Abstract

Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal (HPDLC) memory formed by a subwavelength grating (SWG) mask is presented for new optical information processing. The SWG structure in a photomask is formed on the SiO2 plate using the anisotropic reactive ion etching technique. The configuration contexts for optically reconfigurable gate arrays (ORGAs) are stored in the HPDLC memory by polarization modulation property based on the form birefringence of the SWG plate. The configuration context pattern in the HPDLC memory is reconstructed to write it for the ORGAs under parallel programmability.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2011

2010

2009

2008

N. Yamaguchi and M. Watanabe, “Liquid crystal holographic configurations for ORGAs,” Appl. Opt. 47, 4692–4700(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Seto and M. Watanabe, “A dynamic optically reconfigurable gate array—perfect emulation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 493–500 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, M. Minato, S. Horiguchi, H. Ono, H. Imai, H. Kakiuchida, and K. Yoshimura, “Diffraction properties of anisotropic volume gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6688–6694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara and T. Hirokari, “Formation of anisotropic diffraction gratings in a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal by polarization modulation using a spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 47, 3015–3022 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, and H. Ono, “Analysis of anisotropic diffraction gratings using holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 7341–7346(2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

M. Watanabe and F. Kobayashi, “Dynamic optically reconfigurable gate array,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3510–3515(2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

Y. Lu, F. Du, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization switch using thick holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 810–815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Phenomenological model of anisotropic volume hologram formation in liquid-crystal-photopolymer mixtures,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 951–965 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

2001

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Evolution of anisotropic reflection gratings formed in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1420–1422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. J. Butler and M. S. Malcuit, “Diffraction properties of highly birefringent liquid-crystal composite gratings,” Opt. Lett. 25, 420–422 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs),” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83–115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Bowley and G. P. Crawford, “Diffusion kinetics of formation of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal display materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2235–2237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Mumbru, G. Panotopoulos, D. Psaltis, X. An, F. Mok, S. Ay, S. Barna, and E. Fossum, “Optically programmable gate array,” Proc. SPIE 4089, 763–771 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. Mumbru, G. Zhou, X. An, W. Liu, G. Panotopoulos, F. Mok, and D. Psaltis, “Optical memory for computing and information processing,” Proc. SPIE 3804, 14–24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Mumbru, G. Zhou, S. Ay, X. An, G. Panotopoulos, F. Mok, and D. Psaltis, “Optically reconfigurable processors,” Proc. SPIE CR74, 265–288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “PS polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 1124–1127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, T. Hisaki, and M. Date, “Alignment-controlled holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal for reflective display devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 805–808 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Nordin and P. C. Deguzman, “Broadband form birefringent quarter-wave plate for the mid-infrared wavelength region,” Opt. Express 5, 163–168 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

H. Kikuta, Y. Ohira, and K. Iwata, “Achromatic quarter-wave plates using the dispersion of form birefringence,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1566–1572 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Karasawa and Y. Taketomi, “Effects of materials system on the polarization behavior of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal gratings,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 6388–6392 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

1994

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Adams, W. W.

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

An, X.

J. Mumbru, G. Panotopoulos, D. Psaltis, X. An, F. Mok, S. Ay, S. Barna, and E. Fossum, “Optically programmable gate array,” Proc. SPIE 4089, 763–771 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Mumbru, G. Zhou, S. Ay, X. An, G. Panotopoulos, F. Mok, and D. Psaltis, “Optically reconfigurable processors,” Proc. SPIE CR74, 265–288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Mumbru, G. Zhou, X. An, W. Liu, G. Panotopoulos, F. Mok, and D. Psaltis, “Optical memory for computing and information processing,” Proc. SPIE 3804, 14–24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ay, S.

J. Mumbru, G. Panotopoulos, D. Psaltis, X. An, F. Mok, S. Ay, S. Barna, and E. Fossum, “Optically programmable gate array,” Proc. SPIE 4089, 763–771 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Mumbru, G. Zhou, S. Ay, X. An, G. Panotopoulos, F. Mok, and D. Psaltis, “Optically reconfigurable processors,” Proc. SPIE CR74, 265–288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Barna, S.

J. Mumbru, G. Panotopoulos, D. Psaltis, X. An, F. Mok, S. Ay, S. Barna, and E. Fossum, “Optically programmable gate array,” Proc. SPIE 4089, 763–771 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bowley, C. C.

C. C. Bowley and G. P. Crawford, “Diffusion kinetics of formation of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal display materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2235–2237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brandelik, D. M.

Bunning, T. J.

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Phenomenological model of anisotropic volume hologram formation in liquid-crystal-photopolymer mixtures,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 951–965 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Evolution of anisotropic reflection gratings formed in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1420–1422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs),” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83–115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Butler, J. J.

Chandra, S.

Crawford, G. P.

C. C. Bowley and G. P. Crawford, “Diffusion kinetics of formation of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal display materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2235–2237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Date, M.

K. Kato, T. Hisaki, and M. Date, “Alignment-controlled holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal for reflective display devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 805–808 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Deguzman, P. C.

Du, F.

Y. Lu, F. Du, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization switch using thick holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 810–815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Emoto, A.

Fainman, Y.

Fossum, E.

J. Mumbru, G. Panotopoulos, D. Psaltis, X. An, F. Mok, S. Ay, S. Barna, and E. Fossum, “Optically programmable gate array,” Proc. SPIE 4089, 763–771 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hirokari, T.

Hisaki, T.

K. Kato, T. Hisaki, and M. Date, “Alignment-controlled holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal for reflective display devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 805–808 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Holmes, M. E.

M. E. Holmes and M. S. Malcuit, “Controlling the anisotropy of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal gratings,” Phys. Rev. E 65, 066603-1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Horiguchi, S.

A. Ogiwara, M. Minato, S. Horiguchi, H. Ono, H. Imai, H. Kakiuchida, and K. Yoshimura, “Diffraction properties of anisotropic volume gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6688–6694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Imai, H.

A. Ogiwara, M. Minato, S. Horiguchi, H. Ono, H. Imai, H. Kakiuchida, and K. Yoshimura, “Diffraction properties of anisotropic volume gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6688–6694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Iwata, K.

Kakiuchida, H.

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, K. Yoshimura, M. Tazawa, A. Emoto, and H. Ono, “Effects of thermal modulation on diffraction in liquid crystal composite gratings,” Appl. Opt. 49, 4633–4640 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ogiwara, M. Minato, S. Horiguchi, H. Ono, H. Imai, H. Kakiuchida, and K. Yoshimura, “Diffraction properties of anisotropic volume gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6688–6694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, and H. Ono, “Analysis of anisotropic diffraction gratings using holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 7341–7346(2007).
[CrossRef]

Karasawa, T.

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “PS polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 1124–1127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Karasawa and Y. Taketomi, “Effects of materials system on the polarization behavior of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal gratings,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 6388–6392 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kato, K.

K. Kato, T. Hisaki, and M. Date, “Alignment-controlled holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal for reflective display devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 805–808 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kikuta, H.

Kobayashi, F.

A. Ogiwara, M. Watanabe, T. Mabuchi, and F. Kobayashi, “Formation of holographic memory for defect tolerance in optically reconfigurable gate arrays,” Appl. Opt. 49, 4255–4261(2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Watanabe and F. Kobayashi, “Dynamic optically reconfigurable gate array,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3510–3515(2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Mabuchi, M. Watanabe, A. Ogiwara, and F. Kobayashi, “Optically reconfigurable gate array with a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal holographic memory,” in 2011 NASA/ESA Conference on Adaptive Hardware and Systems (IEEE, 2011), pp. 44–49.

Kuratomi, Y.

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “PS polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 1124–1127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

J. Mumbru, G. Zhou, X. An, W. Liu, G. Panotopoulos, F. Mok, and D. Psaltis, “Optical memory for computing and information processing,” Proc. SPIE 3804, 14–24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

Y. Lu, F. Du, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization switch using thick holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 810–815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mabuchi, T.

A. Ogiwara, M. Watanabe, T. Mabuchi, and F. Kobayashi, “Formation of holographic memory for defect tolerance in optically reconfigurable gate arrays,” Appl. Opt. 49, 4255–4261(2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Mabuchi, M. Watanabe, A. Ogiwara, and F. Kobayashi, “Optically reconfigurable gate array with a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal holographic memory,” in 2011 NASA/ESA Conference on Adaptive Hardware and Systems (IEEE, 2011), pp. 44–49.

Malcuit, M. S.

Minato, M.

A. Ogiwara, M. Minato, S. Horiguchi, H. Ono, H. Imai, H. Kakiuchida, and K. Yoshimura, “Diffraction properties of anisotropic volume gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6688–6694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mizuguchi, S.

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “PS polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 1124–1127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mok, F.

J. Mumbru, G. Panotopoulos, D. Psaltis, X. An, F. Mok, S. Ay, S. Barna, and E. Fossum, “Optically programmable gate array,” Proc. SPIE 4089, 763–771 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Mumbru, G. Zhou, S. Ay, X. An, G. Panotopoulos, F. Mok, and D. Psaltis, “Optically reconfigurable processors,” Proc. SPIE CR74, 265–288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Mumbru, G. Zhou, X. An, W. Liu, G. Panotopoulos, F. Mok, and D. Psaltis, “Optical memory for computing and information processing,” Proc. SPIE 3804, 14–24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mumbru, J.

J. Mumbru, G. Panotopoulos, D. Psaltis, X. An, F. Mok, S. Ay, S. Barna, and E. Fossum, “Optically programmable gate array,” Proc. SPIE 4089, 763–771 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Mumbru, G. Zhou, S. Ay, X. An, G. Panotopoulos, F. Mok, and D. Psaltis, “Optically reconfigurable processors,” Proc. SPIE CR74, 265–288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Mumbru, G. Zhou, X. An, W. Liu, G. Panotopoulos, F. Mok, and D. Psaltis, “Optical memory for computing and information processing,” Proc. SPIE 3804, 14–24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, M.

Natarajan, L. V.

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Phenomenological model of anisotropic volume hologram formation in liquid-crystal-photopolymer mixtures,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 951–965 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, S. Chandra, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, and S. A. Siwecki, “Polarization and switching properties of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal gratings. I. Experimental investigations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 3004–3012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Evolution of anisotropic reflection gratings formed in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1420–1422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs),” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83–115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nordin, G. P.

Ogiwara, A.

A. Ogiwara, “Effects of anisotropic diffractions on holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal gratings,” Appl. Opt. 50, 594–603 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, K. Yoshimura, M. Tazawa, A. Emoto, and H. Ono, “Effects of thermal modulation on diffraction in liquid crystal composite gratings,” Appl. Opt. 49, 4633–4640 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ogiwara, M. Watanabe, T. Mabuchi, and F. Kobayashi, “Formation of holographic memory for defect tolerance in optically reconfigurable gate arrays,” Appl. Opt. 49, 4255–4261(2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ogiwara and T. Hirokari, “Formation of anisotropic diffraction gratings in a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal by polarization modulation using a spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 47, 3015–3022 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ogiwara, M. Minato, S. Horiguchi, H. Ono, H. Imai, H. Kakiuchida, and K. Yoshimura, “Diffraction properties of anisotropic volume gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6688–6694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, and H. Ono, “Analysis of anisotropic diffraction gratings using holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 7341–7346(2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “PS polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 1124–1127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Mabuchi, M. Watanabe, A. Ogiwara, and F. Kobayashi, “Optically reconfigurable gate array with a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal holographic memory,” in 2011 NASA/ESA Conference on Adaptive Hardware and Systems (IEEE, 2011), pp. 44–49.

Ohira, Y.

Ono, H.

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, K. Yoshimura, M. Tazawa, A. Emoto, and H. Ono, “Effects of thermal modulation on diffraction in liquid crystal composite gratings,” Appl. Opt. 49, 4633–4640 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ogiwara, M. Minato, S. Horiguchi, H. Ono, H. Imai, H. Kakiuchida, and K. Yoshimura, “Diffraction properties of anisotropic volume gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6688–6694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, and H. Ono, “Analysis of anisotropic diffraction gratings using holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 7341–7346(2007).
[CrossRef]

Panotopoulos, G.

J. Mumbru, G. Panotopoulos, D. Psaltis, X. An, F. Mok, S. Ay, S. Barna, and E. Fossum, “Optically programmable gate array,” Proc. SPIE 4089, 763–771 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Mumbru, G. Zhou, S. Ay, X. An, G. Panotopoulos, F. Mok, and D. Psaltis, “Optically reconfigurable processors,” Proc. SPIE CR74, 265–288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Mumbru, G. Zhou, X. An, W. Liu, G. Panotopoulos, F. Mok, and D. Psaltis, “Optical memory for computing and information processing,” Proc. SPIE 3804, 14–24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

J. Mumbru, G. Panotopoulos, D. Psaltis, X. An, F. Mok, S. Ay, S. Barna, and E. Fossum, “Optically programmable gate array,” Proc. SPIE 4089, 763–771 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Mumbru, G. Zhou, S. Ay, X. An, G. Panotopoulos, F. Mok, and D. Psaltis, “Optically reconfigurable processors,” Proc. SPIE CR74, 265–288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Mumbru, G. Zhou, X. An, W. Liu, G. Panotopoulos, F. Mok, and D. Psaltis, “Optical memory for computing and information processing,” Proc. SPIE 3804, 14–24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Richter, I.

Rodriguez, M. A.

Seto, D.

D. Seto and M. Watanabe, “A dynamic optically reconfigurable gate array—perfect emulation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 493–500 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, C. K.

Siwecki, S. A.

Sun, P.-C.

Sutherland, R. L.

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Phenomenological model of anisotropic volume hologram formation in liquid-crystal-photopolymer mixtures,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 951–965 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, “Polarization and switching properties of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal gratings. I. Theoretical model,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2995–3003 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, S. Chandra, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, and S. A. Siwecki, “Polarization and switching properties of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal gratings. I. Experimental investigations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 3004–3012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Evolution of anisotropic reflection gratings formed in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1420–1422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs),” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83–115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Taketomi, Y.

T. Karasawa and Y. Taketomi, “Effects of materials system on the polarization behavior of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal gratings,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 6388–6392 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Takimoto, A.

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “PS polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 1124–1127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tazawa, M.

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, K. Yoshimura, M. Tazawa, A. Emoto, and H. Ono, “Effects of thermal modulation on diffraction in liquid crystal composite gratings,” Appl. Opt. 49, 4633–4640 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, and H. Ono, “Analysis of anisotropic diffraction gratings using holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 7341–7346(2007).
[CrossRef]

Tondiglia, V. P.

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Phenomenological model of anisotropic volume hologram formation in liquid-crystal-photopolymer mixtures,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 951–965 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, S. Chandra, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, and S. A. Siwecki, “Polarization and switching properties of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal gratings. I. Experimental investigations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 3004–3012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Evolution of anisotropic reflection gratings formed in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1420–1422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs),” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83–115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, M.

A. Ogiwara, M. Watanabe, T. Mabuchi, and F. Kobayashi, “Formation of holographic memory for defect tolerance in optically reconfigurable gate arrays,” Appl. Opt. 49, 4255–4261(2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nakajima and M. Watanabe, “Optical buffering technique under a space radiation environment,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3719–3721 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Seto and M. Watanabe, “A dynamic optically reconfigurable gate array—perfect emulation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 493–500 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Yamaguchi and M. Watanabe, “Liquid crystal holographic configurations for ORGAs,” Appl. Opt. 47, 4692–4700(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Watanabe and F. Kobayashi, “Dynamic optically reconfigurable gate array,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3510–3515(2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Mabuchi, M. Watanabe, A. Ogiwara, and F. Kobayashi, “Optically reconfigurable gate array with a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal holographic memory,” in 2011 NASA/ESA Conference on Adaptive Hardware and Systems (IEEE, 2011), pp. 44–49.

Wu, S. T.

Y. Lu, F. Du, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization switch using thick holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 810–815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, F.

Yamaguchi, N.

Yoshimura, K.

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, K. Yoshimura, M. Tazawa, A. Emoto, and H. Ono, “Effects of thermal modulation on diffraction in liquid crystal composite gratings,” Appl. Opt. 49, 4633–4640 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ogiwara, M. Minato, S. Horiguchi, H. Ono, H. Imai, H. Kakiuchida, and K. Yoshimura, “Diffraction properties of anisotropic volume gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6688–6694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, G.

J. Mumbru, G. Zhou, S. Ay, X. An, G. Panotopoulos, F. Mok, and D. Psaltis, “Optically reconfigurable processors,” Proc. SPIE CR74, 265–288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Mumbru, G. Zhou, X. An, W. Liu, G. Panotopoulos, F. Mok, and D. Psaltis, “Optical memory for computing and information processing,” Proc. SPIE 3804, 14–24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci.

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs),” Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83–115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Bowley and G. P. Crawford, “Diffusion kinetics of formation of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal display materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2235–2237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Evolution of anisotropic reflection gratings formed in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1420–1422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

D. Seto and M. Watanabe, “A dynamic optically reconfigurable gate array—perfect emulation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 493–500 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

Y. Lu, F. Du, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization switch using thick holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal grating,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 810–815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, and T. J. Bunning, “Phenomenological model of anisotropic volume hologram formation in liquid-crystal-photopolymer mixtures,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 951–965 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, and H. Ono, “Analysis of anisotropic diffraction gratings using holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 7341–7346(2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, M. Minato, S. Horiguchi, H. Ono, H. Imai, H. Kakiuchida, and K. Yoshimura, “Diffraction properties of anisotropic volume gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6688–6694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Karasawa and Y. Taketomi, “Effects of materials system on the polarization behavior of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal gratings,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 6388–6392 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, T. Hisaki, and M. Date, “Alignment-controlled holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal for reflective display devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 805–808 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Watanabe and F. Kobayashi, “Dynamic optically reconfigurable gate array,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3510–3515(2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. E

M. E. Holmes and M. S. Malcuit, “Controlling the anisotropy of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal gratings,” Phys. Rev. E 65, 066603-1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

J. Mumbru, G. Zhou, X. An, W. Liu, G. Panotopoulos, F. Mok, and D. Psaltis, “Optical memory for computing and information processing,” Proc. SPIE 3804, 14–24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Mumbru, G. Zhou, S. Ay, X. An, G. Panotopoulos, F. Mok, and D. Psaltis, “Optically reconfigurable processors,” Proc. SPIE CR74, 265–288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Mumbru, G. Panotopoulos, D. Psaltis, X. An, F. Mok, S. Ay, S. Barna, and E. Fossum, “Optically programmable gate array,” Proc. SPIE 4089, 763–771 (2000).
[CrossRef]

SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap.

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “PS polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 1124–1127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other

T. Mabuchi, M. Watanabe, A. Ogiwara, and F. Kobayashi, “Optically reconfigurable gate array with a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal holographic memory,” in 2011 NASA/ESA Conference on Adaptive Hardware and Systems (IEEE, 2011), pp. 44–49.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Overview of an ORGA comprising a gate array VLSI, a holographic memory, and a laser diode array.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical setup for fabricating HPDLC memory using a laser interferometer with a subwavelength grating mask. The polarization modulation conditions, such as linearly polarized and circularly polarized lights, are shown in light passes using different arrows.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Images of subwavelength grating mask formed in the SiO 2 plate observed at the crossed Nicole condition with polarizer (P) and analyzer (A) by a polarizing microscope. (a) The image corresponding to the context pattern for the OR circuit observed at 45 ° with respect to P, (b) the image by magnification of one pixel in (a), and (c) the image observed at 0 ° with respect to P of (b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SEM cross-sectional views of (a) a pixel region and (b) a close-up view of grating in subwavelength grating mask.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical system for the configuration generation by reconstruction using HPDLC memory: (a) block diagram of the experimental system, (b) alignment of the HPDLC memory placed in front of the ORGA-VLSI, (c) context image for OR circuit reconstructed by HPDLC memory generation, and (d) the context pattern for the OR circuit shown in Fig. 3a, which was reoriented by reversal of right and left and counterclockwise rotation of 45 ° .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Implementation results of an OR circuit. The OR circuit was configured and could be executed correctly as seen in the downside three signals, which are two input signals and one output signal of the OR circuit, respectively. The configuration period was measured as 20 μs .

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n TE = { f × n 1 2 + ( 1 f ) × n 2 2 } 1 / 2 ,
n TM = { f × n 1 2 + ( 1 f ) × n 2 2 } 1 / 2 ,
δ = ( n TE n TM ) × H ,

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