Abstract

A dispersive-mirror-based laser permits a dramatic simplification of high-power femtosecond and attosecond systems and affords promise for their further development toward shorter pulse durations, higher peak powers, and higher average powers with user-friendly systems. The result of the continuous development of dispersive mirrors permits pulse compression down to almost single cycle pulses of 3fs duration. These design approaches together with the existing modern deposition technology pave the way for the manufacture of dielectric multilayer coatings able to compress pulses of tens of picoseconds duration down to a few femtoseconds.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545–591 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513(2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond modelocked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Chirped multilayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 201–203 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, “Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 22, 831–833 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. V. Laude and P. Tournois, “Chirped mirror pairs for ultrabroadband dispersion control,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 187–188.
  9. N. Matuschek, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Keller, “Analytical design of double-chirped mirrors with custom-tailored dispersion characteristics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 129–137(1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Szipocs, A. Koházi-Kis, S. Lako, P. Apai, A. P. Kovács, G. DeBell, L. Mott, A. W. Louderback, A. V. Tikhonravov, and M. K. Trubetskov, “Negative dispersion mirrors for dispersion control in femtosecond lasers: Chirped dielectric mirrors and multicavity Gires–Tournois interferometers,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 51–57 (2000).
  11. B. Golubovic, R. R. Austin, M. K. Steiner-Shepard, M. K. Reed, S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, and A. G. Van Engen, “Double Gires–Tournois interferometer negative-dispersion mirrors for use in tunable mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 275–277 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultrasmooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 509–522 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882–885 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, Jung-Won Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kaertner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, “Toward single-cycle laser systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990–1001 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. Tempea, V. Yakovlev, B. Bacovic, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Tilted-front-interface chirped mirrors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1747–1750 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. Steinmeyer, “Brewster-angled chirped mirrors for high-fidelity dispersion compensation and bandwidths exceeding one optical octave,” Opt. Express 11, 2385–2396 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. P. Dombi, V. S. Yakovlev, K. O’Keeffe, T. Fuji, M. Lezius, and G. Tempea, “Pulse compression with time-domain optimized chirped mirrors,” Opt. Express 13, 10888–10894 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. P. Baum, M. Breuer, E. Riedle, and G. Steinmeyer, “Brewster-angled chirped mirrors for broadband pulse compression without dispersion oscillations,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2220–2222(2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Dispersion control over the UV-VIS-NIR spectral range with HfO2/SiO2 chirped dielectric multilayers,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1183–1185 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 fs,” Appl. Phys. B. 87, 5–12 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. V. Pervak, C. Teisset, A. Sugita, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “High-dispersive mirrors for femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Express 16, 10220–10233 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. M. Trubetskov, A. Tikhonravov, and V. Pervak, “Time-domain approach for designing dispersive mirrors based on the needle optimization technique. Theory.,” Opt. Express 16, 20637–20647 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, J. Fulop, M. K. Trubetskov, and A. V. Tikhonravov, “Comparison of dispersive mirrors based on the time-domain and conventional approaches, for sub-5 fs pulses,” Opt. Express 17, 2207–2217 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, and F. Krausz, “Double-angle multilayer mirrors with smooth dispersion characteristics,” Opt. Express 17, 7943–7951 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, A. Apolonski, S. Karsch, and F. Krausz, “Chirped-pulse amplification of laser pulses with dispersive mirrors,” Opt. Express 17, 19204–19212 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  26. N.Kaiser and H.K.Pulker, eds., Optical Interference Coatings (Springer, 2003).
  27. M. K. Trubetskov and A. V. Tikhonravov, “Robust synthesis of multilayer coatings,” in Optical Interference Coatings, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper TuA4.
  28. A. V. Tikhonravov and M. K. Trubetskov, “OptiLayer Thin Film Software,” http://www.optilayer.com.
  29. TFcalc Software, http://www.sspectra.com.
  30. A. Macleod, “Essential Macleod,” http://www.thinfilmcenter.com/.
  31. J. A. Dobrowolski, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, B. T. Sullivan, and P. G. Verly, “Optimal single-band normal-incidence antireflection coatings,” Appl. Opt. 35, 644–658(1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, T. V. Amotchkina, and J. A. Dobrowolski, “Estimation of the average residual reflectance of broadband antireflection coatings,” Appl. Opt. 47, C124–C130 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. T. V. Amotchkina, “Empirical expression for the minimum residual reflectance of normal and oblique-incidence antireflection coatings,” Appl. Opt. 47, 3109–3113(2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua,” New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  35. A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, and G. W. DeBell, “Application of the needle optimization technique to the design of optical coatings,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5493–5508 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, and G. W. DeBell, “Optical coating design approaches based on the needle optimization technique,” Appl. Opt. 46, 704–710 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

2008 (4)

2007 (4)

A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, and G. W. DeBell, “Optical coating design approaches based on the needle optimization technique,” Appl. Opt. 46, 704–710 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua,” New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Dispersion control over the UV-VIS-NIR spectral range with HfO2/SiO2 chirped dielectric multilayers,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1183–1185 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 fs,” Appl. Phys. B. 87, 5–12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2003 (3)

G. Steinmeyer, “Brewster-angled chirped mirrors for high-fidelity dispersion compensation and bandwidths exceeding one optical octave,” Opt. Express 11, 2385–2396 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, Jung-Won Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kaertner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, “Toward single-cycle laser systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990–1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

2000 (6)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond modelocked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Szipocs, A. Koházi-Kis, S. Lako, P. Apai, A. P. Kovács, G. DeBell, L. Mott, A. W. Louderback, A. V. Tikhonravov, and M. K. Trubetskov, “Negative dispersion mirrors for dispersion control in femtosecond lasers: Chirped dielectric mirrors and multicavity Gires–Tournois interferometers,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 51–57 (2000).

B. Golubovic, R. R. Austin, M. K. Steiner-Shepard, M. K. Reed, S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, and A. G. Van Engen, “Double Gires–Tournois interferometer negative-dispersion mirrors for use in tunable mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 275–277 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultrasmooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 509–522 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Keller, “Analytical design of double-chirped mirrors with custom-tailored dispersion characteristics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 129–137(1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (2)

1994 (1)

Ahmad, I.

Amotchkina, T. V.

Angelow, G.

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, Jung-Won Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kaertner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, “Toward single-cycle laser systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990–1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882–885 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Apai, P.

R. Szipocs, A. Koházi-Kis, S. Lako, P. Apai, A. P. Kovács, G. DeBell, L. Mott, A. W. Louderback, A. V. Tikhonravov, and M. K. Trubetskov, “Negative dispersion mirrors for dispersion control in femtosecond lasers: Chirped dielectric mirrors and multicavity Gires–Tournois interferometers,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 51–57 (2000).

Apolonski, A.

V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, A. Apolonski, S. Karsch, and F. Krausz, “Chirped-pulse amplification of laser pulses with dispersive mirrors,” Opt. Express 17, 19204–19212 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Pervak, C. Teisset, A. Sugita, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “High-dispersive mirrors for femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Express 16, 10220–10233 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Dispersion control over the UV-VIS-NIR spectral range with HfO2/SiO2 chirped dielectric multilayers,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1183–1185 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 fs,” Appl. Phys. B. 87, 5–12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua,” New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Austin, R. R.

Bacovic, B.

Baltuska, A.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baum, P.

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513(2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Breuer, M.

Cavalieri, A. L.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua,” New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513(2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond modelocked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DeBell, G.

R. Szipocs, A. Koházi-Kis, S. Lako, P. Apai, A. P. Kovács, G. DeBell, L. Mott, A. W. Louderback, A. V. Tikhonravov, and M. K. Trubetskov, “Negative dispersion mirrors for dispersion control in femtosecond lasers: Chirped dielectric mirrors and multicavity Gires–Tournois interferometers,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 51–57 (2000).

DeBell, G. W.

Diddams, S. A.

B. Golubovic, R. R. Austin, M. K. Steiner-Shepard, M. K. Reed, S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, and A. G. Van Engen, “Double Gires–Tournois interferometer negative-dispersion mirrors for use in tunable mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 275–277 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond modelocked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dobrowolski, J. A.

Dombi, P.

Drescher, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513(2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ell, R.

Ferencz, K.

Fieß, M.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua,” New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fuji, T.

Fujimoto, J. G.

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, Jung-Won Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kaertner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, “Toward single-cycle laser systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990–1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882–885 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fulop, J.

Gallmann, L.

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultrasmooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 509–522 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gohle, C.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Golubovic, B.

Goulielmakis, E.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua,” New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond modelocked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haus, H. A.

Heine, C.

Heinzmann, U.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513(2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Helml, W.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua,” New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513(2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horvath, B.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua,” New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, Jung-Won Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kaertner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, “Toward single-cycle laser systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990–1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882–885 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

B. Golubovic, R. R. Austin, M. K. Steiner-Shepard, M. K. Reed, S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, and A. G. Van Engen, “Double Gires–Tournois interferometer negative-dispersion mirrors for use in tunable mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 275–277 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond modelocked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaertner, F. X.

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, Jung-Won Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kaertner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, “Toward single-cycle laser systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990–1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Karsch, S.

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultrasmooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 509–522 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Keller, “Analytical design of double-chirped mirrors with custom-tailored dispersion characteristics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 129–137(1999).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, “Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 22, 831–833 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua,” New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513(2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, Jung-Won

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, Jung-Won Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kaertner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, “Toward single-cycle laser systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990–1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Koházi-Kis, A.

R. Szipocs, A. Koházi-Kis, S. Lako, P. Apai, A. P. Kovács, G. DeBell, L. Mott, A. W. Louderback, A. V. Tikhonravov, and M. K. Trubetskov, “Negative dispersion mirrors for dispersion control in femtosecond lasers: Chirped dielectric mirrors and multicavity Gires–Tournois interferometers,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 51–57 (2000).

Kovács, A. P.

R. Szipocs, A. Koházi-Kis, S. Lako, P. Apai, A. P. Kovács, G. DeBell, L. Mott, A. W. Louderback, A. V. Tikhonravov, and M. K. Trubetskov, “Negative dispersion mirrors for dispersion control in femtosecond lasers: Chirped dielectric mirrors and multicavity Gires–Tournois interferometers,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 51–57 (2000).

Krausz, F.

V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, A. Apolonski, S. Karsch, and F. Krausz, “Chirped-pulse amplification of laser pulses with dispersive mirrors,” Opt. Express 17, 19204–19212 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, and F. Krausz, “Double-angle multilayer mirrors with smooth dispersion characteristics,” Opt. Express 17, 7943–7951 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Pervak, C. Teisset, A. Sugita, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “High-dispersive mirrors for femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Express 16, 10220–10233 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Dispersion control over the UV-VIS-NIR spectral range with HfO2/SiO2 chirped dielectric multilayers,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1183–1185 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 fs,” Appl. Phys. B. 87, 5–12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua,” New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513(2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Tempea, V. Yakovlev, B. Bacovic, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Tilted-front-interface chirped mirrors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1747–1750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Chirped multilayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 201–203 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuzucu, O.

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, Jung-Won Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kaertner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, “Toward single-cycle laser systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990–1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lako, S.

R. Szipocs, A. Koházi-Kis, S. Lako, P. Apai, A. P. Kovács, G. DeBell, L. Mott, A. W. Louderback, A. V. Tikhonravov, and M. K. Trubetskov, “Negative dispersion mirrors for dispersion control in femtosecond lasers: Chirped dielectric mirrors and multicavity Gires–Tournois interferometers,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 51–57 (2000).

Laude, V.

V. Laude and P. Tournois, “Chirped mirror pairs for ultrabroadband dispersion control,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 187–188.

Lezius, M.

Louderback, A. W.

R. Szipocs, A. Koházi-Kis, S. Lako, P. Apai, A. P. Kovács, G. DeBell, L. Mott, A. W. Louderback, A. V. Tikhonravov, and M. K. Trubetskov, “Negative dispersion mirrors for dispersion control in femtosecond lasers: Chirped dielectric mirrors and multicavity Gires–Tournois interferometers,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 51–57 (2000).

Macleod, A.

A. Macleod, “Essential Macleod,” http://www.thinfilmcenter.com/.

Major, Zs.

Matuschek, N.

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultrasmooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 509–522 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Keller, “Analytical design of double-chirped mirrors with custom-tailored dispersion characteristics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 129–137(1999).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, “Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 22, 831–833 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513(2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morf, R.

Morgner, U.

Mott, L.

R. Szipocs, A. Koházi-Kis, S. Lako, P. Apai, A. P. Kovács, G. DeBell, L. Mott, A. W. Louderback, A. V. Tikhonravov, and M. K. Trubetskov, “Negative dispersion mirrors for dispersion control in femtosecond lasers: Chirped dielectric mirrors and multicavity Gires–Tournois interferometers,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 51–57 (2000).

Naumov, S.

V. Pervak, C. Teisset, A. Sugita, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “High-dispersive mirrors for femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Express 16, 10220–10233 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 fs,” Appl. Phys. B. 87, 5–12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O’Keeffe, K.

Pervak, V.

V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, A. Apolonski, S. Karsch, and F. Krausz, “Chirped-pulse amplification of laser pulses with dispersive mirrors,” Opt. Express 17, 19204–19212 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, and F. Krausz, “Double-angle multilayer mirrors with smooth dispersion characteristics,” Opt. Express 17, 7943–7951 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, J. Fulop, M. K. Trubetskov, and A. V. Tikhonravov, “Comparison of dispersive mirrors based on the time-domain and conventional approaches, for sub-5 fs pulses,” Opt. Express 17, 2207–2217 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Trubetskov, A. Tikhonravov, and V. Pervak, “Time-domain approach for designing dispersive mirrors based on the needle optimization technique. Theory.,” Opt. Express 16, 20637–20647 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Pervak, C. Teisset, A. Sugita, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “High-dispersive mirrors for femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Express 16, 10220–10233 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Dispersion control over the UV-VIS-NIR spectral range with HfO2/SiO2 chirped dielectric multilayers,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1183–1185 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua,” New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 fs,” Appl. Phys. B. 87, 5–12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Poppe, A.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond modelocked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reed, M. K.

Reider, G. A.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513(2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riedle, E.

Scheuer, V.

Schibli, T.

Schibli, T. R.

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, Jung-Won Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kaertner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, “Toward single-cycle laser systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990–1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schultze, M.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua,” New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Scrinzi, A.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, C.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Chirped multilayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 201–203 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513(2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steiner-Shepard, M. K.

Steinmeyer, G.

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond modelocked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sugita, A.

Sullivan, B. T.

Sutter, D. H.

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultrasmooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 509–522 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Szipocs, R.

R. Szipocs, A. Koházi-Kis, S. Lako, P. Apai, A. P. Kovács, G. DeBell, L. Mott, A. W. Louderback, A. V. Tikhonravov, and M. K. Trubetskov, “Negative dispersion mirrors for dispersion control in femtosecond lasers: Chirped dielectric mirrors and multicavity Gires–Tournois interferometers,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 51–57 (2000).

Szipöcs, R.

Teisset, C.

Tempea, G.

Tikhonravov, A.

Tikhonravov, A. V.

V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, J. Fulop, M. K. Trubetskov, and A. V. Tikhonravov, “Comparison of dispersive mirrors based on the time-domain and conventional approaches, for sub-5 fs pulses,” Opt. Express 17, 2207–2217 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, and F. Krausz, “Double-angle multilayer mirrors with smooth dispersion characteristics,” Opt. Express 17, 7943–7951 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, T. V. Amotchkina, and J. A. Dobrowolski, “Estimation of the average residual reflectance of broadband antireflection coatings,” Appl. Opt. 47, C124–C130 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 fs,” Appl. Phys. B. 87, 5–12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, and G. W. DeBell, “Optical coating design approaches based on the needle optimization technique,” Appl. Opt. 46, 704–710 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Szipocs, A. Koházi-Kis, S. Lako, P. Apai, A. P. Kovács, G. DeBell, L. Mott, A. W. Louderback, A. V. Tikhonravov, and M. K. Trubetskov, “Negative dispersion mirrors for dispersion control in femtosecond lasers: Chirped dielectric mirrors and multicavity Gires–Tournois interferometers,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 51–57 (2000).

J. A. Dobrowolski, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, B. T. Sullivan, and P. G. Verly, “Optimal single-band normal-incidence antireflection coatings,” Appl. Opt. 35, 644–658(1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, and G. W. DeBell, “Application of the needle optimization technique to the design of optical coatings,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5493–5508 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. K. Trubetskov and A. V. Tikhonravov, “Robust synthesis of multilayer coatings,” in Optical Interference Coatings, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper TuA4.

A. V. Tikhonravov and M. K. Trubetskov, “OptiLayer Thin Film Software,” http://www.optilayer.com.

Tilsch, M.

Tournois, P.

V. Laude and P. Tournois, “Chirped mirror pairs for ultrabroadband dispersion control,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 187–188.

Trubetskov, M.

Trubetskov, M. K.

V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, J. Fulop, M. K. Trubetskov, and A. V. Tikhonravov, “Comparison of dispersive mirrors based on the time-domain and conventional approaches, for sub-5 fs pulses,” Opt. Express 17, 2207–2217 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, and F. Krausz, “Double-angle multilayer mirrors with smooth dispersion characteristics,” Opt. Express 17, 7943–7951 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, T. V. Amotchkina, and J. A. Dobrowolski, “Estimation of the average residual reflectance of broadband antireflection coatings,” Appl. Opt. 47, C124–C130 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 fs,” Appl. Phys. B. 87, 5–12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, and G. W. DeBell, “Optical coating design approaches based on the needle optimization technique,” Appl. Opt. 46, 704–710 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Szipocs, A. Koházi-Kis, S. Lako, P. Apai, A. P. Kovács, G. DeBell, L. Mott, A. W. Louderback, A. V. Tikhonravov, and M. K. Trubetskov, “Negative dispersion mirrors for dispersion control in femtosecond lasers: Chirped dielectric mirrors and multicavity Gires–Tournois interferometers,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 51–57 (2000).

A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, and G. W. DeBell, “Application of the needle optimization technique to the design of optical coatings,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5493–5508 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Dobrowolski, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, B. T. Sullivan, and P. G. Verly, “Optimal single-band normal-incidence antireflection coatings,” Appl. Opt. 35, 644–658(1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Tikhonravov and M. K. Trubetskov, “OptiLayer Thin Film Software,” http://www.optilayer.com.

M. K. Trubetskov and A. V. Tikhonravov, “Robust synthesis of multilayer coatings,” in Optical Interference Coatings, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper TuA4.

Trushin, S. A.

Tschudi, T.

Udem, T.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua,” New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Engen, A. G.

Veisz, L.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua,” New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Verly, P. G.

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond modelocked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V.

Yakovlev, V. S.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua,” New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Dombi, V. S. Yakovlev, K. O’Keeffe, T. Fuji, M. Lezius, and G. Tempea, “Pulse compression with time-domain optimized chirped mirrors,” Opt. Express 13, 10888–10894 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

R. Szipocs, A. Koházi-Kis, S. Lako, P. Apai, A. P. Kovács, G. DeBell, L. Mott, A. W. Louderback, A. V. Tikhonravov, and M. K. Trubetskov, “Negative dispersion mirrors for dispersion control in femtosecond lasers: Chirped dielectric mirrors and multicavity Gires–Tournois interferometers,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 51–57 (2000).

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultrasmooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 509–522 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 fs,” Appl. Phys. B. 87, 5–12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Keller, “Analytical design of double-chirped mirrors with custom-tailored dispersion characteristics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 129–137(1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, Jung-Won Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kaertner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, “Toward single-cycle laser systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990–1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nature (2)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513(2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua,” New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond modelocked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (6)

V. Laude and P. Tournois, “Chirped mirror pairs for ultrabroadband dispersion control,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 187–188.

N.Kaiser and H.K.Pulker, eds., Optical Interference Coatings (Springer, 2003).

M. K. Trubetskov and A. V. Tikhonravov, “Robust synthesis of multilayer coatings,” in Optical Interference Coatings, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper TuA4.

A. V. Tikhonravov and M. K. Trubetskov, “OptiLayer Thin Film Software,” http://www.optilayer.com.

TFcalc Software, http://www.sspectra.com.

A. Macleod, “Essential Macleod,” http://www.thinfilmcenter.com/.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic explanation of the penetration effect. The optical thickness between different coating layers in the dielectric chirped mirror structure changes gradually. This causes different wavelengths to penetrate to a different extent and, hence, exhibit a GD. In this example, the shorter wavelengths (e.g., blue) are reflected near the surface of the multilayer mirror, while the longer wavelengths (e.g., red) penetrate deeper. (b) Schematic explanation of the resonance effect: When the optical thickness of the layers is close to half of the wavelength, they act as a cavity of a Fabry–Pérot interferometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Layer structure of the double CM is depicted.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Sketch of the main principal of back-side-coated CM.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Tilted-front-interface CM. Light penetrates through the wedge on the top of the multilayer stack. The beams reflected by the multilayer and the wedge are spatially separate.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Calculated reflectivity and GDD of a pair of ultrabroadband CMs. The red curves represent one single mirror, the blue curves the other single mirror of the pair. The green curve is the average of the red and blue curves per bounce.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Basic scheme of time-domain target approach.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Left) Measured GDD and reflectance of our prototypical double-angle DM for angles of incidence of 5 and 20 ° (solid lines). GDD and reflectance of the theoretical design are shown by dashed lines. Red and blue curves correspond to angles of incidence of 5 and 20 ° , respectively. Dark green and dark blue curves show the average measured GDD and reflectance. (Right) Dashed line: Theoretical interferometric autocorrelation of a pulse with the frequency spectrum is shown in the absence of spectral phase modulation. This Fourier-limited pulse has a duration (FWHM) of 4.2 fs . Solid line: Measured interferometric autocorrelation function of the pulses compressed with our prototypical double-angle DM compressor, indicating a pulse duration of 4.3 fs .

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Calculated reflectance (red) and GDD (blue) curve of HDM for the design angle of incidence of 10 ° . Measured GDD with a white light interferometer (magenta) is in good agreement with calculated values. The gray area represents the probable range of GDD values.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

The highest absolute value of GDD as a function of the relative bandwidth, obtained at center design wavelength of 800 nm . The sign of GDD presented here is negative, but it can be positive, as well. The lines connecting the points serve as a guide to the eye.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

F = 1 L j = 1 L ( R p ( λ j ) R ( j ) Δ R ( j ) ) 2 + ( GDD p ( λ j ) GDD ( j ) Δ GDD ( j ) ) 2 ,

Metrics