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “Bidirectional multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation in a ring cavity,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 055101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Shirazi, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “New Brillouin fiber laser configuration with high output power,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 49, 2656–2658 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ajiya, M.

Ali, N. M.

R. Parvizi, H. Arof, N. M. Ali, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “0.16 nm spaced multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser in a figure-of-eight configuration,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 866–869 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Al-Mansoori, M. H.

Arof, H.

R. Parvizi, H. Arof, N. M. Ali, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “0.16 nm spaced multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser in a figure-of-eight configuration,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 866–869 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bainbridge, J. D.

I. Y. Khrushchev, J. D. Bainbridge, J. E. A. Whiteaway, I. H. White, and R. V. Penty, “Multiwavelength pulse source for OTDM/WDM applications based on arrayed waveguide grating,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1651–1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Biglary, M.

M. R. Shirazi, M. Biglary, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “Bidirectional multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation in a ring cavity,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 055101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chu, M. J.

S. K. Kim, M. J. Chu, and J. H. Lee, “Wideband multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with frequency shifted feedback,” Opt. Commun. 190, 291–302 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Din, N. M.

Doucet, S.

Han, Y.-G.

Harun, S. W.

R. Parvizi, H. Arof, N. M. Ali, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “0.16 nm spaced multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser in a figure-of-eight configuration,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 866–869 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Shirazi, M. Biglary, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “Bidirectional multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation in a ring cavity,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 055101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Shirazi, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “New Brillouin fiber laser configuration with high output power,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 49, 2656–2658 (2007).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

B. Wang, G. Somesfalean, L. Mei, H. Zhou, C. Yan, and S. He, “Detection of gas concentration by correlation spectroscopy using a multi-wavelength fiber laser,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 114, 469–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hitam, S.

Hu, S.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin–erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, H.

H. Yasaka, Y. Yoshikuni, K. Sato, H. Ishii, and H. Sanjoh, “Multiwavelength light source with precise spacing using mode-locked semiconductor laser and arrayed waveguide filter,” in Proceedings Optical Fiber Communications, 1996, Vol. 2 of 1996 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1996), pp. 299–300.

Ismail, A.

Jamaludin, M. Z.

Khrushchev, I. Y.

I. Y. Khrushchev, J. D. Bainbridge, J. E. A. Whiteaway, I. H. White, and R. V. Penty, “Multiwavelength pulse source for OTDM/WDM applications based on arrayed waveguide grating,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1651–1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. K.

S. K. Kim, M. J. Chu, and J. H. Lee, “Wideband multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with frequency shifted feedback,” Opt. Commun. 190, 291–302 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.-H.

Ko, J. S.

W. Y. Oh, J. S. Ko, D. S. Lim, and W. Seo, “10 and 20 GHz optical combs generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with shared cavity of Sagnac reflector,” Opt. Commun. 201, 399–403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

LaRochelle, S.

Lee, J. H.

S. K. Kim, M. J. Chu, and J. H. Lee, “Wideband multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with frequency shifted feedback,” Opt. Commun. 190, 291–302 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B.

Lim, D. S.

W. Y. Oh, J. S. Ko, D. S. Lim, and W. Seo, “10 and 20 GHz optical combs generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with shared cavity of Sagnac reflector,” Opt. Commun. 201, 399–403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

Liu, J.

Z. Wu, Q. Shen, L. Zhan, J. Liu, W. Yuan, and Y. Wang, “Optical generation of stable microwave signal using a dual-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 568–570 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mahdi, M. A.

Mei, L.

B. Wang, G. Somesfalean, L. Mei, H. Zhou, C. Yan, and S. He, “Detection of gas concentration by correlation spectroscopy using a multi-wavelength fiber laser,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 114, 469–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mokhtar, M.

Oh, W. Y.

W. Y. Oh, J. S. Ko, D. S. Lim, and W. Seo, “10 and 20 GHz optical combs generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with shared cavity of Sagnac reflector,” Opt. Commun. 201, 399–403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Parvizi, R.

R. Parvizi, H. Arof, N. M. Ali, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “0.16 nm spaced multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser in a figure-of-eight configuration,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 866–869 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Penty, R. V.

I. Y. Khrushchev, J. D. Bainbridge, J. E. A. Whiteaway, I. H. White, and R. V. Penty, “Multiwavelength pulse source for OTDM/WDM applications based on arrayed waveguide grating,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1651–1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Premaratne, M.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin–erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 415–421 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rusch, L. A.

Sanjoh, H.

H. Yasaka, Y. Yoshikuni, K. Sato, H. Ishii, and H. Sanjoh, “Multiwavelength light source with precise spacing using mode-locked semiconductor laser and arrayed waveguide filter,” in Proceedings Optical Fiber Communications, 1996, Vol. 2 of 1996 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1996), pp. 299–300.

Sato, K.

H. Yasaka, Y. Yoshikuni, K. Sato, H. Ishii, and H. Sanjoh, “Multiwavelength light source with precise spacing using mode-locked semiconductor laser and arrayed waveguide filter,” in Proceedings Optical Fiber Communications, 1996, Vol. 2 of 1996 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1996), pp. 299–300.

Seo, W.

W. Y. Oh, J. S. Ko, D. S. Lim, and W. Seo, “10 and 20 GHz optical combs generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with shared cavity of Sagnac reflector,” Opt. Commun. 201, 399–403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shee, Y. G.

Shen, Q.

Z. Wu, Q. Shen, L. Zhan, J. Liu, W. Yuan, and Y. Wang, “Optical generation of stable microwave signal using a dual-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 568–570 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shirazi, M. R.

M. R. Shirazi, M. Biglary, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “Bidirectional multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation in a ring cavity,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 055101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Shirazi, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “New Brillouin fiber laser configuration with high output power,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 49, 2656–2658 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Simard, A. D.

Somesfalean, G.

B. Wang, G. Somesfalean, L. Mei, H. Zhou, C. Yan, and S. He, “Detection of gas concentration by correlation spectroscopy using a multi-wavelength fiber laser,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 114, 469–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. J.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin–erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thambiratnam, K.

M. R. Shirazi, M. Biglary, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “Bidirectional multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation in a ring cavity,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 055101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Shirazi, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “New Brillouin fiber laser configuration with high output power,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 49, 2656–2658 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tran, T. V. A.

Wang, B.

B. Wang, G. Somesfalean, L. Mei, H. Zhou, C. Yan, and S. He, “Detection of gas concentration by correlation spectroscopy using a multi-wavelength fiber laser,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 114, 469–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Z. Wu, Q. Shen, L. Zhan, J. Liu, W. Yuan, and Y. Wang, “Optical generation of stable microwave signal using a dual-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 568–570 (2010).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

I. Y. Khrushchev, J. D. Bainbridge, J. E. A. Whiteaway, I. H. White, and R. V. Penty, “Multiwavelength pulse source for OTDM/WDM applications based on arrayed waveguide grating,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1651–1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Whiteaway, J. E. A.

I. Y. Khrushchev, J. D. Bainbridge, J. E. A. Whiteaway, I. H. White, and R. V. Penty, “Multiwavelength pulse source for OTDM/WDM applications based on arrayed waveguide grating,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1651–1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

Wu, Z.

Z. Wu, Q. Shen, L. Zhan, J. Liu, W. Yuan, and Y. Wang, “Optical generation of stable microwave signal using a dual-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 568–570 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y.

Xia, Y. X.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin–erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, K.

Yan, C.

B. Wang, G. Somesfalean, L. Mei, H. Zhou, C. Yan, and S. He, “Detection of gas concentration by correlation spectroscopy using a multi-wavelength fiber laser,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 114, 469–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yasaka, H.

H. Yasaka, Y. Yoshikuni, K. Sato, H. Ishii, and H. Sanjoh, “Multiwavelength light source with precise spacing using mode-locked semiconductor laser and arrayed waveguide filter,” in Proceedings Optical Fiber Communications, 1996, Vol. 2 of 1996 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1996), pp. 299–300.

Ye, Q. H.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin–erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yoshikuni, Y.

H. Yasaka, Y. Yoshikuni, K. Sato, H. Ishii, and H. Sanjoh, “Multiwavelength light source with precise spacing using mode-locked semiconductor laser and arrayed waveguide filter,” in Proceedings Optical Fiber Communications, 1996, Vol. 2 of 1996 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1996), pp. 299–300.

Yuan, W.

Z. Wu, Q. Shen, L. Zhan, J. Liu, W. Yuan, and Y. Wang, “Optical generation of stable microwave signal using a dual-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 568–570 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhan, L.

Z. Wu, Q. Shen, L. Zhan, J. Liu, W. Yuan, and Y. Wang, “Optical generation of stable microwave signal using a dual-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 568–570 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, L. Zhan, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. Xia, and J. Lin, “Multiwavelength fiber laser with fine adjustment, based on nonlinear polarization rotation and birefringence fiber filter,” Opt. Lett. 33, 324–326 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin–erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

Zhou, H.

B. Wang, G. Somesfalean, L. Mei, H. Zhou, C. Yan, and S. He, “Detection of gas concentration by correlation spectroscopy using a multi-wavelength fiber laser,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 114, 469–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt.

M. R. Shirazi, M. Biglary, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “Bidirectional multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation in a ring cavity,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 055101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.

M. R. Shirazi, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “New Brillouin fiber laser configuration with high output power,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 49, 2656–2658 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

W. Y. Oh, J. S. Ko, D. S. Lim, and W. Seo, “10 and 20 GHz optical combs generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with shared cavity of Sagnac reflector,” Opt. Commun. 201, 399–403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Kim, M. J. Chu, and J. H. Lee, “Wideband multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with frequency shifted feedback,” Opt. Commun. 190, 291–302 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Laser Technol.

R. Parvizi, H. Arof, N. M. Ali, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “0.16 nm spaced multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser in a figure-of-eight configuration,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 866–869 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Photon. Technol. Lett.

Z. Wu, Q. Shen, L. Zhan, J. Liu, W. Yuan, and Y. Wang, “Optical generation of stable microwave signal using a dual-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 568–570 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin–erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Y. Khrushchev, J. D. Bainbridge, J. E. A. Whiteaway, I. H. White, and R. V. Penty, “Multiwavelength pulse source for OTDM/WDM applications based on arrayed waveguide grating,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1651–1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Electromagn. Res.

B. Wang, G. Somesfalean, L. Mei, H. Zhou, C. Yan, and S. He, “Detection of gas concentration by correlation spectroscopy using a multi-wavelength fiber laser,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 114, 469–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin–erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 415–421 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other

H. Yasaka, Y. Yoshikuni, K. Sato, H. Ishii, and H. Sanjoh, “Multiwavelength light source with precise spacing using mode-locked semiconductor laser and arrayed waveguide filter,” in Proceedings Optical Fiber Communications, 1996, Vol. 2 of 1996 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1996), pp. 299–300.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Raman gain spectrum of the DCF when pumped at 1425 nm with a combined power of 371 mW (with equal power output of 185.5 mW from each laser diode).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Superimposed traces of output 1 (BP and even Stokes) and output 4 (odd Stokes).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Spectrum of Stokes and anti-Stokes from output port 1 with varying total RP power and with fixed BP power.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Dependence of Stokes output power at different BP powers, fixing the RP at 371 mW, taken at output port 1.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Tuning range of the Stokes generated at different BP wavelengths, starting from 1490 to 1530 nm. (b) Expanded trace at BP of 1490 nm, 1495 nm, 1525 nm, and 1530 nm (clockwise from top left; taken at output port 1).

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