Abstract

We have fabricated and characterized optically Nd3+-doped phosphate [Li2O-CaO-BaO-Al2O3-La2O3-P2O5 (LCBALP)] glasses for drawing single-mode glass fiber. The F3/24I13/24 transition emission from the Nd3+ is at the 1.327μm wavelength with a full width at half-maximum of 43nm, and the spontaneous transition probability and quantum efficiency are calculated to be 1836s1 and 52%, respectively. The maximum stimulated emission cross sections for F3/24I11/24 and F3/24I13/24 transitions are derived to be 1.82×1020cm2 and 6.97×1021cm2, respectively, and the theoretical gain coefficient at the 1.327μm wavelength is evaluated to be 0.182dB/cm when the fractional factor of the excited neodymium ions equals 0.6, which indicates that Nd3+-doped LCBALP phosphate glasses are potential candidates in developing O-band optical fiber amplifiers.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

S. S. Babu, R. Rajeswari, K. Jang, C. E. Jin, K. H. Jang, H. J. Seo, and C. K. Jayasankar, “Spectroscopic investigations of 1.06 μm emission in Nd3+-doped alkali niobium zinc tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 130, 1021–1025 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Pisarska, W. A. Pisarski, and W. R. Romanowski, “Laser spectroscopy of Nd3+ and Dy3+ ions in lead borate glasses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 805–809 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (7)

S. Y. Chen, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, K. Annapurna, and R. Sen, “Characteristics of Er and Er-Yb-Cr doped phosphate microsphere fibre lasers,” Opt. Commun. 282, 3765–3769 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y.-W. Lee, M. J. F. Digonnet, and S. Sinha, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 93–102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Pisarska, “Luminescence behavior of Dy3+ ions in lead borate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31, 1784–1786 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Ratnakaram, N. V. Srihari, A. V. Kumar, D. T. Naidu, and R. P. S. Chakradhar, “Optical absorption and photoluminescence properties of Nd3+ doped mixed alkali phosphate glasses-spectroscopic investigations,” Spectrochim. Acta A 72, 171–177 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Rao, B. R. V. Rao, M. V. V. K. S. Prasad, J. V. S. Kumar, M. Jayasimhadri, J. L. Rao, and R. P. S. Chakradhar, “Spectroscopic and optical properties of Nd3+ doped fluorine containing alkali and alkaline earth zinc-aluminophosphate optical glasses,” J. Phys. B 404, 3717–3721 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Bingham, R. J. Hand, O. M. Hannant, S. D. Forder, and S. H. Kilcoyne, “Effects of modifier additions on the thermal properties, chemical durability, oxidation state and structure of iron phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 1526–1538 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. A. A. Bakar, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. A. Mansoori, S. Shaari, and A. K. Zamzuri, “Opto-optical gain-clamped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier with C-band control signal,” Appl. Opt. 48, 2340–2343 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, and J. Fernandez, “On the origin of bichromatic laser emission in Nd3+-doped fluoride glasses,” Opt. Express 16, 11894–11906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, “Silicon optical fiber,” Opt. Express 16, 18675–18683 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Gonzalez, I. R. Martin, E. A. Jorge, S. G. Perez, J. M. Caceres, and P. Nunez, “Laser irradiation in Nd3+ doped strontium barium niobate glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 013112(2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Pradeesh, C. J. Oton, V. K. Agotiya, M. Raghavendra, and G. V. Prakash, “Optical properties of Er3+ doped alkali chlorphosphate glasses for optical amplifiers,” Opt. Mater. 31, 155–160 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

K. U. Kumar, V. A. Prathyusha, P. Babu, C. K. Jayasankar, A. S. Joshi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Fluorescence properties of Nd3+-doped tellurite glasses,” Spectrochim. Acta A 67, 702–708 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Jha, P. Joshi, S. Shen, and L. Huang, “Spectroscopic characterization of signal gain and pump ESA in short-lengths of RE-doped tellurite fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 1407–1413 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

R. A. Martin and J. C. Knight, “Silica-clad neodymium-doped lanthanum phosphate fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 574–576 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Seznec, H. Ma, X. Zhang, V. Nazabal, J. Adam, X. Qiao, and X. Fan, “Preparation and luminescence of new Nd3+ doped chloro-sulphide glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 29, 371–376 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Ramos, M. Abril, I. R. Martin, U. R. R. Mendoza, V. Lavin, and V. D. Rodriguez, “Ultraviolet and visible upconversion luminescence in Nd3+-doped oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramics obtained by different preparation methods,” J. Appl. Phys. 99, 113510 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, D. J. Reichle, and S. B. Jiang, “Optical properties of Tm3+ ions in alkali germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 5344–5352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

J. H. Choi, A. Margaryan, A. Margaryan, and F. G. Shi, “Judd–Ofelt analysis of spectroscopic properties of Nd3+-doped novel fluorophosphate glass,” J. Lumin. 114, 167–177 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Song, J. Heo, and S. H. Park, “1.48 μm emission properties and energy transfer between Tm3+ and Ho3+/Tb3+ in Ge-As-Cs-Br glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083542 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Karthikeyan, R. Philip, and S. Mohan, “Optical and non-linear optical properties of Nd3+-doped heavy borate glasses,” Opt. Commun. 246, 153–162 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Klimesz, G. Dzik, P. Solarz, M. Zelechower, and W. Romanowski, “Optical study of GeO2-PbO-PbF2 oxyfluoride glass singly doped with Pr3+, Nd3+, Sm3+ and Eu3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 403, 76–85 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (5)

G. A. Kumar, E. Rosa-Cruz, A. Martinez, N. Unnikrishnan, and K. Ueda, “Influence of borate content on the radiative properties of Nd3+ ions in fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 69–76 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, H. Haquin, J. L. Adam, and J. Montagne, “Spectroscopic properties and laser emission of Tm doped ZBLAN glass at 1.8 μm,” Opt. Mater. 24, 563–574 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Rai, A. K. Singh, and S. K. Singh, “Spectroscopic properties of Ho3+ ions doped in tellurite glass,” Spectrochim. Acta A 59, 3221–3226 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical amplification in bismuth-doped silica glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3325–3326(2003).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Kumar, E. D. L. Cruz, K. Ueda, A. Martinez, and O. B. Garcia, “Enhancement of optical properties of Nd3+ doped fluorophosphates glasses by alkali and alkaline earth metal co-doping,” Opt. Mater. 22, 201–213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

S. Shen, A. Jha, E. Zhang, and S. J. Wilson, “Compositional effects and spectroscopy of rare earths (Er3+, Tm3+, and Nd3+) in tellurite glasses,” C. R. Chimie 5, 921–938 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. A. Andrade, T. Catunda, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and M. L. Baesso, “Thermal lens measurements of fluorescence quantum efficiency in Nd3+-doped fluoride glasses,” J. Lumin. 284, 255–260 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

M. Naftaly and A. Jha, “Nd3+-doped fluoroaluminate glasses for a 1.3 μm amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 2098–2104 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, and T. Hanada, “Broad-band 1.5 μm emission of Er3+ ions in bismuth-based oxide glasses for potential WDM amplifier,” J. Lumin. 87, 670–672 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

J. L. Adam, J. L. Doualan, L. Griscom, S. Girard, and R. Moncorge, “Excited-state absorption at 1.3 μm in Nd3+-doped fluoride and sulfide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256, 276–281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Naftaly, A. Jha, and E. R. Taylor, “Spectroscopic properties of Nd3+ in fluoroaluminate glasses for an efficient 1.3 μm optical amplifier,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256, 248–252 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Mehta, G. Aka, A. L. Dawar, and A. Mansingh, “Optical properties and spectroscopic parameters of Nd3+-doped phosphate and borate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 12, 53–63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (2)

C. K. Jayasankar and V. V. R. K. Kumar, “Optical properties of Nd3+ ions in cadmium borosulphate glasses and comparative energy level analyses of Nd3+ ions in various glasses,” Phys. B 226, 313–330 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Ohtsuki, S. Honkanen, N. Peyghambarian, M. Takahashi, Y. Kawamoto, J. Ingenhoff, A. Tervonen, and K. Kadono, “Evanescent field amplification in Nd3+-doped fluoride planar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2012–2014 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

A. Renuka and C. K. Jayasankar, “Optical properties of Nd3+ ions in lithium borate glasses,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 42, 106–119 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, L. Reekie, W. S. Brocklesby, Y. T. Chow, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication, spectroscopy and laser performance of Nd3+-doped lead-silicate glass fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 180, 207–216 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

R. T. Chen, M. Lee, S. Natarajan, C. Lin, Z. Z. Ho, and D. Robinson, “Single-mode Nd3+-doped graded-index polymer waveguide amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1328–1331 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1983 (1)

C. K. Jorgensen and F. Reisfeld, “Judd–Ofelt parameters and chemical bonding,” J. Less-Common Met. 93, 107–112(1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

M. J. Weber, J. D. Myers, and D. H. Blackburn, “Optical properties of Nd3+ in tellurite and phosphotellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 2944–2949 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1968 (2)

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak. “Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. Pr3+, Nd3+, Pm3+, Sm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424–4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, “Spectral intensities of the trivalent lanthanides and actinides in solution. II. Pm3+, Sm3+, Eu3+, Gd3+, Tb3+, Dy3+, and Ho3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4412–4423 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1962 (2)

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127, 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Abril, M.

J. M. Ramos, M. Abril, I. R. Martin, U. R. R. Mendoza, V. Lavin, and V. D. Rodriguez, “Ultraviolet and visible upconversion luminescence in Nd3+-doped oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramics obtained by different preparation methods,” J. Appl. Phys. 99, 113510 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Adam, J.

V. Seznec, H. Ma, X. Zhang, V. Nazabal, J. Adam, X. Qiao, and X. Fan, “Preparation and luminescence of new Nd3+ doped chloro-sulphide glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 29, 371–376 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Adam, J. L.

J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, H. Haquin, J. L. Adam, and J. Montagne, “Spectroscopic properties and laser emission of Tm doped ZBLAN glass at 1.8 μm,” Opt. Mater. 24, 563–574 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Adam, J. L. Doualan, L. Griscom, S. Girard, and R. Moncorge, “Excited-state absorption at 1.3 μm in Nd3+-doped fluoride and sulfide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256, 276–281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Agotiya, V. K.

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S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Net gain of 15.5 dB from a 5.1 cm long Er3+-doped phosphate glass fiber,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (2000), Vol.  4, pp. 181–183.

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J. M. Ramos, M. Abril, I. R. Martin, U. R. R. Mendoza, V. Lavin, and V. D. Rodriguez, “Ultraviolet and visible upconversion luminescence in Nd3+-doped oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramics obtained by different preparation methods,” J. Appl. Phys. 99, 113510 (2006).
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Y. C. Ratnakaram, N. V. Srihari, A. V. Kumar, D. T. Naidu, and R. P. S. Chakradhar, “Optical absorption and photoluminescence properties of Nd3+ doped mixed alkali phosphate glasses-spectroscopic investigations,” Spectrochim. Acta A 72, 171–177 (2009).
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V. Seznec, H. Ma, X. Zhang, V. Nazabal, J. Adam, X. Qiao, and X. Fan, “Preparation and luminescence of new Nd3+ doped chloro-sulphide glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 29, 371–376 (2006).
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P. H. Gonzalez, I. R. Martin, E. A. Jorge, S. G. Perez, J. M. Caceres, and P. Nunez, “Laser irradiation in Nd3+ doped strontium barium niobate glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 013112(2008).
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K. Pradeesh, C. J. Oton, V. K. Agotiya, M. Raghavendra, and G. V. Prakash, “Optical properties of Er3+ doped alkali chlorphosphate glasses for optical amplifiers,” Opt. Mater. 31, 155–160 (2008).
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J. H. Song, J. Heo, and S. H. Park, “1.48 μm emission properties and energy transfer between Tm3+ and Ho3+/Tb3+ in Ge-As-Cs-Br glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083542 (2005).
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H. Takebe, K. Yoshino, T. Murata, K. Morinaga, J. Hector, W. S. Brocklesby, D. W. Hewak, J. Wang, and D. N. Payne, “Spectroscopic properties of Nd3+ and Pr3+ in gallate glasses with low phonon energies,” Appl. Opt. 36, 5839–5843 (1997).
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P. H. Gonzalez, I. R. Martin, E. A. Jorge, S. G. Perez, J. M. Caceres, and P. Nunez, “Laser irradiation in Nd3+ doped strontium barium niobate glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 013112(2008).
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T. Ohtsuki, S. Honkanen, N. Peyghambarian, M. Takahashi, Y. Kawamoto, J. Ingenhoff, A. Tervonen, and K. Kadono, “Evanescent field amplification in Nd3+-doped fluoride planar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2012–2014 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Net gain of 15.5 dB from a 5.1 cm long Er3+-doped phosphate glass fiber,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (2000), Vol.  4, pp. 181–183.

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B. Karthikeyan, R. Philip, and S. Mohan, “Optical and non-linear optical properties of Nd3+-doped heavy borate glasses,” Opt. Commun. 246, 153–162 (2005).
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J. Pisarska, W. A. Pisarski, and W. R. Romanowski, “Laser spectroscopy of Nd3+ and Dy3+ ions in lead borate glasses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 805–809 (2010).
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K. Pradeesh, C. J. Oton, V. K. Agotiya, M. Raghavendra, and G. V. Prakash, “Optical properties of Er3+ doped alkali chlorphosphate glasses for optical amplifiers,” Opt. Mater. 31, 155–160 (2008).
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K. Pradeesh, C. J. Oton, V. K. Agotiya, M. Raghavendra, and G. V. Prakash, “Optical properties of Er3+ doped alkali chlorphosphate glasses for optical amplifiers,” Opt. Mater. 31, 155–160 (2008).
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K. U. Kumar, V. A. Prathyusha, P. Babu, C. K. Jayasankar, A. S. Joshi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Fluorescence properties of Nd3+-doped tellurite glasses,” Spectrochim. Acta A 67, 702–708 (2007).
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T. T. Basiev, A. Y. Dergachev, Y. V. Orlovskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, “Multiphonon nonradiative relaxation form high-lying levels of Nd3+ ions in fluoride and oxide laser materials,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, G.Dube and L.Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, 1991), paper MT4.

Qiao, X.

V. Seznec, H. Ma, X. Zhang, V. Nazabal, J. Adam, X. Qiao, and X. Fan, “Preparation and luminescence of new Nd3+ doped chloro-sulphide glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 29, 371–376 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Raghavendra, M.

K. Pradeesh, C. J. Oton, V. K. Agotiya, M. Raghavendra, and G. V. Prakash, “Optical properties of Er3+ doped alkali chlorphosphate glasses for optical amplifiers,” Opt. Mater. 31, 155–160 (2008).
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S. B. Rai, A. K. Singh, and S. K. Singh, “Spectroscopic properties of Ho3+ ions doped in tellurite glass,” Spectrochim. Acta A 59, 3221–3226 (2003).
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S. S. Babu, R. Rajeswari, K. Jang, C. E. Jin, K. H. Jang, H. J. Seo, and C. K. Jayasankar, “Spectroscopic investigations of 1.06 μm emission in Nd3+-doped alkali niobium zinc tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 130, 1021–1025 (2010).
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J. M. Ramos, M. Abril, I. R. Martin, U. R. R. Mendoza, V. Lavin, and V. D. Rodriguez, “Ultraviolet and visible upconversion luminescence in Nd3+-doped oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramics obtained by different preparation methods,” J. Appl. Phys. 99, 113510 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rao, A. M.

Rao, A. S.

A. S. Rao, B. R. V. Rao, M. V. V. K. S. Prasad, J. V. S. Kumar, M. Jayasimhadri, J. L. Rao, and R. P. S. Chakradhar, “Spectroscopic and optical properties of Nd3+ doped fluorine containing alkali and alkaline earth zinc-aluminophosphate optical glasses,” J. Phys. B 404, 3717–3721 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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A. S. Rao, B. R. V. Rao, M. V. V. K. S. Prasad, J. V. S. Kumar, M. Jayasimhadri, J. L. Rao, and R. P. S. Chakradhar, “Spectroscopic and optical properties of Nd3+ doped fluorine containing alkali and alkaline earth zinc-aluminophosphate optical glasses,” J. Phys. B 404, 3717–3721 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rao, J. L.

A. S. Rao, B. R. V. Rao, M. V. V. K. S. Prasad, J. V. S. Kumar, M. Jayasimhadri, J. L. Rao, and R. P. S. Chakradhar, “Spectroscopic and optical properties of Nd3+ doped fluorine containing alkali and alkaline earth zinc-aluminophosphate optical glasses,” J. Phys. B 404, 3717–3721 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Y. C. Ratnakaram, N. V. Srihari, A. V. Kumar, D. T. Naidu, and R. P. S. Chakradhar, “Optical absorption and photoluminescence properties of Nd3+ doped mixed alkali phosphate glasses-spectroscopic investigations,” Spectrochim. Acta A 72, 171–177 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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J. Wang, L. Reekie, W. S. Brocklesby, Y. T. Chow, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication, spectroscopy and laser performance of Nd3+-doped lead-silicate glass fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 180, 207–216 (1995).
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B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, D. J. Reichle, and S. B. Jiang, “Optical properties of Tm3+ ions in alkali germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 5344–5352 (2006).
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R. T. Chen, M. Lee, S. Natarajan, C. Lin, Z. Z. Ho, and D. Robinson, “Single-mode Nd3+-doped graded-index polymer waveguide amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1328–1331 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, V. D.

J. M. Ramos, M. Abril, I. R. Martin, U. R. R. Mendoza, V. Lavin, and V. D. Rodriguez, “Ultraviolet and visible upconversion luminescence in Nd3+-doped oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramics obtained by different preparation methods,” J. Appl. Phys. 99, 113510 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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B. Klimesz, G. Dzik, P. Solarz, M. Zelechower, and W. Romanowski, “Optical study of GeO2-PbO-PbF2 oxyfluoride glass singly doped with Pr3+, Nd3+, Sm3+ and Eu3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 403, 76–85 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Romanowski, W. R.

J. Pisarska, W. A. Pisarski, and W. R. Romanowski, “Laser spectroscopy of Nd3+ and Dy3+ ions in lead borate glasses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 805–809 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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G. A. Kumar, E. Rosa-Cruz, A. Martinez, N. Unnikrishnan, and K. Ueda, “Influence of borate content on the radiative properties of Nd3+ ions in fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 69–76 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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S. Y. Chen, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, K. Annapurna, and R. Sen, “Characteristics of Er and Er-Yb-Cr doped phosphate microsphere fibre lasers,” Opt. Commun. 282, 3765–3769 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Seneschal, K.

S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Net gain of 15.5 dB from a 5.1 cm long Er3+-doped phosphate glass fiber,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (2000), Vol.  4, pp. 181–183.

Seo, H. J.

S. S. Babu, R. Rajeswari, K. Jang, C. E. Jin, K. H. Jang, H. J. Seo, and C. K. Jayasankar, “Spectroscopic investigations of 1.06 μm emission in Nd3+-doped alkali niobium zinc tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 130, 1021–1025 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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V. Seznec, H. Ma, X. Zhang, V. Nazabal, J. Adam, X. Qiao, and X. Fan, “Preparation and luminescence of new Nd3+ doped chloro-sulphide glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 29, 371–376 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Sharma, S.

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[CrossRef]

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J. H. Choi, A. Margaryan, A. Margaryan, and F. G. Shi, “Judd–Ofelt analysis of spectroscopic properties of Nd3+-doped novel fluorophosphate glass,” J. Lumin. 114, 167–177 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shori, R.

Singh, A. K.

S. B. Rai, A. K. Singh, and S. K. Singh, “Spectroscopic properties of Ho3+ ions doped in tellurite glass,” Spectrochim. Acta A 59, 3221–3226 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Singh, S. K.

S. B. Rai, A. K. Singh, and S. K. Singh, “Spectroscopic properties of Ho3+ ions doped in tellurite glass,” Spectrochim. Acta A 59, 3221–3226 (2003).
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S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Net gain of 15.5 dB from a 5.1 cm long Er3+-doped phosphate glass fiber,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (2000), Vol.  4, pp. 181–183.

Solarz, P.

B. Klimesz, G. Dzik, P. Solarz, M. Zelechower, and W. Romanowski, “Optical study of GeO2-PbO-PbF2 oxyfluoride glass singly doped with Pr3+, Nd3+, Sm3+ and Eu3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 403, 76–85 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Song, J. H.

J. H. Song, J. Heo, and S. H. Park, “1.48 μm emission properties and energy transfer between Tm3+ and Ho3+/Tb3+ in Ge-As-Cs-Br glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083542 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Speghini, A.

K. U. Kumar, V. A. Prathyusha, P. Babu, C. K. Jayasankar, A. S. Joshi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Fluorescence properties of Nd3+-doped tellurite glasses,” Spectrochim. Acta A 67, 702–708 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Srihari, N. V.

Y. C. Ratnakaram, N. V. Srihari, A. V. Kumar, D. T. Naidu, and R. P. S. Chakradhar, “Optical absorption and photoluminescence properties of Nd3+ doped mixed alkali phosphate glasses-spectroscopic investigations,” Spectrochim. Acta A 72, 171–177 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Stafsudd, O. M.

Stolen, R.

Sugimoto, N.

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, and T. Hanada, “Broad-band 1.5 μm emission of Er3+ ions in bismuth-based oxide glasses for potential WDM amplifier,” J. Lumin. 87, 670–672 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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S. Y. Chen, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, K. Annapurna, and R. Sen, “Characteristics of Er and Er-Yb-Cr doped phosphate microsphere fibre lasers,” Opt. Commun. 282, 3765–3769 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, M.

T. Ohtsuki, S. Honkanen, N. Peyghambarian, M. Takahashi, Y. Kawamoto, J. Ingenhoff, A. Tervonen, and K. Kadono, “Evanescent field amplification in Nd3+-doped fluoride planar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2012–2014 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Tanabe, S.

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, and T. Hanada, “Broad-band 1.5 μm emission of Er3+ ions in bismuth-based oxide glasses for potential WDM amplifier,” J. Lumin. 87, 670–672 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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M. Naftaly, A. Jha, and E. R. Taylor, “Spectroscopic properties of Nd3+ in fluoroaluminate glasses for an efficient 1.3 μm optical amplifier,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256, 248–252 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tervonen, A.

T. Ohtsuki, S. Honkanen, N. Peyghambarian, M. Takahashi, Y. Kawamoto, J. Ingenhoff, A. Tervonen, and K. Kadono, “Evanescent field amplification in Nd3+-doped fluoride planar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2012–2014 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

G. A. Kumar, E. Rosa-Cruz, A. Martinez, N. Unnikrishnan, and K. Ueda, “Influence of borate content on the radiative properties of Nd3+ ions in fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 69–76 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Kumar, E. D. L. Cruz, K. Ueda, A. Martinez, and O. B. Garcia, “Enhancement of optical properties of Nd3+ doped fluorophosphates glasses by alkali and alkaline earth metal co-doping,” Opt. Mater. 22, 201–213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Unnikrishnan, N.

G. A. Kumar, E. Rosa-Cruz, A. Martinez, N. Unnikrishnan, and K. Ueda, “Influence of borate content on the radiative properties of Nd3+ ions in fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 69–76 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, D. J. Reichle, and S. B. Jiang, “Optical properties of Tm3+ ions in alkali germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 5344–5352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

H. Takebe, K. Yoshino, T. Murata, K. Morinaga, J. Hector, W. S. Brocklesby, D. W. Hewak, J. Wang, and D. N. Payne, “Spectroscopic properties of Nd3+ and Pr3+ in gallate glasses with low phonon energies,” Appl. Opt. 36, 5839–5843 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wang, L. Reekie, W. S. Brocklesby, Y. T. Chow, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication, spectroscopy and laser performance of Nd3+-doped lead-silicate glass fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 180, 207–216 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, J. D. Myers, and D. H. Blackburn, “Optical properties of Nd3+ in tellurite and phosphotellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 2944–2949 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, S. J.

S. Shen, A. Jha, E. Zhang, and S. J. Wilson, “Compositional effects and spectroscopy of rare earths (Er3+, Tm3+, and Nd3+) in tellurite glasses,” C. R. Chimie 5, 921–938 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

Yoshino, K.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

DTA curves of 1 wt . % Nd 2 O 3 -doped LCBALP core and cladding glasses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Near-field mode pattern of Nd 3 + -doped LCBALP glass fiber and (b) comparison of fiber outer diameters between SMF-28 single-mode fiber and LCBALP fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Emissions at the 1.056 and 1.327 μm wavelengths in 1 wt . % Nd 2 O 3 -doped LCBALP core glasses. Inset, fluorescence decay curve for the 1.327 μm emission in 1 wt . % Nd 2 O 3 -doped LCBALP core glasses. Scatter symbols are experimental data, and solid lines are fitting curves based on single- exponential functions.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Energy level diagram of Nd 3 + in LCBALP core glasses.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Excitation spectra for 1.056 and 1.327 μm emissions of 1 wt . % Nd 2 O 3 -doped LCBALP core glasses.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Absorption spectrum of 1 wt . % Nd 2 O 3 -doped LCBALP core glasses.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Stimulated emission cross-section profiles for F 3 / 2 4 I 11 / 2 4 and F 3 / 2 4 I 13 / 2 4 transitions in 1 wt . % Nd 2 O 3 -doped LCBALP core glasses.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Predicted theoretical gain spectra of the F 3 / 2 4 I 13 / 2 4 transition emission in 1 wt . % Nd 2 O 3 -doped LCBALP core glasses.

Tables (3)

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Table 1 Measured and Calculated Oscillator Strengths of Nd 3 + in LCBALP Core Glasses

Tables Icon

Table 2 Judd–Ofelt Intensity Parameters Ω t ( t = 2 , 4 , 6 ) of Nd 3 + in Various Glasses

Tables Icon

Table 3 Predicted Spontaneous Emission Probabilities, Branching Ratios, and Radiative Lifetime of Nd 3 + in LCBALP Core Glasses

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

NA = n core 2 n cladding 2 ,
V = π d λ n core 2 n cladding 2 = π d λ NA ,
η q = τ mea τ rad ,
σ em = A ij 8 π c n 2 × λ 5 I ( λ ) λ I ( λ ) d λ ,
G ( λ , P ) = 10 log 10 exp ( PN β σ em ( λ ) ) ,

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