Abstract

One consequence of the self-amplified stimulated emission process used to generate x rays in free electron lasers (FELs) is the intrinsic shot-to-shot variance in the wavelength and temporal coherence. In order to optimize the results from diffractive imaging experiments at FEL sources, it will be advantageous to acquire a means of collecting coherence and spectral information simultaneously with the diffraction pattern from the sample we wish to study. We present a holographic mask geometry, including a grating structure, which can be used to extract both temporal and spatial coherence information alongside the sample scatter from each individual FEL shot and also allows for the real space reconstruction of the sample using either Fourier transform holography or iterative phase retrieval.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. B. Pfau, C. M. Günther, S. Schaffert, R. Mitzner, B. Siemer, S. Roling, H. Zacharias, O. Kutz, I. Rudolph, R. Treusch, and S. Eisebitt, “Femtosecond pulse x-ray imaging with a large field of view,” New J. Phys. 12, 095006 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. J. Vine, G. J. Williams, B. Abbey, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, M. D. de Jonge, I. McNulty, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Ptychographic Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063823 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Stickler, R. Fromter, H. Stillrich, C. Menk, C. Tieg, S. Streit-Nierobisch, M. Sprung, C. Gutt, L. M. Stadler, O. Leupold, G. Grubel, and H. P. Oepen, “Soft x-ray holographic microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 042501(2010).
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  18. It is also sufficient if there is no overlap in real space along any other pair of orthogonal coordinates.
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  20. https://slacportal.slac.stanford.edu/sites/lcls_public/Instruments/SXR/Pages/Specifications.aspx.

2010

S. Boutet and G. J. Williams, “The Coherent X-ray Imaging (CXI) instrument at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS),” New J. Phys. 12, 035024 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Pfau, C. M. Günther, S. Schaffert, R. Mitzner, B. Siemer, S. Roling, H. Zacharias, O. Kutz, I. Rudolph, R. Treusch, and S. Eisebitt, “Femtosecond pulse x-ray imaging with a large field of view,” New J. Phys. 12, 095006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Stickler, R. Fromter, H. Stillrich, C. Menk, C. Tieg, S. Streit-Nierobisch, M. Sprung, C. Gutt, L. M. Stadler, O. Leupold, G. Grubel, and H. P. Oepen, “Soft x-ray holographic microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 042501(2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Guehrs, C. M. Günther, B. Pfau, T. Rander, S. Schaffert, W. F. Schlotter, and S. Eisebitt, “Wavefield back-propagation in high-resolution x-ray holography with a movable field of view,” Opt. Express 18, 18922–18931 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Nugent, “Coherent methods in the x-ray sciences,” Adv. Phys. 59, 1–99 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 243902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Chen, R. A. Dilanian, S. Teichmann, B. Abbey, A. G. Peele, G. J. Williams, P. Hannaford, L. Van Dao, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Multiple wavelength diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Vine, G. J. Williams, B. Abbey, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, M. D. de Jonge, I. McNulty, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Ptychographic Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063823 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Flewett, H. M. Quiney, C. Q. Tran, and K. A. Nugent, “Extracting coherent modes from partially coherent wavefields,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2198–2200 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, “Hard-x-ray lensless imaging of extended objects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Q. Tran, G. J. Williams, A. Roberts, S. Flewett, A. G. Peele, D. Paterson, M. D. de Jonge, and K. A. Nugent, “Experimental measurement of the four-dimensional coherence function for an undulator x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 224801(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

1991

1982

Abbey, B.

D. J. Vine, G. J. Williams, B. Abbey, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, M. D. de Jonge, I. McNulty, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Ptychographic Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063823 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Chen, R. A. Dilanian, S. Teichmann, B. Abbey, A. G. Peele, G. J. Williams, P. Hannaford, L. Van Dao, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Multiple wavelength diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Azima, A.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Balaur, E.

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 243902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bittner, L.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bonfigt, S.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boutet, S.

S. Boutet and G. J. Williams, “The Coherent X-ray Imaging (CXI) instrument at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS),” New J. Phys. 12, 035024 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bunk, O.

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, “Hard-x-ray lensless imaging of extended objects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, B.

B. Chen, R. A. Dilanian, S. Teichmann, B. Abbey, A. G. Peele, G. J. Williams, P. Hannaford, L. Van Dao, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Multiple wavelength diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Clark, J. N.

D. J. Vine, G. J. Williams, B. Abbey, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, M. D. de Jonge, I. McNulty, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Ptychographic Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063823 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cullis, A. G.

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, “Hard-x-ray lensless imaging of extended objects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

David, C.

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, “Hard-x-ray lensless imaging of extended objects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Jonge, M. D.

D. J. Vine, G. J. Williams, B. Abbey, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, M. D. de Jonge, I. McNulty, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Ptychographic Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063823 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Q. Tran, G. J. Williams, A. Roberts, S. Flewett, A. G. Peele, D. Paterson, M. D. de Jonge, and K. A. Nugent, “Experimental measurement of the four-dimensional coherence function for an undulator x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 224801(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dilanian, R. A.

B. Chen, R. A. Dilanian, S. Teichmann, B. Abbey, A. G. Peele, G. J. Williams, P. Hannaford, L. Van Dao, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Multiple wavelength diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 243902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y.

S. Lee, Z. Huang, Y. Ding, P. Emma, W. Roseker, G. Gru¨bel, and A. Robert, “Toward a single mode free electron laser for coherent hard x-ray experiments,” arXiv:1006.0756v1 (2010).

Dobson, B. R.

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, “Hard-x-ray lensless imaging of extended objects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dusterer, S.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eisebitt, S.

B. Pfau, C. M. Günther, S. Schaffert, R. Mitzner, B. Siemer, S. Roling, H. Zacharias, O. Kutz, I. Rudolph, R. Treusch, and S. Eisebitt, “Femtosecond pulse x-ray imaging with a large field of view,” New J. Phys. 12, 095006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Guehrs, C. M. Günther, B. Pfau, T. Rander, S. Schaffert, W. F. Schlotter, and S. Eisebitt, “Wavefield back-propagation in high-resolution x-ray holography with a movable field of view,” Opt. Express 18, 18922–18931 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Emma, P.

S. Lee, Z. Huang, Y. Ding, P. Emma, W. Roseker, G. Gru¨bel, and A. Robert, “Toward a single mode free electron laser for coherent hard x-ray experiments,” arXiv:1006.0756v1 (2010).

Faatz, B.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Feldhaus, J.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Flewett, S.

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 243902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Flewett, H. M. Quiney, C. Q. Tran, and K. A. Nugent, “Extracting coherent modes from partially coherent wavefields,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2198–2200 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Q. Tran, G. J. Williams, A. Roberts, S. Flewett, A. G. Peele, D. Paterson, M. D. de Jonge, and K. A. Nugent, “Experimental measurement of the four-dimensional coherence function for an undulator x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 224801(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fromter, R.

D. Stickler, R. Fromter, H. Stillrich, C. Menk, C. Tieg, S. Streit-Nierobisch, M. Sprung, C. Gutt, L. M. Stadler, O. Leupold, G. Grubel, and H. P. Oepen, “Soft x-ray holographic microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 042501(2010).
[CrossRef]

Fruhling, U.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gensch, M.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gerth, C.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gru¨bel, G.

S. Lee, Z. Huang, Y. Ding, P. Emma, W. Roseker, G. Gru¨bel, and A. Robert, “Toward a single mode free electron laser for coherent hard x-ray experiments,” arXiv:1006.0756v1 (2010).

Grubel, G.

D. Stickler, R. Fromter, H. Stillrich, C. Menk, C. Tieg, S. Streit-Nierobisch, M. Sprung, C. Gutt, L. M. Stadler, O. Leupold, G. Grubel, and H. P. Oepen, “Soft x-ray holographic microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 042501(2010).
[CrossRef]

Guehrs, E.

Guerassimova, N.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Günther, C. M.

B. Pfau, C. M. Günther, S. Schaffert, R. Mitzner, B. Siemer, S. Roling, H. Zacharias, O. Kutz, I. Rudolph, R. Treusch, and S. Eisebitt, “Femtosecond pulse x-ray imaging with a large field of view,” New J. Phys. 12, 095006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Guehrs, C. M. Günther, B. Pfau, T. Rander, S. Schaffert, W. F. Schlotter, and S. Eisebitt, “Wavefield back-propagation in high-resolution x-ray holography with a movable field of view,” Opt. Express 18, 18922–18931 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gutt, C.

D. Stickler, R. Fromter, H. Stillrich, C. Menk, C. Tieg, S. Streit-Nierobisch, M. Sprung, C. Gutt, L. M. Stadler, O. Leupold, G. Grubel, and H. P. Oepen, “Soft x-ray holographic microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 042501(2010).
[CrossRef]

Hahn, U.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hannaford, P.

B. Chen, R. A. Dilanian, S. Teichmann, B. Abbey, A. G. Peele, G. J. Williams, P. Hannaford, L. Van Dao, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Multiple wavelength diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hans, T.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hesse, M.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Honkavaar, K.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Z.

S. Lee, Z. Huang, Y. Ding, P. Emma, W. Roseker, G. Gru¨bel, and A. Robert, “Toward a single mode free electron laser for coherent hard x-ray experiments,” arXiv:1006.0756v1 (2010).

Hurst, A. C.

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, “Hard-x-ray lensless imaging of extended objects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jastrow, U.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jefimovs, K.

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, “Hard-x-ray lensless imaging of extended objects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, I.

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, “Hard-x-ray lensless imaging of extended objects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Juranic, P.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kapitzki, S.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Keitel, B.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kracht, T.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kuhlmann, M.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kutz, O.

B. Pfau, C. M. Günther, S. Schaffert, R. Mitzner, B. Siemer, S. Roling, H. Zacharias, O. Kutz, I. Rudolph, R. Treusch, and S. Eisebitt, “Femtosecond pulse x-ray imaging with a large field of view,” New J. Phys. 12, 095006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

S. Lee, Z. Huang, Y. Ding, P. Emma, W. Roseker, G. Gru¨bel, and A. Robert, “Toward a single mode free electron laser for coherent hard x-ray experiments,” arXiv:1006.0756v1 (2010).

Leupold, O.

D. Stickler, R. Fromter, H. Stillrich, C. Menk, C. Tieg, S. Streit-Nierobisch, M. Sprung, C. Gutt, L. M. Stadler, O. Leupold, G. Grubel, and H. P. Oepen, “Soft x-ray holographic microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 042501(2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, W. B.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mandel, L.

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge University, 1995).

Martins, M.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

McNulty, I.

D. J. Vine, G. J. Williams, B. Abbey, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, M. D. de Jonge, I. McNulty, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Ptychographic Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063823 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 243902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Q. Tran, A. G. Peele, A. Roberts, K. A. Nugent, D. Paterson, and I. McNulty, “Synchrotron beam coherence: a spatially resolved measurement,” Opt. Lett. 30, 204–206(2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Menk, C.

D. Stickler, R. Fromter, H. Stillrich, C. Menk, C. Tieg, S. Streit-Nierobisch, M. Sprung, C. Gutt, L. M. Stadler, O. Leupold, G. Grubel, and H. P. Oepen, “Soft x-ray holographic microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 042501(2010).
[CrossRef]

Mitzner, R.

B. Pfau, C. M. Günther, S. Schaffert, R. Mitzner, B. Siemer, S. Roling, H. Zacharias, O. Kutz, I. Rudolph, R. Treusch, and S. Eisebitt, “Femtosecond pulse x-ray imaging with a large field of view,” New J. Phys. 12, 095006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nugent, K. A.

K. A. Nugent, “Coherent methods in the x-ray sciences,” Adv. Phys. 59, 1–99 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Chen, R. A. Dilanian, S. Teichmann, B. Abbey, A. G. Peele, G. J. Williams, P. Hannaford, L. Van Dao, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Multiple wavelength diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 243902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Flewett, H. M. Quiney, C. Q. Tran, and K. A. Nugent, “Extracting coherent modes from partially coherent wavefields,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2198–2200 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Vine, G. J. Williams, B. Abbey, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, M. D. de Jonge, I. McNulty, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Ptychographic Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063823 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Q. Tran, G. J. Williams, A. Roberts, S. Flewett, A. G. Peele, D. Paterson, M. D. de Jonge, and K. A. Nugent, “Experimental measurement of the four-dimensional coherence function for an undulator x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 224801(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Q. Tran, A. G. Peele, A. Roberts, K. A. Nugent, D. Paterson, and I. McNulty, “Synchrotron beam coherence: a spatially resolved measurement,” Opt. Lett. 30, 204–206(2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Nugent, “Partially coherent diffraction patterns and coherence measurement,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 1574–1579(1991).
[CrossRef]

Nunez, T.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Oepen, H. P.

D. Stickler, R. Fromter, H. Stillrich, C. Menk, C. Tieg, S. Streit-Nierobisch, M. Sprung, C. Gutt, L. M. Stadler, O. Leupold, G. Grubel, and H. P. Oepen, “Soft x-ray holographic microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 042501(2010).
[CrossRef]

Paterson, D.

C. Q. Tran, G. J. Williams, A. Roberts, S. Flewett, A. G. Peele, D. Paterson, M. D. de Jonge, and K. A. Nugent, “Experimental measurement of the four-dimensional coherence function for an undulator x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 224801(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Q. Tran, A. G. Peele, A. Roberts, K. A. Nugent, D. Paterson, and I. McNulty, “Synchrotron beam coherence: a spatially resolved measurement,” Opt. Lett. 30, 204–206(2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peele, A. G.

B. Chen, R. A. Dilanian, S. Teichmann, B. Abbey, A. G. Peele, G. J. Williams, P. Hannaford, L. Van Dao, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Multiple wavelength diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 243902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Vine, G. J. Williams, B. Abbey, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, M. D. de Jonge, I. McNulty, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Ptychographic Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063823 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Q. Tran, G. J. Williams, A. Roberts, S. Flewett, A. G. Peele, D. Paterson, M. D. de Jonge, and K. A. Nugent, “Experimental measurement of the four-dimensional coherence function for an undulator x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 224801(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Q. Tran, A. G. Peele, A. Roberts, K. A. Nugent, D. Paterson, and I. McNulty, “Synchrotron beam coherence: a spatially resolved measurement,” Opt. Lett. 30, 204–206(2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pfau, B.

E. Guehrs, C. M. Günther, B. Pfau, T. Rander, S. Schaffert, W. F. Schlotter, and S. Eisebitt, “Wavefield back-propagation in high-resolution x-ray holography with a movable field of view,” Opt. Express 18, 18922–18931 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Pfau, C. M. Günther, S. Schaffert, R. Mitzner, B. Siemer, S. Roling, H. Zacharias, O. Kutz, I. Rudolph, R. Treusch, and S. Eisebitt, “Femtosecond pulse x-ray imaging with a large field of view,” New J. Phys. 12, 095006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pfeifer, M. A.

D. J. Vine, G. J. Williams, B. Abbey, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, M. D. de Jonge, I. McNulty, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Ptychographic Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063823 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pfeiffer, F.

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, “Hard-x-ray lensless imaging of extended objects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plonjes, E.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Quiney, H. M.

S. Flewett, H. M. Quiney, C. Q. Tran, and K. A. Nugent, “Extracting coherent modes from partially coherent wavefields,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2198–2200 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 243902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Chen, R. A. Dilanian, S. Teichmann, B. Abbey, A. G. Peele, G. J. Williams, P. Hannaford, L. Van Dao, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Multiple wavelength diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rander, T.

Redlin, H.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
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S. Lee, Z. Huang, Y. Ding, P. Emma, W. Roseker, G. Gru¨bel, and A. Robert, “Toward a single mode free electron laser for coherent hard x-ray experiments,” arXiv:1006.0756v1 (2010).

Roberts, A.

C. Q. Tran, G. J. Williams, A. Roberts, S. Flewett, A. G. Peele, D. Paterson, M. D. de Jonge, and K. A. Nugent, “Experimental measurement of the four-dimensional coherence function for an undulator x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 224801(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Q. Tran, A. G. Peele, A. Roberts, K. A. Nugent, D. Paterson, and I. McNulty, “Synchrotron beam coherence: a spatially resolved measurement,” Opt. Lett. 30, 204–206(2005).
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J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, “Hard-x-ray lensless imaging of extended objects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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B. Pfau, C. M. Günther, S. Schaffert, R. Mitzner, B. Siemer, S. Roling, H. Zacharias, O. Kutz, I. Rudolph, R. Treusch, and S. Eisebitt, “Femtosecond pulse x-ray imaging with a large field of view,” New J. Phys. 12, 095006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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S. Lee, Z. Huang, Y. Ding, P. Emma, W. Roseker, G. Gru¨bel, and A. Robert, “Toward a single mode free electron laser for coherent hard x-ray experiments,” arXiv:1006.0756v1 (2010).

Rudolph, I.

B. Pfau, C. M. Günther, S. Schaffert, R. Mitzner, B. Siemer, S. Roling, H. Zacharias, O. Kutz, I. Rudolph, R. Treusch, and S. Eisebitt, “Femtosecond pulse x-ray imaging with a large field of view,” New J. Phys. 12, 095006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Saldin, E. L.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schaffert, S.

B. Pfau, C. M. Günther, S. Schaffert, R. Mitzner, B. Siemer, S. Roling, H. Zacharias, O. Kutz, I. Rudolph, R. Treusch, and S. Eisebitt, “Femtosecond pulse x-ray imaging with a large field of view,” New J. Phys. 12, 095006 (2010).
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E. Guehrs, C. M. Günther, B. Pfau, T. Rander, S. Schaffert, W. F. Schlotter, and S. Eisebitt, “Wavefield back-propagation in high-resolution x-ray holography with a movable field of view,” Opt. Express 18, 18922–18931 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schlotter, W. F.

Schneider, J. R.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schneidmiller, E. A.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, S.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Siemer, B.

B. Pfau, C. M. Günther, S. Schaffert, R. Mitzner, B. Siemer, S. Roling, H. Zacharias, O. Kutz, I. Rudolph, R. Treusch, and S. Eisebitt, “Femtosecond pulse x-ray imaging with a large field of view,” New J. Phys. 12, 095006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sprung, M.

D. Stickler, R. Fromter, H. Stillrich, C. Menk, C. Tieg, S. Streit-Nierobisch, M. Sprung, C. Gutt, L. M. Stadler, O. Leupold, G. Grubel, and H. P. Oepen, “Soft x-ray holographic microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 042501(2010).
[CrossRef]

Stadler, L. M.

D. Stickler, R. Fromter, H. Stillrich, C. Menk, C. Tieg, S. Streit-Nierobisch, M. Sprung, C. Gutt, L. M. Stadler, O. Leupold, G. Grubel, and H. P. Oepen, “Soft x-ray holographic microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 042501(2010).
[CrossRef]

Stickler, D.

D. Stickler, R. Fromter, H. Stillrich, C. Menk, C. Tieg, S. Streit-Nierobisch, M. Sprung, C. Gutt, L. M. Stadler, O. Leupold, G. Grubel, and H. P. Oepen, “Soft x-ray holographic microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 042501(2010).
[CrossRef]

Stillrich, H.

D. Stickler, R. Fromter, H. Stillrich, C. Menk, C. Tieg, S. Streit-Nierobisch, M. Sprung, C. Gutt, L. M. Stadler, O. Leupold, G. Grubel, and H. P. Oepen, “Soft x-ray holographic microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 042501(2010).
[CrossRef]

Stojanovic, N.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Streit-Nierobisch, S.

D. Stickler, R. Fromter, H. Stillrich, C. Menk, C. Tieg, S. Streit-Nierobisch, M. Sprung, C. Gutt, L. M. Stadler, O. Leupold, G. Grubel, and H. P. Oepen, “Soft x-ray holographic microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 042501(2010).
[CrossRef]

Tavella, F.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Teichmann, S.

B. Chen, R. A. Dilanian, S. Teichmann, B. Abbey, A. G. Peele, G. J. Williams, P. Hannaford, L. Van Dao, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Multiple wavelength diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tiedtke, K.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tieg, C.

D. Stickler, R. Fromter, H. Stillrich, C. Menk, C. Tieg, S. Streit-Nierobisch, M. Sprung, C. Gutt, L. M. Stadler, O. Leupold, G. Grubel, and H. P. Oepen, “Soft x-ray holographic microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 042501(2010).
[CrossRef]

Toleikis, S.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tran, C. Q.

Treusch, R.

B. Pfau, C. M. Günther, S. Schaffert, R. Mitzner, B. Siemer, S. Roling, H. Zacharias, O. Kutz, I. Rudolph, R. Treusch, and S. Eisebitt, “Femtosecond pulse x-ray imaging with a large field of view,” New J. Phys. 12, 095006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Van Dao, L.

B. Chen, R. A. Dilanian, S. Teichmann, B. Abbey, A. G. Peele, G. J. Williams, P. Hannaford, L. Van Dao, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Multiple wavelength diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vine, D. J.

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 243902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Vine, G. J. Williams, B. Abbey, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, M. D. de Jonge, I. McNulty, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Ptychographic Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063823 (2009).
[CrossRef]

von Bargen, N.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wabnitz, H.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weigelt, H.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wellhofer, M.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Whitehead, L. W.

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 243902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Williams, G. J.

S. Boutet and G. J. Williams, “The Coherent X-ray Imaging (CXI) instrument at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS),” New J. Phys. 12, 035024 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Vine, G. J. Williams, B. Abbey, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, M. D. de Jonge, I. McNulty, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Ptychographic Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063823 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 243902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Chen, R. A. Dilanian, S. Teichmann, B. Abbey, A. G. Peele, G. J. Williams, P. Hannaford, L. Van Dao, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Multiple wavelength diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Q. Tran, G. J. Williams, A. Roberts, S. Flewett, A. G. Peele, D. Paterson, M. D. de Jonge, and K. A. Nugent, “Experimental measurement of the four-dimensional coherence function for an undulator x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 224801(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, E.

Yurkov, M. V.

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zacharias, H.

B. Pfau, C. M. Günther, S. Schaffert, R. Mitzner, B. Siemer, S. Roling, H. Zacharias, O. Kutz, I. Rudolph, R. Treusch, and S. Eisebitt, “Femtosecond pulse x-ray imaging with a large field of view,” New J. Phys. 12, 095006 (2010).
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K. A. Nugent, “Coherent methods in the x-ray sciences,” Adv. Phys. 59, 1–99 (2010).
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D. Stickler, R. Fromter, H. Stillrich, C. Menk, C. Tieg, S. Streit-Nierobisch, M. Sprung, C. Gutt, L. M. Stadler, O. Leupold, G. Grubel, and H. P. Oepen, “Soft x-ray holographic microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 042501(2010).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

New J. Phys.

S. Boutet and G. J. Williams, “The Coherent X-ray Imaging (CXI) instrument at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS),” New J. Phys. 12, 035024 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Tiedtke, A. Azima, N. von Bargen, L. Bittner, S. Bonfigt, S. Dusterer, B. Faatz, U. Fruhling, M. Gensch, C. Gerth, N. Guerassimova, U. Hahn, T. Hans, M. Hesse, K. Honkavaar, U. Jastrow, P. Juranic, S. Kapitzki, B. Keitel, T. Kracht, M. Kuhlmann, W. B. Li, M. Martins, T. Nunez, E. Plonjes, H. Redlin, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, J. R. Schneider, S. Schreiber, N. Stojanovic, F. Tavella, S. Toleikis, R. Treusch, H. Weigelt, M. Wellhofer, H. Wabnitz, M. V. Yurkov, and J. Feldhaus, “The soft x-ray free-electron laser FLASH at DESY: beamlines, diagnostics and end-stations,” New J. Phys. 11, 023029 (2009).
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B. Pfau, C. M. Günther, S. Schaffert, R. Mitzner, B. Siemer, S. Roling, H. Zacharias, O. Kutz, I. Rudolph, R. Treusch, and S. Eisebitt, “Femtosecond pulse x-ray imaging with a large field of view,” New J. Phys. 12, 095006 (2010).
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Phys. Rev. A

B. Chen, R. A. Dilanian, S. Teichmann, B. Abbey, A. G. Peele, G. J. Williams, P. Hannaford, L. Van Dao, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Multiple wavelength diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Vine, G. J. Williams, B. Abbey, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, M. D. de Jonge, I. McNulty, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Ptychographic Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063823 (2009).
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J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, “Hard-x-ray lensless imaging of extended objects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 243902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

It is also sufficient if there is no overlap in real space along any other pair of orthogonal coordinates.

http://hasylab.desy.de/facilities/flash/facility_information/single_shot_spectrum/index_eng.html.

https://slacportal.slac.stanford.edu/sites/lcls_public/Instruments/SXR/Pages/Specifications.aspx.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the proposed sample-mask geometry. In the center is the sample aperture marked S with the reference hole (R) to the left and the grating geometry (G) to the right. The size of the reference and grating holes in this image has been increased for the sake of visual clarity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fully coherent diffraction pattern resulting from the sample-mask setup shown in Fig. 1 displayed on a logarithmic color scale.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Projection of the diffracted intensity in Fig. 2 onto the x axis.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Close ups of (a) the projected zeroth-order grating peak and (b) the second-order peak from Fig. 3.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Fourier transform of the fully coherent diffraction pattern displayed on a nonlinear scale.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Original object displayed alongside (b) its fully coherent FTH reconstruction and (c) the chromatically blurred FTH reconstruction obtained from the pink beam simulation in Section 6. The error metric ε defined in Eq. (11) was 0.211 for the monochromatic reconstruction and 0.218 for the polychromatic reconstruction.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Diffraction pattern resulting from pink beam illumination printed on a logarithmic scale. Note the increase in the chromatic blurring of the higher-order grating peaks compared with Fig. 2.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Close-ups of the projected zeroth-order grating peak and (b) the second-order peak for pink beam illumination.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Close ups of the projected second-order grating peak for pink beam illumination with the effects of the finite detector length deconvolved (solid curve) and the original (dashed curve).

Equations (11)

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Γ ( r 1 , r 2 , τ ) = Ψ * ( r 1 , t ) Ψ ( r 2 , t + τ ) .
G ( r 1 , r 2 , ν ) = Γ ( r 1 , r 2 , τ ) e 2 π i ν τ d τ ,
G ( r 1 , r 2 , ν ) = n η n ( ν ) φ n * ( r 1 , ν ) φ n ( r 2 , ν ) .
φ n ( r , ν ) ν χ ν n ε ν n ( r ) .
S ν n ( r , ν ) = ε ν n ( r ) T M ( r ) · P d 1 [ T S ( r , ν ) ] ,
I ( k ) ν = n η n F T [ S ν n ( r ) ] * F T [ S ν n ( r ) ] ,
G ( r 1 , r 2 , ν ) = ζ * ( r 1 , υ ) ζ ( r 2 , ν ) g ( r 1 r 2 , ν ) ,
I ( k ) d k i = Pixels F T [ P M ( r ) ] * F T [ P M ( r ) ] d k i ,
F T [ P M ( r ) ] = I M exp ( 2 π i x M k x 2 π i y M k y ) ,
F T [ P M 1 ( r ) ] * F T [ P M 2 ( r ) ] = I M 1 I M 2 exp ( 2 π i x M 1 k x + 2 π i y M 1 k y 2 π i x M 2 k x + 2 π i y M 2 k y ) .
ε = pixels | ( J input J recons ) | 2 pixels | ( J input ) | 2 + | ( J recons ) | 2 .

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