Abstract

We present detailed investigations of the spectral dependencies of the transmission of a fiber optical loop mirror (FOLM) consisting of a coupler with output ports spliced at arbitrary angles to a high-birefringence (Hi-Bi) fiber. The application for dual-wavelength lasers is discussed. For this aim, the spectral dependence of the reflection is tuned by the temperature of the Hi-Bi fiber that allows a fine adjustment of the cavity loss for generated wavelengths. The ratio between maximum and minimum reflection can be adjusted by the twist angle of the fiber at the splices, which also provides useful possibilities for the adjustment of cavity losses. We used the twist and temperature variation of the Hi-Bi fiber to change the operation from single wavelength to stable dual-wavelength generation with either equal or unequal powers of wavelengths.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. X. Fang and R. O. Claus, “Polarization-independent all-fiber wavelength-division multiplexer based on a Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2146–2148 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and A. R. Boyain, “All-fiber polarization-independent narrow band wavelength-division multiplexer,” Opt. Commun. 138, 31–34 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. I. Huixtlaca, G. Beltrán, J. Castillo, and S. Muñoz, “Fiber laser thermally tunable by a filter composed of two Sagnac interferometers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 49–55 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Gonzalez, O. Pottiez, R. Grajales, B. Ibarra, and E. A. Kuzin, “Switchable and tuneable multi-wavelength Er-doped fibre ring laser using Sagnac filters,” Laser Phys. 20, 720–725(2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387–1389 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber-ring laser based on one polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating in a Sagnac loop interferometer,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 264–267 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Li, K. S. Chiang, and W. A. Gambling, “Gain flattening of an erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1076 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Flores-Rosas, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and M. Bello-Jiménez, “Eliminación de ruido de ASE en una fibra dopada con erbio empleando un filtro basado en el interferómetro de Sagnac con fibra de Hi-Bi en el lazo,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 54, 130–134 (2008).
  9. J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, E. A. Kuzin, and B. Ibarra-Escamilla, “Teoría del interferómetro de Sagnac de fibra de baja birrefringencia y torcida,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 47, 271–274 (2001).
  10. X. Ma, G. Kai, and Z. Wu, “Study of polarization independence for high birefringence fiber Sagnac interferometers,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 183–185 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. A. Mirza and G. Stewart, “Theory and design of a simple tunable Sagnac loop filter for multiwavelength fiber lasers,” Appl. Opt. 47, 5242–5252 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. L. Liu, Q. Zhao, G. Zhou, H. Zhang, S. Chen, L. Zhao, Y. Yao, P. Guo, and X. Dong, “Study on an optical filter constituted by concatenated Hi-Bi fiber loop mirrors,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 23–26 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. S. Lim, C. H. Pua, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Fiber loop mirror filter with two-stage high birefringence fibers,” Prog. Electromag. Res. C 9, 101–108 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. E. A. Kuzin, H. Cerecedo-Nuñez, and N. Korneev, “Alignment of a birefringent fiber Sagnac interferometer by fiber twist,” Opt. Commun. 160, 37–41 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. Eickhoff, “Temperature sensing by mode-mode interference in birefringent optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 6, 204–206 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. K. S. Lim, C. H. Pua, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Temperature-sensitive dual-segment polarization maintaining fiber Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 377–381(2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. X.-J. Jia, Y.-G. Liu, L.-B. Si, Z.-C. Guo, S.-G. Fu, G.-Y. Kai, and X.-Y. Dong, “A tunable narrow-line-width multi-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on a high birefringence fiber ring mirror and an auto-tracking filter,” Opt. Commun. 281, 90–93 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Durán-Sánchez, A. Flores-Rosas, R. I. Alvarez-Tamayo, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, M. Bello-Jimenez, and B. Ibarra-Escamilla, “Fine adjustment of cavity loss by Sagnac loop for a dual wavelength generation,” Laser Phys. 20, 1270–1273(2010).
    [CrossRef]
  19. D. B. Mortimore, “Fiber loop reflectors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217–1224 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  20. C. Tsao, Optical Fiber Waveguide Analysis (Oxford Science, 1992).
  21. P. McIntyre and A. W. Snyder, “Light propagation in twisted anisotropic media: application to photoreceptors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 149–157 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

A. Gonzalez, O. Pottiez, R. Grajales, B. Ibarra, and E. A. Kuzin, “Switchable and tuneable multi-wavelength Er-doped fibre ring laser using Sagnac filters,” Laser Phys. 20, 720–725(2010).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Lim, C. H. Pua, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Temperature-sensitive dual-segment polarization maintaining fiber Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 377–381(2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Durán-Sánchez, A. Flores-Rosas, R. I. Alvarez-Tamayo, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, M. Bello-Jimenez, and B. Ibarra-Escamilla, “Fine adjustment of cavity loss by Sagnac loop for a dual wavelength generation,” Laser Phys. 20, 1270–1273(2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

K. S. Lim, C. H. Pua, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Fiber loop mirror filter with two-stage high birefringence fibers,” Prog. Electromag. Res. C 9, 101–108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber-ring laser based on one polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating in a Sagnac loop interferometer,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 264–267 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

A. Flores-Rosas, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and M. Bello-Jiménez, “Eliminación de ruido de ASE en una fibra dopada con erbio empleando un filtro basado en el interferómetro de Sagnac con fibra de Hi-Bi en el lazo,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 54, 130–134 (2008).

I. Huixtlaca, G. Beltrán, J. Castillo, and S. Muñoz, “Fiber laser thermally tunable by a filter composed of two Sagnac interferometers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 49–55 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X.-J. Jia, Y.-G. Liu, L.-B. Si, Z.-C. Guo, S.-G. Fu, G.-Y. Kai, and X.-Y. Dong, “A tunable narrow-line-width multi-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on a high birefringence fiber ring mirror and an auto-tracking filter,” Opt. Commun. 281, 90–93 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Mirza and G. Stewart, “Theory and design of a simple tunable Sagnac loop filter for multiwavelength fiber lasers,” Appl. Opt. 47, 5242–5252 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

X. Ma, G. Kai, and Z. Wu, “Study of polarization independence for high birefringence fiber Sagnac interferometers,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 183–185 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387–1389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

L. Liu, Q. Zhao, G. Zhou, H. Zhang, S. Chen, L. Zhao, Y. Yao, P. Guo, and X. Dong, “Study on an optical filter constituted by concatenated Hi-Bi fiber loop mirrors,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 23–26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, E. A. Kuzin, and B. Ibarra-Escamilla, “Teoría del interferómetro de Sagnac de fibra de baja birrefringencia y torcida,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 47, 271–274 (2001).

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, and W. A. Gambling, “Gain flattening of an erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1076 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

E. A. Kuzin, H. Cerecedo-Nuñez, and N. Korneev, “Alignment of a birefringent fiber Sagnac interferometer by fiber twist,” Opt. Commun. 160, 37–41 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and A. R. Boyain, “All-fiber polarization-independent narrow band wavelength-division multiplexer,” Opt. Commun. 138, 31–34 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1988 (1)

D. B. Mortimore, “Fiber loop reflectors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217–1224 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

1978 (1)

Ahmad, H.

K. S. Lim, C. H. Pua, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Temperature-sensitive dual-segment polarization maintaining fiber Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 377–381(2010).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Lim, C. H. Pua, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Fiber loop mirror filter with two-stage high birefringence fibers,” Prog. Electromag. Res. C 9, 101–108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez-Tamayo, R. I.

M. Durán-Sánchez, A. Flores-Rosas, R. I. Alvarez-Tamayo, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, M. Bello-Jimenez, and B. Ibarra-Escamilla, “Fine adjustment of cavity loss by Sagnac loop for a dual wavelength generation,” Laser Phys. 20, 1270–1273(2010).
[CrossRef]

Awang, N. A.

K. S. Lim, C. H. Pua, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Fiber loop mirror filter with two-stage high birefringence fibers,” Prog. Electromag. Res. C 9, 101–108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bello-Jimenez, M.

M. Durán-Sánchez, A. Flores-Rosas, R. I. Alvarez-Tamayo, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, M. Bello-Jimenez, and B. Ibarra-Escamilla, “Fine adjustment of cavity loss by Sagnac loop for a dual wavelength generation,” Laser Phys. 20, 1270–1273(2010).
[CrossRef]

Bello-Jiménez, M.

A. Flores-Rosas, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and M. Bello-Jiménez, “Eliminación de ruido de ASE en una fibra dopada con erbio empleando un filtro basado en el interferómetro de Sagnac con fibra de Hi-Bi en el lazo,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 54, 130–134 (2008).

Beltrán, G.

I. Huixtlaca, G. Beltrán, J. Castillo, and S. Muñoz, “Fiber laser thermally tunable by a filter composed of two Sagnac interferometers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 49–55 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boyain, A. R.

A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and A. R. Boyain, “All-fiber polarization-independent narrow band wavelength-division multiplexer,” Opt. Commun. 138, 31–34 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Castillo, J.

I. Huixtlaca, G. Beltrán, J. Castillo, and S. Muñoz, “Fiber laser thermally tunable by a filter composed of two Sagnac interferometers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 49–55 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cerecedo-Nuñez, H.

E. A. Kuzin, H. Cerecedo-Nuñez, and N. Korneev, “Alignment of a birefringent fiber Sagnac interferometer by fiber twist,” Opt. Commun. 160, 37–41 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

L. Liu, Q. Zhao, G. Zhou, H. Zhang, S. Chen, L. Zhao, Y. Yao, P. Guo, and X. Dong, “Study on an optical filter constituted by concatenated Hi-Bi fiber loop mirrors,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 23–26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chiang, K. S.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, and W. A. Gambling, “Gain flattening of an erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1076 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Claus, R. O.

Dong, X.

L. Liu, Q. Zhao, G. Zhou, H. Zhang, S. Chen, L. Zhao, Y. Yao, P. Guo, and X. Dong, “Study on an optical filter constituted by concatenated Hi-Bi fiber loop mirrors,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 23–26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X.-Y.

X.-J. Jia, Y.-G. Liu, L.-B. Si, Z.-C. Guo, S.-G. Fu, G.-Y. Kai, and X.-Y. Dong, “A tunable narrow-line-width multi-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on a high birefringence fiber ring mirror and an auto-tracking filter,” Opt. Commun. 281, 90–93 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Durán-Sánchez, M.

M. Durán-Sánchez, A. Flores-Rosas, R. I. Alvarez-Tamayo, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, M. Bello-Jimenez, and B. Ibarra-Escamilla, “Fine adjustment of cavity loss by Sagnac loop for a dual wavelength generation,” Laser Phys. 20, 1270–1273(2010).
[CrossRef]

Eickhoff, W.

Estudillo-Ayala, J. M.

J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, E. A. Kuzin, and B. Ibarra-Escamilla, “Teoría del interferómetro de Sagnac de fibra de baja birrefringencia y torcida,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 47, 271–274 (2001).

Fang, X.

Feng, S.

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber-ring laser based on one polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating in a Sagnac loop interferometer,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 264–267 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Flores-Rosas, A.

M. Durán-Sánchez, A. Flores-Rosas, R. I. Alvarez-Tamayo, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, M. Bello-Jimenez, and B. Ibarra-Escamilla, “Fine adjustment of cavity loss by Sagnac loop for a dual wavelength generation,” Laser Phys. 20, 1270–1273(2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Flores-Rosas, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and M. Bello-Jiménez, “Eliminación de ruido de ASE en una fibra dopada con erbio empleando un filtro basado en el interferómetro de Sagnac con fibra de Hi-Bi en el lazo,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 54, 130–134 (2008).

Fu, S.-G.

X.-J. Jia, Y.-G. Liu, L.-B. Si, Z.-C. Guo, S.-G. Fu, G.-Y. Kai, and X.-Y. Dong, “A tunable narrow-line-width multi-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on a high birefringence fiber ring mirror and an auto-tracking filter,” Opt. Commun. 281, 90–93 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gambling, W. A.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, and W. A. Gambling, “Gain flattening of an erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1076 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gonzalez, A.

A. Gonzalez, O. Pottiez, R. Grajales, B. Ibarra, and E. A. Kuzin, “Switchable and tuneable multi-wavelength Er-doped fibre ring laser using Sagnac filters,” Laser Phys. 20, 720–725(2010).
[CrossRef]

Grajales, R.

A. Gonzalez, O. Pottiez, R. Grajales, B. Ibarra, and E. A. Kuzin, “Switchable and tuneable multi-wavelength Er-doped fibre ring laser using Sagnac filters,” Laser Phys. 20, 720–725(2010).
[CrossRef]

Guo, P.

L. Liu, Q. Zhao, G. Zhou, H. Zhang, S. Chen, L. Zhao, Y. Yao, P. Guo, and X. Dong, “Study on an optical filter constituted by concatenated Hi-Bi fiber loop mirrors,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 23–26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guo, Z.-C.

X.-J. Jia, Y.-G. Liu, L.-B. Si, Z.-C. Guo, S.-G. Fu, G.-Y. Kai, and X.-Y. Dong, “A tunable narrow-line-width multi-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on a high birefringence fiber ring mirror and an auto-tracking filter,” Opt. Commun. 281, 90–93 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Harun, S. W.

K. S. Lim, C. H. Pua, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Temperature-sensitive dual-segment polarization maintaining fiber Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 377–381(2010).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Lim, C. H. Pua, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Fiber loop mirror filter with two-stage high birefringence fibers,” Prog. Electromag. Res. C 9, 101–108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hu, S.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387–1389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huixtlaca, I.

I. Huixtlaca, G. Beltrán, J. Castillo, and S. Muñoz, “Fiber laser thermally tunable by a filter composed of two Sagnac interferometers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 49–55 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ibarra, B.

A. Gonzalez, O. Pottiez, R. Grajales, B. Ibarra, and E. A. Kuzin, “Switchable and tuneable multi-wavelength Er-doped fibre ring laser using Sagnac filters,” Laser Phys. 20, 720–725(2010).
[CrossRef]

Ibarra-Escamilla, B.

M. Durán-Sánchez, A. Flores-Rosas, R. I. Alvarez-Tamayo, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, M. Bello-Jimenez, and B. Ibarra-Escamilla, “Fine adjustment of cavity loss by Sagnac loop for a dual wavelength generation,” Laser Phys. 20, 1270–1273(2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Flores-Rosas, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and M. Bello-Jiménez, “Eliminación de ruido de ASE en una fibra dopada con erbio empleando un filtro basado en el interferómetro de Sagnac con fibra de Hi-Bi en el lazo,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 54, 130–134 (2008).

J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, E. A. Kuzin, and B. Ibarra-Escamilla, “Teoría del interferómetro de Sagnac de fibra de baja birrefringencia y torcida,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 47, 271–274 (2001).

Jia, X.-J.

X.-J. Jia, Y.-G. Liu, L.-B. Si, Z.-C. Guo, S.-G. Fu, G.-Y. Kai, and X.-Y. Dong, “A tunable narrow-line-width multi-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on a high birefringence fiber ring mirror and an auto-tracking filter,” Opt. Commun. 281, 90–93 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jian, S.

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber-ring laser based on one polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating in a Sagnac loop interferometer,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 264–267 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kai, G.

X. Ma, G. Kai, and Z. Wu, “Study of polarization independence for high birefringence fiber Sagnac interferometers,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 183–185 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kai, G.-Y.

X.-J. Jia, Y.-G. Liu, L.-B. Si, Z.-C. Guo, S.-G. Fu, G.-Y. Kai, and X.-Y. Dong, “A tunable narrow-line-width multi-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on a high birefringence fiber ring mirror and an auto-tracking filter,” Opt. Commun. 281, 90–93 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Korneev, N.

E. A. Kuzin, H. Cerecedo-Nuñez, and N. Korneev, “Alignment of a birefringent fiber Sagnac interferometer by fiber twist,” Opt. Commun. 160, 37–41 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kuzin, E. A.

A. Gonzalez, O. Pottiez, R. Grajales, B. Ibarra, and E. A. Kuzin, “Switchable and tuneable multi-wavelength Er-doped fibre ring laser using Sagnac filters,” Laser Phys. 20, 720–725(2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Durán-Sánchez, A. Flores-Rosas, R. I. Alvarez-Tamayo, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, M. Bello-Jimenez, and B. Ibarra-Escamilla, “Fine adjustment of cavity loss by Sagnac loop for a dual wavelength generation,” Laser Phys. 20, 1270–1273(2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Flores-Rosas, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and M. Bello-Jiménez, “Eliminación de ruido de ASE en una fibra dopada con erbio empleando un filtro basado en el interferómetro de Sagnac con fibra de Hi-Bi en el lazo,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 54, 130–134 (2008).

J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, E. A. Kuzin, and B. Ibarra-Escamilla, “Teoría del interferómetro de Sagnac de fibra de baja birrefringencia y torcida,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 47, 271–274 (2001).

E. A. Kuzin, H. Cerecedo-Nuñez, and N. Korneev, “Alignment of a birefringent fiber Sagnac interferometer by fiber twist,” Opt. Commun. 160, 37–41 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Li, S.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, and W. A. Gambling, “Gain flattening of an erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1076 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, W.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387–1389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lim, K. S.

K. S. Lim, C. H. Pua, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Temperature-sensitive dual-segment polarization maintaining fiber Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 377–381(2010).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Lim, C. H. Pua, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Fiber loop mirror filter with two-stage high birefringence fibers,” Prog. Electromag. Res. C 9, 101–108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

L. Liu, Q. Zhao, G. Zhou, H. Zhang, S. Chen, L. Zhao, Y. Yao, P. Guo, and X. Dong, “Study on an optical filter constituted by concatenated Hi-Bi fiber loop mirrors,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 23–26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.-G.

X.-J. Jia, Y.-G. Liu, L.-B. Si, Z.-C. Guo, S.-G. Fu, G.-Y. Kai, and X.-Y. Dong, “A tunable narrow-line-width multi-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on a high birefringence fiber ring mirror and an auto-tracking filter,” Opt. Commun. 281, 90–93 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lu, S.

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber-ring laser based on one polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating in a Sagnac loop interferometer,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 264–267 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Luo, S. Y.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387–1389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ma, X.

X. Ma, G. Kai, and Z. Wu, “Study of polarization independence for high birefringence fiber Sagnac interferometers,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 183–185 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mao, X.

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber-ring laser based on one polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating in a Sagnac loop interferometer,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 264–267 (2009).
[CrossRef]

McIntyre, P.

Mirza, M. A.

Monzon, D.

A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and A. R. Boyain, “All-fiber polarization-independent narrow band wavelength-division multiplexer,” Opt. Commun. 138, 31–34 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mortimore, D. B.

D. B. Mortimore, “Fiber loop reflectors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217–1224 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Muñoz, S.

I. Huixtlaca, G. Beltrán, J. Castillo, and S. Muñoz, “Fiber laser thermally tunable by a filter composed of two Sagnac interferometers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 49–55 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ning, T.

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber-ring laser based on one polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating in a Sagnac loop interferometer,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 264–267 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pottiez, O.

A. Gonzalez, O. Pottiez, R. Grajales, B. Ibarra, and E. A. Kuzin, “Switchable and tuneable multi-wavelength Er-doped fibre ring laser using Sagnac filters,” Laser Phys. 20, 720–725(2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Durán-Sánchez, A. Flores-Rosas, R. I. Alvarez-Tamayo, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, M. Bello-Jimenez, and B. Ibarra-Escamilla, “Fine adjustment of cavity loss by Sagnac loop for a dual wavelength generation,” Laser Phys. 20, 1270–1273(2010).
[CrossRef]

Pua, C. H.

K. S. Lim, C. H. Pua, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Temperature-sensitive dual-segment polarization maintaining fiber Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 377–381(2010).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Lim, C. H. Pua, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Fiber loop mirror filter with two-stage high birefringence fibers,” Prog. Electromag. Res. C 9, 101–108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Si, L.-B.

X.-J. Jia, Y.-G. Liu, L.-B. Si, Z.-C. Guo, S.-G. Fu, G.-Y. Kai, and X.-Y. Dong, “A tunable narrow-line-width multi-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on a high birefringence fiber ring mirror and an auto-tracking filter,” Opt. Commun. 281, 90–93 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, A. W.

Song, Y. J.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387–1389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Starodumov, A. N.

A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and A. R. Boyain, “All-fiber polarization-independent narrow band wavelength-division multiplexer,” Opt. Commun. 138, 31–34 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, G.

Tsao, C.

C. Tsao, Optical Fiber Waveguide Analysis (Oxford Science, 1992).

Wu, Z.

X. Ma, G. Kai, and Z. Wu, “Study of polarization independence for high birefringence fiber Sagnac interferometers,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 183–185 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y. X.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387–1389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, O.

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber-ring laser based on one polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating in a Sagnac loop interferometer,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 264–267 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yao, Y.

L. Liu, Q. Zhao, G. Zhou, H. Zhang, S. Chen, L. Zhao, Y. Yao, P. Guo, and X. Dong, “Study on an optical filter constituted by concatenated Hi-Bi fiber loop mirrors,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 23–26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zenteno, L. A.

A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and A. R. Boyain, “All-fiber polarization-independent narrow band wavelength-division multiplexer,” Opt. Commun. 138, 31–34 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhan, L.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387–1389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

L. Liu, Q. Zhao, G. Zhou, H. Zhang, S. Chen, L. Zhao, Y. Yao, P. Guo, and X. Dong, “Study on an optical filter constituted by concatenated Hi-Bi fiber loop mirrors,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 23–26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L.

L. Liu, Q. Zhao, G. Zhou, H. Zhang, S. Chen, L. Zhao, Y. Yao, P. Guo, and X. Dong, “Study on an optical filter constituted by concatenated Hi-Bi fiber loop mirrors,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 23–26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Q.

L. Liu, Q. Zhao, G. Zhou, H. Zhang, S. Chen, L. Zhao, Y. Yao, P. Guo, and X. Dong, “Study on an optical filter constituted by concatenated Hi-Bi fiber loop mirrors,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 23–26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, G.

L. Liu, Q. Zhao, G. Zhou, H. Zhang, S. Chen, L. Zhao, Y. Yao, P. Guo, and X. Dong, “Study on an optical filter constituted by concatenated Hi-Bi fiber loop mirrors,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 23–26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. Huixtlaca, G. Beltrán, J. Castillo, and S. Muñoz, “Fiber laser thermally tunable by a filter composed of two Sagnac interferometers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 49–55 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387–1389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, and W. A. Gambling, “Gain flattening of an erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1076 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

D. B. Mortimore, “Fiber loop reflectors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217–1224 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Laser Phys. (2)

M. Durán-Sánchez, A. Flores-Rosas, R. I. Alvarez-Tamayo, E. A. Kuzin, O. Pottiez, M. Bello-Jimenez, and B. Ibarra-Escamilla, “Fine adjustment of cavity loss by Sagnac loop for a dual wavelength generation,” Laser Phys. 20, 1270–1273(2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Gonzalez, O. Pottiez, R. Grajales, B. Ibarra, and E. A. Kuzin, “Switchable and tuneable multi-wavelength Er-doped fibre ring laser using Sagnac filters,” Laser Phys. 20, 720–725(2010).
[CrossRef]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (2)

X. Ma, G. Kai, and Z. Wu, “Study of polarization independence for high birefringence fiber Sagnac interferometers,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 183–185 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, Q. Zhao, G. Zhou, H. Zhang, S. Chen, L. Zhao, Y. Yao, P. Guo, and X. Dong, “Study on an optical filter constituted by concatenated Hi-Bi fiber loop mirrors,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 23–26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

E. A. Kuzin, H. Cerecedo-Nuñez, and N. Korneev, “Alignment of a birefringent fiber Sagnac interferometer by fiber twist,” Opt. Commun. 160, 37–41 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Starodumov, L. A. Zenteno, D. Monzon, and A. R. Boyain, “All-fiber polarization-independent narrow band wavelength-division multiplexer,” Opt. Commun. 138, 31–34 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X.-J. Jia, Y.-G. Liu, L.-B. Si, Z.-C. Guo, S.-G. Fu, G.-Y. Kai, and X.-Y. Dong, “A tunable narrow-line-width multi-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser based on a high birefringence fiber ring mirror and an auto-tracking filter,” Opt. Commun. 281, 90–93 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol. (2)

K. S. Lim, C. H. Pua, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Temperature-sensitive dual-segment polarization maintaining fiber Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 377–381(2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber-ring laser based on one polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating in a Sagnac loop interferometer,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 264–267 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Prog. Electromag. Res. C (1)

K. S. Lim, C. H. Pua, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Fiber loop mirror filter with two-stage high birefringence fibers,” Prog. Electromag. Res. C 9, 101–108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mex. Fis. (2)

A. Flores-Rosas, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and M. Bello-Jiménez, “Eliminación de ruido de ASE en una fibra dopada con erbio empleando un filtro basado en el interferómetro de Sagnac con fibra de Hi-Bi en el lazo,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 54, 130–134 (2008).

J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, E. A. Kuzin, and B. Ibarra-Escamilla, “Teoría del interferómetro de Sagnac de fibra de baja birrefringencia y torcida,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 47, 271–274 (2001).

Other (1)

C. Tsao, Optical Fiber Waveguide Analysis (Oxford Science, 1992).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the FOLM with a birefringence fiber in the loop.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

FOLM transmission as a function of the angle ϕ 1 with fixed ϕ 2 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

FOLM transmission spectra as a function of angle ϕ 1 with fixed ϕ 2 . (a) Rotation for ϕ 1 from 0 to 0.5 π , (b) rotation for ϕ 1 from 0.6 π to 1.087 π .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of the wavelength shift of the transmission maximum on the angle ϕ 1 for different beat lengths L b .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Schematic diagram of the dual-wavelength laser.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectrum at the FOLM output for different angles ϕ 1 with fixed ϕ 2 . (a) Rotation of ϕ 1 from 0 ° to 105 ° , (b) rotation for ϕ 1 from 120 ° to 210 ° .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Dependence of wavelength shift of the transmission maximum and minimum on the angle ϕ 1 . (a) ϕ 2 = 55 ° , (b) ϕ 2 = 120 ° , (c) ϕ 2 = 150 ° .

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Laser output spectra at different temperatures. (a) The FOLM spectrum was adjusted to have the highest contrast between the reflection maximum and minimum, ϕ 1 = 120 ° . (b) The FOLM spectrum was adjusted to have a low contrast, ϕ 1 = 30 ° .

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Power at wavelengths λ 1 and λ 2 . (a) Highest contrast between reflection maxima and minima, (b) low contrast between reflection maxima and minima.

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E T = ( E T x E T y ) = ( ( 2 α 1 ) J x x ( 1 α ) J x y + α J y x α J x y ( 1 α ) J y x ( 1 2 α ) J x x ) ( E i x E i y ) ,
J = U 1 · C 1 · U 2 · C 2 · U 3 ,
U k = ( P k Q k * Q k P k * ) ,
P k = cos η k i ( δ k 2 ) sin η k η k ,
Q k = ( ψ k + γ k 2 ) sin η k η k ,
η k = ( δ k 2 ) 2 + ( ψ k + γ k 2 ) 2 .
δ k = ( 2 π λ ) L k L b , k · λ 0 ,
δ k = g · ψ k ,
C n = ( cos θ n sin θ n sin θ n cos θ n ) .
T = I out I in = | E T | 2 | E i | 2 .
Δ λ = λ 2 B · L ,

Metrics