Abstract

We demonstrate a diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked 1338 nm Nd:YAG laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror. At the absorbed pump power of 8.89 W, an average output power of 1.12 W was obtained with a slope efficiency of 14%. The pulse width was 22.4 ps with a repetition rate of 63.9 MHz, corresponding to a peak power of 782 W. In addition, the bandwidth of the mode-locking spectrum is as narrow as 20.44 GHz, which shows the potential application in long-distance ranging and fiber information transmission because of the low dispersion of these ultrashort pulses.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. U. Keller, D. A. B. Miller, G. D. Boyd, T. H. Chiu, J. F. Ferguson, and M. T. Asom, “Solid-state low-loss intracavity saturable absorber for Nd:YLF lasers: an antiresonant semiconductor Fabry–Perot saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 17, 505–507 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. L. He, Y. X. Fan, J. Du, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “4 ps passively mode-locked Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2803–2805 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. D. Zhang, Z. Y. Wei, B. B. Zhou, C. W. Xu, Y. W. Zou, D. H. Li, Z. G. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, H. H. Yu, K. Wu, B. Yao, and J. L. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked Yb:Y3Ga5O12 laser,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3316–3318 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Krainer, D. Nodop, G. J. Spühler, S. Lecomte, M. Golling, and R. Paschotta, “Compact 10 GHz Nd:GdVO4 laser with 0.5 W average output power and low timing jitter,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2629–2631 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, and H. T. Wang, “2 ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101103 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Fluck, G. Zhang, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and M. Moser, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked 1.3 μm Nd:YVO4 and Nd:YLF lasers by use of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1378–1380 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. D. Sun, G. J. Valentine, R. Macaluso, S. Calvez, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouhti, and M. Pessa, “Low-loss 1.3 μm GaInNAs saturable Bragg reflector for high-power picosecond neodymium lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 2124–2126(2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. Liverini, S. Schön, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. C. Zeller, and U. Keller, “Low-loss GaInNAs saturable absorber mode locking a 1.3 μm solid-state laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4002–4004 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, V. Liverini, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. Pawlik, B. Schmidt, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 1.3 μm multi-GHz Nd:YVO4 lasers with low timing jitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1319–1321 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. W. Su, H. C. Lai, A. Li, Y. F. Chen, and K. F. Huang, “InAs/GaAs quantum-dot saturable absorber for a diode-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser at 1342 nm,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1482–1484 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. C. Huang, H. L. Cheng, Y.-F. Chen, K. W. Su, Y. F. Chen, and K. F. Huang, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked 1342 nm Nd:YVO4 laser with an AlGaInAs quantum-well saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2348–2350 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. Q. Li, K. Liu, L. Han, N. Zong, Y. Bo, J. Y. Zhang, Q. J. Peng, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, “High-power 880 nm diode-directly-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser at 1342 nm with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1485–1487 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. Zhou, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, “1 GHz repetition-rate frequency-modulation mode-locked neodymium lasers at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1101–1103(1991).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. N. Papadopoulos, S. Forget, M. Delaigue, F. Druon, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 oscillator operating at an ultralow repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1838–1840 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. J. Flood, D. R. Walker, and H. M. van Driel, “Effect of spatial hole burning in a mode-locked diode end-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 20, 58–60 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. C. Liang, Y. J. Huang, W. C. Huang, K. W. Su, and Y. F. Chen, “High-power, diode-end-pumped, multigigahertz self-mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser at 1342 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 4–6 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

2005 (3)

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, and H. T. Wang, “2 ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, V. Liverini, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. Pawlik, B. Schmidt, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 1.3 μm multi-GHz Nd:YVO4 lasers with low timing jitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1319–1321 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Su, H. C. Lai, A. Li, Y. F. Chen, and K. F. Huang, “InAs/GaAs quantum-dot saturable absorber for a diode-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser at 1342 nm,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1482–1484 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

Asom, M. T.

Balembois, F.

Bo, Y.

Boyd, G. D.

Burns, D.

Calvez, S.

Chen, Y. F.

Chen, Y.-F.

Cheng, H. L.

Chiu, T. H.

Cui, D. F.

Dawson, M. D.

Delaigue, M.

Druon, F.

Du, J.

Fan, Y. X.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, and H. T. Wang, “2 ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. L. He, Y. X. Fan, J. Du, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “4 ps passively mode-locked Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2803–2805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

Ferguson, J. F.

Flood, C. J.

Fluck, R.

Forget, S.

Georges, P.

Golling, M.

Grange, R.

G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, V. Liverini, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. Pawlik, B. Schmidt, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 1.3 μm multi-GHz Nd:YVO4 lasers with low timing jitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1319–1321 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Liverini, S. Schön, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. C. Zeller, and U. Keller, “Low-loss GaInNAs saturable absorber mode locking a 1.3 μm solid-state laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4002–4004 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Haiml, M.

G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, V. Liverini, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. Pawlik, B. Schmidt, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 1.3 μm multi-GHz Nd:YVO4 lasers with low timing jitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1319–1321 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Liverini, S. Schön, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. C. Zeller, and U. Keller, “Low-loss GaInNAs saturable absorber mode locking a 1.3 μm solid-state laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4002–4004 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Han, L.

Hang, Y.

He, J. L.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, and H. T. Wang, “2 ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. L. He, Y. X. Fan, J. Du, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “4 ps passively mode-locked Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2803–2805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huang, K. F.

Huang, S. C.

Huang, W. C.

Huang, Y. J.

Jouhti, T.

Keller, U.

G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, V. Liverini, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. Pawlik, B. Schmidt, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 1.3 μm multi-GHz Nd:YVO4 lasers with low timing jitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1319–1321 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Liverini, S. Schön, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. C. Zeller, and U. Keller, “Low-loss GaInNAs saturable absorber mode locking a 1.3 μm solid-state laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4002–4004 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Fluck, G. Zhang, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and M. Moser, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked 1.3 μm Nd:YVO4 and Nd:YLF lasers by use of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1378–1380 (1996).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, D. A. B. Miller, G. D. Boyd, T. H. Chiu, J. F. Ferguson, and M. T. Asom, “Solid-state low-loss intracavity saturable absorber for Nd:YLF lasers: an antiresonant semiconductor Fabry–Perot saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 17, 505–507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Krainer, L.

G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, V. Liverini, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. Pawlik, B. Schmidt, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 1.3 μm multi-GHz Nd:YVO4 lasers with low timing jitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1319–1321 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, D. Nodop, G. J. Spühler, S. Lecomte, M. Golling, and R. Paschotta, “Compact 10 GHz Nd:GdVO4 laser with 0.5 W average output power and low timing jitter,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2629–2631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lai, H. C.

Lecomte, S.

Li, A.

Li, D. H.

Li, F. Q.

Liang, H. C.

Liu, K.

Liu, S.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, and H. T. Wang, “2 ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. L. He, Y. X. Fan, J. Du, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “4 ps passively mode-locked Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2803–2805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liverini, V.

G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, V. Liverini, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. Pawlik, B. Schmidt, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 1.3 μm multi-GHz Nd:YVO4 lasers with low timing jitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1319–1321 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Liverini, S. Schön, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. C. Zeller, and U. Keller, “Low-loss GaInNAs saturable absorber mode locking a 1.3 μm solid-state laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4002–4004 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Macaluso, R.

Malcolm, G. P. A.

Miller, D. A. B.

Moser, M.

Nodop, D.

Papadopoulos, D. N.

Paschotta, R.

Pawlik, S.

G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, V. Liverini, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. Pawlik, B. Schmidt, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 1.3 μm multi-GHz Nd:YVO4 lasers with low timing jitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1319–1321 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peng, Q. J.

Pessa, M.

Schmidt, B.

G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, V. Liverini, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. Pawlik, B. Schmidt, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 1.3 μm multi-GHz Nd:YVO4 lasers with low timing jitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1319–1321 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schön, S.

G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, V. Liverini, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. Pawlik, B. Schmidt, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 1.3 μm multi-GHz Nd:YVO4 lasers with low timing jitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1319–1321 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Liverini, S. Schön, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. C. Zeller, and U. Keller, “Low-loss GaInNAs saturable absorber mode locking a 1.3 μm solid-state laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4002–4004 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Spühler, G. J.

G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, V. Liverini, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. Pawlik, B. Schmidt, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 1.3 μm multi-GHz Nd:YVO4 lasers with low timing jitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1319–1321 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, D. Nodop, G. J. Spühler, S. Lecomte, M. Golling, and R. Paschotta, “Compact 10 GHz Nd:GdVO4 laser with 0.5 W average output power and low timing jitter,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2629–2631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Su, K. W.

Sun, H. D.

Valentine, G. J.

van Driel, H. M.

Walker, D. R.

Wang, H. T.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, and H. T. Wang, “2 ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. L. He, Y. X. Fan, J. Du, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “4 ps passively mode-locked Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2803–2805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. L.

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, Y. G.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, and H. T. Wang, “2 ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. L. He, Y. X. Fan, J. Du, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “4 ps passively mode-locked Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2803–2805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z. Y.

Weingarten, K. J.

Wu, K.

Xu, C. W.

Xu, Z. Y.

Yao, B.

Yu, H. H.

Zeller, S. C.

V. Liverini, S. Schön, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. C. Zeller, and U. Keller, “Low-loss GaInNAs saturable absorber mode locking a 1.3 μm solid-state laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4002–4004 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

Zhang, H. J.

Zhang, J. Y.

Zhang, L. H.

Zhang, Y. D.

Zhang, Z. G.

Zhou, B. B.

Zhou, F.

Zong, N.

Zou, Y. W.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

V. Liverini, S. Schön, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. C. Zeller, and U. Keller, “Low-loss GaInNAs saturable absorber mode locking a 1.3 μm solid-state laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4002–4004 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, and H. T. Wang, “2 ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, V. Liverini, R. Grange, M. Haiml, S. Pawlik, B. Schmidt, S. Schön, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked 1.3 μm multi-GHz Nd:YVO4 lasers with low timing jitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1319–1321 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (13)

K. W. Su, H. C. Lai, A. Li, Y. F. Chen, and K. F. Huang, “InAs/GaAs quantum-dot saturable absorber for a diode-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser at 1342 nm,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1482–1484 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Huang, H. L. Cheng, Y.-F. Chen, K. W. Su, Y. F. Chen, and K. F. Huang, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked 1342 nm Nd:YVO4 laser with an AlGaInAs quantum-well saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2348–2350 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Q. Li, K. Liu, L. Han, N. Zong, Y. Bo, J. Y. Zhang, Q. J. Peng, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, “High-power 880 nm diode-directly-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser at 1342 nm with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1485–1487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Zhou, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, “1 GHz repetition-rate frequency-modulation mode-locked neodymium lasers at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1101–1103(1991).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Papadopoulos, S. Forget, M. Delaigue, F. Druon, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 oscillator operating at an ultralow repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1838–1840 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Flood, D. R. Walker, and H. M. van Driel, “Effect of spatial hole burning in a mode-locked diode end-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 20, 58–60 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Liang, Y. J. Huang, W. C. Huang, K. W. Su, and Y. F. Chen, “High-power, diode-end-pumped, multigigahertz self-mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser at 1342 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 4–6 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Fluck, G. Zhang, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and M. Moser, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked 1.3 μm Nd:YVO4 and Nd:YLF lasers by use of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1378–1380 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Sun, G. J. Valentine, R. Macaluso, S. Calvez, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, T. Jouhti, and M. Pessa, “Low-loss 1.3 μm GaInNAs saturable Bragg reflector for high-power picosecond neodymium lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 2124–2126(2002).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, D. A. B. Miller, G. D. Boyd, T. H. Chiu, J. F. Ferguson, and M. T. Asom, “Solid-state low-loss intracavity saturable absorber for Nd:YLF lasers: an antiresonant semiconductor Fabry–Perot saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 17, 505–507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. L. He, Y. X. Fan, J. Du, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “4 ps passively mode-locked Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2803–2805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Zhang, Z. Y. Wei, B. B. Zhou, C. W. Xu, Y. W. Zou, D. H. Li, Z. G. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, H. H. Yu, K. Wu, B. Yao, and J. L. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked Yb:Y3Ga5O12 laser,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3316–3318 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, D. Nodop, G. J. Spühler, S. Lecomte, M. Golling, and R. Paschotta, “Compact 10 GHz Nd:GdVO4 laser with 0.5 W average output power and low timing jitter,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2629–2631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:YAG laser at 1338 nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Average output power versus absorbed pump power for CW operation and CWML operation with T=3% and 8% output couplers.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The spectrum of CW lasing operation around 1338 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Pulse trains on two different time scales: (a) time span of 20 ns, demonstrating mode-locked pulse and (b) time span of 100 ms, demonstrating amplitude stability.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Autocorrelation trace. The pulse width was 22.4 ps assuming a sech2 pulse shape. (b) Spectrum of CWML laser at 1338 nm.

Equations (1)

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Ep>(Fsat,LAeff,LFsat,AAeff,AΔR)1/2,

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