Abstract

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy has been performed to detect trace metal elements (Ca and Mg) in aqueous solution. In order to overcome the sensitivity drawbacks in liquid sample analysis, an absorbent paper was used as the sample support in this experiment. Calibration curves were constructed by using the standard solution with variable concentration and the limit of detection was estimated for each element. Finally this system was used to analyze three types of water samples collected from different locations in Nanjing, China and the results were compared with inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy and showed good correlation.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Sarkar, D. Alamelu, and S. K. Aggarwal, “Determination of thorium and uranium in solution by laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Appl. Opt. 47, G58–G64 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  2. L. St-Onge, E. Kwong, M. Sabsabi, and E. B. Vadas, “Rapid analysis of liquid formulations containing sodium chloride using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 36, 277–284 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. S. L. Lui, Y. Godwal, M. T. Taschuk, Y. Y. Tsui, and R. Fedosejevs, “Detection of lead in water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and laser-induced fluorescence,” Anal. Chem. 80, 1995–2000 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. J. O. Cáceres, J. Tornero López, H. H. Telle, and A. González Ureña, “Quantitative analysis of trace metal ions in ice using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 831–838 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  6. D. Alamelu, A. Sarkar, and S. K. Aggarwal, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for simultaneous determination of Sm, Eu and Gd in aqueous solution,” Talanta 77, 256–261(2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. Z. Chen, Y. Godwal, Y. Y. Tsui, and R. Fedosejevs, “Sensitive detection of metals in water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy on wood sample substrates,” Appl. Opt. 49, C87–C94 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  8. Z. Chen, H. Li, M. Liu, and R. Li, “Fast and sensitive trace metal analysis in aqueous solutions by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using wood slice substrates,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 63, 64–68 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  9. D. M. Díaz Pace, C. A. D’Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, and G. Bertuccelli, “Analysis of heavy metals in liquids using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy by liquid-to-solid matrix conversion,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 61, 929–933(2006).
    [Crossref]
  10. F. Zhao, Z. Chen, F. Zhang, R. Li, and J. Zhou, “Ultra-sensitive detection of heavy metal ions in tap water by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with the assistance of electrical-deposition,” Analytical Methods 2, 408–414 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  11. Y. Lu, Y. Li, J. Wu, S. Zhong, and R. Zheng, “Guided conversion to enhance cation detection in water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 49, C75–C79 (2010).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  13. C. Chaleard, P. Mauchien, N. Andre, J. Uebbing, J. L. Lacour, and C. Geertsen, “Correction of matrix effects in quantitative elemental analysis with laser ablation optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 183–188(1997).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. B. Sirven, P. Mauchien, and B. Sallé, “Analytical optimization of some parameters of a laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy experiment,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 63, 1077–1084(2008).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. Weisberg, J. Craparo, R. De Saro, and R. Pawluczyk, “Comparison of a transmission grating spectrometer to a reflective grating spectrometer for standoff laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Appl. Opt. 49, C200–C210(2010).
    [Crossref]
  16. A. M. El Sherbini, T. M. El Sherbini, H. Hegazy, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, L. Pardini, A. Salvetti, and E. Tognoni, “Evaluation of self-absorption coefficients of aluminum emission lines in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 60, 1573–1579 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  17. R. Wisbrun, I. Schechter, R. Niessner, H. Schroeder, and K. L. Kompa, “Detector for trace elemental analysis of solid environmental samples by laser plasma spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 66, 2964–2975 (1994).
    [Crossref]

2010 (4)

2008 (5)

Z. Chen, H. Li, M. Liu, and R. Li, “Fast and sensitive trace metal analysis in aqueous solutions by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using wood slice substrates,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 63, 64–68 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Alamelu, A. Sarkar, and S. K. Aggarwal, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for simultaneous determination of Sm, Eu and Gd in aqueous solution,” Talanta 77, 256–261(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Sirven, P. Mauchien, and B. Sallé, “Analytical optimization of some parameters of a laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy experiment,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 63, 1077–1084(2008).
[Crossref]

A. Sarkar, D. Alamelu, and S. K. Aggarwal, “Determination of thorium and uranium in solution by laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Appl. Opt. 47, G58–G64 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. L. Lui, Y. Godwal, M. T. Taschuk, Y. Y. Tsui, and R. Fedosejevs, “Detection of lead in water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and laser-induced fluorescence,” Anal. Chem. 80, 1995–2000 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

D. M. Díaz Pace, C. A. D’Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, and G. Bertuccelli, “Analysis of heavy metals in liquids using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy by liquid-to-solid matrix conversion,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 61, 929–933(2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

A. M. El Sherbini, T. M. El Sherbini, H. Hegazy, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, L. Pardini, A. Salvetti, and E. Tognoni, “Evaluation of self-absorption coefficients of aluminum emission lines in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 60, 1573–1579 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

L. St-Onge, E. Kwong, M. Sabsabi, and E. B. Vadas, “Rapid analysis of liquid formulations containing sodium chloride using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 36, 277–284 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

J. O. Cáceres, J. Tornero López, H. H. Telle, and A. González Ureña, “Quantitative analysis of trace metal ions in ice using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 831–838 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

C. Chaleard, P. Mauchien, N. Andre, J. Uebbing, J. L. Lacour, and C. Geertsen, “Correction of matrix effects in quantitative elemental analysis with laser ablation optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 183–188(1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

R. Wisbrun, I. Schechter, R. Niessner, H. Schroeder, and K. L. Kompa, “Detector for trace elemental analysis of solid environmental samples by laser plasma spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 66, 2964–2975 (1994).
[Crossref]

Aggarwal, S. K.

A. Sarkar, D. Alamelu, and S. K. Aggarwal, “Determination of thorium and uranium in solution by laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Appl. Opt. 47, G58–G64 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Alamelu, A. Sarkar, and S. K. Aggarwal, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for simultaneous determination of Sm, Eu and Gd in aqueous solution,” Talanta 77, 256–261(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alamelu, D.

D. Alamelu, A. Sarkar, and S. K. Aggarwal, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for simultaneous determination of Sm, Eu and Gd in aqueous solution,” Talanta 77, 256–261(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Sarkar, D. Alamelu, and S. K. Aggarwal, “Determination of thorium and uranium in solution by laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Appl. Opt. 47, G58–G64 (2008).
[Crossref]

Andre, N.

C. Chaleard, P. Mauchien, N. Andre, J. Uebbing, J. L. Lacour, and C. Geertsen, “Correction of matrix effects in quantitative elemental analysis with laser ablation optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 183–188(1997).
[Crossref]

Angel, S. M.

Bertuccelli, D.

D. M. Díaz Pace, C. A. D’Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, and G. Bertuccelli, “Analysis of heavy metals in liquids using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy by liquid-to-solid matrix conversion,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 61, 929–933(2006).
[Crossref]

Bertuccelli, G.

D. M. Díaz Pace, C. A. D’Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, and G. Bertuccelli, “Analysis of heavy metals in liquids using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy by liquid-to-solid matrix conversion,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 61, 929–933(2006).
[Crossref]

Cáceres, J. O.

J. O. Cáceres, J. Tornero López, H. H. Telle, and A. González Ureña, “Quantitative analysis of trace metal ions in ice using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 831–838 (2001).
[Crossref]

Chaleard, C.

C. Chaleard, P. Mauchien, N. Andre, J. Uebbing, J. L. Lacour, and C. Geertsen, “Correction of matrix effects in quantitative elemental analysis with laser ablation optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 183–188(1997).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

F. Zhao, Z. Chen, F. Zhang, R. Li, and J. Zhou, “Ultra-sensitive detection of heavy metal ions in tap water by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with the assistance of electrical-deposition,” Analytical Methods 2, 408–414 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Chen, Y. Godwal, Y. Y. Tsui, and R. Fedosejevs, “Sensitive detection of metals in water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy on wood sample substrates,” Appl. Opt. 49, C87–C94 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Chen, H. Li, M. Liu, and R. Li, “Fast and sensitive trace metal analysis in aqueous solutions by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using wood slice substrates,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 63, 64–68 (2008).
[Crossref]

Craparo, J.

Cristoforetti, G.

A. M. El Sherbini, T. M. El Sherbini, H. Hegazy, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, L. Pardini, A. Salvetti, and E. Tognoni, “Evaluation of self-absorption coefficients of aluminum emission lines in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 60, 1573–1579 (2005).
[Crossref]

D’Angelo, C. A.

D. M. Díaz Pace, C. A. D’Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, and G. Bertuccelli, “Analysis of heavy metals in liquids using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy by liquid-to-solid matrix conversion,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 61, 929–933(2006).
[Crossref]

De Saro, R.

Díaz Pace, D. M.

D. M. Díaz Pace, C. A. D’Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, and G. Bertuccelli, “Analysis of heavy metals in liquids using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy by liquid-to-solid matrix conversion,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 61, 929–933(2006).
[Crossref]

El Sherbini, A. M.

A. M. El Sherbini, T. M. El Sherbini, H. Hegazy, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, L. Pardini, A. Salvetti, and E. Tognoni, “Evaluation of self-absorption coefficients of aluminum emission lines in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 60, 1573–1579 (2005).
[Crossref]

El Sherbini, T. M.

A. M. El Sherbini, T. M. El Sherbini, H. Hegazy, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, L. Pardini, A. Salvetti, and E. Tognoni, “Evaluation of self-absorption coefficients of aluminum emission lines in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 60, 1573–1579 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fedosejevs, R.

Z. Chen, Y. Godwal, Y. Y. Tsui, and R. Fedosejevs, “Sensitive detection of metals in water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy on wood sample substrates,” Appl. Opt. 49, C87–C94 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. L. Lui, Y. Godwal, M. T. Taschuk, Y. Y. Tsui, and R. Fedosejevs, “Detection of lead in water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and laser-induced fluorescence,” Anal. Chem. 80, 1995–2000 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geertsen, C.

C. Chaleard, P. Mauchien, N. Andre, J. Uebbing, J. L. Lacour, and C. Geertsen, “Correction of matrix effects in quantitative elemental analysis with laser ablation optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 183–188(1997).
[Crossref]

Godwal, Y.

Z. Chen, Y. Godwal, Y. Y. Tsui, and R. Fedosejevs, “Sensitive detection of metals in water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy on wood sample substrates,” Appl. Opt. 49, C87–C94 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. L. Lui, Y. Godwal, M. T. Taschuk, Y. Y. Tsui, and R. Fedosejevs, “Detection of lead in water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and laser-induced fluorescence,” Anal. Chem. 80, 1995–2000 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

González Ureña, A.

J. O. Cáceres, J. Tornero López, H. H. Telle, and A. González Ureña, “Quantitative analysis of trace metal ions in ice using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 831–838 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hegazy, H.

A. M. El Sherbini, T. M. El Sherbini, H. Hegazy, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, L. Pardini, A. Salvetti, and E. Tognoni, “Evaluation of self-absorption coefficients of aluminum emission lines in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 60, 1573–1579 (2005).
[Crossref]

Householder, P. A.

Kompa, K. L.

R. Wisbrun, I. Schechter, R. Niessner, H. Schroeder, and K. L. Kompa, “Detector for trace elemental analysis of solid environmental samples by laser plasma spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 66, 2964–2975 (1994).
[Crossref]

Kwong, E.

L. St-Onge, E. Kwong, M. Sabsabi, and E. B. Vadas, “Rapid analysis of liquid formulations containing sodium chloride using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 36, 277–284 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lacour, J. L.

C. Chaleard, P. Mauchien, N. Andre, J. Uebbing, J. L. Lacour, and C. Geertsen, “Correction of matrix effects in quantitative elemental analysis with laser ablation optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 183–188(1997).
[Crossref]

Legnaioli, S.

A. M. El Sherbini, T. M. El Sherbini, H. Hegazy, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, L. Pardini, A. Salvetti, and E. Tognoni, “Evaluation of self-absorption coefficients of aluminum emission lines in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 60, 1573–1579 (2005).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Z. Chen, H. Li, M. Liu, and R. Li, “Fast and sensitive trace metal analysis in aqueous solutions by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using wood slice substrates,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 63, 64–68 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, R.

F. Zhao, Z. Chen, F. Zhang, R. Li, and J. Zhou, “Ultra-sensitive detection of heavy metal ions in tap water by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with the assistance of electrical-deposition,” Analytical Methods 2, 408–414 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Chen, H. Li, M. Liu, and R. Li, “Fast and sensitive trace metal analysis in aqueous solutions by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using wood slice substrates,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 63, 64–68 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Liu, M.

Z. Chen, H. Li, M. Liu, and R. Li, “Fast and sensitive trace metal analysis in aqueous solutions by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using wood slice substrates,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 63, 64–68 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.

Lui, S. L.

S. L. Lui, Y. Godwal, M. T. Taschuk, Y. Y. Tsui, and R. Fedosejevs, “Detection of lead in water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and laser-induced fluorescence,” Anal. Chem. 80, 1995–2000 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mauchien, P.

J. B. Sirven, P. Mauchien, and B. Sallé, “Analytical optimization of some parameters of a laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy experiment,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 63, 1077–1084(2008).
[Crossref]

C. Chaleard, P. Mauchien, N. Andre, J. Uebbing, J. L. Lacour, and C. Geertsen, “Correction of matrix effects in quantitative elemental analysis with laser ablation optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 183–188(1997).
[Crossref]

Niessner, R.

R. Wisbrun, I. Schechter, R. Niessner, H. Schroeder, and K. L. Kompa, “Detector for trace elemental analysis of solid environmental samples by laser plasma spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 66, 2964–2975 (1994).
[Crossref]

Palleschi, V.

A. M. El Sherbini, T. M. El Sherbini, H. Hegazy, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, L. Pardini, A. Salvetti, and E. Tognoni, “Evaluation of self-absorption coefficients of aluminum emission lines in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 60, 1573–1579 (2005).
[Crossref]

Pardini, L.

A. M. El Sherbini, T. M. El Sherbini, H. Hegazy, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, L. Pardini, A. Salvetti, and E. Tognoni, “Evaluation of self-absorption coefficients of aluminum emission lines in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 60, 1573–1579 (2005).
[Crossref]

Pawluczyk, R.

Pearman, W.

Sabsabi, M.

L. St-Onge, E. Kwong, M. Sabsabi, and E. B. Vadas, “Rapid analysis of liquid formulations containing sodium chloride using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 36, 277–284 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sallé, B.

J. B. Sirven, P. Mauchien, and B. Sallé, “Analytical optimization of some parameters of a laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy experiment,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 63, 1077–1084(2008).
[Crossref]

Salvetti, A.

A. M. El Sherbini, T. M. El Sherbini, H. Hegazy, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, L. Pardini, A. Salvetti, and E. Tognoni, “Evaluation of self-absorption coefficients of aluminum emission lines in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 60, 1573–1579 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sarkar, A.

A. Sarkar, D. Alamelu, and S. K. Aggarwal, “Determination of thorium and uranium in solution by laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Appl. Opt. 47, G58–G64 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Alamelu, A. Sarkar, and S. K. Aggarwal, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for simultaneous determination of Sm, Eu and Gd in aqueous solution,” Talanta 77, 256–261(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scaffidi, J.

Schechter, I.

R. Wisbrun, I. Schechter, R. Niessner, H. Schroeder, and K. L. Kompa, “Detector for trace elemental analysis of solid environmental samples by laser plasma spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 66, 2964–2975 (1994).
[Crossref]

Schroeder, H.

R. Wisbrun, I. Schechter, R. Niessner, H. Schroeder, and K. L. Kompa, “Detector for trace elemental analysis of solid environmental samples by laser plasma spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 66, 2964–2975 (1994).
[Crossref]

Sirven, J. B.

J. B. Sirven, P. Mauchien, and B. Sallé, “Analytical optimization of some parameters of a laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy experiment,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 63, 1077–1084(2008).
[Crossref]

St-Onge, L.

L. St-Onge, E. Kwong, M. Sabsabi, and E. B. Vadas, “Rapid analysis of liquid formulations containing sodium chloride using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 36, 277–284 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taschuk, M. T.

S. L. Lui, Y. Godwal, M. T. Taschuk, Y. Y. Tsui, and R. Fedosejevs, “Detection of lead in water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and laser-induced fluorescence,” Anal. Chem. 80, 1995–2000 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Telle, H. H.

J. O. Cáceres, J. Tornero López, H. H. Telle, and A. González Ureña, “Quantitative analysis of trace metal ions in ice using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 831–838 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ticich, T. M.

Tognoni, E.

A. M. El Sherbini, T. M. El Sherbini, H. Hegazy, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, L. Pardini, A. Salvetti, and E. Tognoni, “Evaluation of self-absorption coefficients of aluminum emission lines in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 60, 1573–1579 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tornero López, J.

J. O. Cáceres, J. Tornero López, H. H. Telle, and A. González Ureña, “Quantitative analysis of trace metal ions in ice using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 831–838 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tsui, Y. Y.

Z. Chen, Y. Godwal, Y. Y. Tsui, and R. Fedosejevs, “Sensitive detection of metals in water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy on wood sample substrates,” Appl. Opt. 49, C87–C94 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. L. Lui, Y. Godwal, M. T. Taschuk, Y. Y. Tsui, and R. Fedosejevs, “Detection of lead in water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and laser-induced fluorescence,” Anal. Chem. 80, 1995–2000 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uebbing, J.

C. Chaleard, P. Mauchien, N. Andre, J. Uebbing, J. L. Lacour, and C. Geertsen, “Correction of matrix effects in quantitative elemental analysis with laser ablation optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 183–188(1997).
[Crossref]

Vadas, E. B.

L. St-Onge, E. Kwong, M. Sabsabi, and E. B. Vadas, “Rapid analysis of liquid formulations containing sodium chloride using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 36, 277–284 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vander Wal, R. L.

Weisberg, A.

West, J. R.

Wisbrun, R.

R. Wisbrun, I. Schechter, R. Niessner, H. Schroeder, and K. L. Kompa, “Detector for trace elemental analysis of solid environmental samples by laser plasma spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 66, 2964–2975 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

Zhang, F.

F. Zhao, Z. Chen, F. Zhang, R. Li, and J. Zhou, “Ultra-sensitive detection of heavy metal ions in tap water by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with the assistance of electrical-deposition,” Analytical Methods 2, 408–414 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhao, F.

F. Zhao, Z. Chen, F. Zhang, R. Li, and J. Zhou, “Ultra-sensitive detection of heavy metal ions in tap water by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with the assistance of electrical-deposition,” Analytical Methods 2, 408–414 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zheng, R.

Zhong, S.

Zhou, J.

F. Zhao, Z. Chen, F. Zhang, R. Li, and J. Zhou, “Ultra-sensitive detection of heavy metal ions in tap water by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with the assistance of electrical-deposition,” Analytical Methods 2, 408–414 (2010).
[Crossref]

Anal. Chem. (2)

S. L. Lui, Y. Godwal, M. T. Taschuk, Y. Y. Tsui, and R. Fedosejevs, “Detection of lead in water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and laser-induced fluorescence,” Anal. Chem. 80, 1995–2000 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Wisbrun, I. Schechter, R. Niessner, H. Schroeder, and K. L. Kompa, “Detector for trace elemental analysis of solid environmental samples by laser plasma spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 66, 2964–2975 (1994).
[Crossref]

Analytical Methods (1)

F. Zhao, Z. Chen, F. Zhang, R. Li, and J. Zhou, “Ultra-sensitive detection of heavy metal ions in tap water by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with the assistance of electrical-deposition,” Analytical Methods 2, 408–414 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

J. Anal. At. Spectrom. (1)

C. Chaleard, P. Mauchien, N. Andre, J. Uebbing, J. L. Lacour, and C. Geertsen, “Correction of matrix effects in quantitative elemental analysis with laser ablation optical emission spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12, 183–188(1997).
[Crossref]

J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. (1)

L. St-Onge, E. Kwong, M. Sabsabi, and E. B. Vadas, “Rapid analysis of liquid formulations containing sodium chloride using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 36, 277–284 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spectrochim. Acta Part B (5)

J. B. Sirven, P. Mauchien, and B. Sallé, “Analytical optimization of some parameters of a laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy experiment,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 63, 1077–1084(2008).
[Crossref]

A. M. El Sherbini, T. M. El Sherbini, H. Hegazy, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, L. Pardini, A. Salvetti, and E. Tognoni, “Evaluation of self-absorption coefficients of aluminum emission lines in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 60, 1573–1579 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. O. Cáceres, J. Tornero López, H. H. Telle, and A. González Ureña, “Quantitative analysis of trace metal ions in ice using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 831–838 (2001).
[Crossref]

Z. Chen, H. Li, M. Liu, and R. Li, “Fast and sensitive trace metal analysis in aqueous solutions by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using wood slice substrates,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 63, 64–68 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. M. Díaz Pace, C. A. D’Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, and G. Bertuccelli, “Analysis of heavy metals in liquids using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy by liquid-to-solid matrix conversion,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 61, 929–933(2006).
[Crossref]

Talanta (1)

D. Alamelu, A. Sarkar, and S. K. Aggarwal, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for simultaneous determination of Sm, Eu and Gd in aqueous solution,” Talanta 77, 256–261(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of LIBS setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Emission spectra of blank and water sample ( 200 μg / ml ) for Ca and Mg.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Effect of the incident laser pulse energy on intensity and on SNR of the Ca II 393.37 nm line. The gate width and delay time were set to 500 ns and 1 μs .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Effect of the delay time on intensity and on SNR of the Ca II 393.37 nm line. The laser pulse energy was set to 300 mJ .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Calibration curves for Ca and Mg in aqueous solution.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison of the ICP-AES (black bars) and LIBS (white bars) analysis of the water samples.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Experimental Conditions and Apparatus

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