Abstract

A scheme for high-speed clock recovery from return-to-zero (RZ) signal with microring resonators is presented. By using a silicon microring resonator (MRR) for clock extraction and a 3-order nonlinear series-coupled microring resonator (SCMR) for amplitude equalization, clock pulses with amplitude modulation less than 1dB can be obtained. The proposed scheme is also designed and numerically studied by 3D full vectorial film mode matching method (FMM) and coupled mode theory (CMT). Simulation results show that clock can be recovered at 40Gbit/s with short rise- and fall- times.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  24. A. Melloni and M. Martinelli, “Synthesis of direct-coupled-resonators bandpass filters for WDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 296–303 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2010

2009

Y. H. Ding, X. B. Zhang, X. L. Zhang, and D. X. Huang, “Elastic polarization converter based on dual microring resonators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1023–1028(2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

T. Ye, C. S. Yan, Y. Y. Lu, F. F. Liu, and Y. K. Su, “All-optical regenerative NRZ-to-RZ format conversion using coupled ring-resonator optical waveguide,” Opt. Express 16, 15325–15331 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Spyropoulou, N. Pleros, G. Papadimitriou, and I. Tomkos, “A high-speed multiwavelength clock recovery scheme for optical packets,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2147–2149 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

2004

G. Contestabile, A. D’Errico, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, “40 GHz all-optical clock extraction using a semiconductor-assisted Fabry-Perot filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2523–2525 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Hu, K. Nishimura, H. F. Chou, L. Rau, M. Usami, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “40 Gbit/s optical packet clock recovery with simultaneous reshaping using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2640–2642 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

Y. Li, C. Kim, G. Li, Y. Kaneko, R. L. Jungerman, and O. Buccafusca, “Wavelength and polarization insensitive all-optical clock recovery from 96 Gb/s data by using a two-section gain-coupled DFB laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 590–592 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H. G. Weber, “160 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1071–1073 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Lardenois, D. Pascal, L. Vivien, E. Cassan, S. Laval, R. Orobtchouk, M. Heitzmann, N. Bouzaida, and L. Mollard, “Low-loss submicrometer silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides and corner mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1150–1152 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

A. Melloni and M. Martinelli, “Synthesis of direct-coupled-resonators bandpass filters for WDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 296–303 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Pereira, P. Chak, and J. E. Sipe, “Gap-soliton switching in short microresonator structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2191–2202 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

T. Yamamoto, L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schmidt, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, U. Feiste, J. Berger, R. Ludwig, and H. Weber, “Clock recovery from 160 Gbit/s data signals using phase-locked loop with interferometric optical switch based on semiconductor optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 37, 509–510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhou, C. Lu, P. Shum, H. H. M. Shalaby, T. H. Cheng, and P. D. Ye, “A performance analysis of an all-optical clock extraction circuit based on Fabry-Perot filter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 603–613 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, B. E. Little, R. A. Wilson, and P. T. Ho, “Higher order filter response in coupled microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 320–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhou, H. H. M. Shalaby, L. Chao, T. H. Cheng, and P. Ye, “A performance analysis of all-optical clock extraction circuit based on stimulated Brillouin scattering,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1453–1466 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Yariv, “Universal relations for coupling of optical power between microresonators and dielectric waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 36, 321–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1994

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Torruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 447–448 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

D. Ellis, K. Smith, and D. M. Patrick, “All optical clock recovery at bit rates up to 40 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1323–1324 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Absil, P. P.

J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, B. E. Little, R. A. Wilson, and P. T. Ho, “Higher order filter response in coupled microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 320–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Asghari, M.

H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Baker, G.

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Torruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 447–448 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bauer, S.

B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, S. Bauer, and M. Mohrle, “40 GHz optical clock recovery for application in asynchronous networks,” ECOC’01: 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 1–6 (2001), pp. 442–443.

Berger, J.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H. G. Weber, “160 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1071–1073 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamamoto, L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schmidt, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, U. Feiste, J. Berger, R. Ludwig, and H. Weber, “Clock recovery from 160 Gbit/s data signals using phase-locked loop with interferometric optical switch based on semiconductor optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 37, 509–510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Blumenthal, D. J.

Z. Y. Hu, K. Nishimura, H. F. Chou, L. Rau, M. Usami, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “40 Gbit/s optical packet clock recovery with simultaneous reshaping using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2640–2642 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Boerner, C.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H. G. Weber, “160 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1071–1073 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bornholdt, C.

B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, S. Bauer, and M. Mohrle, “40 GHz optical clock recovery for application in asynchronous networks,” ECOC’01: 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 1–6 (2001), pp. 442–443.

Bouzaida, N.

Bowers, J. E.

Z. Y. Hu, K. Nishimura, H. F. Chou, L. Rau, M. Usami, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “40 Gbit/s optical packet clock recovery with simultaneous reshaping using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2640–2642 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Buccafusca, O.

Y. Li, C. Kim, G. Li, Y. Kaneko, R. L. Jungerman, and O. Buccafusca, “Wavelength and polarization insensitive all-optical clock recovery from 96 Gb/s data by using a two-section gain-coupled DFB laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 590–592 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cai, X. L.

Cassan, E.

Cha, M.

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Torruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 447–448 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chak, P.

Chao, L.

Cheng, T. H.

Chou, H. F.

Z. Y. Hu, K. Nishimura, H. F. Chou, L. Rau, M. Usami, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “40 Gbit/s optical packet clock recovery with simultaneous reshaping using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2640–2642 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ciaramella, E.

G. Contestabile, A. D’Errico, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, “40 GHz all-optical clock extraction using a semiconductor-assisted Fabry-Perot filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2523–2525 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Contestabile, G.

G. Contestabile, A. D’Errico, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, “40 GHz all-optical clock extraction using a semiconductor-assisted Fabry-Perot filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2523–2525 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D’Errico, A.

G. Contestabile, A. D’Errico, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, “40 GHz all-optical clock extraction using a semiconductor-assisted Fabry-Perot filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2523–2525 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Day, I. E.

H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dietrich, E.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H. G. Weber, “160 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1071–1073 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y. H.

Drake, J.

H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dumeige, Y.

Ellis, D.

D. Ellis, K. Smith, and D. M. Patrick, “All optical clock recovery at bit rates up to 40 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1323–1324 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Etemad, S.

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Torruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 447–448 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Feiste, U.

T. Yamamoto, L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schmidt, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, U. Feiste, J. Berger, R. Ludwig, and H. Weber, “Clock recovery from 160 Gbit/s data signals using phase-locked loop with interferometric optical switch based on semiconductor optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 37, 509–510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ferber, S.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H. G. Weber, “160 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1071–1073 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Feron, P.

Freude, W.

Ghisa, L.

Harpin, A.

H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Heitzmann, M.

Hilliger, E.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H. G. Weber, “160 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1071–1073 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamamoto, L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schmidt, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, U. Feiste, J. Berger, R. Ludwig, and H. Weber, “Clock recovery from 160 Gbit/s data signals using phase-locked loop with interferometric optical switch based on semiconductor optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 37, 509–510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ho, P. T.

J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, B. E. Little, R. A. Wilson, and P. T. Ho, “Higher order filter response in coupled microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 320–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hryniewicz, J. V.

J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, B. E. Little, R. A. Wilson, and P. T. Ho, “Higher order filter response in coupled microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 320–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Z. Y.

Z. Y. Hu, K. Nishimura, H. F. Chou, L. Rau, M. Usami, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “40 Gbit/s optical packet clock recovery with simultaneous reshaping using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2640–2642 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D. X.

Jacome, L.

Jungerman, R. L.

Y. Li, C. Kim, G. Li, Y. Kaneko, R. L. Jungerman, and O. Buccafusca, “Wavelength and polarization insensitive all-optical clock recovery from 96 Gb/s data by using a two-section gain-coupled DFB laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 590–592 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kaneko, Y.

Y. Li, C. Kim, G. Li, Y. Kaneko, R. L. Jungerman, and O. Buccafusca, “Wavelength and polarization insensitive all-optical clock recovery from 96 Gb/s data by using a two-section gain-coupled DFB laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 590–592 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J. U.

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Torruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 447–448 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C.

Y. Li, C. Kim, G. Li, Y. Kaneko, R. L. Jungerman, and O. Buccafusca, “Wavelength and polarization insensitive all-optical clock recovery from 96 Gb/s data by using a two-section gain-coupled DFB laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 590–592 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, N. N. Thi

Koos, C.

Lardenois, S.

Laval, S.

Lawrence, B. L.

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Torruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 447–448 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

Li, G.

Y. Li, C. Kim, G. Li, Y. Kaneko, R. L. Jungerman, and O. Buccafusca, “Wavelength and polarization insensitive all-optical clock recovery from 96 Gb/s data by using a two-section gain-coupled DFB laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 590–592 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, C. Kim, G. Li, Y. Kaneko, R. L. Jungerman, and O. Buccafusca, “Wavelength and polarization insensitive all-optical clock recovery from 96 Gb/s data by using a two-section gain-coupled DFB laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 590–592 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liang, T. K.

H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Little, B. E.

J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, B. E. Little, R. A. Wilson, and P. T. Ho, “Higher order filter response in coupled microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 320–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, F. F.

Liu, L.

Lu, C.

Lu, Y. Y.

Ludwig, R.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H. G. Weber, “160 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1071–1073 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamamoto, L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schmidt, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, U. Feiste, J. Berger, R. Ludwig, and H. Weber, “Clock recovery from 160 Gbit/s data signals using phase-locked loop with interferometric optical switch based on semiconductor optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 37, 509–510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Marembert, V.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H. G. Weber, “160 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1071–1073 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

Melloni, A.

Meth, J.

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Torruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 447–448 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mohrle, M.

B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, S. Bauer, and M. Mohrle, “40 GHz optical clock recovery for application in asynchronous networks,” ECOC’01: 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 1–6 (2001), pp. 442–443.

Mollard, L.

Nishimura, K.

Z. Y. Hu, K. Nishimura, H. F. Chou, L. Rau, M. Usami, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “40 Gbit/s optical packet clock recovery with simultaneous reshaping using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2640–2642 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Orobtchouk, R.

Ou, H. Y.

Oxenlowe, L. K.

T. Yamamoto, L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schmidt, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, U. Feiste, J. Berger, R. Ludwig, and H. Weber, “Clock recovery from 160 Gbit/s data signals using phase-locked loop with interferometric optical switch based on semiconductor optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 37, 509–510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Papadimitriou, G.

M. Spyropoulou, N. Pleros, G. Papadimitriou, and I. Tomkos, “A high-speed multiwavelength clock recovery scheme for optical packets,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2147–2149 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pascal, D.

Patrick, D. M.

D. Ellis, K. Smith, and D. M. Patrick, “All optical clock recovery at bit rates up to 40 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1323–1324 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pereira, S.

Peucheret, C.

Pleros, N.

M. Spyropoulou, N. Pleros, G. Papadimitriou, and I. Tomkos, “A high-speed multiwavelength clock recovery scheme for optical packets,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2147–2149 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Popovic, M.

M. Popovic, “Theory and design of high-index-contrast microphotonic circuits,” Ph.D. thesis (MIT, 2008).

Poulton, C.

Presi, M.

G. Contestabile, A. D’Errico, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, “40 GHz all-optical clock extraction using a semiconductor-assisted Fabry-Perot filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2523–2525 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pu, M. H.

Rau, L.

Z. Y. Hu, K. Nishimura, H. F. Chou, L. Rau, M. Usami, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “40 Gbit/s optical packet clock recovery with simultaneous reshaping using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2640–2642 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, S. W.

H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sartorius, B.

B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, S. Bauer, and M. Mohrle, “40 GHz optical clock recovery for application in asynchronous networks,” ECOC’01: 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 1–6 (2001), pp. 442–443.

Schmauss, B.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H. G. Weber, “160 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1071–1073 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, C.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H. G. Weber, “160 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1071–1073 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamamoto, L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schmidt, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, U. Feiste, J. Berger, R. Ludwig, and H. Weber, “Clock recovery from 160 Gbit/s data signals using phase-locked loop with interferometric optical switch based on semiconductor optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 37, 509–510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, C.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H. G. Weber, “160 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1071–1073 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamamoto, L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schmidt, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, U. Feiste, J. Berger, R. Ludwig, and H. Weber, “Clock recovery from 160 Gbit/s data signals using phase-locked loop with interferometric optical switch based on semiconductor optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 37, 509–510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Seoane, J.

Shalaby, H. H. M.

Shum, P.

Sipe, J. E.

Smith, K.

D. Ellis, K. Smith, and D. M. Patrick, “All optical clock recovery at bit rates up to 40 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1323–1324 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Spyropoulou, M.

M. Spyropoulou, N. Pleros, G. Papadimitriou, and I. Tomkos, “A high-speed multiwavelength clock recovery scheme for optical packets,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2147–2149 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G.

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Torruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 447–448 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Su, Y. K.

Tomkos, I.

M. Spyropoulou, N. Pleros, G. Papadimitriou, and I. Tomkos, “A high-speed multiwavelength clock recovery scheme for optical packets,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2147–2149 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Torruellas, W.

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Torruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 447–448 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, H. K.

H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Usami, M.

Z. Y. Hu, K. Nishimura, H. F. Chou, L. Rau, M. Usami, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “40 Gbit/s optical packet clock recovery with simultaneous reshaping using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2640–2642 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vivien, L.

Weber, H.

T. Yamamoto, L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schmidt, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, U. Feiste, J. Berger, R. Ludwig, and H. Weber, “Clock recovery from 160 Gbit/s data signals using phase-locked loop with interferometric optical switch based on semiconductor optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 37, 509–510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. G.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H. G. Weber, “160 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1071–1073 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, R. A.

J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, B. E. Little, R. A. Wilson, and P. T. Ho, “Higher order filter response in coupled microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 320–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wong, C. S.

H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Yamamoto, T.

T. Yamamoto, L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schmidt, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, U. Feiste, J. Berger, R. Ludwig, and H. Weber, “Clock recovery from 160 Gbit/s data signals using phase-locked loop with interferometric optical switch based on semiconductor optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 37, 509–510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yan, C. S.

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, “Universal relations for coupling of optical power between microresonators and dielectric waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 36, 321–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ye, P.

Ye, P. D.

Ye, T.

Zhang, X. B.

Y. H. Ding, X. B. Zhang, X. L. Zhang, and D. X. Huang, “Elastic polarization converter based on dual microring resonators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1023–1028(2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. L.

Zhou, X.

Zsigri, B.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, “Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416–418 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

A. Yariv, “Universal relations for coupling of optical power between microresonators and dielectric waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 36, 321–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamamoto, L. K. Oxenlowe, C. Schmidt, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, U. Feiste, J. Berger, R. Ludwig, and H. Weber, “Clock recovery from 160 Gbit/s data signals using phase-locked loop with interferometric optical switch based on semiconductor optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 37, 509–510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H. G. Weber, “160 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1071–1073 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Ellis, K. Smith, and D. M. Patrick, “All optical clock recovery at bit rates up to 40 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1323–1324 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Lawrence, M. Cha, J. U. Kang, W. Torruellas, G. Stegeman, G. Baker, J. Meth, and S. Etemad, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 447–448 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Y. H. Ding, X. B. Zhang, X. L. Zhang, and D. X. Huang, “Elastic polarization converter based on dual microring resonators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1023–1028(2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Z. Y. Hu, K. Nishimura, H. F. Chou, L. Rau, M. Usami, J. E. Bowers, and D. J. Blumenthal, “40 Gbit/s optical packet clock recovery with simultaneous reshaping using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2640–2642 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, C. Kim, G. Li, Y. Kaneko, R. L. Jungerman, and O. Buccafusca, “Wavelength and polarization insensitive all-optical clock recovery from 96 Gb/s data by using a two-section gain-coupled DFB laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 590–592 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Contestabile, A. D’Errico, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, “40 GHz all-optical clock extraction using a semiconductor-assisted Fabry-Perot filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2523–2525 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Spyropoulou, N. Pleros, G. Papadimitriou, and I. Tomkos, “A high-speed multiwavelength clock recovery scheme for optical packets,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2147–2149 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, B. E. Little, R. A. Wilson, and P. T. Ho, “Higher order filter response in coupled microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 320–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

M. Popovic, “Theory and design of high-index-contrast microphotonic circuits,” Ph.D. thesis (MIT, 2008).

B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, S. Bauer, and M. Mohrle, “40 GHz optical clock recovery for application in asynchronous networks,” ECOC’01: 27th European Conference on Optical Communication, 1–6 (2001), pp. 442–443.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of the clock extraction. (a) Eye diagram of 40 Gbit / s RZ signal. (b) RZ signal clock extraction by extracting its line spectral components through a comblike filter. (c) Eye diagram and (d) spectrum of the extracted clock.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the proposed clock recovery scheme.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Nonlinear response of the 3-order SCMR. (a)–(d) Show increasing red-shifts of resonance of SCMR with increasing input power. (d) Output power of the drop port of SCMR versus input power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Cross section and the transversal field distribution of the fundamental TE mode of the designed MRR bend rib waveguide.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Effective index for T E 0 mode versus wavelength.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Cross section and the transversal field distribution of TE 0 mode of the designed SCMR bend waveguide. (b) Calculated coupling coefficient for T E 0 mode versus the gap between the racetrack and straight waveguide.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) linear and (b) nonlinear properties for the 3-order SCMR.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Signal traces with normalized power and eye diagrams of (a) input 40 Gbit / s RZ signal, (b) amplified clock pulses with intense amplitude fluctuations at the SCMR input port and (c) output clock pulses after equalization.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) Transmission spectrum and (b) nonlinear transfer function curves for 3- order SCMR with 0.51 nm bandwidth (black), 3-order SCMR with 0.70 nm bandwidth (blue), 5-order SCMR with 0.70 nm bandwidth (red).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(a) Eye diagrams of the output clock pulses and (b) group delays of 3- order SCMR with 0.51 nm bandwidth (black), 3-order SCMR with 0.70 nm bandwidth (blue), 5-order SCMR with 0.70 nm bandwidth (red).

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

[ b i b i ] = [ t i i κ i i κ i t i ] [ a i a i ] , i = 0 , , 3 ,
[ a i b i ] = i κ i [ t i 1 1 t i ] [ a i b i ] , i = 0 , , 3.
a i = b i + 1 exp [ ( j β α / 2 ) L half ] exp ( j γ I b i + 1 L eff ) , a i + 1 = b i exp [ ( j β α / 2 ) L half ] exp ( j γ I b i L eff ) ,
[ a i b i ] = [ 0 exp [ ( j β α / 2 ) L half ] × exp ( j γ I b i + 1 L eff ) exp [ ( j β α / 2 ) L half ] × exp [ j γ exp ( α L half ) I a i + 1 L eff ] 0 ] [ a i + 1 b i + 1 ] .
T = | b 3 / a 0 | 2 ,
ϕ = arg ( b 3 / a 0 ) .
n ( λ ) = 3.476 0.07805 ( λ 1.55 ) + 0.082 ( λ 1.55 ) 2 ,

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