Abstract

On the basis of density matrix equations, we theoretically investigated narrow sub-Doppler resonances in the spectral distribution of a number of atomic particles (atoms or molecules) optically excited in a metastable state in an ultrathin gas cell with the inner thickness less than or of the order of the wavelength λ1μm of the monochromatic light wave incident in the normal direction. Essential dependence of these resonances (on the center of the optical transition) was analyzed versus the inner thickness and transversal size of such a gas cell and also versus the intensity of the incident wave. Investigated resonances may be applied as references in high-accuracy optical frequency standards and for high precision measurements.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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