Abstract

A computational study of line-focus generation was done using a self-written ray-tracing code and compared to experimental data. Two line-focusing geometries were compared, i.e., either exploiting the sagittal astigmatism of a tilted spherical mirror or using the spherical aberration of an off-axis-illuminated spherical mirror. Line focusing by means of astigmatism or spherical aberration showed identical results as expected for the equivalence of the two frames of reference. The variation of the incidence angle on the target affects the line-focus length, which affects the amplification length such that as long as the irradiance is above the amplification threshold, it is advantageous to have a longer line focus. The amplification threshold is physically dependent on operating parameters and plasma-column conditions and in the present study addresses four possible cases.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. W. Kruer, The Physics of Laser Plasma Interactions(Westview, 2003).
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    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Ursescu, “Grazing incidence pumped Zr x-ray laser for spectroscopy on Li-like ions,” Ph.D. Thesis (J. Gutenberg University, 2006).
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    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, B. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

M. Gruenig, C. Imesch, F. Staub, and J. E. Balmer, “Saturated x-ray lasing in Ni-like Sn at 11.9 nm using the grazing incidence scheme,” Opt. Commun. 282, 267–271 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

G. J. Pert, “Optimizing the performance of nickel-like collisionally pumped x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 033809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, B. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, V. N. Shlyaptsev, R. F. Smith, P. K. Patel, and D. F. Price, “Efficient pumping schemes for high average brightness collisional x-ray lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5197, 213–219 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1985 (1)

I. N. Ross and E. M. Hodgson, “Some optical designs for the generation of high quality line foci,” J. Phys. E 18, 169–173(1985).
[CrossRef]

Alessi, D.

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, B. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Balmer, J. E.

M. Gruenig, C. Imesch, F. Staub, and J. E. Balmer, “Saturated x-ray lasing in Ni-like Sn at 11.9 nm using the grazing incidence scheme,” Opt. Commun. 282, 267–271 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Berrill, B.

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, B. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Boon, J.

Corbett, R.

Damerell, A.

Dunn, J.

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, V. N. Shlyaptsev, R. F. Smith, P. K. Patel, and D. F. Price, “Efficient pumping schemes for high average brightness collisional x-ray lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5197, 213–219 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Elton, R. C.

R. C. Elton, X-Ray Lasers (Academic, 1990).

Gottfeldt, P.

Gruenig, M.

M. Gruenig, C. Imesch, F. Staub, and J. E. Balmer, “Saturated x-ray lasing in Ni-like Sn at 11.9 nm using the grazing incidence scheme,” Opt. Commun. 282, 267–271 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hodgson, E. M.

I. N. Ross and E. M. Hodgson, “Some optical designs for the generation of high quality line foci,” J. Phys. E 18, 169–173(1985).
[CrossRef]

Hooker, C.

Imesch, C.

M. Gruenig, C. Imesch, F. Staub, and J. E. Balmer, “Saturated x-ray lasing in Ni-like Sn at 11.9 nm using the grazing incidence scheme,” Opt. Commun. 282, 267–271 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Keenan, R.

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, V. N. Shlyaptsev, R. F. Smith, P. K. Patel, and D. F. Price, “Efficient pumping schemes for high average brightness collisional x-ray lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5197, 213–219 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Key, M. H.

Kiehn, G.

Kruer, W.

W. Kruer, The Physics of Laser Plasma Interactions(Westview, 2003).

Larotonda, M. A.

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, B. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, C.

Luther, B. M.

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, B. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Patel, P. K.

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, V. N. Shlyaptsev, R. F. Smith, P. K. Patel, and D. F. Price, “Efficient pumping schemes for high average brightness collisional x-ray lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5197, 213–219 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pert, G. J.

G. J. Pert, “Optimizing the performance of nickel-like collisionally pumped x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 033809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Price, D. F.

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, V. N. Shlyaptsev, R. F. Smith, P. K. Patel, and D. F. Price, “Efficient pumping schemes for high average brightness collisional x-ray lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5197, 213–219 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rocca, J. J.

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, B. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ross, I. N.

Shlyaptsev, V. N.

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, B. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, V. N. Shlyaptsev, R. F. Smith, P. K. Patel, and D. F. Price, “Efficient pumping schemes for high average brightness collisional x-ray lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5197, 213–219 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. F.

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, V. N. Shlyaptsev, R. F. Smith, P. K. Patel, and D. F. Price, “Efficient pumping schemes for high average brightness collisional x-ray lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5197, 213–219 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Staub, F.

M. Gruenig, C. Imesch, F. Staub, and J. E. Balmer, “Saturated x-ray lasing in Ni-like Sn at 11.9 nm using the grazing incidence scheme,” Opt. Commun. 282, 267–271 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ursescu, D.

D. Ursescu, “Grazing incidence pumped Zr x-ray laser for spectroscopy on Li-like ions,” Ph.D. Thesis (J. Gutenberg University, 2006).

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, B. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Willi, O.

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Phys. E (1)

I. N. Ross and E. M. Hodgson, “Some optical designs for the generation of high quality line foci,” J. Phys. E 18, 169–173(1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Gruenig, C. Imesch, F. Staub, and J. E. Balmer, “Saturated x-ray lasing in Ni-like Sn at 11.9 nm using the grazing incidence scheme,” Opt. Commun. 282, 267–271 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

G. J. Pert, “Optimizing the performance of nickel-like collisionally pumped x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 033809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, B. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, V. N. Shlyaptsev, R. F. Smith, P. K. Patel, and D. F. Price, “Efficient pumping schemes for high average brightness collisional x-ray lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5197, 213–219 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

W. Kruer, The Physics of Laser Plasma Interactions(Westview, 2003).

D. Ursescu, “Grazing incidence pumped Zr x-ray laser for spectroscopy on Li-like ions,” Ph.D. Thesis (J. Gutenberg University, 2006).

R. C. Elton, X-Ray Lasers (Academic, 1990).

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