Abstract

A technique to study the drying of paints, based on phase-shifting digital holography, is presented. The technique is applied to the drying process of solvent-based paint on a three-dimensional surface at different substrate temperatures. For processing the data, a cross-correlation function and phase change derived from reconstructed complex amplitudes are calculated to visualize and to evaluate the local variations in the dryness of paint. The relationship between the optical signal obtained by the holographic method and the actual microscopic variations occurring in the paint film is also investigated using the gravimetric technique and a microscope. It is shown that the holographic technique can determine the stationary state of a painted surface corresponding to the end of the falling rate period in the drying process. The holographic technique detects mainly the activity on the surface and is applicable to assessment of the early drying process of paint.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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