Abstract

Fluorescence emission of fluorophore molecules in the close vicinity of a nanostructured metal surface can be enhanced through a local electromagnetic field with the help of surface plasmon resonance. The fluorescence enhancement effect is very sensitive to the topography and dielectric property of the metal substrate. In the current work, metal substrates with complex structures, which are made of silver fractallike structures and nanoparticles (NPs), are prepared through electrochemical reduction followed by physical deposition. The surface-enhanced fluorescence of Rhodamine 6G monolayer molecules deposited on the prepared complex substrates are investigated with the laser spectroscopic technique. The experimental results show that the fractallike structure decorated with silver NPs presents stronger fluorescence enhancement, compared with silver NPs or pure silver fractallike structures.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  17. M. Baia, F. Toderas, L. Baia, J. Popp, and S. Astilean, “Probing the enhancement mechanisms of SERS with p-aminothiophenol molecules adsorbed on self-assembled gold colloidal nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 127–132 (2006).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

2010 (3)

Y. J. Zhang, R. Y. Zhang, Q. R. Wang, Z. S. Zhang, H. B. Zhu, J. D. Liu, F. Song, S. X. Lin, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Fluorescence enhancement of quantum emitters with different energy systems near a single spherical metal nanoparticle,” Opt. Express 18, 4816–4828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. S. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Y. Lang, P. F. Guan, L. Zhang, T. Fujita, and M. W. Chen, “Size dependence of molecular fluorescence enhancement of nanoporous gold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 073701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

E. Fort and S. Gresillon, “Surface enhanced fluorescence,” J. Phys. D 41, 013001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Xie, M. S. Baker, and E. M. Goldys, “Enhanced fluorescence detection on homogeneous gold colloid self-assembled monolayer substrates,” Chem. Mater. 20, 1788–1797 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Zoriniants and W. L. Barnes, “Fluorescence enhancement through modified dye molecule absorption associated with the localized surface plasmon resonances of metallic dimers,” New J. Phys. 10, 105002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

E. M. Goldys, K. D. Tomsia, F. Xie, T. Shtoyko, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, and Z. Gryczynski, “Fluorescence amplification by electrochemically deposited silver nanowires with fractal architecture,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 12117–12122 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7, 496–501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

P. Anger, P. Bharadwaj, and L. Novotny, “Enhancement and quenching of single-molecule fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 113002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Baia, F. Toderas, L. Baia, J. Popp, and S. Astilean, “Probing the enhancement mechanisms of SERS with p-aminothiophenol molecules adsorbed on self-assembled gold colloidal nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 127–132 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. Zhang, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, Z. Leonenko, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced fluoroimmunoassay on a silver film by vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 7969–7975 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

C. D. Geddes, A. Parfenov, D. Roll, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Roughened silver electrodes for use in metal-enhanced fluorescence,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 1977–1983 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

A. Parfenov, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, C. D. Geddes, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence from fluorophores on fractal silver surfaces,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 8829–8833(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z. J. Wang, S. L. Pan, T. D. Krauss, H. Du, and L. J. Rothberg, “The structural basis for giant enhancement enabling single-molecule Raman scattering,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100, 8638–8643 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

M. Moskovits, L. Tay, J. Yang, and T. Haslett, “SERS and the single molecule,” Top. Appl. Phys. 82, 215–223 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

I. M. Stockman, “Inhomogeneous eigenmode localization, chaos, and correlations in large disordered clusters,” Phys. Rev. E 56, 6494–6507 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

A. V. Markel, M. V. Shalaev, B. E. Stechel, W. Kim, and L. R. Armstrong, “Small-particle composites. I. Linear optical properties,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 2425–2436 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Araki, M. J. Wagner, and M. S. Wrighton, “Layer-by-layer growth of electrostatically assembled multilayer porphyrin films,” Langmuir 12, 5393–5398 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

C. George, S. Konstantin, B. W. Gregory, and T. M. Cotton, “Colloidal metal films as a substrate for surface-enhanced spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. 99, 9466–9471 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Akopova, I.

Anger, P.

P. Anger, P. Bharadwaj, and L. Novotny, “Enhancement and quenching of single-molecule fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 113002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Apicella, E.

Araki, K.

K. Araki, M. J. Wagner, and M. S. Wrighton, “Layer-by-layer growth of electrostatically assembled multilayer porphyrin films,” Langmuir 12, 5393–5398 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, L. R.

A. V. Markel, M. V. Shalaev, B. E. Stechel, W. Kim, and L. R. Armstrong, “Small-particle composites. I. Linear optical properties,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 2425–2436 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Aroca, R. F.

A. R. Guerrero and R. F. Aroca, “Surface-enhanced fluorescence with shell-isolated nanoparticles (SHINEF),” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50, 665–668 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Astilean, S.

M. Baia, F. Toderas, L. Baia, J. Popp, and S. Astilean, “Probing the enhancement mechanisms of SERS with p-aminothiophenol molecules adsorbed on self-assembled gold colloidal nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 127–132 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baia, L.

M. Baia, F. Toderas, L. Baia, J. Popp, and S. Astilean, “Probing the enhancement mechanisms of SERS with p-aminothiophenol molecules adsorbed on self-assembled gold colloidal nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 127–132 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baia, M.

M. Baia, F. Toderas, L. Baia, J. Popp, and S. Astilean, “Probing the enhancement mechanisms of SERS with p-aminothiophenol molecules adsorbed on self-assembled gold colloidal nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 127–132 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baker, M. S.

F. Xie, M. S. Baker, and E. M. Goldys, “Enhanced fluorescence detection on homogeneous gold colloid self-assembled monolayer substrates,” Chem. Mater. 20, 1788–1797 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Barnard, E. S.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. S. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barnes, W. L.

G. Zoriniants and W. L. Barnes, “Fluorescence enhancement through modified dye molecule absorption associated with the localized surface plasmon resonances of metallic dimers,” New J. Phys. 10, 105002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bharadwaj, P.

P. Anger, P. Bharadwaj, and L. Novotny, “Enhancement and quenching of single-molecule fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 113002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borejdo, J.

Brongersma, M. L.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. S. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cai, W. S.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. S. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, M. W.

X. Y. Lang, P. F. Guan, L. Zhang, T. Fujita, and M. W. Chen, “Size dependence of molecular fluorescence enhancement of nanoporous gold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 073701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Coronado, E.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cotton, T. M.

C. George, S. Konstantin, B. W. Gregory, and T. M. Cotton, “Colloidal metal films as a substrate for surface-enhanced spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. 99, 9466–9471 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Du, H.

Z. J. Wang, S. L. Pan, T. D. Krauss, H. Du, and L. J. Rothberg, “The structural basis for giant enhancement enabling single-molecule Raman scattering,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100, 8638–8643 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fort, E.

E. Fort and S. Gresillon, “Surface enhanced fluorescence,” J. Phys. D 41, 013001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fudala, R.

Fujita, T.

X. Y. Lang, P. F. Guan, L. Zhang, T. Fujita, and M. W. Chen, “Size dependence of molecular fluorescence enhancement of nanoporous gold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 073701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Geddes, C. D.

C. D. Geddes, A. Parfenov, D. Roll, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Roughened silver electrodes for use in metal-enhanced fluorescence,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 1977–1983 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Parfenov, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, C. D. Geddes, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence from fluorophores on fractal silver surfaces,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 8829–8833(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

George, C.

C. George, S. Konstantin, B. W. Gregory, and T. M. Cotton, “Colloidal metal films as a substrate for surface-enhanced spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. 99, 9466–9471 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Goldys, E. M.

F. Xie, M. S. Baker, and E. M. Goldys, “Enhanced fluorescence detection on homogeneous gold colloid self-assembled monolayer substrates,” Chem. Mater. 20, 1788–1797 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Goldys, K. D. Tomsia, F. Xie, T. Shtoyko, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, and Z. Gryczynski, “Fluorescence amplification by electrochemically deposited silver nanowires with fractal architecture,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 12117–12122 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goodrich, G. P.

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7, 496–501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gregory, B. W.

C. George, S. Konstantin, B. W. Gregory, and T. M. Cotton, “Colloidal metal films as a substrate for surface-enhanced spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. 99, 9466–9471 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gresillon, S.

E. Fort and S. Gresillon, “Surface enhanced fluorescence,” J. Phys. D 41, 013001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gryczynski, I.

R. Luchowski, T. Shtoyko, E. Apicella, P. Sarkar, I. Akopova, S. Raut, R. Fudala, J. Borejdo, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Fractal-like silver aggregates enhance the brightness and stability of single-molecule fluorescence,” Appl. Spectrosc. 65, 174–180 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Goldys, K. D. Tomsia, F. Xie, T. Shtoyko, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, and Z. Gryczynski, “Fluorescence amplification by electrochemically deposited silver nanowires with fractal architecture,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 12117–12122 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, Z. Leonenko, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced fluoroimmunoassay on a silver film by vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 7969–7975 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Geddes, A. Parfenov, D. Roll, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Roughened silver electrodes for use in metal-enhanced fluorescence,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 1977–1983 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Parfenov, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, C. D. Geddes, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence from fluorophores on fractal silver surfaces,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 8829–8833(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gryczynski, Z.

R. Luchowski, T. Shtoyko, E. Apicella, P. Sarkar, I. Akopova, S. Raut, R. Fudala, J. Borejdo, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Fractal-like silver aggregates enhance the brightness and stability of single-molecule fluorescence,” Appl. Spectrosc. 65, 174–180 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Goldys, K. D. Tomsia, F. Xie, T. Shtoyko, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, and Z. Gryczynski, “Fluorescence amplification by electrochemically deposited silver nanowires with fractal architecture,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 12117–12122 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guan, P. F.

X. Y. Lang, P. F. Guan, L. Zhang, T. Fujita, and M. W. Chen, “Size dependence of molecular fluorescence enhancement of nanoporous gold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 073701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guerrero, A. R.

A. R. Guerrero and R. F. Aroca, “Surface-enhanced fluorescence with shell-isolated nanoparticles (SHINEF),” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50, 665–668 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Halas, N. J.

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7, 496–501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haslett, T.

M. Moskovits, L. Tay, J. Yang, and T. Haslett, “SERS and the single molecule,” Top. Appl. Phys. 82, 215–223 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, B. R.

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7, 496–501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jun, Y. C.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. S. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kelly, K. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, W.

A. V. Markel, M. V. Shalaev, B. E. Stechel, W. Kim, and L. R. Armstrong, “Small-particle composites. I. Linear optical properties,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 2425–2436 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Konstantin, S.

C. George, S. Konstantin, B. W. Gregory, and T. M. Cotton, “Colloidal metal films as a substrate for surface-enhanced spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. 99, 9466–9471 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kostov, Y.

Krauss, T. D.

Z. J. Wang, S. L. Pan, T. D. Krauss, H. Du, and L. J. Rothberg, “The structural basis for giant enhancement enabling single-molecule Raman scattering,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100, 8638–8643 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lakowicz, J. R.

J. Zhang, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, Z. Leonenko, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced fluoroimmunoassay on a silver film by vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 7969–7975 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Geddes, A. Parfenov, D. Roll, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Roughened silver electrodes for use in metal-enhanced fluorescence,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 1977–1983 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Parfenov, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, C. D. Geddes, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence from fluorophores on fractal silver surfaces,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 8829–8833(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lang, X. Y.

X. Y. Lang, P. F. Guan, L. Zhang, T. Fujita, and M. W. Chen, “Size dependence of molecular fluorescence enhancement of nanoporous gold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 073701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leonenko, Z.

J. Zhang, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, Z. Leonenko, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced fluoroimmunoassay on a silver film by vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 7969–7975 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S. X.

Liu, J. D.

Luchowski, R.

Malicka, J.

C. D. Geddes, A. Parfenov, D. Roll, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Roughened silver electrodes for use in metal-enhanced fluorescence,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 1977–1983 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Parfenov, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, C. D. Geddes, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence from fluorophores on fractal silver surfaces,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 8829–8833(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Markel, A. V.

A. V. Markel, M. V. Shalaev, B. E. Stechel, W. Kim, and L. R. Armstrong, “Small-particle composites. I. Linear optical properties,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 2425–2436 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Matveeva, E.

E. M. Goldys, K. D. Tomsia, F. Xie, T. Shtoyko, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, and Z. Gryczynski, “Fluorescence amplification by electrochemically deposited silver nanowires with fractal architecture,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 12117–12122 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, Z. Leonenko, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced fluoroimmunoassay on a silver film by vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 7969–7975 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moskovits, M.

M. Moskovits, L. Tay, J. Yang, and T. Haslett, “SERS and the single molecule,” Top. Appl. Phys. 82, 215–223 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, L.

P. Anger, P. Bharadwaj, and L. Novotny, “Enhancement and quenching of single-molecule fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 113002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pan, S. L.

Z. J. Wang, S. L. Pan, T. D. Krauss, H. Du, and L. J. Rothberg, “The structural basis for giant enhancement enabling single-molecule Raman scattering,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100, 8638–8643 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parfenov, A.

C. D. Geddes, A. Parfenov, D. Roll, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Roughened silver electrodes for use in metal-enhanced fluorescence,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 1977–1983 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Parfenov, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, C. D. Geddes, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence from fluorophores on fractal silver surfaces,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 8829–8833(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Popp, J.

M. Baia, F. Toderas, L. Baia, J. Popp, and S. Astilean, “Probing the enhancement mechanisms of SERS with p-aminothiophenol molecules adsorbed on self-assembled gold colloidal nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 127–132 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pun, E. Y. B.

Rao, G.

Raut, S.

Roll, D.

C. D. Geddes, A. Parfenov, D. Roll, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Roughened silver electrodes for use in metal-enhanced fluorescence,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 1977–1983 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rothberg, L. J.

Z. J. Wang, S. L. Pan, T. D. Krauss, H. Du, and L. J. Rothberg, “The structural basis for giant enhancement enabling single-molecule Raman scattering,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100, 8638–8643 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sarkar, P.

Sathish, R. S.

Schatz, G. C.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schuller, J. A.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. S. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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A. V. Markel, M. V. Shalaev, B. E. Stechel, W. Kim, and L. R. Armstrong, “Small-particle composites. I. Linear optical properties,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 2425–2436 (1996).
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R. Luchowski, T. Shtoyko, E. Apicella, P. Sarkar, I. Akopova, S. Raut, R. Fudala, J. Borejdo, Z. Gryczynski, and I. Gryczynski, “Fractal-like silver aggregates enhance the brightness and stability of single-molecule fluorescence,” Appl. Spectrosc. 65, 174–180 (2011).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, F.

Stechel, B. E.

A. V. Markel, M. V. Shalaev, B. E. Stechel, W. Kim, and L. R. Armstrong, “Small-particle composites. I. Linear optical properties,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 2425–2436 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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I. M. Stockman, “Inhomogeneous eigenmode localization, chaos, and correlations in large disordered clusters,” Phys. Rev. E 56, 6494–6507 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7, 496–501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tay, L.

M. Moskovits, L. Tay, J. Yang, and T. Haslett, “SERS and the single molecule,” Top. Appl. Phys. 82, 215–223 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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M. Baia, F. Toderas, L. Baia, J. Popp, and S. Astilean, “Probing the enhancement mechanisms of SERS with p-aminothiophenol molecules adsorbed on self-assembled gold colloidal nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 127–132 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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E. M. Goldys, K. D. Tomsia, F. Xie, T. Shtoyko, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, and Z. Gryczynski, “Fluorescence amplification by electrochemically deposited silver nanowires with fractal architecture,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 12117–12122 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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K. Araki, M. J. Wagner, and M. S. Wrighton, “Layer-by-layer growth of electrostatically assembled multilayer porphyrin films,” Langmuir 12, 5393–5398 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Wang, Z. J.

Z. J. Wang, S. L. Pan, T. D. Krauss, H. Du, and L. J. Rothberg, “The structural basis for giant enhancement enabling single-molecule Raman scattering,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100, 8638–8643 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. S. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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K. Araki, M. J. Wagner, and M. S. Wrighton, “Layer-by-layer growth of electrostatically assembled multilayer porphyrin films,” Langmuir 12, 5393–5398 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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F. Xie, M. S. Baker, and E. M. Goldys, “Enhanced fluorescence detection on homogeneous gold colloid self-assembled monolayer substrates,” Chem. Mater. 20, 1788–1797 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Goldys, K. D. Tomsia, F. Xie, T. Shtoyko, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, and Z. Gryczynski, “Fluorescence amplification by electrochemically deposited silver nanowires with fractal architecture,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 12117–12122 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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M. Moskovits, L. Tay, J. Yang, and T. Haslett, “SERS and the single molecule,” Top. Appl. Phys. 82, 215–223 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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J. Zhang, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, Z. Leonenko, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced fluoroimmunoassay on a silver film by vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 7969–7975 (2005).
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Zhang, Y. J.

Zhang, Z. S.

Zhao, L. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, H. B.

Zoriniants, G.

G. Zoriniants and W. L. Barnes, “Fluorescence enhancement through modified dye molecule absorption associated with the localized surface plasmon resonances of metallic dimers,” New J. Phys. 10, 105002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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A. R. Guerrero and R. F. Aroca, “Surface-enhanced fluorescence with shell-isolated nanoparticles (SHINEF),” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50, 665–668 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. Y. Lang, P. F. Guan, L. Zhang, T. Fujita, and M. W. Chen, “Size dependence of molecular fluorescence enhancement of nanoporous gold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 073701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

Chem. Mater. (1)

F. Xie, M. S. Baker, and E. M. Goldys, “Enhanced fluorescence detection on homogeneous gold colloid self-assembled monolayer substrates,” Chem. Mater. 20, 1788–1797 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Baia, F. Toderas, L. Baia, J. Popp, and S. Astilean, “Probing the enhancement mechanisms of SERS with p-aminothiophenol molecules adsorbed on self-assembled gold colloidal nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 127–132 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

E. M. Goldys, K. D. Tomsia, F. Xie, T. Shtoyko, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, and Z. Gryczynski, “Fluorescence amplification by electrochemically deposited silver nanowires with fractal architecture,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 12117–12122 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

C. George, S. Konstantin, B. W. Gregory, and T. M. Cotton, “Colloidal metal films as a substrate for surface-enhanced spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. 99, 9466–9471 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (3)

J. Zhang, E. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, Z. Leonenko, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced fluoroimmunoassay on a silver film by vapor deposition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 7969–7975 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Parfenov, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, C. D. Geddes, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence from fluorophores on fractal silver surfaces,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 8829–8833(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

E. Fort and S. Gresillon, “Surface enhanced fluorescence,” J. Phys. D 41, 013001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir (1)

K. Araki, M. J. Wagner, and M. S. Wrighton, “Layer-by-layer growth of electrostatically assembled multilayer porphyrin films,” Langmuir 12, 5393–5398 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7, 496–501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. S. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

G. Zoriniants and W. L. Barnes, “Fluorescence enhancement through modified dye molecule absorption associated with the localized surface plasmon resonances of metallic dimers,” New J. Phys. 10, 105002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. V. Markel, M. V. Shalaev, B. E. Stechel, W. Kim, and L. R. Armstrong, “Small-particle composites. I. Linear optical properties,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 2425–2436 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

I. M. Stockman, “Inhomogeneous eigenmode localization, chaos, and correlations in large disordered clusters,” Phys. Rev. E 56, 6494–6507 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

P. Anger, P. Bharadwaj, and L. Novotny, “Enhancement and quenching of single-molecule fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 113002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

Z. J. Wang, S. L. Pan, T. D. Krauss, H. Du, and L. J. Rothberg, “The structural basis for giant enhancement enabling single-molecule Raman scattering,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100, 8638–8643 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spectrochim. Acta A (1)

C. D. Geddes, A. Parfenov, D. Roll, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Roughened silver electrodes for use in metal-enhanced fluorescence,” Spectrochim. Acta A 60, 1977–1983 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Top. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Moskovits, L. Tay, J. Yang, and T. Haslett, “SERS and the single molecule,” Top. Appl. Phys. 82, 215–223 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of (a) Ag/APS structure and (b) Ag fractal/PATP/Ag NP sandwich structures for SEF of Rh6G monolayer (starbursts and filled circles represent Ag fractal structures deposited on glass and Ag NPs deposited on a silver fractallike structure, respectively).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) TEM image of silver colloids, (b) AFM images of deposited Ag NPs, (c) a fractallike silver substrate, and (d) a fractallike silver structure decorated with Ag NPs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fluorescence emission of Rh6G on (curve a) a bare glass slide, (curve b) Ag NPs, (curve c) silver fractallike structures, and (curve d) silver fractallike structures decorated with Ag NPs deposited on a glass slide.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Enhancement factor of a fluorophore deposited on a bare glass slide, silver NPs (black), silver fractallike structures (red), and silver fractallike structures decorated with Ag NPs (blue) deposited on a glass slide.

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