Dual-polarization lidar data and radiosonde data are used to determine that iridescence in cirrus and a lunar corona in a thin wave cloud were caused by tiny ice crystals, not droplets of liquid water. The size of the corona diffraction rings recorded in photographs is used to estimate the mean diameter of the diffracting particles to be , much smaller than conventional ice crystals. The iridescent cloud was located at the tropopause [ above mean sea level (ASL)] with temperature near , while the more optically pure corona was located at approximately ASL with temperature nearing . Lidar cross-polarization ratios of 0.5 and 0.4 confirm that ice formed both the iridescence and the corona, respectively.
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