Abstract

We compare designs and laser-induced damage thresholds (LIDTs) of hafnia/silica antireflection (AR) coatings for 1054nm or dual 527nm/1054nm wavelengths and 0° to 45° angles of incidence (AOIs). For a 527nm/1054nm, 0° AOI AR coating, LIDTs from three runs arbitrarily selected over three years are 20J/cm2 or higher at 1054nm and <10J/cm2 at 527nm. Calculated optical electric field intensities within the coating show two intensity peaks for 527nm but not for 1054nm, correlating with the lower (higher) LIDTs at 527nm (1054nm). For 1054nm AR coatings at 45° and 32° AOIs and S and P polarizations (Spol and Ppol), LIDTs are high for Spol (>35J/cm2) but not as high for Ppol (>30J/cm2 at 32° AOI; 15J/cm2 at 45° AOI). Field intensities show that Ppol discontinuities at media interfaces correlate with the lower Ppol LIDTs at these AOIs. For Side 1 and Side 2 dual 527nm/1054nm AR coatings of a diagnostic beam splitter at 22.5° AOI, Spol and Ppol LIDTs (>10J/cm2 at 527nm; >35J/cm2 at 1054nm) are consistent with Spol and Ppol intensity behaviors.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, P. Rambo, I. Smith, M. Kimmel, J. Schwarz, M. Geissel, G. Copeland, B. Atherton, D. Smith, C. Smith, and C. Khripin, “Meeting thin film design and production challenges for laser damage resistant optical coatings at the Sandia Large Optics Coating Operation,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75040C (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. National Ignition Facility (NIF) of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, “Small Optics Laser Damage Test Procedure,” Tech. Rep. MEL01-013-0D (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 2005).
  3. A. V. Smith, B. T. Do, J. Bellum, R. Schuster, and D. Collier, “Nanosecond, 1064 nm damage thresholds for bare and anti-reflection coated silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321T (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, 1980).
  5. N.Kaiser and H.K.Pulker, eds., Optical Interference Coatings (Springer-Verlag, 2003).
  6. R. M. Wood, Laser-Induced Damage of Optical Materials(Institute of Physics Publishing, 2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, M. Kimmel, P. Rambo, I. Smith, J. Schwarz, B. Atherton, Z. Hobbs, and D. Smith, “Laser damage by ns and sub-ps pulses on hafnia/silica anti-reflection coatings on fused silica double-sided polished using zirconia or ceria and washed with or without an alumina wash step,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 784208 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, M. Kimmel, P. Rambo, I. Smith, J. Schwarz, B. Atherton, Z. Hobbs, and D. Smith, “Laser damage by ns and sub-ps pulses on hafnia/silica anti-reflection coatings on fused silica double-sided polished using zirconia or ceria and washed with or without an alumina wash step,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 784208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, P. Rambo, I. Smith, M. Kimmel, J. Schwarz, M. Geissel, G. Copeland, B. Atherton, D. Smith, C. Smith, and C. Khripin, “Meeting thin film design and production challenges for laser damage resistant optical coatings at the Sandia Large Optics Coating Operation,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75040C (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

A. V. Smith, B. T. Do, J. Bellum, R. Schuster, and D. Collier, “Nanosecond, 1064 nm damage thresholds for bare and anti-reflection coated silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321T (2008).
[CrossRef]

Atherton, B.

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, M. Kimmel, P. Rambo, I. Smith, J. Schwarz, B. Atherton, Z. Hobbs, and D. Smith, “Laser damage by ns and sub-ps pulses on hafnia/silica anti-reflection coatings on fused silica double-sided polished using zirconia or ceria and washed with or without an alumina wash step,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 784208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, P. Rambo, I. Smith, M. Kimmel, J. Schwarz, M. Geissel, G. Copeland, B. Atherton, D. Smith, C. Smith, and C. Khripin, “Meeting thin film design and production challenges for laser damage resistant optical coatings at the Sandia Large Optics Coating Operation,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75040C (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bellum, J.

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, M. Kimmel, P. Rambo, I. Smith, J. Schwarz, B. Atherton, Z. Hobbs, and D. Smith, “Laser damage by ns and sub-ps pulses on hafnia/silica anti-reflection coatings on fused silica double-sided polished using zirconia or ceria and washed with or without an alumina wash step,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 784208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, P. Rambo, I. Smith, M. Kimmel, J. Schwarz, M. Geissel, G. Copeland, B. Atherton, D. Smith, C. Smith, and C. Khripin, “Meeting thin film design and production challenges for laser damage resistant optical coatings at the Sandia Large Optics Coating Operation,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75040C (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Smith, B. T. Do, J. Bellum, R. Schuster, and D. Collier, “Nanosecond, 1064 nm damage thresholds for bare and anti-reflection coated silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321T (2008).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, 1980).

Collier, D.

A. V. Smith, B. T. Do, J. Bellum, R. Schuster, and D. Collier, “Nanosecond, 1064 nm damage thresholds for bare and anti-reflection coated silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321T (2008).
[CrossRef]

Copeland, G.

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, P. Rambo, I. Smith, M. Kimmel, J. Schwarz, M. Geissel, G. Copeland, B. Atherton, D. Smith, C. Smith, and C. Khripin, “Meeting thin film design and production challenges for laser damage resistant optical coatings at the Sandia Large Optics Coating Operation,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75040C (2009).
[CrossRef]

Do, B. T.

A. V. Smith, B. T. Do, J. Bellum, R. Schuster, and D. Collier, “Nanosecond, 1064 nm damage thresholds for bare and anti-reflection coated silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321T (2008).
[CrossRef]

Geissel, M.

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, P. Rambo, I. Smith, M. Kimmel, J. Schwarz, M. Geissel, G. Copeland, B. Atherton, D. Smith, C. Smith, and C. Khripin, “Meeting thin film design and production challenges for laser damage resistant optical coatings at the Sandia Large Optics Coating Operation,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75040C (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hobbs, Z.

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, M. Kimmel, P. Rambo, I. Smith, J. Schwarz, B. Atherton, Z. Hobbs, and D. Smith, “Laser damage by ns and sub-ps pulses on hafnia/silica anti-reflection coatings on fused silica double-sided polished using zirconia or ceria and washed with or without an alumina wash step,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 784208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Khripin, C.

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, P. Rambo, I. Smith, M. Kimmel, J. Schwarz, M. Geissel, G. Copeland, B. Atherton, D. Smith, C. Smith, and C. Khripin, “Meeting thin film design and production challenges for laser damage resistant optical coatings at the Sandia Large Optics Coating Operation,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75040C (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kimmel, M.

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, M. Kimmel, P. Rambo, I. Smith, J. Schwarz, B. Atherton, Z. Hobbs, and D. Smith, “Laser damage by ns and sub-ps pulses on hafnia/silica anti-reflection coatings on fused silica double-sided polished using zirconia or ceria and washed with or without an alumina wash step,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 784208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, P. Rambo, I. Smith, M. Kimmel, J. Schwarz, M. Geissel, G. Copeland, B. Atherton, D. Smith, C. Smith, and C. Khripin, “Meeting thin film design and production challenges for laser damage resistant optical coatings at the Sandia Large Optics Coating Operation,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75040C (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kletecka, D.

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, M. Kimmel, P. Rambo, I. Smith, J. Schwarz, B. Atherton, Z. Hobbs, and D. Smith, “Laser damage by ns and sub-ps pulses on hafnia/silica anti-reflection coatings on fused silica double-sided polished using zirconia or ceria and washed with or without an alumina wash step,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 784208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, P. Rambo, I. Smith, M. Kimmel, J. Schwarz, M. Geissel, G. Copeland, B. Atherton, D. Smith, C. Smith, and C. Khripin, “Meeting thin film design and production challenges for laser damage resistant optical coatings at the Sandia Large Optics Coating Operation,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75040C (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rambo, P.

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, M. Kimmel, P. Rambo, I. Smith, J. Schwarz, B. Atherton, Z. Hobbs, and D. Smith, “Laser damage by ns and sub-ps pulses on hafnia/silica anti-reflection coatings on fused silica double-sided polished using zirconia or ceria and washed with or without an alumina wash step,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 784208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, P. Rambo, I. Smith, M. Kimmel, J. Schwarz, M. Geissel, G. Copeland, B. Atherton, D. Smith, C. Smith, and C. Khripin, “Meeting thin film design and production challenges for laser damage resistant optical coatings at the Sandia Large Optics Coating Operation,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75040C (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schuster, R.

A. V. Smith, B. T. Do, J. Bellum, R. Schuster, and D. Collier, “Nanosecond, 1064 nm damage thresholds for bare and anti-reflection coated silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321T (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schwarz, J.

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, M. Kimmel, P. Rambo, I. Smith, J. Schwarz, B. Atherton, Z. Hobbs, and D. Smith, “Laser damage by ns and sub-ps pulses on hafnia/silica anti-reflection coatings on fused silica double-sided polished using zirconia or ceria and washed with or without an alumina wash step,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 784208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, P. Rambo, I. Smith, M. Kimmel, J. Schwarz, M. Geissel, G. Copeland, B. Atherton, D. Smith, C. Smith, and C. Khripin, “Meeting thin film design and production challenges for laser damage resistant optical coatings at the Sandia Large Optics Coating Operation,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75040C (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. V.

A. V. Smith, B. T. Do, J. Bellum, R. Schuster, and D. Collier, “Nanosecond, 1064 nm damage thresholds for bare and anti-reflection coated silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321T (2008).
[CrossRef]

Smith, C.

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, P. Rambo, I. Smith, M. Kimmel, J. Schwarz, M. Geissel, G. Copeland, B. Atherton, D. Smith, C. Smith, and C. Khripin, “Meeting thin film design and production challenges for laser damage resistant optical coatings at the Sandia Large Optics Coating Operation,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75040C (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D.

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, M. Kimmel, P. Rambo, I. Smith, J. Schwarz, B. Atherton, Z. Hobbs, and D. Smith, “Laser damage by ns and sub-ps pulses on hafnia/silica anti-reflection coatings on fused silica double-sided polished using zirconia or ceria and washed with or without an alumina wash step,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 784208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, P. Rambo, I. Smith, M. Kimmel, J. Schwarz, M. Geissel, G. Copeland, B. Atherton, D. Smith, C. Smith, and C. Khripin, “Meeting thin film design and production challenges for laser damage resistant optical coatings at the Sandia Large Optics Coating Operation,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75040C (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smith, I.

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, M. Kimmel, P. Rambo, I. Smith, J. Schwarz, B. Atherton, Z. Hobbs, and D. Smith, “Laser damage by ns and sub-ps pulses on hafnia/silica anti-reflection coatings on fused silica double-sided polished using zirconia or ceria and washed with or without an alumina wash step,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 784208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, P. Rambo, I. Smith, M. Kimmel, J. Schwarz, M. Geissel, G. Copeland, B. Atherton, D. Smith, C. Smith, and C. Khripin, “Meeting thin film design and production challenges for laser damage resistant optical coatings at the Sandia Large Optics Coating Operation,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75040C (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, 1980).

Wood, R. M.

R. M. Wood, Laser-Induced Damage of Optical Materials(Institute of Physics Publishing, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (3)

A. V. Smith, B. T. Do, J. Bellum, R. Schuster, and D. Collier, “Nanosecond, 1064 nm damage thresholds for bare and anti-reflection coated silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321T (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, P. Rambo, I. Smith, M. Kimmel, J. Schwarz, M. Geissel, G. Copeland, B. Atherton, D. Smith, C. Smith, and C. Khripin, “Meeting thin film design and production challenges for laser damage resistant optical coatings at the Sandia Large Optics Coating Operation,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75040C (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Bellum, D. Kletecka, M. Kimmel, P. Rambo, I. Smith, J. Schwarz, B. Atherton, Z. Hobbs, and D. Smith, “Laser damage by ns and sub-ps pulses on hafnia/silica anti-reflection coatings on fused silica double-sided polished using zirconia or ceria and washed with or without an alumina wash step,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 784208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

National Ignition Facility (NIF) of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, “Small Optics Laser Damage Test Procedure,” Tech. Rep. MEL01-013-0D (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 2005).

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, 1980).

N.Kaiser and H.K.Pulker, eds., Optical Interference Coatings (Springer-Verlag, 2003).

R. M. Wood, Laser-Induced Damage of Optical Materials(Institute of Physics Publishing, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

LIDTs at 2w ( 532 nm ) and 1w ( 1064 nm ) and 0 ° AOI of three debris shield 2w_1w AR coatings arbitrarily selected from coating runs between 2005 and 2008.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated E-field intensities at 2w ( 527 nm ) and 1w ( 1054 nm ) for the 2w_1w AR debris shield coating at 0 ° AOI. Shaded areas denote substrate (left) and incident medium (right). Vertical dashed lines mark the boundaries of the coating layers.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

LIDTs at 1w ( 1064 nm ) and use AOIs and polarizations of 1w AR coatings on BK7 and fused silica for 45 ° and 32 ° AOIs and Spol and Ppol as indicated.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated Spol and Ppol E-field intensities at 1w ( 1054 nm ) for the three nonnormal AOI AR coatings of Fig. 3 at their use AOIs, as indicated. Left and right shaded areas and dashed vertical lines identify optical media, as described in Fig. 2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

LIDTs at 2w ( 532 nm ) and 1w ( 1064 nm ) of the 2w diagnostic beam splitter Side 1 and Side 2 AR coatings at their 22.5 ° use AOI for Spol and Ppol, as indicated.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Calculated Spol and Ppol E-field intensities at 2w ( 527 nm ) within the 2w diagnostic beam splitter Side 1 and Side 2 AR coatings at their design AOI of 22.5 ° . Left and right shaded areas and dashed vertical lines identify optical media, as described in Fig. 2.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Calculated Spol and Ppol E-field intensities at 1w ( 1054 nm ) within the 2w diagnostic beam splitter Side 1 and Side 2 AR coatings at their design AOI of 22.5 ° . Left and right shaded areas and dashed vertical lines identify optical media, as described in Fig. 2.

Metrics