Abstract

A technique is proposed to manipulate atomic population in an inhomogeneously broadened medium, which can set an arbitrary absorption spectrum to a uniform transparency (erasure) or to a nearly complete inversion. These reconfigurations of atomic spectral distribution are achieved through excitation of electronic transitions using a laser pulse with chirped frequency, which precisely affects selected spectral regions while leaving the rest of the spectrum unperturbed. An erasure operation sets the final atomic population inversion to zero and the inversion operation flips the population between the ground and the excited states, regardless of the previously existing population distribution. This technique finds important applications both in optical signal processing, where fast, recursive processing and high dynamic range are desirable and in quantum memory and quantum computing, which both require high efficiency and high fidelity in quantum state preparation of atomic ensembles. Proof-of-concept demonstrations were performed in a rare-earth doped crystal.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2010 (6)

Z. W. Barber, C. Harrington, C. W. Thiel, and Wm. R. Babbitt, “Angle of arrival estimation using spectral interferometry,” J. Lumin. 130, 1614–1618 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, M. Bonarota, M. Afzelius, and J.-L. Le Gouët, “Efficient light storage in a crystal using an atomic frequency comb,” New J. Phys. 12, 023025 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

K. Hammerer, A. S. Sørensen, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum interface between light and atomic ensembles,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1041–1093 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Tittel, M. Afzelius, T. Chanelière, R. L. Cone, S. Kröll, S. A. Moiseev, and M. Sellars, “Photon-echo quantum memory in solid state systems,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 244–267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Braker and K. Wagner, “Wideband range-Doppler processing and beamforming using electro-optic array and spectral hole burning materials,” Appl. Opt. 49, E121–E139 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (2)

L. Rippe, B. Julsgaard, A. Walther, Y. Ying, and S. Kröll, “Experimental quantum-state tomography of a solid-state qubit,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 022307 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Braker, F. Schlottau, and K. Wagner, “Squint-free Fourier-optical RF beamforming using a SHB crystal as an imaging detector,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 952–962 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2006 (3)

2005 (2)

F. de Seze, F. Dahes, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, F. Bretenaker, and J.-L. Le Gouët, “Coherent driving of Tm3+:YAG ions using a complex hyperbolic secant optical field,” Eur. Phys. J. D 33, 343–355 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Schlottau, M. Colice, K. H. Wagner, and W. R. Babbitt, “Spectral hole burning for wideband, high-resolution radio-frequency spectrum analysis,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3003–3005(2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (6)

T. L. Harris, M. Tian, Wm. R. Babbitt, G. W. Burr, J. A. Hoffnagle, and C. M. Jefferson, “Chirped excitation of optically dense inhomogeneously broadened media using Eu3:Y2SiO5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 811–819 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Chang, R. K. Mohan, M. Tian, T. L. Harris, Wm. R. Babbitt, and K. D. Merkel, “Frequency- chirped readout of spatial-spectral absorption features,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 063803(2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Reibel, Z. W. Barber, J. A. Fischer, M. Tian, and W. R. Babbitt, “Broadband demonstrations of true-time delay using linear sideband chirped programming and optical coherent transients,” J. Lumin. 107, 103–113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Merkel, M. R. Krishna, Z. Cole, T. Chang, A. Olson, and W. R. Babbitt, “Multi-Gigahertz radar range processing of baseband and RF carrier modulated signals in Tm:YAG,” J. Lumin. 107, 62–67 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Schlottau and K. H. Wagner, “Demonstration of a continuous scanner and time-integrating correlator using spatial-spectral holography,” J. Lumin. 107, 90–102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Chang, M. Tian, Z. W. Barber, and Wm. R. Babbitt, “Numerical modeling of optical coherent transient processes with complex configurations—II. Angled beams with arbitrary phase modulations,” J. Lumin. 107, 138–145 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

2000 (2)

E. Kozhekin, K. Mølmer, and E. Polzik, “Quantum memory for light,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 033809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Strickland, P. B. Sellin, Y. Sun, J. L. Carlsten, and R. L. Cone, “Laser frequency stabilization using regenerative spectral hole burning,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 1473–1476 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

1990 (1)

1981 (1)

A. Korpel and M. Chatterjee, “Nonlinear echoes, phase congujation, time reversal, and electronic holography,” Proc. IEEE 69, 1539–1556 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Afzelius, M.

W. Tittel, M. Afzelius, T. Chanelière, R. L. Cone, S. Kröll, S. A. Moiseev, and M. Sellars, “Photon-echo quantum memory in solid state systems,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 244–267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, M. Bonarota, M. Afzelius, and J.-L. Le Gouët, “Efficient light storage in a crystal using an atomic frequency comb,” New J. Phys. 12, 023025 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Afzelius, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Multimode quantum memory based on atomic frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 052329 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N. N.

Appel, J.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

Babbitt, R. Wm.

Babbitt, W. R.

W. R. Babbitt, M. A. Neifeld, and K. D. Merkel, “Broadband analog to digital conversion with spatial-spectral holography,” J. Lumin. 127, 152–157 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Renner, R. R. Reibel, M. Tian, T. Chang, and W. R. Babbitt, “Broadband photonic arbitrary waveform generation based on spatial-spectral holographic materials,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2979 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Schlottau, M. Colice, K. H. Wagner, and W. R. Babbitt, “Spectral hole burning for wideband, high-resolution radio-frequency spectrum analysis,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3003–3005(2005).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Reibel, Z. W. Barber, J. A. Fischer, M. Tian, and W. R. Babbitt, “Broadband demonstrations of true-time delay using linear sideband chirped programming and optical coherent transients,” J. Lumin. 107, 103–113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Merkel, M. R. Krishna, Z. Cole, T. Chang, A. Olson, and W. R. Babbitt, “Multi-Gigahertz radar range processing of baseband and RF carrier modulated signals in Tm:YAG,” J. Lumin. 107, 62–67 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Reibel, M. Tian, Z. W. Barber, and W. R. Babbitt, “Temporally overlapped linear frequency-chirped pulse programming for true-time-delay applications,” Opt. Lett. 27, 494–496 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Merkel and W. R. Babbitt, “Chirped-pulse programming of optical coherent transient true-time delays,” Opt. Lett. 23, 528–530 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Babbitt, Wm. R.

Z. W. Barber, C. Harrington, C. W. Thiel, and Wm. R. Babbitt, “Angle of arrival estimation using spectral interferometry,” J. Lumin. 130, 1614–1618 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Roos, R. R. Reibel, T. Berg, B. Kaylor, Z. W. Barber, and Wm. R. Babbitt, “Ultrabroadeband optical chirp linearization for precision metrology applications,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3692–3694 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Chang, R. K. Mohan, M. Tian, T. L. Harris, Wm. R. Babbitt, and K. D. Merkel, “Frequency- chirped readout of spatial-spectral absorption features,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 063803(2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Chang, M. Tian, Z. W. Barber, and Wm. R. Babbitt, “Numerical modeling of optical coherent transient processes with complex configurations—II. Angled beams with arbitrary phase modulations,” J. Lumin. 107, 138–145 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Harris, M. Tian, Wm. R. Babbitt, G. W. Burr, J. A. Hoffnagle, and C. M. Jefferson, “Chirped excitation of optically dense inhomogeneously broadened media using Eu3:Y2SiO5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 811–819 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barber, Z. W.

Z. W. Barber, C. Harrington, C. W. Thiel, and Wm. R. Babbitt, “Angle of arrival estimation using spectral interferometry,” J. Lumin. 130, 1614–1618 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Roos, R. R. Reibel, T. Berg, B. Kaylor, Z. W. Barber, and Wm. R. Babbitt, “Ultrabroadeband optical chirp linearization for precision metrology applications,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3692–3694 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Reibel, Z. W. Barber, J. A. Fischer, M. Tian, and W. R. Babbitt, “Broadband demonstrations of true-time delay using linear sideband chirped programming and optical coherent transients,” J. Lumin. 107, 103–113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Chang, M. Tian, Z. W. Barber, and Wm. R. Babbitt, “Numerical modeling of optical coherent transient processes with complex configurations—II. Angled beams with arbitrary phase modulations,” J. Lumin. 107, 138–145 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Reibel, M. Tian, Z. W. Barber, and W. R. Babbitt, “Temporally overlapped linear frequency-chirped pulse programming for true-time-delay applications,” Opt. Lett. 27, 494–496 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Berg, T.

Bonarota, M.

T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, M. Bonarota, M. Afzelius, and J.-L. Le Gouët, “Efficient light storage in a crystal using an atomic frequency comb,” New J. Phys. 12, 023025 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Braker, B.

Braker, B. M.

B. M. Braker, F. Schlottau, and K. Wagner, “Squint-free Fourier-optical RF beamforming using a SHB crystal as an imaging detector,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 952–962 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bretenaker, F.

Burr, G. W.

Carlsten, J. L.

N. M. Strickland, P. B. Sellin, Y. Sun, J. L. Carlsten, and R. L. Cone, “Laser frequency stabilization using regenerative spectral hole burning,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 1473–1476 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chanelière, T.

T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, M. Bonarota, M. Afzelius, and J.-L. Le Gouët, “Efficient light storage in a crystal using an atomic frequency comb,” New J. Phys. 12, 023025 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Tittel, M. Afzelius, T. Chanelière, R. L. Cone, S. Kröll, S. A. Moiseev, and M. Sellars, “Photon-echo quantum memory in solid state systems,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 244–267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chang, T.

C. J. Renner, R. R. Reibel, M. Tian, T. Chang, and W. R. Babbitt, “Broadband photonic arbitrary waveform generation based on spatial-spectral holographic materials,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2979 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Merkel, M. R. Krishna, Z. Cole, T. Chang, A. Olson, and W. R. Babbitt, “Multi-Gigahertz radar range processing of baseband and RF carrier modulated signals in Tm:YAG,” J. Lumin. 107, 62–67 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Chang, R. K. Mohan, M. Tian, T. L. Harris, Wm. R. Babbitt, and K. D. Merkel, “Frequency- chirped readout of spatial-spectral absorption features,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 063803(2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Chang, M. Tian, Z. W. Barber, and Wm. R. Babbitt, “Numerical modeling of optical coherent transient processes with complex configurations—II. Angled beams with arbitrary phase modulations,” J. Lumin. 107, 138–145 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chatterjee, M.

A. Korpel and M. Chatterjee, “Nonlinear echoes, phase congujation, time reversal, and electronic holography,” Proc. IEEE 69, 1539–1556 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Chauve, A.

Cole, Z.

K. D. Merkel, M. R. Krishna, Z. Cole, T. Chang, A. Olson, and W. R. Babbitt, “Multi-Gigahertz radar range processing of baseband and RF carrier modulated signals in Tm:YAG,” J. Lumin. 107, 62–67 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Colice, M.

Cone, R. L.

W. Tittel, M. Afzelius, T. Chanelière, R. L. Cone, S. Kröll, S. A. Moiseev, and M. Sellars, “Photon-echo quantum memory in solid state systems,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 244–267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Strickland, P. B. Sellin, Y. Sun, J. L. Carlsten, and R. L. Cone, “Laser frequency stabilization using regenerative spectral hole burning,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 1473–1476 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Crozatier, V.

Dahes, F.

F. de Seze, F. Dahes, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, F. Bretenaker, and J.-L. Le Gouët, “Coherent driving of Tm3+:YAG ions using a complex hyperbolic secant optical field,” Eur. Phys. J. D 33, 343–355 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dahl, J.

de la Giroday, A. B.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

de Riedmatten, H.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

M. Afzelius, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Multimode quantum memory based on atomic frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 052329 (2009).
[CrossRef]

de Seze, F.

F. de Seze, F. Dahes, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, F. Bretenaker, and J.-L. Le Gouët, “Coherent driving of Tm3+:YAG ions using a complex hyperbolic secant optical field,” Eur. Phys. J. D 33, 343–355 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dewhurst, S. J.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

Dolfi, D.

Elman, U.

Fischer, J. A.

R. R. Reibel, Z. W. Barber, J. A. Fischer, M. Tian, and W. R. Babbitt, “Broadband demonstrations of true-time delay using linear sideband chirped programming and optical coherent transients,” J. Lumin. 107, 103–113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

M. Afzelius, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Multimode quantum memory based on atomic frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 052329 (2009).
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K. Hammerer, A. S. Sørensen, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum interface between light and atomic ensembles,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1041–1093 (2010).
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Harris, T. L.

T. L. Harris, M. Tian, Wm. R. Babbitt, G. W. Burr, J. A. Hoffnagle, and C. M. Jefferson, “Chirped excitation of optically dense inhomogeneously broadened media using Eu3:Y2SiO5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 811–819 (2004).
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T. Chang, R. K. Mohan, M. Tian, T. L. Harris, Wm. R. Babbitt, and K. D. Merkel, “Frequency- chirped readout of spatial-spectral absorption features,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 063803(2004).
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Hu, C.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

Jefferson, C. M.

Jelezko, F.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

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L. Rippe, B. Julsgaard, A. Walther, Y. Ying, and S. Kröll, “Experimental quantum-state tomography of a solid-state qubit,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 022307 (2008).
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R. R. Reibel, C. Harrington, J. Dahl, C. Ostrander, P. A. Roos, T. Berg, M. R. Krishna, M. A. Neifeld, and R. Wm. Babbitt, “Demonstrations of analog-to-digital conversion using a frequency domain stretched processor,” Opt. Express 17, 11281–11286 (2009).
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K. D. Merkel, M. R. Krishna, Z. Cole, T. Chang, A. Olson, and W. R. Babbitt, “Multi-Gigahertz radar range processing of baseband and RF carrier modulated signals in Tm:YAG,” J. Lumin. 107, 62–67 (2004).
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C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

W. Tittel, M. Afzelius, T. Chanelière, R. L. Cone, S. Kröll, S. A. Moiseev, and M. Sellars, “Photon-echo quantum memory in solid state systems,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 244–267 (2010).
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Le Gouët, J.-L.

T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, M. Bonarota, M. Afzelius, and J.-L. Le Gouët, “Efficient light storage in a crystal using an atomic frequency comb,” New J. Phys. 12, 023025 (2010).
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G. Gorju, A. Chauve, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, “10 GHz bandwidth rf spectral analyzer with megahertz resolution based on spectral-spatial holography in Tm3+:YAG: Experimental and theoretical study,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 457–470 (2007).
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I. Lorgeré, V. Crozatier, G. Gorju, F. Bretenaker, and J.-L. Le Gouët, “Radio-frequency spectrum analyzers based on rare earth ion doped crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 653–657 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Crozatier, G. Gorju, J.-L. Le Gouët, F. Bretenaker, and I. Lorgeré, “Wideband and high-resolution coherent optical transients with a frequency-agile laser oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3264–3266 (2006).

V. Crozatier, G. Gorju, J.-L. Le Gouët, F. Bretenaker, and I. Lorgeré, “Wideband and high-resolution coherent optical transition with a frequency-agile laser oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3264–3266 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. de Seze, F. Dahes, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, F. Bretenaker, and J.-L. Le Gouët, “Coherent driving of Tm3+:YAG ions using a complex hyperbolic secant optical field,” Eur. Phys. J. D 33, 343–355 (2005).
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V. Lavielle, J.-L. Le Gouët, and D. Ricard, “Persistent spectral hole-burning materials as pulse shapers: Phase analysis of a chirped coherent filter,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 585–590 (2003).
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V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, S. Tonda, and D. Dolfi, “Wideband versatile radio-frequency spectrum analyzer,” Opt. Lett. 28, 384–386 (2003).
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Lorgeré, I.

Luo, B.

Merkel, K. D.

W. R. Babbitt, M. A. Neifeld, and K. D. Merkel, “Broadband analog to digital conversion with spatial-spectral holography,” J. Lumin. 127, 152–157 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Chang, R. K. Mohan, M. Tian, T. L. Harris, Wm. R. Babbitt, and K. D. Merkel, “Frequency- chirped readout of spatial-spectral absorption features,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 063803(2004).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Merkel, M. R. Krishna, Z. Cole, T. Chang, A. Olson, and W. R. Babbitt, “Multi-Gigahertz radar range processing of baseband and RF carrier modulated signals in Tm:YAG,” J. Lumin. 107, 62–67 (2004).
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K. D. Merkel and W. R. Babbitt, “Chirped-pulse programming of optical coherent transient true-time delays,” Opt. Lett. 23, 528–530 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mohan, R. K.

T. Chang, R. K. Mohan, M. Tian, T. L. Harris, Wm. R. Babbitt, and K. D. Merkel, “Frequency- chirped readout of spatial-spectral absorption features,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 063803(2004).
[CrossRef]

Moiseev, S. A.

W. Tittel, M. Afzelius, T. Chanelière, R. L. Cone, S. Kröll, S. A. Moiseev, and M. Sellars, “Photon-echo quantum memory in solid state systems,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 244–267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mølmer, K.

E. Kozhekin, K. Mølmer, and E. Polzik, “Quantum memory for light,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 033809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Müller, J. H.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

Neifeld, M. A.

Nnn, J.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

Olson, A.

K. D. Merkel, M. R. Krishna, Z. Cole, T. Chang, A. Olson, and W. R. Babbitt, “Multi-Gigahertz radar range processing of baseband and RF carrier modulated signals in Tm:YAG,” J. Lumin. 107, 62–67 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ostrander, C.

Polzik, E.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

E. Kozhekin, K. Mølmer, and E. Polzik, “Quantum memory for light,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 033809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Polzik, E. S.

K. Hammerer, A. S. Sørensen, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum interface between light and atomic ensembles,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1041–1093 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rarity, J.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

Reibel, R. R.

Renner, C. J.

Ricard, D.

Rippe, L.

L. Rippe, B. Julsgaard, A. Walther, Y. Ying, and S. Kröll, “Experimental quantum-state tomography of a solid-state qubit,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 022307 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Roos, P.

Roos, P. A.

Rosenfeld, W.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

Ruggiero, J.

T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, M. Bonarota, M. Afzelius, and J.-L. Le Gouët, “Efficient light storage in a crystal using an atomic frequency comb,” New J. Phys. 12, 023025 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schlottau, F.

B. M. Braker, F. Schlottau, and K. Wagner, “Squint-free Fourier-optical RF beamforming using a SHB crystal as an imaging detector,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 952–962 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Schlottau, M. Colice, K. H. Wagner, and W. R. Babbitt, “Spectral hole burning for wideband, high-resolution radio-frequency spectrum analysis,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3003–3005(2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Schlottau and K. H. Wagner, “Demonstration of a continuous scanner and time-integrating correlator using spatial-spectral holography,” J. Lumin. 107, 90–102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sellars, M.

W. Tittel, M. Afzelius, T. Chanelière, R. L. Cone, S. Kröll, S. A. Moiseev, and M. Sellars, “Photon-echo quantum memory in solid state systems,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 244–267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sellin, P. B.

N. M. Strickland, P. B. Sellin, Y. Sun, J. L. Carlsten, and R. L. Cone, “Laser frequency stabilization using regenerative spectral hole burning,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 1473–1476 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shields, A. J.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

Simon, C.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

M. Afzelius, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Multimode quantum memory based on atomic frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 052329 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sköld, N.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

Sørensen, A. S.

K. Hammerer, A. S. Sørensen, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum interface between light and atomic ensembles,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1041–1093 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stevenson, R. M.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

Strickland, N. M.

N. M. Strickland, P. B. Sellin, Y. Sun, J. L. Carlsten, and R. L. Cone, “Laser frequency stabilization using regenerative spectral hole burning,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 1473–1476 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

N. M. Strickland, P. B. Sellin, Y. Sun, J. L. Carlsten, and R. L. Cone, “Laser frequency stabilization using regenerative spectral hole burning,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 1473–1476 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Thew, R.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

Thiel, C. W.

Z. W. Barber, C. Harrington, C. W. Thiel, and Wm. R. Babbitt, “Angle of arrival estimation using spectral interferometry,” J. Lumin. 130, 1614–1618 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tian, M.

C. J. Renner, R. R. Reibel, M. Tian, T. Chang, and W. R. Babbitt, “Broadband photonic arbitrary waveform generation based on spatial-spectral holographic materials,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2979 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Reibel, Z. W. Barber, J. A. Fischer, M. Tian, and W. R. Babbitt, “Broadband demonstrations of true-time delay using linear sideband chirped programming and optical coherent transients,” J. Lumin. 107, 103–113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Chang, R. K. Mohan, M. Tian, T. L. Harris, Wm. R. Babbitt, and K. D. Merkel, “Frequency- chirped readout of spatial-spectral absorption features,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 063803(2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Chang, M. Tian, Z. W. Barber, and Wm. R. Babbitt, “Numerical modeling of optical coherent transient processes with complex configurations—II. Angled beams with arbitrary phase modulations,” J. Lumin. 107, 138–145 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Harris, M. Tian, Wm. R. Babbitt, G. W. Burr, J. A. Hoffnagle, and C. M. Jefferson, “Chirped excitation of optically dense inhomogeneously broadened media using Eu3:Y2SiO5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 811–819 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Reibel, M. Tian, Z. W. Barber, and W. R. Babbitt, “Temporally overlapped linear frequency-chirped pulse programming for true-time-delay applications,” Opt. Lett. 27, 494–496 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

W. Tittel, M. Afzelius, T. Chanelière, R. L. Cone, S. Kröll, S. A. Moiseev, and M. Sellars, “Photon-echo quantum memory in solid state systems,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 244–267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tonda, S.

Wagner, K.

B. Braker and K. Wagner, “Wideband range-Doppler processing and beamforming using electro-optic array and spectral hole burning materials,” Appl. Opt. 49, E121–E139 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Braker, F. Schlottau, and K. Wagner, “Squint-free Fourier-optical RF beamforming using a SHB crystal as an imaging detector,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 952–962 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, K. H.

F. Schlottau, M. Colice, K. H. Wagner, and W. R. Babbitt, “Spectral hole burning for wideband, high-resolution radio-frequency spectrum analysis,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3003–3005(2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Schlottau and K. H. Wagner, “Demonstration of a continuous scanner and time-integrating correlator using spatial-spectral holography,” J. Lumin. 107, 90–102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

Walther, A.

L. Rippe, B. Julsgaard, A. Walther, Y. Ying, and S. Kröll, “Experimental quantum-state tomography of a solid-state qubit,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 022307 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

Weinfurrter, H.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

Wrachtrup, J.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

Ying, Y.

L. Rippe, B. Julsgaard, A. Walther, Y. Ying, and S. Kröll, “Experimental quantum-state tomography of a solid-state qubit,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 022307 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Young, R. J.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

I. Lorgeré, V. Crozatier, G. Gorju, F. Bretenaker, and J.-L. Le Gouët, “Radio-frequency spectrum analyzers based on rare earth ion doped crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 653–657 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (2)

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nnn, E. Polzik, J. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, A. J. Shields, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. Walmsley, M. Weber, H. Weinfurrter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum Memories, a review based on the European integrated project “qubit applications (QAP)”,” Eur. Phys. J. D 581, 1–22 (2010).

F. de Seze, F. Dahes, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, F. Bretenaker, and J.-L. Le Gouët, “Coherent driving of Tm3+:YAG ions using a complex hyperbolic secant optical field,” Eur. Phys. J. D 33, 343–355 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. M. Braker, F. Schlottau, and K. Wagner, “Squint-free Fourier-optical RF beamforming using a SHB crystal as an imaging detector,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 952–962 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (6)

K. D. Merkel, M. R. Krishna, Z. Cole, T. Chang, A. Olson, and W. R. Babbitt, “Multi-Gigahertz radar range processing of baseband and RF carrier modulated signals in Tm:YAG,” J. Lumin. 107, 62–67 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Schlottau and K. H. Wagner, “Demonstration of a continuous scanner and time-integrating correlator using spatial-spectral holography,” J. Lumin. 107, 90–102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Reibel, Z. W. Barber, J. A. Fischer, M. Tian, and W. R. Babbitt, “Broadband demonstrations of true-time delay using linear sideband chirped programming and optical coherent transients,” J. Lumin. 107, 103–113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Babbitt, M. A. Neifeld, and K. D. Merkel, “Broadband analog to digital conversion with spatial-spectral holography,” J. Lumin. 127, 152–157 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Barber, C. Harrington, C. W. Thiel, and Wm. R. Babbitt, “Angle of arrival estimation using spectral interferometry,” J. Lumin. 130, 1614–1618 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Chang, M. Tian, Z. W. Barber, and Wm. R. Babbitt, “Numerical modeling of optical coherent transient processes with complex configurations—II. Angled beams with arbitrary phase modulations,” J. Lumin. 107, 138–145 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (5)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

W. Tittel, M. Afzelius, T. Chanelière, R. L. Cone, S. Kröll, S. A. Moiseev, and M. Sellars, “Photon-echo quantum memory in solid state systems,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 244–267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, M. Bonarota, M. Afzelius, and J.-L. Le Gouët, “Efficient light storage in a crystal using an atomic frequency comb,” New J. Phys. 12, 023025 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (8)

P. Roos, R. R. Reibel, T. Berg, B. Kaylor, Z. W. Barber, and Wm. R. Babbitt, “Ultrabroadeband optical chirp linearization for precision metrology applications,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3692–3694 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Schlottau, M. Colice, K. H. Wagner, and W. R. Babbitt, “Spectral hole burning for wideband, high-resolution radio-frequency spectrum analysis,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3003–3005(2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Crozatier, G. Gorju, J.-L. Le Gouët, F. Bretenaker, and I. Lorgeré, “Wideband and high-resolution coherent optical transients with a frequency-agile laser oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3264–3266 (2006).

V. Crozatier, G. Gorju, J.-L. Le Gouët, F. Bretenaker, and I. Lorgeré, “Wideband and high-resolution coherent optical transition with a frequency-agile laser oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3264–3266 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

K. D. Merkel and W. R. Babbitt, “Chirped-pulse programming of optical coherent transient true-time delays,” Opt. Lett. 23, 528–530 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Reibel, M. Tian, Z. W. Barber, and W. R. Babbitt, “Temporally overlapped linear frequency-chirped pulse programming for true-time-delay applications,” Opt. Lett. 27, 494–496 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (4)

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

T. Chang, R. K. Mohan, M. Tian, T. L. Harris, Wm. R. Babbitt, and K. D. Merkel, “Frequency- chirped readout of spatial-spectral absorption features,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 063803(2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

N. M. Strickland, P. B. Sellin, Y. Sun, J. L. Carlsten, and R. L. Cone, “Laser frequency stabilization using regenerative spectral hole burning,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 1473–1476 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

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[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

K. Hammerer, A. S. Sørensen, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum interface between light and atomic ensembles,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1041–1093 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Simulations of erasure and inversion results for linear frequency chirp with square amplitude envelope in (a), linear frequency chirp with raised cosine edges in (b), and HSH pulse in (c). The initial population is in the ground state.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Simulation for erasure and inversion effects with HSH pulses. The initial spectrum consisting of two spectral holes and a spectral grating is plotted in (a) and the spectra after the erasure or inversion in (b).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental results on spectral holes. (a) initial population inversion spectrum with multiple spectral holes, (b) spectrum after erasure with a HSH pulse chirped over 5 MHz around the center frequency, and (c) spectrum after inversion.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental results on a spectral grating. (a) initial population inversion spectrum of a spectral grating, (b) spectrum after erasure with a HSH pulse over 5 MHz around the center frequency, and (c) spectrum after inversion. Dash line indicates the edge of the spectral window through the grating fringes.

Equations (4)

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Ω ch exp [ i 2 π ( ω s ( t t 0 ) + κ ( t t 0 ) 2 / 2 ) ] + c . c . for t 0 < t < t 0 + T ch ,
r 3 ( ω ) = ( 2 Θ 1 ) r 3 ( 0 ) ( ω ) ,
Ω ( t ) = { Ω ch sech [ ( t t 0 ) / T e ] for t < t 0 Ω ch for t 0 t t 0 + T ch Ω ch sech [ ( t t 0 T ch ) / T e ] for t > t 0 + T ch ,
ω ( t ) = { ω 0 κ T ch / 2 + κ T e tanh [ ( t t 0 ) / T e ] for t < t 0 ω 0 + κ ( t t 0 T ch / 2 ) for t 0 t t 0 + T ch ω 0 + κ T ch / 2 + κ T e tanh [ ( t t 0 T ch ) / T e ] for t > t 0 + T ch ,

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