Abstract

This article defines the tunable viewing scope (TVS) of three-dimensional integral imaging (3DII) considering the human eye’s performance, which could provide a fine viewing effect without flipping or information missing. TVS required by different applications is achieved through an innovative method, attaching the reserved blank to the elemental images. The viewing comfort improvement resulting from TVS is verified by practical experiments, which indicates that it would be promising for future applications of 3DII.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J.-H. Park, K. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent progress in three-dimensional information processing based on integral imaging,” Appl. Opt. 48, H77–H78 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J.-H. Jung, Y. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, and B. Lee, “Integral imaging system using an electroluminescent film backlight for three-dimensional-two-dimensional convertibility and a curved structure,” Appl. Opt. 48, 998–1007 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D.-H. Shin, B. Lee, and E.-S. Kim, “Multidirectional curved integral imaging with large depth by additional use of a large-aperture lens,” Appl. Opt. 45, 7375–7381 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Martínez-Cuenca, H. Navarro, G. Saavedra, B. Javidi, and M. Martinez-Corral, “Enhanced viewing-angle integral imaging by multiple-axis telecentric relay system,” Opt. Express 15, 16255–16260 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. H. Liao, T. Dohi, and M. Iwahara, “Improved viewing resolution of integral videography by use of rotated prism sheets,” Opt. Express 15, 4814–4822 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Stern and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging,” in Proceedings of IEEE Invited Paper (IEEE, 2006), pp. 596–597.
  7. J.-Y. Jang, H.-S. Lee, S. Cha, and S.-H. Shin, “Viewing angle enhanced integral imaging display by using a high refractive index medium,” Appl. Opt. 50, B71–B76 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J.-Y. Son, S.-H. Kim, D.-S. Kim, B. Javidi, and K.-D. Kwack, “Image-forming principle of integral photography,” J. Disp. Technol. 4, 324–331 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Igarishi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, “3D display system using a computer-generated integral photograph,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683–1684 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display system based on computer generated integral photography,” Proc. SPIE 4297, 187–195 (2001).
  11. S.-C. Oh, J.-S. Hong, J.-H. Park, and B.-H. Lee, “Efficient algorithms to generate EIs in integral imaging,” Journal of the Optical Society of Korea 8, 115–121 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

J.-Y. Son, S.-H. Kim, D.-S. Kim, B. Javidi, and K.-D. Kwack, “Image-forming principle of integral photography,” J. Disp. Technol. 4, 324–331 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

S.-C. Oh, J.-S. Hong, J.-H. Park, and B.-H. Lee, “Efficient algorithms to generate EIs in integral imaging,” Journal of the Optical Society of Korea 8, 115–121 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display system based on computer generated integral photography,” Proc. SPIE 4297, 187–195 (2001).

1978 (1)

Y. Igarishi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, “3D display system using a computer-generated integral photograph,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683–1684 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Cha, S.

Dohi, T.

Hong, J.-S.

S.-C. Oh, J.-S. Hong, J.-H. Park, and B.-H. Lee, “Efficient algorithms to generate EIs in integral imaging,” Journal of the Optical Society of Korea 8, 115–121 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hong, K.

Igarishi, Y.

Y. Igarishi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, “3D display system using a computer-generated integral photograph,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683–1684 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Iwahara, M.

Jang, J.-Y.

Javidi, B.

J.-Y. Son, S.-H. Kim, D.-S. Kim, B. Javidi, and K.-D. Kwack, “Image-forming principle of integral photography,” J. Disp. Technol. 4, 324–331 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Martínez-Cuenca, H. Navarro, G. Saavedra, B. Javidi, and M. Martinez-Corral, “Enhanced viewing-angle integral imaging by multiple-axis telecentric relay system,” Opt. Express 15, 16255–16260 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Stern and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging,” in Proceedings of IEEE Invited Paper (IEEE, 2006), pp. 596–597.

Jung, J.-H.

Jung, S.

S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display system based on computer generated integral photography,” Proc. SPIE 4297, 187–195 (2001).

Kim, D.-S.

J.-Y. Son, S.-H. Kim, D.-S. Kim, B. Javidi, and K.-D. Kwack, “Image-forming principle of integral photography,” J. Disp. Technol. 4, 324–331 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, E.-S.

Kim, J.

Kim, S.-H.

J.-Y. Son, S.-H. Kim, D.-S. Kim, B. Javidi, and K.-D. Kwack, “Image-forming principle of integral photography,” J. Disp. Technol. 4, 324–331 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.

Kwack, K.-D.

J.-Y. Son, S.-H. Kim, D.-S. Kim, B. Javidi, and K.-D. Kwack, “Image-forming principle of integral photography,” J. Disp. Technol. 4, 324–331 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

Lee, B.-H.

S.-C. Oh, J.-S. Hong, J.-H. Park, and B.-H. Lee, “Efficient algorithms to generate EIs in integral imaging,” Journal of the Optical Society of Korea 8, 115–121 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.-S.

Liao, R. H.

Martinez-Corral, M.

Martínez-Cuenca, R.

Min, S.-W.

S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display system based on computer generated integral photography,” Proc. SPIE 4297, 187–195 (2001).

Murata, H.

Y. Igarishi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, “3D display system using a computer-generated integral photograph,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683–1684 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Navarro, H.

Oh, S.-C.

S.-C. Oh, J.-S. Hong, J.-H. Park, and B.-H. Lee, “Efficient algorithms to generate EIs in integral imaging,” Journal of the Optical Society of Korea 8, 115–121 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.-H.

J.-H. Park, K. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent progress in three-dimensional information processing based on integral imaging,” Appl. Opt. 48, H77–H78 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S.-C. Oh, J.-S. Hong, J.-H. Park, and B.-H. Lee, “Efficient algorithms to generate EIs in integral imaging,” Journal of the Optical Society of Korea 8, 115–121 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display system based on computer generated integral photography,” Proc. SPIE 4297, 187–195 (2001).

Saavedra, G.

Shin, D.-H.

Shin, S.-H.

Son, J.-Y.

J.-Y. Son, S.-H. Kim, D.-S. Kim, B. Javidi, and K.-D. Kwack, “Image-forming principle of integral photography,” J. Disp. Technol. 4, 324–331 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stern, A.

A. Stern and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging,” in Proceedings of IEEE Invited Paper (IEEE, 2006), pp. 596–597.

Ueda, M.

Y. Igarishi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, “3D display system using a computer-generated integral photograph,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683–1684 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

J.-Y. Son, S.-H. Kim, D.-S. Kim, B. Javidi, and K.-D. Kwack, “Image-forming principle of integral photography,” J. Disp. Technol. 4, 324–331 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea (1)

S.-C. Oh, J.-S. Hong, J.-H. Park, and B.-H. Lee, “Efficient algorithms to generate EIs in integral imaging,” Journal of the Optical Society of Korea 8, 115–121 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Igarishi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, “3D display system using a computer-generated integral photograph,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683–1684 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display system based on computer generated integral photography,” Proc. SPIE 4297, 187–195 (2001).

Other (1)

A. Stern and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging,” in Proceedings of IEEE Invited Paper (IEEE, 2006), pp. 596–597.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Sketches about the relationship between viewing distance and observed reconstructed image in RIRP.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Sketch about the relationship between viewing distance and observed image in VIRP.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Sketch of the reserved blank for TVS in RIRP ((a) part of patterns of joint EI with reserved blank; (b) using three significant viewing points to explain the reserved blank’s function in a different situation.)

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Sketch of the reserved blank for TVS in VIRP ((a) part of patterns of joint EI with reserved blank; (b) using three significant viewing points to explain the reserved blank’s function in a different situation.)

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Different viewing results with the process of the reserved blank from the same representative points in RIRP ((a) near limit point; (b) IOP; (c) far limit)

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Different viewing results with the process of the reserved blank from the same representative points in VIRP ((a) near limit point; (b) IOP; (c) far limit)

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Parameters in Pick-Up Process via CGII

Tables Icon

Table 2. Parameters of Lens Array

Tables Icon

Table 3. Parameters of Reconstruction

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

β u = f 1 f 2 f 1 f 2 x 1 · Δ = f 1 f 2 f 1 f 2 x 1 · ( d u f 1 + f 2 ) ,
tan ( θ 2 ) = d 2 g ,
L p = P o tan ω ,
β = f g f = l f f ,
tan ( θ 2 ) = S 2 L ,
β = F number L / S F number .

Metrics