Abstract

A method is proposed to alleviate the cross talk in multiview autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays based on a lenticular sheet. We analyze the positional relationship between subpixels on the image panel and the lenticular sheet. According to this relationship, optimal synthetic images are synthesized to minimize cross talk by correcting the positions of subpixels on the image panel. Experimental results show that the proposed method significantly reduces the cross talk of view images and improves the quality of stereoscopic images.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Ian and S. Phil, “Stereoscopic and autostereoscopic display systems,” IEEE Signal Process Mag. 16, 85–99 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, J. Gu, W. X. Zhao, and D. H. Li, “An autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector based on two parallax barriers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3220–3222 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Takanashi, S. I. Ueharai, J. I. Ishii, H. Hayama, and H. Asada, “Dual-lenticular-lens-based 2-D/3-D convertible autostereoscopic display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12, 335–340(2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. G. Lee and J. B. Ra, “Image distortion correction for lenticular misalignment in three-dimensional lenticular displays,” Opt. Eng. 45, 017007 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. X. Zhao, Q. H. Wang, D. H. Li, and Y. H. Tao, “Pixel arrangement of autostereoscopic liquid crystal displays based on parallax barriers,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 507, 67–72 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. G. Lee and J. B. Ra, “New image multiplexing scheme for compensating lens mismatch and viewing zone shifts in three-dimensional lenticular displays,” Opt. Eng. 48, 044001 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Jarvenpaa and M. Salmimaa, “Optical characterization of autostereoscopic 3-D displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16, 825–833(2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. J. H. Seuntiëns, L. M. J. Meesters, and W. A. Ijsselsteijn, “Perceptual attributes of crosstalk in 3D images,” Displays 26, 177–183 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Boev, A. Gotchev, and K. Egiazarian, “Crosstalk measurement methodology for auto-stereoscopic screens,” in 2007 3DTV Conference (IEEE, 2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. Zhou, Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, D. H. Li, W. X. Zhao, and T. T. Jiao, “Design of lenticular lens in autostereoscopic display,” Acta Photonica Sin. 38, 30–33 (2009).

2009 (4)

Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, J. Gu, W. X. Zhao, and D. H. Li, “An autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector based on two parallax barriers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3220–3222 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Zhao, Q. H. Wang, D. H. Li, and Y. H. Tao, “Pixel arrangement of autostereoscopic liquid crystal displays based on parallax barriers,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 507, 67–72 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Lee and J. B. Ra, “New image multiplexing scheme for compensating lens mismatch and viewing zone shifts in three-dimensional lenticular displays,” Opt. Eng. 48, 044001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhou, Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, D. H. Li, W. X. Zhao, and T. T. Jiao, “Design of lenticular lens in autostereoscopic display,” Acta Photonica Sin. 38, 30–33 (2009).

2008 (1)

T. Jarvenpaa and M. Salmimaa, “Optical characterization of autostereoscopic 3-D displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16, 825–833(2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

Y. G. Lee and J. B. Ra, “Image distortion correction for lenticular misalignment in three-dimensional lenticular displays,” Opt. Eng. 45, 017007 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

P. J. H. Seuntiëns, L. M. J. Meesters, and W. A. Ijsselsteijn, “Perceptual attributes of crosstalk in 3D images,” Displays 26, 177–183 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

N. Takanashi, S. I. Ueharai, J. I. Ishii, H. Hayama, and H. Asada, “Dual-lenticular-lens-based 2-D/3-D convertible autostereoscopic display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12, 335–340(2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

S. Ian and S. Phil, “Stereoscopic and autostereoscopic display systems,” IEEE Signal Process Mag. 16, 85–99 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Asada, H.

N. Takanashi, S. I. Ueharai, J. I. Ishii, H. Hayama, and H. Asada, “Dual-lenticular-lens-based 2-D/3-D convertible autostereoscopic display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12, 335–340(2004).
[CrossRef]

Bahn, J. E.

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Boev, A.

A. Boev, A. Gotchev, and K. Egiazarian, “Crosstalk measurement methodology for auto-stereoscopic screens,” in 2007 3DTV Conference (IEEE, 2007).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H.

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Choi, Y. J.

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Egiazarian, K.

A. Boev, A. Gotchev, and K. Egiazarian, “Crosstalk measurement methodology for auto-stereoscopic screens,” in 2007 3DTV Conference (IEEE, 2007).
[CrossRef]

Gotchev, A.

A. Boev, A. Gotchev, and K. Egiazarian, “Crosstalk measurement methodology for auto-stereoscopic screens,” in 2007 3DTV Conference (IEEE, 2007).
[CrossRef]

Gu, J.

Hayama, H.

N. Takanashi, S. I. Ueharai, J. I. Ishii, H. Hayama, and H. Asada, “Dual-lenticular-lens-based 2-D/3-D convertible autostereoscopic display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12, 335–340(2004).
[CrossRef]

Ian, S.

S. Ian and S. Phil, “Stereoscopic and autostereoscopic display systems,” IEEE Signal Process Mag. 16, 85–99 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ijsselsteijn, W. A.

P. J. H. Seuntiëns, L. M. J. Meesters, and W. A. Ijsselsteijn, “Perceptual attributes of crosstalk in 3D images,” Displays 26, 177–183 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, J. I.

N. Takanashi, S. I. Ueharai, J. I. Ishii, H. Hayama, and H. Asada, “Dual-lenticular-lens-based 2-D/3-D convertible autostereoscopic display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12, 335–340(2004).
[CrossRef]

Jarvenpaa, T.

T. Jarvenpaa and M. Salmimaa, “Optical characterization of autostereoscopic 3-D displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16, 825–833(2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiao, T. T.

L. Zhou, Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, D. H. Li, W. X. Zhao, and T. T. Jiao, “Design of lenticular lens in autostereoscopic display,” Acta Photonica Sin. 38, 30–33 (2009).

Kim, S. K.

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. G.

Y. G. Lee and J. B. Ra, “New image multiplexing scheme for compensating lens mismatch and viewing zone shifts in three-dimensional lenticular displays,” Opt. Eng. 48, 044001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Lee and J. B. Ra, “Image distortion correction for lenticular misalignment in three-dimensional lenticular displays,” Opt. Eng. 45, 017007 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, D. H.

W. X. Zhao, Q. H. Wang, D. H. Li, and Y. H. Tao, “Pixel arrangement of autostereoscopic liquid crystal displays based on parallax barriers,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 507, 67–72 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, J. Gu, W. X. Zhao, and D. H. Li, “An autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector based on two parallax barriers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3220–3222 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhou, Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, D. H. Li, W. X. Zhao, and T. T. Jiao, “Design of lenticular lens in autostereoscopic display,” Acta Photonica Sin. 38, 30–33 (2009).

Meesters, L. M. J.

P. J. H. Seuntiëns, L. M. J. Meesters, and W. A. Ijsselsteijn, “Perceptual attributes of crosstalk in 3D images,” Displays 26, 177–183 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phil, S.

S. Ian and S. Phil, “Stereoscopic and autostereoscopic display systems,” IEEE Signal Process Mag. 16, 85–99 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ra, J. B.

Y. G. Lee and J. B. Ra, “New image multiplexing scheme for compensating lens mismatch and viewing zone shifts in three-dimensional lenticular displays,” Opt. Eng. 48, 044001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Lee and J. B. Ra, “Image distortion correction for lenticular misalignment in three-dimensional lenticular displays,” Opt. Eng. 45, 017007 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Salmimaa, M.

T. Jarvenpaa and M. Salmimaa, “Optical characterization of autostereoscopic 3-D displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16, 825–833(2008).
[CrossRef]

Saveljev, V. V.

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Seuntiëns, P.

P. J. H. Seuntiëns, L. M. J. Meesters, and W. A. Ijsselsteijn, “Perceptual attributes of crosstalk in 3D images,” Displays 26, 177–183 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Son, J. Y.

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takanashi, N.

N. Takanashi, S. I. Ueharai, J. I. Ishii, H. Hayama, and H. Asada, “Dual-lenticular-lens-based 2-D/3-D convertible autostereoscopic display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12, 335–340(2004).
[CrossRef]

Tao, Y. H.

Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, J. Gu, W. X. Zhao, and D. H. Li, “An autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector based on two parallax barriers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3220–3222 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Zhao, Q. H. Wang, D. H. Li, and Y. H. Tao, “Pixel arrangement of autostereoscopic liquid crystal displays based on parallax barriers,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 507, 67–72 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhou, Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, D. H. Li, W. X. Zhao, and T. T. Jiao, “Design of lenticular lens in autostereoscopic display,” Acta Photonica Sin. 38, 30–33 (2009).

Ueharai, S. I.

N. Takanashi, S. I. Ueharai, J. I. Ishii, H. Hayama, and H. Asada, “Dual-lenticular-lens-based 2-D/3-D convertible autostereoscopic display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12, 335–340(2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. H.

Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, J. Gu, W. X. Zhao, and D. H. Li, “An autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector based on two parallax barriers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3220–3222 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Zhao, Q. H. Wang, D. H. Li, and Y. H. Tao, “Pixel arrangement of autostereoscopic liquid crystal displays based on parallax barriers,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 507, 67–72 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhou, Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, D. H. Li, W. X. Zhao, and T. T. Jiao, “Design of lenticular lens in autostereoscopic display,” Acta Photonica Sin. 38, 30–33 (2009).

Zhao, W. X.

L. Zhou, Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, D. H. Li, W. X. Zhao, and T. T. Jiao, “Design of lenticular lens in autostereoscopic display,” Acta Photonica Sin. 38, 30–33 (2009).

W. X. Zhao, Q. H. Wang, D. H. Li, and Y. H. Tao, “Pixel arrangement of autostereoscopic liquid crystal displays based on parallax barriers,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 507, 67–72 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, J. Gu, W. X. Zhao, and D. H. Li, “An autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector based on two parallax barriers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3220–3222 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, L.

L. Zhou, Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, D. H. Li, W. X. Zhao, and T. T. Jiao, “Design of lenticular lens in autostereoscopic display,” Acta Photonica Sin. 38, 30–33 (2009).

Acta Photonica Sin. (1)

L. Zhou, Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, D. H. Li, W. X. Zhao, and T. T. Jiao, “Design of lenticular lens in autostereoscopic display,” Acta Photonica Sin. 38, 30–33 (2009).

Displays (1)

P. J. H. Seuntiëns, L. M. J. Meesters, and W. A. Ijsselsteijn, “Perceptual attributes of crosstalk in 3D images,” Displays 26, 177–183 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Signal Process Mag. (1)

S. Ian and S. Phil, “Stereoscopic and autostereoscopic display systems,” IEEE Signal Process Mag. 16, 85–99 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (2)

N. Takanashi, S. I. Ueharai, J. I. Ishii, H. Hayama, and H. Asada, “Dual-lenticular-lens-based 2-D/3-D convertible autostereoscopic display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12, 335–340(2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Jarvenpaa and M. Salmimaa, “Optical characterization of autostereoscopic 3-D displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16, 825–833(2008).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

W. X. Zhao, Q. H. Wang, D. H. Li, and Y. H. Tao, “Pixel arrangement of autostereoscopic liquid crystal displays based on parallax barriers,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 507, 67–72 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (3)

Y. G. Lee and J. B. Ra, “New image multiplexing scheme for compensating lens mismatch and viewing zone shifts in three-dimensional lenticular displays,” Opt. Eng. 48, 044001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Lee and J. B. Ra, “Image distortion correction for lenticular misalignment in three-dimensional lenticular displays,” Opt. Eng. 45, 017007 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

A. Boev, A. Gotchev, and K. Egiazarian, “Crosstalk measurement methodology for auto-stereoscopic screens,” in 2007 3DTV Conference (IEEE, 2007).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Slanted lenticular sheet attached to the image panel (a) without and (b) with errors.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Positional relationship between subpixels on the image panel and the lenticular sheet: (a) subpixel S ( i , j ) corresponding to the first incomplete lenticular lens and (b) subpixel S ( i , j ) corresponding to a certain complete lenticular lens.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Nine view images normalized luminance of the autostereoscopic 3D display along the horizontal direction at the optimal viewing distance: (a) result without correction in a misaligned case, (b) result with correction in a misaligned case, (c) result in a precisely aligned case.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Stereoscopic images observed on a multiview autostereoscopic 3D display based on a lenticular sheet at the optimal distance: (a) result without correction and (b) result with correction.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d j = ( j 0.5 ) · t ,
l i = u + 3 t · ( i 0.5 ) · tan ( θ ) ,
q i = mod ( l i , p ) ,
p = m · e · t e + t ,
t = p · e m · e p .
n = round ( q i t ) ,
k = m n + round ( d j t ) .
k = m round ( q i t ) + round ( d j t ) .
k = ceil ( mod ( ( d j q i ) , p ) t ) ,

Metrics