Abstract

Two types of high birefringence photonic crystal fiber (PCF) which import four or six big circular air holes near the elliptical-hole are proposed. Their birefringent and dispersive properties are analyzed by full-vector finite-element method (FEM). Numerical analysis demonstrates that importing the big circular hole near the center of elliptical-hole PCFs can achieve a high birefringence. When the ratio (d/Λ) of diameter to hole spacing is larger than 0.8, the proposed two types of PCF have a larger birefringence than that of sole elliptical air hole ones. When the ratio d/Λ is equal to 0.95, the birefringences of these two types PCF can be as high as 4.27×103 and 5.09×103 at the wavelength of 1.55μm, respectively. Besides, PCF with the four big circular air holes has a large negative dispersion at the long wavelength in x-polarized mode, which indicates a potential in single-polarized mode dispersion compensation.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1547–1549 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539(1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. C. Knight, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Nature 424, 847–851(2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y.-S. Sun, Y.-F. Chau, H.-H. Yeh, L.-F. Shen, T.-J. Yang, and D. P. Tsai, “High birefringence photonic crystal fiber with a complex unit cell of asymmetric elliptical air hole cladding,” Appl. Opt. 46, 5276–5281 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. Saitoh, Y. Tsuchida, M. Koshiba, and N. A. Mortensen, “Endlessly single-mode holey fibers: the influence of core design,” Opt. Express 13, 10833–10839 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961–963 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, and D. J. Richardson, “Comparative study of large-mode holey and conventional fibers,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1045–1047 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Hasegawa, and E. Sasaoka, “Chromatic dispersion control in photonic crystal fibers: application to ultra-flattened dispersion,” Opt. Express 11, 843–852(2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Ferrando, E. Silvestre, J. J. Miret, and Andrés, “Nearly zero ultra-flattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 790–792 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, and M. Douay, “Form-induced birefringence in elliptical hollow photonics crystal fiber with large mode area,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558–1564 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, T. Sun, Y. Li, L. Jin, J. Liu, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with two big circular air holes adjacent to the core,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2638–2640 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Chen and L. Shen, “Ultrahigh birefringent photonic crystal fiber with ultra low confinement loss,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 185–187 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588–590 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2652–2658 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. L. Wang, S. Lou, W. Chen, and H. Li, “Design of a single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fiber with a near-Gaussian mode field and wide bandwidth,” Appl. Opt. 49, 6196–6200 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, “Single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1384–1386 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, “Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182–184 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Ju, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Design of single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fiber at 1.30 and 1.55 μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 825–830 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. D. J. J. Hu, P. Shum, C. Lu, X. Yu, G. Wang, and G. Ren, “Holey fiber design for single-polarization single-mode guidance,” Appl. Opt. 48, 4038–4043 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. N. A. Issa, M. A. V. Eijkelenborg, M. Fellew, F. Cox, G. Henry, and M. C. J. Large, “Fabrication and study of microstructured optical fibers with elliptical holes,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1336–1338(2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. F. Beltrán-Mejía, G. Chesini, E. Silvestre, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, and C. M. Cordeiro, “Ultrahigh-birefringent squeezed lattice photonic crystal fiber with rotated elliptical air holes,” Opt. Lett. 35, 544–546 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. L. Wang and D. Yang, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole rectangular-lattice photonic crystal fibers with modified air holes near the core,” Opt. Express 15, 8892–8897 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, M. Tanaka, and M. Fujita, “Optical properties of a low-loss polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 9, 676–680 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. M. J. Steel and J. R. M. Osgood, “Elliptical-hole photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 26, 229–231 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  25. H. Huang, The Theoretical and Experimental Study of Photonic Crystal Fibers (Zhejiang University, 2006), pp. 30–39.
  26. F. Brechet, J. Marcou, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, “Complete analysis of the characteristics of propagation into photonic crystal fibers by the finite element method,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6, 181–191 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  27. S. Kim, C.-S. Kee, and C. G. Lee, “Modified rectangular lattice photonic crystal fibers with high birefringence and negative dispersion,” Opt. Express 17, 7952–7957 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, T. Sun, L. Jin, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with squeezed hexagonal lattice,” Opt. Lett. 32, 469–471 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. L. Wang, Study on Polarization Maintaining Photonic Crystal Fiber and Its Application on Fiber Optic Gyroscope (Beijing Jiaotong University, 2009), pp. 40–43.
    [PubMed]
  30. S. Lou, Z. Wang, and G. Ren, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crytal fibers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 24, 1310–1315(2004).

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

2007 (4)

2006 (2)

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, T. Sun, Y. Li, L. Jin, J. Liu, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with two big circular air holes adjacent to the core,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2638–2640 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Ju, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Design of single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fiber at 1.30 and 1.55 μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 825–830 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (3)

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, “Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Lou, Z. Wang, and G. Ren, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crytal fibers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 24, 1310–1315(2004).

N. A. Issa, M. A. V. Eijkelenborg, M. Fellew, F. Cox, G. Henry, and M. C. J. Large, “Fabrication and study of microstructured optical fibers with elliptical holes,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1336–1338(2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, “Single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1384–1386 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Hasegawa, and E. Sasaoka, “Chromatic dispersion control in photonic crystal fibers: application to ultra-flattened dispersion,” Opt. Express 11, 843–852(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Nature 424, 847–851(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (4)

2000 (2)

A. Ferrando, E. Silvestre, J. J. Miret, and Andrés, “Nearly zero ultra-flattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 790–792 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Brechet, J. Marcou, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, “Complete analysis of the characteristics of propagation into photonic crystal fibers by the finite element method,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6, 181–191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539(1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

Allan, D. C.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539(1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andrés,

Atkin, D. M.

Baggett, J. C.

Belardi, W.

W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, and M. Douay, “Form-induced birefringence in elliptical hollow photonics crystal fiber with large mode area,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558–1564 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Beltrán-Mejía, F.

Berghmans, F.

Birks, T. A.

Bjarklev, A.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bouwmans, G.

W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, and M. Douay, “Form-induced birefringence in elliptical hollow photonics crystal fiber with large mode area,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558–1564 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brechet, F.

F. Brechet, J. Marcou, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, “Complete analysis of the characteristics of propagation into photonic crystal fibers by the finite element method,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6, 181–191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chau, Y.-F.

Chen, D.

D. Chen and L. Shen, “Ultrahigh birefringent photonic crystal fiber with ultra low confinement loss,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 185–187 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

Chesini, G.

Cordeiro, C. M.

Cox, F.

Cregan, R. F.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539(1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Demokan, M. S.

Dong, X.

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, T. Sun, L. Jin, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with squeezed hexagonal lattice,” Opt. Lett. 32, 469–471 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, T. Sun, Y. Li, L. Jin, J. Liu, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with two big circular air holes adjacent to the core,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2638–2640 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Douay, M.

W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, and M. Douay, “Form-induced birefringence in elliptical hollow photonics crystal fiber with large mode area,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558–1564 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eijkelenborg, M. A. V.

Fellew, M.

Ferrando, A.

Fujita, M.

Furusawa, K.

George, A. K.

Hansen, T. P.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, T.

Henry, G.

Hu, D. J. J.

Huang, H.

H. Huang, The Theoretical and Experimental Study of Photonic Crystal Fibers (Zhejiang University, 2006), pp. 30–39.

Issa, N. A.

Jensen, J. R.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jin, L.

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, T. Sun, L. Jin, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with squeezed hexagonal lattice,” Opt. Lett. 32, 469–471 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, T. Sun, Y. Li, L. Jin, J. Liu, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with two big circular air holes adjacent to the core,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2638–2640 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jin, W.

Ju, J.

Kai, G.

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, T. Sun, L. Jin, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with squeezed hexagonal lattice,” Opt. Lett. 32, 469–471 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, T. Sun, Y. Li, L. Jin, J. Liu, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with two big circular air holes adjacent to the core,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2638–2640 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, “Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, M. Tanaka, and M. Fujita, “Optical properties of a low-loss polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 9, 676–680 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kee, C.-S.

Kim, S.

Klimek, J.

Knight, J. C.

Knudsen, E.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Koshiba, M.

Koyanagi, S.

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, “Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, H.

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, “Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, M. Tanaka, and M. Fujita, “Optical properties of a low-loss polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 9, 676–680 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Large, M. C. J.

Lee, C. G.

Li, H.

Li, Y.

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, T. Sun, L. Jin, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with squeezed hexagonal lattice,” Opt. Lett. 32, 469–471 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, T. Sun, Y. Li, L. Jin, J. Liu, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with two big circular air holes adjacent to the core,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2638–2640 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Libori, S. E. B.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, T. Sun, L. Jin, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with squeezed hexagonal lattice,” Opt. Lett. 32, 469–471 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, T. Sun, Y. Li, L. Jin, J. Liu, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with two big circular air holes adjacent to the core,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2638–2640 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, T. Sun, L. Jin, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with squeezed hexagonal lattice,” Opt. Lett. 32, 469–471 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, T. Sun, Y. Li, L. Jin, J. Liu, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with two big circular air holes adjacent to the core,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2638–2640 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lou, S.

Lu, C.

Lu, Y.

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, T. Sun, L. Jin, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with squeezed hexagonal lattice,” Opt. Lett. 32, 469–471 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, T. Sun, Y. Li, L. Jin, J. Liu, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with two big circular air holes adjacent to the core,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2638–2640 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Makara, M.

Mangan, B. J.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539(1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marcou, J.

F. Brechet, J. Marcou, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, “Complete analysis of the characteristics of propagation into photonic crystal fibers by the finite element method,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6, 181–191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Martynkien, T.

Miret, J. J.

Monro, T. M.

Mortensen, N. A.

Nasilowski, T.

Olszewski, J.

Osgood, J. R. M.

Pagnoux, D.

F. Brechet, J. Marcou, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, “Complete analysis of the characteristics of propagation into photonic crystal fibers by the finite element method,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6, 181–191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Provino, L.

W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, and M. Douay, “Form-induced birefringence in elliptical hollow photonics crystal fiber with large mode area,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558–1564 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ren, G.

D. J. J. Hu, P. Shum, C. Lu, X. Yu, G. Wang, and G. Ren, “Holey fiber design for single-polarization single-mode guidance,” Appl. Opt. 48, 4038–4043 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Lou, Z. Wang, and G. Ren, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crytal fibers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 24, 1310–1315(2004).

Richardson, D. J.

Roberts, P. J.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539(1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roy, P.

F. Brechet, J. Marcou, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, “Complete analysis of the characteristics of propagation into photonic crystal fibers by the finite element method,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6, 181–191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

Saitoh, K.

Sasaoka, E.

Shen, L.

D. Chen and L. Shen, “Ultrahigh birefringent photonic crystal fiber with ultra low confinement loss,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 185–187 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shen, L.-F.

Shum, P.

Silvestre, E.

Simonsen, H.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Statkiewicz, G.

Steel, M. J.

Sun, T.

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, T. Sun, L. Jin, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with squeezed hexagonal lattice,” Opt. Lett. 32, 469–471 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, T. Sun, Y. Li, L. Jin, J. Liu, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with two big circular air holes adjacent to the core,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2638–2640 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.-S.

Suzuki, K.

Szpulak, M.

Tanaka, M.

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, “Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, M. Tanaka, and M. Fujita, “Optical properties of a low-loss polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 9, 676–680 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thienpont, H.

Tsai, D. P.

Tsuchida, Y.

Urbanczyk, W.

Wang, G.

Wang, L.

Wang, Z.

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, T. Sun, L. Jin, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with squeezed hexagonal lattice,” Opt. Lett. 32, 469–471 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, T. Sun, Y. Li, L. Jin, J. Liu, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with two big circular air holes adjacent to the core,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2638–2640 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Lou, Z. Wang, and G. Ren, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crytal fibers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 24, 1310–1315(2004).

Wójcik, J.

Yamaguchi, S.

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, “Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D.

Yang, T.-J.

Yeh, H.-H.

Yu, X.

Yuan, S.

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, T. Sun, L. Jin, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with squeezed hexagonal lattice,” Opt. Lett. 32, 469–471 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, T. Sun, Y. Li, L. Jin, J. Liu, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with two big circular air holes adjacent to the core,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2638–2640 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yue, Y.

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, T. Sun, L. Jin, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with squeezed hexagonal lattice,” Opt. Lett. 32, 469–471 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, T. Sun, Y. Li, L. Jin, J. Liu, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with two big circular air holes adjacent to the core,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2638–2640 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, T. Sun, L. Jin, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with squeezed hexagonal lattice,” Opt. Lett. 32, 469–471 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, T. Sun, Y. Li, L. Jin, J. Liu, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with two big circular air holes adjacent to the core,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2638–2640 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Acta Opt. Sin. (1)

S. Lou, Z. Wang, and G. Ren, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crytal fibers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 24, 1310–1315(2004).

Appl. Opt. (4)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, and M. Douay, “Form-induced birefringence in elliptical hollow photonics crystal fiber with large mode area,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558–1564 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, T. Sun, Y. Li, L. Jin, J. Liu, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with two big circular air holes adjacent to the core,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2638–2640 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen and L. Shen, “Ultrahigh birefringent photonic crystal fiber with ultra low confinement loss,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 185–187 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, “Single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1384–1386 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, “Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nature (1)

J. C. Knight, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Nature 424, 847–851(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

F. Brechet, J. Marcou, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, “Complete analysis of the characteristics of propagation into photonic crystal fibers by the finite element method,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6, 181–191 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (8)

N. A. Issa, M. A. V. Eijkelenborg, M. Fellew, F. Cox, G. Henry, and M. C. J. Large, “Fabrication and study of microstructured optical fibers with elliptical holes,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1336–1338(2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ferrando, E. Silvestre, J. J. Miret, and Andrés, “Nearly zero ultra-flattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 790–792 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961–963 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1547–1549 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Steel and J. R. M. Osgood, “Elliptical-hole photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 26, 229–231 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, and D. J. Richardson, “Comparative study of large-mode holey and conventional fibers,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1045–1047 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Beltrán-Mejía, G. Chesini, E. Silvestre, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, and C. M. Cordeiro, “Ultrahigh-birefringent squeezed lattice photonic crystal fiber with rotated elliptical air holes,” Opt. Lett. 35, 544–546 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, T. Sun, L. Jin, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with squeezed hexagonal lattice,” Opt. Lett. 32, 469–471 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539(1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

L. Wang, Study on Polarization Maintaining Photonic Crystal Fiber and Its Application on Fiber Optic Gyroscope (Beijing Jiaotong University, 2009), pp. 40–43.
[PubMed]

H. Huang, The Theoretical and Experimental Study of Photonic Crystal Fibers (Zhejiang University, 2006), pp. 30–39.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Four types of PCF: (a) type1; (b) type2; (c) type3; (d) type4.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

One quarter of the fiber cross section of type2.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Vector mode field distribution of y-polarized mode: (a) type2; (b) type4.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Contour plot of intensity distribution of the y-polarized mode: (a) type2; (b) type4.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Birefringence property of the proposed four big circular air holes PCF.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Birefringence property of the proposed six big circular air holes PCF.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Birefringence as a function of d / Λ . ( λ = 1.55 μm ).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Dispersion in x-polarized mode of the proposed four big circular air holes PCF.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Dispersion in x-polarized mode of the proposed six big circular air holes PCF.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Dispersion in y-polarized mode of the proposed four big circular air holes PCF.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Dispersion in y-polarized mode of the proposed six big circular air holes PCF.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

B = Δ n eff = | n eff x n eff y | .
D w = λ c d 2 n eff d λ 2 ,

Metrics