Abstract

We demonstrated a high average power, narrow-linewidth, quasi-CW diode-pumped Nd:YAG 1064 nm laser with near-diffraction-limited beam quality. A symmetrical three-mirror ring cavity with unidirectional operation elements and an etalon was employed to realize the narrow-linewidth laser output. Two highly efficient laser modules and a 90° quartz rotator for birefringence compensation were used for the high output power. The maximum average output power of 62.5 W with the beam quality factor M2 of 1.15 was achieved under a pump power of 216 W at a repetition rate of 500 Hz, corresponding to the optical-to-optical conversion efficiency of 28.9%. The linewidth of the laser at the maximum output power was measured to be less than 0.2 GHz.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Wang, R. Zhu, J. Zhou, H. Zang, X. Zhu, and W. Chen, “Conductively cooled 1-kHz single-frequency Nd:YAG laser for remote sensing,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 081405 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weβels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Bahns, W. Stwalley, and P. Gould, “Laser cooling of molecules: a sequential scheme for rotation, translation, and vibration,” J. Chem. Phys. 104, 9689–9697 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Du, J. Biesenbach, D. Ehrlichmann, U. Habich, U. Jarosch, J. Klein, P. Loosen, J. Niehoff, and R. Wester, “Lasers for materials processing: specifications and trends,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1089–1102 (1995).
  5. S. Xie, Y. Bo, J. Xu, Y. Shen, P. Wang, Z. Wang, F. Yang, Q. Peng, D. Cui, J. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “A 7.5 W quasi-continuous-wave sodium D2 laser generated from single-pass sum-frequency generation in LBO crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 781–787 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Z. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, F. Yang, X. Cheng, Y. Zhou, J. Xu, Y. Xu, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Wang, Y. Zhu, and C. Chen, “Stable operation of 4 mW nanoseconds radiation at 177.3 nm by second harmonic generation in KBe2BO3F2 crystals,” Opt. Express 17, 20021–20032 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Takeno, T. Ozeki, S. Moriwaki, and N. Mio, “100 W, single-frequency operation of an injection-locked Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2110–2112 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Winkelmann, O. Puncken, R. Kluzik, C. Veltkamp, P. Kwee, J. Poeld, C. Bogan, B. Willke, M. Frede, J. Neumann, P. Wessels, and D. Kracht, “Injection-locked single-frequency laser with an output power of 220 W,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 529–538 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Kim, M. Yarrow, and W. Clarkson, “High power single-frequency continuous-wave Nd:YVO4 master-oscillator power amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 539–543 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Lancaster and J. Dawes, “Thermal-lens measurement of a quasi steady-state repetitively flashlamp-pumped Cr, Tm, Ho:YAG laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 30, 103–108 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Feng, Y. Bi, Z. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Thermally near-unstable cavity design for solid state lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4969, 227–232 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Stryland, Handbook of Optics: Optical Properties of Materials, Nonlinear Optics, Quantum Optics, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2009).

2011 (3)

S. Xie, Y. Bo, J. Xu, Y. Shen, P. Wang, Z. Wang, F. Yang, Q. Peng, D. Cui, J. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “A 7.5 W quasi-continuous-wave sodium D2 laser generated from single-pass sum-frequency generation in LBO crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 781–787 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Winkelmann, O. Puncken, R. Kluzik, C. Veltkamp, P. Kwee, J. Poeld, C. Bogan, B. Willke, M. Frede, J. Neumann, P. Wessels, and D. Kracht, “Injection-locked single-frequency laser with an output power of 220 W,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 529–538 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, R. Zhu, J. Zhou, H. Zang, X. Zhu, and W. Chen, “Conductively cooled 1-kHz single-frequency Nd:YAG laser for remote sensing,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 081405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weβels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

J. Kim, M. Yarrow, and W. Clarkson, “High power single-frequency continuous-wave Nd:YVO4 master-oscillator power amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 539–543 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

Y. Feng, Y. Bi, Z. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Thermally near-unstable cavity design for solid state lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4969, 227–232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

D. Lancaster and J. Dawes, “Thermal-lens measurement of a quasi steady-state repetitively flashlamp-pumped Cr, Tm, Ho:YAG laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 30, 103–108 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. Bahns, W. Stwalley, and P. Gould, “Laser cooling of molecules: a sequential scheme for rotation, translation, and vibration,” J. Chem. Phys. 104, 9689–9697 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

K. Du, J. Biesenbach, D. Ehrlichmann, U. Habich, U. Jarosch, J. Klein, P. Loosen, J. Niehoff, and R. Wester, “Lasers for materials processing: specifications and trends,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1089–1102 (1995).

Bahns, J.

J. Bahns, W. Stwalley, and P. Gould, “Laser cooling of molecules: a sequential scheme for rotation, translation, and vibration,” J. Chem. Phys. 104, 9689–9697 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bass, M.

M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Stryland, Handbook of Optics: Optical Properties of Materials, Nonlinear Optics, Quantum Optics, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2009).

Bi, Y.

Y. Feng, Y. Bi, Z. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Thermally near-unstable cavity design for solid state lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4969, 227–232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Biesenbach, J.

K. Du, J. Biesenbach, D. Ehrlichmann, U. Habich, U. Jarosch, J. Klein, P. Loosen, J. Niehoff, and R. Wester, “Lasers for materials processing: specifications and trends,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1089–1102 (1995).

Bo, Y.

S. Xie, Y. Bo, J. Xu, Y. Shen, P. Wang, Z. Wang, F. Yang, Q. Peng, D. Cui, J. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “A 7.5 W quasi-continuous-wave sodium D2 laser generated from single-pass sum-frequency generation in LBO crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 781–787 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, F. Yang, X. Cheng, Y. Zhou, J. Xu, Y. Xu, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Wang, Y. Zhu, and C. Chen, “Stable operation of 4 mW nanoseconds radiation at 177.3 nm by second harmonic generation in KBe2BO3F2 crystals,” Opt. Express 17, 20021–20032 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bogan, C.

L. Winkelmann, O. Puncken, R. Kluzik, C. Veltkamp, P. Kwee, J. Poeld, C. Bogan, B. Willke, M. Frede, J. Neumann, P. Wessels, and D. Kracht, “Injection-locked single-frequency laser with an output power of 220 W,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 529–538 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

Chen, W.

Cheng, X.

Clarkson, W.

J. Kim, M. Yarrow, and W. Clarkson, “High power single-frequency continuous-wave Nd:YVO4 master-oscillator power amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 539–543 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cui, D.

S. Xie, Y. Bo, J. Xu, Y. Shen, P. Wang, Z. Wang, F. Yang, Q. Peng, D. Cui, J. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “A 7.5 W quasi-continuous-wave sodium D2 laser generated from single-pass sum-frequency generation in LBO crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 781–787 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, F. Yang, X. Cheng, Y. Zhou, J. Xu, Y. Xu, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Wang, Y. Zhu, and C. Chen, “Stable operation of 4 mW nanoseconds radiation at 177.3 nm by second harmonic generation in KBe2BO3F2 crystals,” Opt. Express 17, 20021–20032 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Danzmann, K.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weβels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dawes, J.

D. Lancaster and J. Dawes, “Thermal-lens measurement of a quasi steady-state repetitively flashlamp-pumped Cr, Tm, Ho:YAG laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 30, 103–108 (1998).
[CrossRef]

DeCusatis, C.

M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Stryland, Handbook of Optics: Optical Properties of Materials, Nonlinear Optics, Quantum Optics, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2009).

Du, K.

K. Du, J. Biesenbach, D. Ehrlichmann, U. Habich, U. Jarosch, J. Klein, P. Loosen, J. Niehoff, and R. Wester, “Lasers for materials processing: specifications and trends,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1089–1102 (1995).

Ehrlichmann, D.

K. Du, J. Biesenbach, D. Ehrlichmann, U. Habich, U. Jarosch, J. Klein, P. Loosen, J. Niehoff, and R. Wester, “Lasers for materials processing: specifications and trends,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1089–1102 (1995).

Enoch, J.

M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Stryland, Handbook of Optics: Optical Properties of Materials, Nonlinear Optics, Quantum Optics, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2009).

Feng, Y.

Y. Feng, Y. Bi, Z. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Thermally near-unstable cavity design for solid state lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4969, 227–232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Frede, M.

L. Winkelmann, O. Puncken, R. Kluzik, C. Veltkamp, P. Kwee, J. Poeld, C. Bogan, B. Willke, M. Frede, J. Neumann, P. Wessels, and D. Kracht, “Injection-locked single-frequency laser with an output power of 220 W,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 529–538 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weβels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gould, P.

J. Bahns, W. Stwalley, and P. Gould, “Laser cooling of molecules: a sequential scheme for rotation, translation, and vibration,” J. Chem. Phys. 104, 9689–9697 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Habich, U.

K. Du, J. Biesenbach, D. Ehrlichmann, U. Habich, U. Jarosch, J. Klein, P. Loosen, J. Niehoff, and R. Wester, “Lasers for materials processing: specifications and trends,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1089–1102 (1995).

Jarosch, U.

K. Du, J. Biesenbach, D. Ehrlichmann, U. Habich, U. Jarosch, J. Klein, P. Loosen, J. Niehoff, and R. Wester, “Lasers for materials processing: specifications and trends,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1089–1102 (1995).

Kim, J.

J. Kim, M. Yarrow, and W. Clarkson, “High power single-frequency continuous-wave Nd:YVO4 master-oscillator power amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 539–543 (2006).
[CrossRef]

King, P.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weβels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Klein, J.

K. Du, J. Biesenbach, D. Ehrlichmann, U. Habich, U. Jarosch, J. Klein, P. Loosen, J. Niehoff, and R. Wester, “Lasers for materials processing: specifications and trends,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1089–1102 (1995).

Kluzik, R.

L. Winkelmann, O. Puncken, R. Kluzik, C. Veltkamp, P. Kwee, J. Poeld, C. Bogan, B. Willke, M. Frede, J. Neumann, P. Wessels, and D. Kracht, “Injection-locked single-frequency laser with an output power of 220 W,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 529–538 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kracht, D.

L. Winkelmann, O. Puncken, R. Kluzik, C. Veltkamp, P. Kwee, J. Poeld, C. Bogan, B. Willke, M. Frede, J. Neumann, P. Wessels, and D. Kracht, “Injection-locked single-frequency laser with an output power of 220 W,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 529–538 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weβels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kwee, P.

L. Winkelmann, O. Puncken, R. Kluzik, C. Veltkamp, P. Kwee, J. Poeld, C. Bogan, B. Willke, M. Frede, J. Neumann, P. Wessels, and D. Kracht, “Injection-locked single-frequency laser with an output power of 220 W,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 529–538 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weβels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lakshminarayanan, V.

M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Stryland, Handbook of Optics: Optical Properties of Materials, Nonlinear Optics, Quantum Optics, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2009).

Lancaster, D.

D. Lancaster and J. Dawes, “Thermal-lens measurement of a quasi steady-state repetitively flashlamp-pumped Cr, Tm, Ho:YAG laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 30, 103–108 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Stryland, Handbook of Optics: Optical Properties of Materials, Nonlinear Optics, Quantum Optics, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2009).

Loosen, P.

K. Du, J. Biesenbach, D. Ehrlichmann, U. Habich, U. Jarosch, J. Klein, P. Loosen, J. Niehoff, and R. Wester, “Lasers for materials processing: specifications and trends,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1089–1102 (1995).

MacDonald, C.

M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Stryland, Handbook of Optics: Optical Properties of Materials, Nonlinear Optics, Quantum Optics, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2009).

Mahajan, V.

M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Stryland, Handbook of Optics: Optical Properties of Materials, Nonlinear Optics, Quantum Optics, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2009).

Mio, N.

Moriwaki, S.

Neumann, J.

L. Winkelmann, O. Puncken, R. Kluzik, C. Veltkamp, P. Kwee, J. Poeld, C. Bogan, B. Willke, M. Frede, J. Neumann, P. Wessels, and D. Kracht, “Injection-locked single-frequency laser with an output power of 220 W,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 529–538 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Niehoff, J.

K. Du, J. Biesenbach, D. Ehrlichmann, U. Habich, U. Jarosch, J. Klein, P. Loosen, J. Niehoff, and R. Wester, “Lasers for materials processing: specifications and trends,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1089–1102 (1995).

Ozeki, T.

Peng, Q.

S. Xie, Y. Bo, J. Xu, Y. Shen, P. Wang, Z. Wang, F. Yang, Q. Peng, D. Cui, J. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “A 7.5 W quasi-continuous-wave sodium D2 laser generated from single-pass sum-frequency generation in LBO crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 781–787 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, F. Yang, X. Cheng, Y. Zhou, J. Xu, Y. Xu, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Wang, Y. Zhu, and C. Chen, “Stable operation of 4 mW nanoseconds radiation at 177.3 nm by second harmonic generation in KBe2BO3F2 crystals,” Opt. Express 17, 20021–20032 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Poeld, J.

L. Winkelmann, O. Puncken, R. Kluzik, C. Veltkamp, P. Kwee, J. Poeld, C. Bogan, B. Willke, M. Frede, J. Neumann, P. Wessels, and D. Kracht, “Injection-locked single-frequency laser with an output power of 220 W,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 529–538 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Puncken, O.

L. Winkelmann, O. Puncken, R. Kluzik, C. Veltkamp, P. Kwee, J. Poeld, C. Bogan, B. Willke, M. Frede, J. Neumann, P. Wessels, and D. Kracht, “Injection-locked single-frequency laser with an output power of 220 W,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 529–538 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weβels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Savage, R. L.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weβels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schulz, B.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weβels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Seifert, F.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weβels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

S. Xie, Y. Bo, J. Xu, Y. Shen, P. Wang, Z. Wang, F. Yang, Q. Peng, D. Cui, J. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “A 7.5 W quasi-continuous-wave sodium D2 laser generated from single-pass sum-frequency generation in LBO crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 781–787 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stryland, E.

M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Stryland, Handbook of Optics: Optical Properties of Materials, Nonlinear Optics, Quantum Optics, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2009).

Stwalley, W.

J. Bahns, W. Stwalley, and P. Gould, “Laser cooling of molecules: a sequential scheme for rotation, translation, and vibration,” J. Chem. Phys. 104, 9689–9697 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takeno, K.

Veltkamp, C.

L. Winkelmann, O. Puncken, R. Kluzik, C. Veltkamp, P. Kwee, J. Poeld, C. Bogan, B. Willke, M. Frede, J. Neumann, P. Wessels, and D. Kracht, “Injection-locked single-frequency laser with an output power of 220 W,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 529–538 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weβels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, S.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weβels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wang, P.

S. Xie, Y. Bo, J. Xu, Y. Shen, P. Wang, Z. Wang, F. Yang, Q. Peng, D. Cui, J. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “A 7.5 W quasi-continuous-wave sodium D2 laser generated from single-pass sum-frequency generation in LBO crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 781–787 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

Wang, Z.

S. Xie, Y. Bo, J. Xu, Y. Shen, P. Wang, Z. Wang, F. Yang, Q. Peng, D. Cui, J. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “A 7.5 W quasi-continuous-wave sodium D2 laser generated from single-pass sum-frequency generation in LBO crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 781–787 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, F. Yang, X. Cheng, Y. Zhou, J. Xu, Y. Xu, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Wang, Y. Zhu, and C. Chen, “Stable operation of 4 mW nanoseconds radiation at 177.3 nm by second harmonic generation in KBe2BO3F2 crystals,” Opt. Express 17, 20021–20032 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wessels, P.

L. Winkelmann, O. Puncken, R. Kluzik, C. Veltkamp, P. Kwee, J. Poeld, C. Bogan, B. Willke, M. Frede, J. Neumann, P. Wessels, and D. Kracht, “Injection-locked single-frequency laser with an output power of 220 W,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 529–538 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weßels, P.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weβels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wester, R.

K. Du, J. Biesenbach, D. Ehrlichmann, U. Habich, U. Jarosch, J. Klein, P. Loosen, J. Niehoff, and R. Wester, “Lasers for materials processing: specifications and trends,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1089–1102 (1995).

Willke, B.

L. Winkelmann, O. Puncken, R. Kluzik, C. Veltkamp, P. Kwee, J. Poeld, C. Bogan, B. Willke, M. Frede, J. Neumann, P. Wessels, and D. Kracht, “Injection-locked single-frequency laser with an output power of 220 W,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 529–538 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weβels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Winkelmann, L.

L. Winkelmann, O. Puncken, R. Kluzik, C. Veltkamp, P. Kwee, J. Poeld, C. Bogan, B. Willke, M. Frede, J. Neumann, P. Wessels, and D. Kracht, “Injection-locked single-frequency laser with an output power of 220 W,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 529–538 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weβels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xie, S.

S. Xie, Y. Bo, J. Xu, Y. Shen, P. Wang, Z. Wang, F. Yang, Q. Peng, D. Cui, J. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “A 7.5 W quasi-continuous-wave sodium D2 laser generated from single-pass sum-frequency generation in LBO crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 781–787 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

S. Xie, Y. Bo, J. Xu, Y. Shen, P. Wang, Z. Wang, F. Yang, Q. Peng, D. Cui, J. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “A 7.5 W quasi-continuous-wave sodium D2 laser generated from single-pass sum-frequency generation in LBO crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 781–787 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, F. Yang, X. Cheng, Y. Zhou, J. Xu, Y. Xu, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Wang, Y. Zhu, and C. Chen, “Stable operation of 4 mW nanoseconds radiation at 177.3 nm by second harmonic generation in KBe2BO3F2 crystals,” Opt. Express 17, 20021–20032 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y.

Xu, Z.

S. Xie, Y. Bo, J. Xu, Y. Shen, P. Wang, Z. Wang, F. Yang, Q. Peng, D. Cui, J. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “A 7.5 W quasi-continuous-wave sodium D2 laser generated from single-pass sum-frequency generation in LBO crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 781–787 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, F. Yang, X. Cheng, Y. Zhou, J. Xu, Y. Xu, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Wang, Y. Zhu, and C. Chen, “Stable operation of 4 mW nanoseconds radiation at 177.3 nm by second harmonic generation in KBe2BO3F2 crystals,” Opt. Express 17, 20021–20032 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Feng, Y. Bi, Z. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Thermally near-unstable cavity design for solid state lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4969, 227–232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yang, F.

S. Xie, Y. Bo, J. Xu, Y. Shen, P. Wang, Z. Wang, F. Yang, Q. Peng, D. Cui, J. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “A 7.5 W quasi-continuous-wave sodium D2 laser generated from single-pass sum-frequency generation in LBO crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 781–787 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, F. Yang, X. Cheng, Y. Zhou, J. Xu, Y. Xu, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Wang, Y. Zhu, and C. Chen, “Stable operation of 4 mW nanoseconds radiation at 177.3 nm by second harmonic generation in KBe2BO3F2 crystals,” Opt. Express 17, 20021–20032 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yarrow, M.

J. Kim, M. Yarrow, and W. Clarkson, “High power single-frequency continuous-wave Nd:YVO4 master-oscillator power amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 539–543 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zang, H.

Zhang, G.

Y. Feng, Y. Bi, Z. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Thermally near-unstable cavity design for solid state lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4969, 227–232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

S. Xie, Y. Bo, J. Xu, Y. Shen, P. Wang, Z. Wang, F. Yang, Q. Peng, D. Cui, J. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “A 7.5 W quasi-continuous-wave sodium D2 laser generated from single-pass sum-frequency generation in LBO crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 781–787 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. Y.

Zhou, J.

Zhou, Y.

Zhu, R.

Zhu, X.

Zhu, Y.

Appl. Phys. B (3)

L. Winkelmann, O. Puncken, R. Kluzik, C. Veltkamp, P. Kwee, J. Poeld, C. Bogan, B. Willke, M. Frede, J. Neumann, P. Wessels, and D. Kracht, “Injection-locked single-frequency laser with an output power of 220 W,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 529–538 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim, M. Yarrow, and W. Clarkson, “High power single-frequency continuous-wave Nd:YVO4 master-oscillator power amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 539–543 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Xie, Y. Bo, J. Xu, Y. Shen, P. Wang, Z. Wang, F. Yang, Q. Peng, D. Cui, J. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “A 7.5 W quasi-continuous-wave sodium D2 laser generated from single-pass sum-frequency generation in LBO crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 781–787 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Class. Quantum Grav. (1)

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weβels, and L. Winkelmann, “Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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J. Bahns, W. Stwalley, and P. Gould, “Laser cooling of molecules: a sequential scheme for rotation, translation, and vibration,” J. Chem. Phys. 104, 9689–9697 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

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[CrossRef]

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K. Du, J. Biesenbach, D. Ehrlichmann, U. Habich, U. Jarosch, J. Klein, P. Loosen, J. Niehoff, and R. Wester, “Lasers for materials processing: specifications and trends,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1089–1102 (1995).

Proc. SPIE (1)

Y. Feng, Y. Bi, Z. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Thermally near-unstable cavity design for solid state lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4969, 227–232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. Bass, C. DeCusatis, J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan, G. Li, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan, and E. Stryland, Handbook of Optics: Optical Properties of Materials, Nonlinear Optics, Quantum Optics, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2009).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the symmetrical three-mirror triangle ring laser oscillator.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Fluorescence distribution of Nd:YAG rod for a laser module.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Thermal focal length as a function of diode pump power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Calculated beam radius at the Nd:YAG rod as a function of pump power for the cavity length of L=1.5, 1.6, and 1.7 m, respectively.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

1064 nm output power as a function of pump power. (Inset: a typical two-dimensional intensity profile of the laser beam for cavity length of L=1.7m at the maximum output power of 216 W.)

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Typical oscilloscope trace of laser: (a) the pulse-trains, (b) the pulseshape.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

The linewidth stability measurement for 62.5 W output power and M2 value of 1.15.

Equations (3)

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ω=(λBπ)12·[1(A+B2)2]14,
dνdT=cλ·(dnndT+dlldT),
B=CPλ2(M2)2,

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