Abstract

A hyperbolic dispersion medium with a planar surface that can be used for subwavelength focusing is proposed. By combining the hyperbolic medium in a single slit with diffraction limit width, a laser beam could be focused to a subwavelength spot in the near field. Compared to a conventional superlens, the subdiffraction focusing in this work has higher optical throughput. Using a planar hyperbolic medium, which is actually alternating silver/dielectric multilayers, we showed that the focusing resolution of the designed device is down to ∼λ/5 using green light illumination (at a wavelength of 514.5 nm).

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2010

2009

S. Thongrattanasiri and V. A. Podolskiy, “Hypergratings: nanophotonics in planar anisotropic metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 34, 890–892 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Huang and N. I. Zheludev, “Super-resolution without evanescent waves,” Nano Lett. 9, 1249–1254 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xiong, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “A simple design of flat hyperlens for lithography and imaging with half-pitch resolution down to 20 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 203108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

F. M. Huang, N. I. Zheludev, Y. Chen, and F. J. Garcia de Abajo, “Focusing of light by a nanohole array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 091119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. X. Li, H. L. Tam, F. Y. Wang, and K. W. Cheah, “Superlens from complementary anisotropic metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 102, 116101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical superlens,” Nano Lett. 7, 403–408 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, “Magnifying superlens in the visible frequency range,” Science 315, 1699–1701 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

A. Salandrino and N. Engheta, “Far-field subdiffraction optical microscopy using metamaterial crystals: theory and simulations,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 075103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Wood, J. B. Pendry, and D. P. Tsai, “Directed subwavelength imaging using a layered metal-dielectric system,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 115116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jacob, L. V. Alekseyev, and E. Narimanov, “Optical hyperlens: far-field imaging beyond the diffraction limit,” Opt. Express 14, 8247–8256 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

D. O. S. Melville and R. Blaikie, “Super-resolution imaging through a planar silver layer,” Opt. Express 13, 2127–2134(2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966–3969 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1994

1991

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, T. D. Harris, J. S. Weiner, and R. L. Kostelak, “Breaking the diffraction barrier: optical microscopy on a nanometric scale,” Science 251, 1468–1470 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1968

V. G. Veselago, “Electrodynamics of substancies with simultaneously negative values of electric and magnetic permeabilities,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509–514 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Alekseyev, L. V.

Betzig, E.

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, T. D. Harris, J. S. Weiner, and R. L. Kostelak, “Breaking the diffraction barrier: optical microscopy on a nanometric scale,” Science 251, 1468–1470 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Blaikie, R.

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, 1980).

Chan, C. T.

Cheah, K. W.

G. X. Li, Jensen Li, H. L. Tam, C. T. Chan, and K. W. Cheah, “Near field imaging with resonant cavity lens,” Opt. Express 18, 2325–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. X. Li, H. L. Tam, F. Y. Wang, and K. W. Cheah, “Superlens from complementary anisotropic metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 102, 116101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

F. M. Huang, N. I. Zheludev, Y. Chen, and F. J. Garcia de Abajo, “Focusing of light by a nanohole array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 091119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Davis, C. C.

I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, “Magnifying superlens in the visible frequency range,” Science 315, 1699–1701 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Durant, S.

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical superlens,” Nano Lett. 7, 403–408 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Engheta, N.

A. Salandrino and N. Engheta, “Far-field subdiffraction optical microscopy using metamaterial crystals: theory and simulations,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 075103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fang, L.

Fang, N.

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical superlens,” Nano Lett. 7, 403–408 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Y.

Garcia de Abajo, F. J.

F. M. Huang, N. I. Zheludev, Y. Chen, and F. J. Garcia de Abajo, “Focusing of light by a nanohole array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 091119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Harris, T. D.

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, T. D. Harris, J. S. Weiner, and R. L. Kostelak, “Breaking the diffraction barrier: optical microscopy on a nanometric scale,” Science 251, 1468–1470 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hell, S. W.

Huang, F. M.

F. M. Huang and N. I. Zheludev, “Super-resolution without evanescent waves,” Nano Lett. 9, 1249–1254 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Huang, N. I. Zheludev, Y. Chen, and F. J. Garcia de Abajo, “Focusing of light by a nanohole array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 091119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hung, Y. J.

I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, “Magnifying superlens in the visible frequency range,” Science 315, 1699–1701 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jacob, Z.

Jiang, T.

Kildishev, A. V.

Kostelak, R. L.

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, T. D. Harris, J. S. Weiner, and R. L. Kostelak, “Breaking the diffraction barrier: optical microscopy on a nanometric scale,” Science 251, 1468–1470 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical superlens,” Nano Lett. 7, 403–408 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, G. X.

G. X. Li, Jensen Li, H. L. Tam, C. T. Chan, and K. W. Cheah, “Near field imaging with resonant cavity lens,” Opt. Express 18, 2325–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. X. Li, H. L. Tam, F. Y. Wang, and K. W. Cheah, “Superlens from complementary anisotropic metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 102, 116101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, Jensen

Lin, L.

Liu, H.

Liu, Y.

Liu, Z.

Y. Xiong, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “A simple design of flat hyperlens for lithography and imaging with half-pitch resolution down to 20 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 203108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical superlens,” Nano Lett. 7, 403–408 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Luo, X.

Ma, J.

Melville, D. O. S.

Narimanov, E.

Pendry, J. B.

B. Wood, J. B. Pendry, and D. P. Tsai, “Directed subwavelength imaging using a layered metal-dielectric system,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 115116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966–3969 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pikus, Y.

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical superlens,” Nano Lett. 7, 403–408 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Podolskiy, V. A.

Salandrino, A.

A. Salandrino and N. Engheta, “Far-field subdiffraction optical microscopy using metamaterial crystals: theory and simulations,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 075103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

Shivanand,

Smolyaninov, I.

I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, “Magnifying superlens in the visible frequency range,” Science 315, 1699–1701 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical superlens,” Nano Lett. 7, 403–408 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. L.

G. X. Li, Jensen Li, H. L. Tam, C. T. Chan, and K. W. Cheah, “Near field imaging with resonant cavity lens,” Opt. Express 18, 2325–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. X. Li, H. L. Tam, F. Y. Wang, and K. W. Cheah, “Superlens from complementary anisotropic metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 102, 116101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Thongrattanasiri, S.

Trautman, J. K.

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, T. D. Harris, J. S. Weiner, and R. L. Kostelak, “Breaking the diffraction barrier: optical microscopy on a nanometric scale,” Science 251, 1468–1470 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, D. P.

B. Wood, J. B. Pendry, and D. P. Tsai, “Directed subwavelength imaging using a layered metal-dielectric system,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 115116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Veselago, V. G.

V. G. Veselago, “Electrodynamics of substancies with simultaneously negative values of electric and magnetic permeabilities,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509–514 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

Wang, F. Y.

G. X. Li, H. L. Tam, F. Y. Wang, and K. W. Cheah, “Superlens from complementary anisotropic metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 102, 116101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

Webb, K. J.

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, Handbook of Optical materials (CRC, 2003).

Weiner, J. S.

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, T. D. Harris, J. S. Weiner, and R. L. Kostelak, “Breaking the diffraction barrier: optical microscopy on a nanometric scale,” Science 251, 1468–1470 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wichmann, J.

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, 1980).

Wood, B.

B. Wood, J. B. Pendry, and D. P. Tsai, “Directed subwavelength imaging using a layered metal-dielectric system,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 115116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xing, H.

Xiong, Y.

Y. Xiong, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “A simple design of flat hyperlens for lithography and imaging with half-pitch resolution down to 20 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 203108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical superlens,” Nano Lett. 7, 403–408 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Y. Xiong, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “A simple design of flat hyperlens for lithography and imaging with half-pitch resolution down to 20 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 203108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical superlens,” Nano Lett. 7, 403–408 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J.

Zheludev, N. I.

F. M. Huang and N. I. Zheludev, “Super-resolution without evanescent waves,” Nano Lett. 9, 1249–1254 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Huang, N. I. Zheludev, Y. Chen, and F. J. Garcia de Abajo, “Focusing of light by a nanohole array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 091119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, B.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

F. M. Huang, N. I. Zheludev, Y. Chen, and F. J. Garcia de Abajo, “Focusing of light by a nanohole array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 091119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xiong, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “A simple design of flat hyperlens for lithography and imaging with half-pitch resolution down to 20 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 203108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

G. X. Li, H. L. Tam, F. Y. Wang, and K. W. Cheah, “Superlens from complementary anisotropic metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 102, 116101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

F. M. Huang and N. I. Zheludev, “Super-resolution without evanescent waves,” Nano Lett. 9, 1249–1254 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical superlens,” Nano Lett. 7, 403–408 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

B. Wood, J. B. Pendry, and D. P. Tsai, “Directed subwavelength imaging using a layered metal-dielectric system,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 115116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Salandrino and N. Engheta, “Far-field subdiffraction optical microscopy using metamaterial crystals: theory and simulations,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 075103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966–3969 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Science

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, T. D. Harris, J. S. Weiner, and R. L. Kostelak, “Breaking the diffraction barrier: optical microscopy on a nanometric scale,” Science 251, 1468–1470 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315, 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, “Magnifying superlens in the visible frequency range,” Science 315, 1699–1701 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. Usp.

V. G. Veselago, “Electrodynamics of substancies with simultaneously negative values of electric and magnetic permeabilities,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509–514 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, 1980).

M. J. Weber, Handbook of Optical materials (CRC, 2003).

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