Abstract

A proposal for broadband wavelength conversion using four-wave mixing is presented based on a slot waveguide with silicon nanocrystals (Si-nc’s) as the optical nonlinear material. The dispersion of the waveguide is engineered to realize a flat dispersion as well as a small effective mode area for better nonlinear interaction by optimizing the waveguide dimensions. The conversion performance is synthetically analyzed and numerical results show that a bandwidth of over 400nm and an efficiency of 2.38dB can be achieved using a pump power of 150mW in a 4mm long Si-nc slot waveguide with slot width of 50nm, slab width of 310nm, and height of 305nm.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Q. Lin, J. Zhang, P. M. Fauchet, and G. P. Agrawal, “Ultrabroadband parametric generation and wavelength conversion in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 14, 4786–4799 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441, 960–963 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photon. 3, 216–219 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Z. Li and G. Li, “Ultrahigh-speed reconfigurable logic gates based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1341–1343 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photon. 2, 35–38 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 250–256 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Muellner, M. Wellenzohn, and R. Hainberger, “Nonlinearity of optimized silicon photonic slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 17, 9282–9287 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. V. M. N. Passaro, M. Lagioia, and F. De Leonardis, “Design of nonlinear SOI slot waveguides,” in European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2008), paper ThP13.
  9. P. Sanchis, J. Blasco, A. Martínez, and J. Martí, “Design of silicon-based slot waveguide configurations for optimum nonlinear performance,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1298–1305 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10, 1506–1511 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283, 435–437 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Gao, Z. Li, and X. Zhang, “Power-attenuated optimization for four-wave mixing-based wavelength conversion in silicon nanowire waveguides,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 24, 1255–1265 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Gao, Z. Li, E.-K. Tien, S. He, and O. Boyraz, “Performance evaluation of nondegenerate wavelength conversion in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3079–3085 (2010).
  14. S. Gao, E.-K. Tien, Y. Huang, and S. He, “Experimental demonstration of bandwidth enhancement based on two-pump wavelength conversion in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 18, 27885–27890 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Gao, E.-K. Tien, Q. Song, Y. Huang, and O. Boyraz, “Ultra-broadband one-to-two wavelength conversion using low-phase-mismatching four-wave mixing in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 11898–11903 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 1904–1908(2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 12949–12958 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. X. Zhang, S. Gao, and S. He, “Optimal design of a silicon-on-insulator nanowire waveguide for broadband wavelength conversion,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 89, 183–198 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Z. Zheng, M. Iqbal, and J. Liu, “Dispersion characteristics of SOI-based slot optical waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5151–5155 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. L. Zhang, Y. Yue, Y. Xiao-Li, J. Wang, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Flat and low dispersion in highly nonlinear slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 13187–13193 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. M. Komatsu, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, “Highly-nonlinear horizontal slot waveguides with low and flat dispersion,” in Silicon and Nano Photonics/Integrated Photonics Research, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper IWH6.

2010 (9)

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283, 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, Z. Li, and X. Zhang, “Power-attenuated optimization for four-wave mixing-based wavelength conversion in silicon nanowire waveguides,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 24, 1255–1265 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, Z. Li, E.-K. Tien, S. He, and O. Boyraz, “Performance evaluation of nondegenerate wavelength conversion in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3079–3085 (2010).

S. Gao, E.-K. Tien, Y. Huang, and S. He, “Experimental demonstration of bandwidth enhancement based on two-pump wavelength conversion in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 18, 27885–27890 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, E.-K. Tien, Q. Song, Y. Huang, and O. Boyraz, “Ultra-broadband one-to-two wavelength conversion using low-phase-mismatching four-wave mixing in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 11898–11903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 1904–1908(2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 250–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, Y. Yue, Y. Xiao-Li, J. Wang, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Flat and low dispersion in highly nonlinear slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 13187–13193 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

P. Muellner, M. Wellenzohn, and R. Hainberger, “Nonlinearity of optimized silicon photonic slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 17, 9282–9287 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, S. Gao, and S. He, “Optimal design of a silicon-on-insulator nanowire waveguide for broadband wavelength conversion,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 89, 183–198 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photon. 3, 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

Z. Zheng, M. Iqbal, and J. Liu, “Dispersion characteristics of SOI-based slot optical waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5151–5155 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2006 (3)

Z. Li and G. Li, “Ultrahigh-speed reconfigurable logic gates based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1341–1343 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lin, J. Zhang, P. M. Fauchet, and G. P. Agrawal, “Ultrabroadband parametric generation and wavelength conversion in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 14, 4786–4799 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441, 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agrawal, G. P.

Baets, R.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photon. 3, 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Beausoleil, R. G.

Biaggio, I.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photon. 3, 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Blasco, J.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283, 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Sanchis, J. Blasco, A. Martínez, and J. Martí, “Design of silicon-based slot waveguide configurations for optimum nonlinear performance,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1298–1305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photon. 3, 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boyraz, O.

Daldosso, N.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Leonardis, F.

V. M. N. Passaro, M. Lagioia, and F. De Leonardis, “Design of nonlinear SOI slot waveguides,” in European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2008), paper ThP13.

Diederich, F.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photon. 3, 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dumon, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photon. 3, 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Esembeson, B.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photon. 3, 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fauchet, P. M.

Fedeli, J. M.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283, 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 1904–1908(2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 12949–12958 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photon. 2, 35–38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441, 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Freude, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photon. 3, 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 1904–1908(2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 12949–12958 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photon. 2, 35–38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441, 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galán, J. V.

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283, 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gao, S.

S. Gao, Z. Li, and X. Zhang, “Power-attenuated optimization for four-wave mixing-based wavelength conversion in silicon nanowire waveguides,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 24, 1255–1265 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, Z. Li, E.-K. Tien, S. He, and O. Boyraz, “Performance evaluation of nondegenerate wavelength conversion in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3079–3085 (2010).

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 250–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, E.-K. Tien, Y. Huang, and S. He, “Experimental demonstration of bandwidth enhancement based on two-pump wavelength conversion in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 18, 27885–27890 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, E.-K. Tien, Q. Song, Y. Huang, and O. Boyraz, “Ultra-broadband one-to-two wavelength conversion using low-phase-mismatching four-wave mixing in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 11898–11903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, S. Gao, and S. He, “Optimal design of a silicon-on-insulator nanowire waveguide for broadband wavelength conversion,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 89, 183–198 (2009).
[CrossRef]

García-Rupérez, J.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garrido, B.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gautier, P.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geraghty, D. F.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photon. 2, 35–38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guider, R.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hainberger, R.

He, S.

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 250–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, E.-K. Tien, Y. Huang, and S. He, “Experimental demonstration of bandwidth enhancement based on two-pump wavelength conversion in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 18, 27885–27890 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, Z. Li, E.-K. Tien, S. He, and O. Boyraz, “Performance evaluation of nondegenerate wavelength conversion in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3079–3085 (2010).

X. Zhang, S. Gao, and S. He, “Optimal design of a silicon-on-insulator nanowire waveguide for broadband wavelength conversion,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 89, 183–198 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hernández, S.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, Y.

Iqbal, M.

Z. Zheng, M. Iqbal, and J. Liu, “Dispersion characteristics of SOI-based slot optical waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5151–5155 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jordana, E.

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283, 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Komatsu, M.

M. Komatsu, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, “Highly-nonlinear horizontal slot waveguides with low and flat dispersion,” in Silicon and Nano Photonics/Integrated Photonics Research, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper IWH6.

Koos, C.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photon. 3, 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Koshiba, M.

M. Komatsu, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, “Highly-nonlinear horizontal slot waveguides with low and flat dispersion,” in Silicon and Nano Photonics/Integrated Photonics Research, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper IWH6.

Lagioia, M.

V. M. N. Passaro, M. Lagioia, and F. De Leonardis, “Design of nonlinear SOI slot waveguides,” in European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2008), paper ThP13.

Lebour, Y.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leuthold, J.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photon. 3, 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

Z. Li and G. Li, “Ultrahigh-speed reconfigurable logic gates based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1341–1343 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 250–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, Z. Li, E.-K. Tien, S. He, and O. Boyraz, “Performance evaluation of nondegenerate wavelength conversion in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3079–3085 (2010).

S. Gao, Z. Li, and X. Zhang, “Power-attenuated optimization for four-wave mixing-based wavelength conversion in silicon nanowire waveguides,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 24, 1255–1265 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li and G. Li, “Ultrahigh-speed reconfigurable logic gates based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1341–1343 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Q.

Lipson, M.

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 1904–1908(2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 12949–12958 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photon. 2, 35–38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441, 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, J.

Z. Zheng, M. Iqbal, and J. Liu, “Dispersion characteristics of SOI-based slot optical waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5151–5155 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martí, J.

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283, 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sanchis, J. Blasco, A. Martínez, and J. Martí, “Design of silicon-based slot waveguide configurations for optimum nonlinear performance,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1298–1305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martínez, A.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283, 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Sanchis, J. Blasco, A. Martínez, and J. Martí, “Design of silicon-based slot waveguide configurations for optimum nonlinear performance,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1298–1305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martínez, J. M.

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283, 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Michinobu, T.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photon. 3, 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Muellner, P.

Passaro, V. M. N.

V. M. N. Passaro, M. Lagioia, and F. De Leonardis, “Design of nonlinear SOI slot waveguides,” in European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2008), paper ThP13.

Pavesi, L.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saitoh, K.

M. Komatsu, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, “Highly-nonlinear horizontal slot waveguides with low and flat dispersion,” in Silicon and Nano Photonics/Integrated Photonics Research, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper IWH6.

Salem, R.

Sanchis, P.

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283, 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sanchis, J. Blasco, A. Martínez, and J. Martí, “Design of silicon-based slot waveguide configurations for optimum nonlinear performance,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1298–1305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B. S.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441, 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharping, J. E.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441, 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, Q.

Tien, E.-K.

Turner, A. C.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photon. 2, 35–38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 12949–12958 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441, 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Turner-Foster, A. C.

Vallaitis, T.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photon. 3, 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vorreau, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photon. 3, 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wellenzohn, M.

Willner, A. E.

Xiao-Li, Y.

Yue, Y.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, X.

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 250–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, Z. Li, and X. Zhang, “Power-attenuated optimization for four-wave mixing-based wavelength conversion in silicon nanowire waveguides,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 24, 1255–1265 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhang, S. Gao, and S. He, “Optimal design of a silicon-on-insulator nanowire waveguide for broadband wavelength conversion,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 89, 183–198 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Z.

Z. Zheng, M. Iqbal, and J. Liu, “Dispersion characteristics of SOI-based slot optical waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5151–5155 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 250–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Z. Li and G. Li, “Ultrahigh-speed reconfigurable logic gates based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1341–1343 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. (1)

S. Gao, Z. Li, and X. Zhang, “Power-attenuated optimization for four-wave mixing-based wavelength conversion in silicon nanowire waveguides,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 24, 1255–1265 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Nano Lett. (1)

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photon. (2)

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photon. 2, 35–38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photon. 3, 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441, 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. Blasco, J. V. Galán, P. Sanchis, J. M. Martínez, A. Martínez, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Martí, “FWM in silicon nanocrystal-based sandwiched slot waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283, 435–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zheng, M. Iqbal, and J. Liu, “Dispersion characteristics of SOI-based slot optical waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5151–5155 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

Prog. Electromagn. Res. (1)

X. Zhang, S. Gao, and S. He, “Optimal design of a silicon-on-insulator nanowire waveguide for broadband wavelength conversion,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 89, 183–198 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. Komatsu, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, “Highly-nonlinear horizontal slot waveguides with low and flat dispersion,” in Silicon and Nano Photonics/Integrated Photonics Research, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper IWH6.

V. M. N. Passaro, M. Lagioia, and F. De Leonardis, “Design of nonlinear SOI slot waveguides,” in European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO, 2008), paper ThP13.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic configuration of a slot waveguide; (b) mode profile of the slot waveguide structure calculated by the beam propagation method.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dispersion distribution as a function of the wavelength (a) for different values of slot width W s with h = 300 nm and W h = 300 nm , (b) for different values of wave guide height h with W h = 300 nm and W s = 50 nm , and (c) for different values of silicon slab width W h with h = 300 nm and W s = 50 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Linear phase mismatch (in units of m 1 ) as a function of h and W h with W s = 50 nm , (b) the dispersion value (in units of ps / km / nm ) at 1550 nm as a function of h and W h with W s = 50 nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulation result of the dispersion value as the wavelength varies for the optimized waveguide geometry.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Linear phase mismatch and (b) conversion efficiency as the signal wavelength varies for three pumps at 1536, 1556, and 1576 nm in a 6 mm long waveguide.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Conversion bandwidth versus the pump wavelength for three different waveguide lengths.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Conversion bandwidth and efficiency as the waveguide length varies for the slot waveguide and the SOI channel waveguide.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Optimized conversion efficiency and the corresponding pump power as functions of the waveguide length for the slot waveguide and the SOI channel waveguide.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ β = β 2 ( ω p ) Ω 2 + 1 12 β 4 ( ω p ) Ω 4 = 1 2 π c λ p 2 D ( λ p ) Ω 2 λ p 4 ( 2 π c ) 3 [ 1 2 D ( λ p ) + 1 2 λ p D ( λ p ) + 1 12 λ p 2 D ( λ p ) ] Ω 4 ,
d E p ( z ) d z = [ α p 2 β TPA 2 A eff | E p ( z ) | 2 σ p β TPA τ eff 4 h p c A eff 2 λ p | E p ( z ) | 4 ] E p ( z ) + j γ p [ | E p ( z ) | 2 + 2 | E s ( z ) | 2 + 2 | E i ( z ) | 2 ] E p ( z ) + j 2 γ p E p * ( z ) E s ( z ) E i ( z ) exp ( j Δ β z ) ,
d E s ( z ) d z = [ α s 2 β TPA A eff | E p ( z ) | 2 σ s β TPA τ eff 4 h p c A eff 2 λ p | E p ( z ) | 4 ] E s ( z ) + j γ s [ | E s ( z ) | 2 + 2 | E p ( z ) | 2 + 2 | E i ( z ) | 2 ] E s ( z ) + j γ s E p 2 ( z ) E i * ( z ) exp ( j Δ β z ) ,
d E i ( z ) d z = [ α i 2 β TPA A eff | E p ( z ) | 2 σ i β TPA τ eff 4 h p c A eff 2 λ p | E p ( z ) | 4 ] E i ( z ) + j γ i [ | E i ( z ) | 2 + 2 | E p ( z ) | 2 + 2 | E s ( z ) | 2 ] E i ( z ) + j γ i E p 2 ( z ) E s * ( z ) exp ( j Δ β z ) ,

Metrics