Abstract

We report on the waveguide formation in the Nd:Li6Y(BO3)3 laser crystal by oxygen or silicon ion implantation, respectively, and how the waveguide structure effectively supports the fundamental mode in the visible and near-infrared telecommunication band. Compared with Si-ion, the waveguide produced by O-ion has a larger effective refractive index of fundamental mode and lower propagation loss, which shows that peak position of implanted ion nuclear energy loss has a significant impact on waveguide features. The investigation of the photoluminescence and Raman spectra demonstrates that the Nd3+ luminescence feature and crystal structure of the waveguide active region do not change significantly and gain good preservation after ion implantation.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Hoenninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 184, 441–446 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Huang, C. Tu, Z. Luo, and G. Chen, “Spectra and intensity parameters of Li6Y(BO3)3:Nd3+ laser crystal,” Opt. Commun. 92, 57–60 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Bessière, and P. Dorenbos, “Inorganic thermal-neutron scintillators,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 529, 260–267 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, J. P. Chaminade, I. Manek-Honninger, G. S. Murugan, T. Cardinal, R. Olazcuaga, A. Garcia, and F. Salin, “Crystal growth, luminescent and lasing properties of the ytterbium doped Li6Y(BO3)3 compound,” Opt. Mater. 27, 1681–1685 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, F. Guillen, R. Decourt, M. Couzi, J. P. Chaminade, and A. Garcia, “Infrared and visible spectroscopic studies of the ytterbium doped borate Li6Y(BO3)3,” Opt. Commun. 280, 103–109 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Delaigue, V. Jubera, J. Sablayrolles, J. P. Chaminade, A. Garcia, and I. Manek-Honninger, “Mode-locked and Q-switched laser operation of the Yb-doped Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 693–696 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Growth and spectral properties of Er3+:Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Mater. Lett. 60, 418–421 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 51–55 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Hölsä and M. Leskelä, “Optical study of Eu3+ luminescence in lithium rare earth borates, Li6RE(BO3)3; RE=Gd, Y,” J. Lumin. 48–49, 497–500 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2011 (1)

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Hoenninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 184, 441–446 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, F. Guillen, R. Decourt, M. Couzi, J. P. Chaminade, and A. Garcia, “Infrared and visible spectroscopic studies of the ytterbium doped borate Li6Y(BO3)3,” Opt. Commun. 280, 103–109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 51–55 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Mackenzie, “Dielectric solid-state planar waveguide lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 626–637 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, “Developments of ion implanted optical waveguides in optical materials: a review,” Opt. Mater. 29, 1523–1542 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, J. P. Chaminade, I. Manek-Honninger, G. S. Murugan, T. Cardinal, R. Olazcuaga, A. Garcia, and F. Salin, “Crystal growth, luminescent and lasing properties of the ytterbium doped Li6Y(BO3)3 compound,” Opt. Mater. 27, 1681–1685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Bessière, and P. Dorenbos, “Inorganic thermal-neutron scintillators,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 529, 260–267 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, and M. Marangoni, “Two straightforward methods for the measurement of optical losses in planar waveguides,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1117–1120(2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

J. P. Chaminade, O. Viraphong, F. Guillen, C. Fouassier, and B. Czirr, “Crystal growth and optical properties of new neutron detectors Ce3+:Li6R(BO3)3 (R=Gd, Y),” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48, 1158–1161 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1992 (3)

1991 (1)

J. Hölsä and M. Leskelä, “Optical study of Eu3+ luminescence in lithium rare earth borates, Li6RE(BO3)3; RE=Gd, Y,” J. Lumin. 48–49, 497–500 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

P. J. Chandler and F. L. Lama, “A new approach to the determination of planar waveguide profiles by means of a non-stationary mode index calculation,” Opt. Acta 33, 127–143 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Adamietz, F.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Hoenninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 184, 441–446 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bardyszewiski, W.

Bessière, A.

C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Bessière, and P. Dorenbos, “Inorganic thermal-neutron scintillators,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 529, 260–267 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cardinal, T.

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, J. P. Chaminade, I. Manek-Honninger, G. S. Murugan, T. Cardinal, R. Olazcuaga, A. Garcia, and F. Salin, “Crystal growth, luminescent and lasing properties of the ytterbium doped Li6Y(BO3)3 compound,” Opt. Mater. 27, 1681–1685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chaminade, J. P.

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, F. Guillen, R. Decourt, M. Couzi, J. P. Chaminade, and A. Garcia, “Infrared and visible spectroscopic studies of the ytterbium doped borate Li6Y(BO3)3,” Opt. Commun. 280, 103–109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, J. P. Chaminade, I. Manek-Honninger, G. S. Murugan, T. Cardinal, R. Olazcuaga, A. Garcia, and F. Salin, “Crystal growth, luminescent and lasing properties of the ytterbium doped Li6Y(BO3)3 compound,” Opt. Mater. 27, 1681–1685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Chaminade, O. Viraphong, F. Guillen, C. Fouassier, and B. Czirr, “Crystal growth and optical properties of new neutron detectors Ce3+:Li6R(BO3)3 (R=Gd, Y),” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48, 1158–1161 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Delaigue, V. Jubera, J. Sablayrolles, J. P. Chaminade, A. Garcia, and I. Manek-Honninger, “Mode-locked and Q-switched laser operation of the Yb-doped Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 693–696 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chandler, P. J.

P. J. Chandler and F. L. Lama, “A new approach to the determination of planar waveguide profiles by means of a non-stationary mode index calculation,” Opt. Acta 33, 127–143 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Townsend, P. J. Chandler, and L. Zhang, Optical Effects of Ion Implantation (Cambridge University, 1994).

Chavoutier, M.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Hoenninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 184, 441–446 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, F.

F. Chen, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, “Developments of ion implanted optical waveguides in optical materials: a review,” Opt. Mater. 29, 1523–1542 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, G.

Y. Huang, C. Tu, Z. Luo, and G. Chen, “Spectra and intensity parameters of Li6Y(BO3)3:Nd3+ laser crystal,” Opt. Commun. 92, 57–60 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. J.

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 51–55 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Couzi, M.

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, F. Guillen, R. Decourt, M. Couzi, J. P. Chaminade, and A. Garcia, “Infrared and visible spectroscopic studies of the ytterbium doped borate Li6Y(BO3)3,” Opt. Commun. 280, 103–109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Czirr, B.

J. P. Chaminade, O. Viraphong, F. Guillen, C. Fouassier, and B. Czirr, “Crystal growth and optical properties of new neutron detectors Ce3+:Li6R(BO3)3 (R=Gd, Y),” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48, 1158–1161 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Debray, J.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Hoenninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 184, 441–446 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Decourt, R.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Hoenninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 184, 441–446 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, F. Guillen, R. Decourt, M. Couzi, J. P. Chaminade, and A. Garcia, “Infrared and visible spectroscopic studies of the ytterbium doped borate Li6Y(BO3)3,” Opt. Commun. 280, 103–109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Delaigue, M.

M. Delaigue, V. Jubera, J. Sablayrolles, J. P. Chaminade, A. Garcia, and I. Manek-Honninger, “Mode-locked and Q-switched laser operation of the Yb-doped Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 693–696 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Descamps, D.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Hoenninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 184, 441–446 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dorenbos, P.

C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Bessière, and P. Dorenbos, “Inorganic thermal-neutron scintillators,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 529, 260–267 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fargues, A.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Hoenninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 184, 441–446 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fouassier, C.

J. P. Chaminade, O. Viraphong, F. Guillen, C. Fouassier, and B. Czirr, “Crystal growth and optical properties of new neutron detectors Ce3+:Li6R(BO3)3 (R=Gd, Y),” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48, 1158–1161 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, A.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Hoenninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 184, 441–446 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, F. Guillen, R. Decourt, M. Couzi, J. P. Chaminade, and A. Garcia, “Infrared and visible spectroscopic studies of the ytterbium doped borate Li6Y(BO3)3,” Opt. Commun. 280, 103–109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, J. P. Chaminade, I. Manek-Honninger, G. S. Murugan, T. Cardinal, R. Olazcuaga, A. Garcia, and F. Salin, “Crystal growth, luminescent and lasing properties of the ytterbium doped Li6Y(BO3)3 compound,” Opt. Mater. 27, 1681–1685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Delaigue, V. Jubera, J. Sablayrolles, J. P. Chaminade, A. Garcia, and I. Manek-Honninger, “Mode-locked and Q-switched laser operation of the Yb-doped Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 693–696 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gong, X. H.

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 51–55 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Growth and spectral properties of Er3+:Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Mater. Lett. 60, 418–421 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Guillen, F.

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, F. Guillen, R. Decourt, M. Couzi, J. P. Chaminade, and A. Garcia, “Infrared and visible spectroscopic studies of the ytterbium doped borate Li6Y(BO3)3,” Opt. Commun. 280, 103–109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Chaminade, O. Viraphong, F. Guillen, C. Fouassier, and B. Czirr, “Crystal growth and optical properties of new neutron detectors Ce3+:Li6R(BO3)3 (R=Gd, Y),” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48, 1158–1161 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hejtmanek, J.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Hoenninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 184, 441–446 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hölsä, J.

J. Hölsä and M. Leskelä, “Optical study of Eu3+ luminescence in lithium rare earth borates, Li6RE(BO3)3; RE=Gd, Y,” J. Lumin. 48–49, 497–500 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L. X.

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 51–55 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Y. Huang, C. Tu, Z. Luo, and G. Chen, “Spectra and intensity parameters of Li6Y(BO3)3:Nd3+ laser crystal,” Opt. Commun. 92, 57–60 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. D.

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 51–55 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Growth and spectral properties of Er3+:Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Mater. Lett. 60, 418–421 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jubera, V.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Hoenninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 184, 441–446 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, F. Guillen, R. Decourt, M. Couzi, J. P. Chaminade, and A. Garcia, “Infrared and visible spectroscopic studies of the ytterbium doped borate Li6Y(BO3)3,” Opt. Commun. 280, 103–109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, J. P. Chaminade, I. Manek-Honninger, G. S. Murugan, T. Cardinal, R. Olazcuaga, A. Garcia, and F. Salin, “Crystal growth, luminescent and lasing properties of the ytterbium doped Li6Y(BO3)3 compound,” Opt. Mater. 27, 1681–1685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Delaigue, V. Jubera, J. Sablayrolles, J. P. Chaminade, A. Garcia, and I. Manek-Honninger, “Mode-locked and Q-switched laser operation of the Yb-doped Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 693–696 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lallier, Eric

Lama, F. L.

P. J. Chandler and F. L. Lama, “A new approach to the determination of planar waveguide profiles by means of a non-stationary mode index calculation,” Opt. Acta 33, 127–143 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Leskelä, M.

J. Hölsä and M. Leskelä, “Optical study of Eu3+ luminescence in lithium rare earth borates, Li6RE(BO3)3; RE=Gd, Y,” J. Lumin. 48–49, 497–500 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y. F.

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 51–55 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Growth and spectral properties of Er3+:Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Mater. Lett. 60, 418–421 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z.

Y. Huang, C. Tu, Z. Luo, and G. Chen, “Spectra and intensity parameters of Li6Y(BO3)3:Nd3+ laser crystal,” Opt. Commun. 92, 57–60 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z. D.

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 51–55 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Growth and spectral properties of Er3+:Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Mater. Lett. 60, 418–421 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mackenzie, J. I.

J. I. Mackenzie, “Dielectric solid-state planar waveguide lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 626–637 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Manek-Hoenninger, I.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Hoenninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 184, 441–446 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Manek-Honninger, I.

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, J. P. Chaminade, I. Manek-Honninger, G. S. Murugan, T. Cardinal, R. Olazcuaga, A. Garcia, and F. Salin, “Crystal growth, luminescent and lasing properties of the ytterbium doped Li6Y(BO3)3 compound,” Opt. Mater. 27, 1681–1685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Delaigue, V. Jubera, J. Sablayrolles, J. P. Chaminade, A. Garcia, and I. Manek-Honninger, “Mode-locked and Q-switched laser operation of the Yb-doped Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 693–696 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Marangoni, M.

R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, and M. Marangoni, “Two straightforward methods for the measurement of optical losses in planar waveguides,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1117–1120(2002).
[CrossRef]

Menaert, B.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Hoenninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 184, 441–446 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, E. J.

E. J. Murphy, Integrated Optical Circuits and Components: Design and Applications (Marcel Dekker, 1999).

Murugan, G. S.

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, J. P. Chaminade, I. Manek-Honninger, G. S. Murugan, T. Cardinal, R. Olazcuaga, A. Garcia, and F. Salin, “Crystal growth, luminescent and lasing properties of the ytterbium doped Li6Y(BO3)3 compound,” Opt. Mater. 27, 1681–1685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Olazcuaga, R.

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, J. P. Chaminade, I. Manek-Honninger, G. S. Murugan, T. Cardinal, R. Olazcuaga, A. Garcia, and F. Salin, “Crystal growth, luminescent and lasing properties of the ytterbium doped Li6Y(BO3)3 compound,” Opt. Mater. 27, 1681–1685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Osellame, R.

R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, and M. Marangoni, “Two straightforward methods for the measurement of optical losses in planar waveguides,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1117–1120(2002).
[CrossRef]

Ramponi, R.

R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, and M. Marangoni, “Two straightforward methods for the measurement of optical losses in planar waveguides,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1117–1120(2002).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, V.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Hoenninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 184, 441–446 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sablayrolles, J.

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, F. Guillen, R. Decourt, M. Couzi, J. P. Chaminade, and A. Garcia, “Infrared and visible spectroscopic studies of the ytterbium doped borate Li6Y(BO3)3,” Opt. Commun. 280, 103–109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, J. P. Chaminade, I. Manek-Honninger, G. S. Murugan, T. Cardinal, R. Olazcuaga, A. Garcia, and F. Salin, “Crystal growth, luminescent and lasing properties of the ytterbium doped Li6Y(BO3)3 compound,” Opt. Mater. 27, 1681–1685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Delaigue, V. Jubera, J. Sablayrolles, J. P. Chaminade, A. Garcia, and I. Manek-Honninger, “Mode-locked and Q-switched laser operation of the Yb-doped Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 693–696 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Salin, F.

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, J. P. Chaminade, I. Manek-Honninger, G. S. Murugan, T. Cardinal, R. Olazcuaga, A. Garcia, and F. Salin, “Crystal growth, luminescent and lasing properties of the ytterbium doped Li6Y(BO3)3 compound,” Opt. Mater. 27, 1681–1685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Segonds, P.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Hoenninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 184, 441–446 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tan, Q. G.

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 51–55 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P. D.

P. D. Townsend, P. J. Chandler, and L. Zhang, Optical Effects of Ion Implantation (Cambridge University, 1994).

Tu, C.

Y. Huang, C. Tu, Z. Luo, and G. Chen, “Spectra and intensity parameters of Li6Y(BO3)3:Nd3+ laser crystal,” Opt. Commun. 92, 57–60 (1992).
[CrossRef]

van Eijk, C. W. E.

C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Bessière, and P. Dorenbos, “Inorganic thermal-neutron scintillators,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 529, 260–267 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Veber, P.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Hoenninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 184, 441–446 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Velazquez, M.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Hoenninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 184, 441–446 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Viraphong, O.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Hoenninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 184, 441–446 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Chaminade, O. Viraphong, F. Guillen, C. Fouassier, and B. Czirr, “Crystal growth and optical properties of new neutron detectors Ce3+:Li6R(BO3)3 (R=Gd, Y),” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48, 1158–1161 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K. M.

F. Chen, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, “Developments of ion implanted optical waveguides in optical materials: a review,” Opt. Mater. 29, 1523–1542 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. L.

F. Chen, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, “Developments of ion implanted optical waveguides in optical materials: a review,” Opt. Mater. 29, 1523–1542 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yevick, D.

Zhang, G.

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 51–55 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

P. D. Townsend, P. J. Chandler, and L. Zhang, Optical Effects of Ion Implantation (Cambridge University, 1994).

Zhao, Y. W.

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 51–55 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Growth and spectral properties of Er3+:Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Mater. Lett. 60, 418–421 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

M. Delaigue, V. Jubera, J. Sablayrolles, J. P. Chaminade, A. Garcia, and I. Manek-Honninger, “Mode-locked and Q-switched laser operation of the Yb-doped Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 693–696 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 51–55 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. I. Mackenzie, “Dielectric solid-state planar waveguide lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 626–637 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. (1)

J. P. Chaminade, O. Viraphong, F. Guillen, C. Fouassier, and B. Czirr, “Crystal growth and optical properties of new neutron detectors Ce3+:Li6R(BO3)3 (R=Gd, Y),” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48, 1158–1161 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

J. Hölsä and M. Leskelä, “Optical study of Eu3+ luminescence in lithium rare earth borates, Li6RE(BO3)3; RE=Gd, Y,” J. Lumin. 48–49, 497–500 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Solid State Chem. (1)

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Hoenninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Solid State Chem. 184, 441–446 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Lett. (1)

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Growth and spectral properties of Er3+:Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Mater. Lett. 60, 418–421 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A (1)

C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Bessière, and P. Dorenbos, “Inorganic thermal-neutron scintillators,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 529, 260–267 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Acta (1)

P. J. Chandler and F. L. Lama, “A new approach to the determination of planar waveguide profiles by means of a non-stationary mode index calculation,” Opt. Acta 33, 127–143 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

Y. Huang, C. Tu, Z. Luo, and G. Chen, “Spectra and intensity parameters of Li6Y(BO3)3:Nd3+ laser crystal,” Opt. Commun. 92, 57–60 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, F. Guillen, R. Decourt, M. Couzi, J. P. Chaminade, and A. Garcia, “Infrared and visible spectroscopic studies of the ytterbium doped borate Li6Y(BO3)3,” Opt. Commun. 280, 103–109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (2)

F. Chen, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, “Developments of ion implanted optical waveguides in optical materials: a review,” Opt. Mater. 29, 1523–1542 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, J. P. Chaminade, I. Manek-Honninger, G. S. Murugan, T. Cardinal, R. Olazcuaga, A. Garcia, and F. Salin, “Crystal growth, luminescent and lasing properties of the ytterbium doped Li6Y(BO3)3 compound,” Opt. Mater. 27, 1681–1685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, and M. Marangoni, “Two straightforward methods for the measurement of optical losses in planar waveguides,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1117–1120(2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

J. F. Ziegler, J. P. Biesack, and U. Littmark, Computer code TRIM, http://www.srim.org .

P. D. Townsend, P. J. Chandler, and L. Zhang, Optical Effects of Ion Implantation (Cambridge University, 1994).

E. J. Murphy, Integrated Optical Circuits and Components: Design and Applications (Marcel Dekker, 1999).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Relative intensity of light at 633 nm reflected from the prism versus effective refractive index of Nd:Li6Y(BO3)3 waveguide: (a), (b) 5.0 MeV O-ion implantation at fluence of 1×1015ions/cm2; (c), (d) 5.0 MeV Si-ion implantation at fluence of 1×1015ions/cm2. The dashed lines show the refractive indices nx, ny of the substrates at 633 nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Relative intensity of light at 1539 nm reflected from the prism versus effective refractive index of Nd:Li6Y(BO3)3 waveguide: (a), (b) 5.0 MeV O-ion implantation at fluence of 1×1015ions/cm2; (c), (d) 5.0 MeV Si-ion implantation at fluence of 1×1015ions/cm2. The dashed lines show the refractive indices nx, ny of the substrates at 1539 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Distribution of electronic and nuclear stopping powers as a function of penetration depth for 5.0 MeV O ion and 5.0 MeV Si ion in Nd:Li6Y(BO3)3 crystals based on the SRIM-2006 code.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Microscope photograph of Nd:Li6Y(BO3)3 waveguide cross-section, reconstructed refractive index profile (nx) and calculated effective refractive indices of waveguide obtained from m-line spectra and RCM fitting: (a), (b) O-ion implantation, (c), (d) Si-ion implantation. The yellow marked points in (a) and (c) show the luminescence and Raman spectra test position of waveguide active region using a confocal micro-Raman spectrometer.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Calculated (a) 2D and (c) 3D near-field intensity distribution of the fundamental mode (neff=1.6270) of the Nd:Li6Y(BO3)3 planar waveguide produced by O-ion implantation at 633 nm through FD-BPM; (b) 2D and (d) 3D modal distribution (neff=1.62705) of the waveguide measured by end-face coupling of a 633 nm laser and collection of the CCD camera image.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Calculated (a) 2D and (c) 3D near-field intensity distribution of the fundamental mode (neff=1.6262) of the Nd:Li6Y(BO3)3 planar waveguide produced by Si-ion implantation at 633 nm through FD-BPM; (b) 2D and (d) 3D modal distribution (neff=1.62604) of the waveguide measured by end-face coupling of a 633 nm laser and collection of the CCD camera image.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Comparison of emitted luminescence intensity of Nd3+ obtained from the waveguide (blue line) and bulk (red line) through the F5/24I9/24 and F3/24I9/24 transitions at room temperature.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Raman spectrum of Nd:Li6Y(BO3)3 substrate (black line) and waveguide regions (O-ion: red line, Si-ion: blue line), signal collection from samples end face. Local amplification graph shows the two most intense stimulated Raman modes at 940 nm and 960 nm, which could be assigned to the fingerprint of (BO3)3.

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