Abstract

Rotary sensors are an essential component in numerous applications where a rotation movement has to be detected. With optical encoders, a high angular resolution can be achieved. As a disadvantage, the resolution enhancement is associated with increasing cost. To overcome this issue, a coding principle is presented that uses a diffractive solid measure on a microstructured plastic disc. Like a DVD, this encoder disc can be manufactured in a cost effective injection molding process. For this approach, a differential incremental code, as well as an absolute code, has been developed.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Renishaw, “Non-contact position encoders,” (2011) www.renishaw.com.
  2. L. Silberbauer and M. Plankensteiner, “Datenbus ersetzt mechanische Lenksäule,” Mechatronik F&M 12, 58–61 (2006).
  3. W. J. Fleming, “Overview of automotive sensors,” IEEE Sens. J. 1, 296–308 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. R. Belanger, P. Dobrovolny, A. Helmy, and X. Zhang, “Estimation of angular velocity and acceleration from shaft-encoder measurements,” Internat. J. Robotics Res. 17, 1225–1233 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Kojima, Y. Kikuchi, S. Seki, and H. Wakiwaka, “Study on high accuracy optical encoder with 30 bits,” in 8th IEEE International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control, 2004. AMC ’04 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 493–498.
  6. Hengstler, “Drehgeber für die industrielle Automation,” (2011) www.hengstler.com.
  7. IFM, “Optimierung und Lösung von technischen Abläufen durch Sensorik, Kommunikations- und Steuerungssysteme; Schulungsunterlagen Drehgeber; V1.5,” (2010) www.ifm-electronic.com.
  8. Hengstler, “Wind energy; Drehgeber für die optimale Ausrichtung,” (2009) www.hengstler.com.
  9. Hengstler, “Sicher hoch hinaus; Drehgeber-Einsatz Windenergieanlagen,” Konstruktionspraxis 6, 46–48 (2004).
  10. Heidenhain, “Sicherheitsbezogene Positionsmesssysteme,” (2010) www.heidenhain.de.
  11. Pepperl+Fuchs, “Mit dem richtigen Dreh zur funktionalen Sicherheit; Safety-Drehgeber von Pepperl+Fuchs,” (2011) www.pepperl-fuchs.com.
  12. Megatron, “Gesamtprogramm Winkelsensoren,” (2011) www.megatron.de.
  13. Pepperl+Fuchs, “Übersicht Drehgeber,” (2011) www.pepperl-fuchs.com.
  14. Temicon, “Your access to the microscale,” (2011) www.temicon.de.
  15. Renishaw, “The accuracy of angle encoders,” (2011) www.renishaw.com.
  16. J. Seitz, “Kontrastprogramm im Drehgebermarkt: Absolut Highend oder inkremental günstig,” IEE 49, 24–25 (2004).
  17. Heidenhain, “Drehgeber,” (2010) www.heidenhain.de.
  18. Heidenhain, “Optimierte Abtastung bei absoluten Drehgebern; technische Information,” (2006) www.heidenhain.de.
  19. K. Fujita, T. Nakayama, and Y. Matsuzoe, “Recent encoder technology,” Fuji Elect. J. 46, 57–62 (1999).
  20. V. Mayer, “Untersuchungen zu optischen Drehgebern mit mikrostrukturierten Maßverkörperungen aus Kunststoff,” Institut für Zeitmesstechnik, Fein- und Mikrotechnik, Universität Stuttgart (2009).
  21. Mediatechnics, “CD & DVD Glass Mastering,” (2011) www.mediatechnics.com.
  22. M. Otsuka, “HD DVD disc manufacturing process development,” in International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society America, 2005), pp. 1–2.
  23. T. Botzelmann, V. Mayer, D. Warkentin, and H. Kück, “Injection moulding of micro patterned polymer discs for optical rotary encoders,” in Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multi-Material Micro Manufacture 4M (2009).
  24. F. Nikolajeff, S. Jacobsson, S. Hård, A. Billman, L. Lundbladh, and C. Lindell, “Replication of continuous-relief diffractive optical elements by conventional compact disc injection-molding techniques,” Appl. Opt. 36, 4655–4659 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  25. V. Mayer, T. Botzelmann, K.-P. Fritz, J. Seybold, and H. Kück, “A new concept for an absolutely encoded angular resolver,” in Proceedings of the 3th International Conference on Multi-Material Micro Manufacture 4M (2007).
  26. W. S. Beich, L. Fendrock, C. Smock, and N. Turner, “Recent trends in precision polymer optics fabrication,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing (Optical Society of America, 2008).
  27. H. E. Lai and P. J. Wang, “Study of process parameters on optical qualities for injection-molded plastic lenses,” Appl. Opt. 47, 2017–2027 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  28. J. Seybold, V. Mayer, H. Kück, D. Hopp, C. Pruss, and W. Osten, “Hochauflösender optischer Drehgeber mit MID-Optikmodul,” presented at 6. Paderborner Workshop “Entwurf mechatronischer Systeme,” Paderborn, Germany, 2009.
  29. D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Optical incremental rotary encoder in low cost design,” presented at Sensor & Test Opto., Nürnberg, Germany, 2009.
  30. D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Optischer inkrementaler Drehgeber in Low-Cost-Bauweise,” Tech. Mess. 77, 358–363 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  31. D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Hochauflösender optischer Drehgeber in Low-Cost-Bauweise,” DGaO, Esslingen, Germany, 2008.
  32. V. Mayer, M. Schneider, J. Seybold, T. Botzelmann, and H. Kück, “New high resolution optical incremental rotary encoder,” in Smart Systems Integration (VDE Verlag GmbH, 2008).
  33. V. Mayer, M. Schneider, J. Seybold, T. Botzelmann, and H. Kück, “Innovativer hochauflösender inkrementeller optischer Drehgeber,” in VDI/VDE ITG Fachtagung Sensoren und Messsysteme, Ludwigsburg (VDI Verlag GmbH, 2008).
  34. S. Held, “Die Referenzfahrt entscheidet; Absolute und inkrementale Drehgeber im Vergleich,” KEM , 134–136 (2004).
  35. LaserComponents, “Positionsmessung: PSD oder CCD?” (2010) http://www.lasercomponents.com.

2010

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Optischer inkrementaler Drehgeber in Low-Cost-Bauweise,” Tech. Mess. 77, 358–363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

2006

L. Silberbauer and M. Plankensteiner, “Datenbus ersetzt mechanische Lenksäule,” Mechatronik F&M 12, 58–61 (2006).

2004

Hengstler, “Sicher hoch hinaus; Drehgeber-Einsatz Windenergieanlagen,” Konstruktionspraxis 6, 46–48 (2004).

J. Seitz, “Kontrastprogramm im Drehgebermarkt: Absolut Highend oder inkremental günstig,” IEE 49, 24–25 (2004).

S. Held, “Die Referenzfahrt entscheidet; Absolute und inkrementale Drehgeber im Vergleich,” KEM , 134–136 (2004).

2001

W. J. Fleming, “Overview of automotive sensors,” IEEE Sens. J. 1, 296–308 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

K. Fujita, T. Nakayama, and Y. Matsuzoe, “Recent encoder technology,” Fuji Elect. J. 46, 57–62 (1999).

1998

P. R. Belanger, P. Dobrovolny, A. Helmy, and X. Zhang, “Estimation of angular velocity and acceleration from shaft-encoder measurements,” Internat. J. Robotics Res. 17, 1225–1233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

Beich, W. S.

W. S. Beich, L. Fendrock, C. Smock, and N. Turner, “Recent trends in precision polymer optics fabrication,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing (Optical Society of America, 2008).

Belanger, P. R.

P. R. Belanger, P. Dobrovolny, A. Helmy, and X. Zhang, “Estimation of angular velocity and acceleration from shaft-encoder measurements,” Internat. J. Robotics Res. 17, 1225–1233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Billman, A.

Botzelmann, T.

V. Mayer, M. Schneider, J. Seybold, T. Botzelmann, and H. Kück, “Innovativer hochauflösender inkrementeller optischer Drehgeber,” in VDI/VDE ITG Fachtagung Sensoren und Messsysteme, Ludwigsburg (VDI Verlag GmbH, 2008).

V. Mayer, M. Schneider, J. Seybold, T. Botzelmann, and H. Kück, “New high resolution optical incremental rotary encoder,” in Smart Systems Integration (VDE Verlag GmbH, 2008).

T. Botzelmann, V. Mayer, D. Warkentin, and H. Kück, “Injection moulding of micro patterned polymer discs for optical rotary encoders,” in Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multi-Material Micro Manufacture 4M (2009).

V. Mayer, T. Botzelmann, K.-P. Fritz, J. Seybold, and H. Kück, “A new concept for an absolutely encoded angular resolver,” in Proceedings of the 3th International Conference on Multi-Material Micro Manufacture 4M (2007).

Dobrovolny, P.

P. R. Belanger, P. Dobrovolny, A. Helmy, and X. Zhang, “Estimation of angular velocity and acceleration from shaft-encoder measurements,” Internat. J. Robotics Res. 17, 1225–1233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fendrock, L.

W. S. Beich, L. Fendrock, C. Smock, and N. Turner, “Recent trends in precision polymer optics fabrication,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing (Optical Society of America, 2008).

Fleming, W. J.

W. J. Fleming, “Overview of automotive sensors,” IEEE Sens. J. 1, 296–308 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fritz, K.-P.

V. Mayer, T. Botzelmann, K.-P. Fritz, J. Seybold, and H. Kück, “A new concept for an absolutely encoded angular resolver,” in Proceedings of the 3th International Conference on Multi-Material Micro Manufacture 4M (2007).

Fujita, K.

K. Fujita, T. Nakayama, and Y. Matsuzoe, “Recent encoder technology,” Fuji Elect. J. 46, 57–62 (1999).

Hård, S.

Held, S.

S. Held, “Die Referenzfahrt entscheidet; Absolute und inkrementale Drehgeber im Vergleich,” KEM , 134–136 (2004).

Helmy, A.

P. R. Belanger, P. Dobrovolny, A. Helmy, and X. Zhang, “Estimation of angular velocity and acceleration from shaft-encoder measurements,” Internat. J. Robotics Res. 17, 1225–1233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hopp, D.

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Optischer inkrementaler Drehgeber in Low-Cost-Bauweise,” Tech. Mess. 77, 358–363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Seybold, V. Mayer, H. Kück, D. Hopp, C. Pruss, and W. Osten, “Hochauflösender optischer Drehgeber mit MID-Optikmodul,” presented at 6. Paderborner Workshop “Entwurf mechatronischer Systeme,” Paderborn, Germany, 2009.

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Hochauflösender optischer Drehgeber in Low-Cost-Bauweise,” DGaO, Esslingen, Germany, 2008.

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Optical incremental rotary encoder in low cost design,” presented at Sensor & Test Opto., Nürnberg, Germany, 2009.

Jacobsson, S.

Kikuchi, Y.

T. Kojima, Y. Kikuchi, S. Seki, and H. Wakiwaka, “Study on high accuracy optical encoder with 30 bits,” in 8th IEEE International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control, 2004. AMC ’04 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 493–498.

Kojima, T.

T. Kojima, Y. Kikuchi, S. Seki, and H. Wakiwaka, “Study on high accuracy optical encoder with 30 bits,” in 8th IEEE International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control, 2004. AMC ’04 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 493–498.

Kück, H.

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Optischer inkrementaler Drehgeber in Low-Cost-Bauweise,” Tech. Mess. 77, 358–363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Seybold, V. Mayer, H. Kück, D. Hopp, C. Pruss, and W. Osten, “Hochauflösender optischer Drehgeber mit MID-Optikmodul,” presented at 6. Paderborner Workshop “Entwurf mechatronischer Systeme,” Paderborn, Germany, 2009.

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Hochauflösender optischer Drehgeber in Low-Cost-Bauweise,” DGaO, Esslingen, Germany, 2008.

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Optical incremental rotary encoder in low cost design,” presented at Sensor & Test Opto., Nürnberg, Germany, 2009.

V. Mayer, M. Schneider, J. Seybold, T. Botzelmann, and H. Kück, “New high resolution optical incremental rotary encoder,” in Smart Systems Integration (VDE Verlag GmbH, 2008).

V. Mayer, M. Schneider, J. Seybold, T. Botzelmann, and H. Kück, “Innovativer hochauflösender inkrementeller optischer Drehgeber,” in VDI/VDE ITG Fachtagung Sensoren und Messsysteme, Ludwigsburg (VDI Verlag GmbH, 2008).

V. Mayer, T. Botzelmann, K.-P. Fritz, J. Seybold, and H. Kück, “A new concept for an absolutely encoded angular resolver,” in Proceedings of the 3th International Conference on Multi-Material Micro Manufacture 4M (2007).

T. Botzelmann, V. Mayer, D. Warkentin, and H. Kück, “Injection moulding of micro patterned polymer discs for optical rotary encoders,” in Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multi-Material Micro Manufacture 4M (2009).

Lai, H. E.

Lindell, C.

Lundbladh, L.

Matsuzoe, Y.

K. Fujita, T. Nakayama, and Y. Matsuzoe, “Recent encoder technology,” Fuji Elect. J. 46, 57–62 (1999).

Mayer, V.

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Optischer inkrementaler Drehgeber in Low-Cost-Bauweise,” Tech. Mess. 77, 358–363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Seybold, V. Mayer, H. Kück, D. Hopp, C. Pruss, and W. Osten, “Hochauflösender optischer Drehgeber mit MID-Optikmodul,” presented at 6. Paderborner Workshop “Entwurf mechatronischer Systeme,” Paderborn, Germany, 2009.

V. Mayer, “Untersuchungen zu optischen Drehgebern mit mikrostrukturierten Maßverkörperungen aus Kunststoff,” Institut für Zeitmesstechnik, Fein- und Mikrotechnik, Universität Stuttgart (2009).

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Hochauflösender optischer Drehgeber in Low-Cost-Bauweise,” DGaO, Esslingen, Germany, 2008.

V. Mayer, M. Schneider, J. Seybold, T. Botzelmann, and H. Kück, “Innovativer hochauflösender inkrementeller optischer Drehgeber,” in VDI/VDE ITG Fachtagung Sensoren und Messsysteme, Ludwigsburg (VDI Verlag GmbH, 2008).

V. Mayer, M. Schneider, J. Seybold, T. Botzelmann, and H. Kück, “New high resolution optical incremental rotary encoder,” in Smart Systems Integration (VDE Verlag GmbH, 2008).

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Optical incremental rotary encoder in low cost design,” presented at Sensor & Test Opto., Nürnberg, Germany, 2009.

V. Mayer, T. Botzelmann, K.-P. Fritz, J. Seybold, and H. Kück, “A new concept for an absolutely encoded angular resolver,” in Proceedings of the 3th International Conference on Multi-Material Micro Manufacture 4M (2007).

T. Botzelmann, V. Mayer, D. Warkentin, and H. Kück, “Injection moulding of micro patterned polymer discs for optical rotary encoders,” in Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multi-Material Micro Manufacture 4M (2009).

Nakayama, T.

K. Fujita, T. Nakayama, and Y. Matsuzoe, “Recent encoder technology,” Fuji Elect. J. 46, 57–62 (1999).

Nikolajeff, F.

Osten, W.

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Optischer inkrementaler Drehgeber in Low-Cost-Bauweise,” Tech. Mess. 77, 358–363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Seybold, V. Mayer, H. Kück, D. Hopp, C. Pruss, and W. Osten, “Hochauflösender optischer Drehgeber mit MID-Optikmodul,” presented at 6. Paderborner Workshop “Entwurf mechatronischer Systeme,” Paderborn, Germany, 2009.

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Hochauflösender optischer Drehgeber in Low-Cost-Bauweise,” DGaO, Esslingen, Germany, 2008.

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Optical incremental rotary encoder in low cost design,” presented at Sensor & Test Opto., Nürnberg, Germany, 2009.

Otsuka, M.

M. Otsuka, “HD DVD disc manufacturing process development,” in International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society America, 2005), pp. 1–2.

Plankensteiner, M.

L. Silberbauer and M. Plankensteiner, “Datenbus ersetzt mechanische Lenksäule,” Mechatronik F&M 12, 58–61 (2006).

Pruss, C.

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Optischer inkrementaler Drehgeber in Low-Cost-Bauweise,” Tech. Mess. 77, 358–363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Seybold, V. Mayer, H. Kück, D. Hopp, C. Pruss, and W. Osten, “Hochauflösender optischer Drehgeber mit MID-Optikmodul,” presented at 6. Paderborner Workshop “Entwurf mechatronischer Systeme,” Paderborn, Germany, 2009.

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Hochauflösender optischer Drehgeber in Low-Cost-Bauweise,” DGaO, Esslingen, Germany, 2008.

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Optical incremental rotary encoder in low cost design,” presented at Sensor & Test Opto., Nürnberg, Germany, 2009.

Schneider, M.

V. Mayer, M. Schneider, J. Seybold, T. Botzelmann, and H. Kück, “New high resolution optical incremental rotary encoder,” in Smart Systems Integration (VDE Verlag GmbH, 2008).

V. Mayer, M. Schneider, J. Seybold, T. Botzelmann, and H. Kück, “Innovativer hochauflösender inkrementeller optischer Drehgeber,” in VDI/VDE ITG Fachtagung Sensoren und Messsysteme, Ludwigsburg (VDI Verlag GmbH, 2008).

Seitz, J.

J. Seitz, “Kontrastprogramm im Drehgebermarkt: Absolut Highend oder inkremental günstig,” IEE 49, 24–25 (2004).

Seki, S.

T. Kojima, Y. Kikuchi, S. Seki, and H. Wakiwaka, “Study on high accuracy optical encoder with 30 bits,” in 8th IEEE International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control, 2004. AMC ’04 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 493–498.

Seybold, J.

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Optischer inkrementaler Drehgeber in Low-Cost-Bauweise,” Tech. Mess. 77, 358–363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Seybold, V. Mayer, H. Kück, D. Hopp, C. Pruss, and W. Osten, “Hochauflösender optischer Drehgeber mit MID-Optikmodul,” presented at 6. Paderborner Workshop “Entwurf mechatronischer Systeme,” Paderborn, Germany, 2009.

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Hochauflösender optischer Drehgeber in Low-Cost-Bauweise,” DGaO, Esslingen, Germany, 2008.

V. Mayer, M. Schneider, J. Seybold, T. Botzelmann, and H. Kück, “Innovativer hochauflösender inkrementeller optischer Drehgeber,” in VDI/VDE ITG Fachtagung Sensoren und Messsysteme, Ludwigsburg (VDI Verlag GmbH, 2008).

V. Mayer, M. Schneider, J. Seybold, T. Botzelmann, and H. Kück, “New high resolution optical incremental rotary encoder,” in Smart Systems Integration (VDE Verlag GmbH, 2008).

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Optical incremental rotary encoder in low cost design,” presented at Sensor & Test Opto., Nürnberg, Germany, 2009.

V. Mayer, T. Botzelmann, K.-P. Fritz, J. Seybold, and H. Kück, “A new concept for an absolutely encoded angular resolver,” in Proceedings of the 3th International Conference on Multi-Material Micro Manufacture 4M (2007).

Silberbauer, L.

L. Silberbauer and M. Plankensteiner, “Datenbus ersetzt mechanische Lenksäule,” Mechatronik F&M 12, 58–61 (2006).

Smock, C.

W. S. Beich, L. Fendrock, C. Smock, and N. Turner, “Recent trends in precision polymer optics fabrication,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing (Optical Society of America, 2008).

Turner, N.

W. S. Beich, L. Fendrock, C. Smock, and N. Turner, “Recent trends in precision polymer optics fabrication,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing (Optical Society of America, 2008).

Wakiwaka, H.

T. Kojima, Y. Kikuchi, S. Seki, and H. Wakiwaka, “Study on high accuracy optical encoder with 30 bits,” in 8th IEEE International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control, 2004. AMC ’04 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 493–498.

Wang, P. J.

Warkentin, D.

T. Botzelmann, V. Mayer, D. Warkentin, and H. Kück, “Injection moulding of micro patterned polymer discs for optical rotary encoders,” in Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multi-Material Micro Manufacture 4M (2009).

Zhang, X.

P. R. Belanger, P. Dobrovolny, A. Helmy, and X. Zhang, “Estimation of angular velocity and acceleration from shaft-encoder measurements,” Internat. J. Robotics Res. 17, 1225–1233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Fuji Elect. J.

K. Fujita, T. Nakayama, and Y. Matsuzoe, “Recent encoder technology,” Fuji Elect. J. 46, 57–62 (1999).

IEE

J. Seitz, “Kontrastprogramm im Drehgebermarkt: Absolut Highend oder inkremental günstig,” IEE 49, 24–25 (2004).

IEEE Sens. J.

W. J. Fleming, “Overview of automotive sensors,” IEEE Sens. J. 1, 296–308 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Internat. J. Robotics Res.

P. R. Belanger, P. Dobrovolny, A. Helmy, and X. Zhang, “Estimation of angular velocity and acceleration from shaft-encoder measurements,” Internat. J. Robotics Res. 17, 1225–1233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

KEM

S. Held, “Die Referenzfahrt entscheidet; Absolute und inkrementale Drehgeber im Vergleich,” KEM , 134–136 (2004).

Konstruktionspraxis

Hengstler, “Sicher hoch hinaus; Drehgeber-Einsatz Windenergieanlagen,” Konstruktionspraxis 6, 46–48 (2004).

Mechatronik F&M

L. Silberbauer and M. Plankensteiner, “Datenbus ersetzt mechanische Lenksäule,” Mechatronik F&M 12, 58–61 (2006).

Tech. Mess.

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Optischer inkrementaler Drehgeber in Low-Cost-Bauweise,” Tech. Mess. 77, 358–363 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Hochauflösender optischer Drehgeber in Low-Cost-Bauweise,” DGaO, Esslingen, Germany, 2008.

V. Mayer, M. Schneider, J. Seybold, T. Botzelmann, and H. Kück, “New high resolution optical incremental rotary encoder,” in Smart Systems Integration (VDE Verlag GmbH, 2008).

V. Mayer, M. Schneider, J. Seybold, T. Botzelmann, and H. Kück, “Innovativer hochauflösender inkrementeller optischer Drehgeber,” in VDI/VDE ITG Fachtagung Sensoren und Messsysteme, Ludwigsburg (VDI Verlag GmbH, 2008).

LaserComponents, “Positionsmessung: PSD oder CCD?” (2010) http://www.lasercomponents.com.

V. Mayer, T. Botzelmann, K.-P. Fritz, J. Seybold, and H. Kück, “A new concept for an absolutely encoded angular resolver,” in Proceedings of the 3th International Conference on Multi-Material Micro Manufacture 4M (2007).

W. S. Beich, L. Fendrock, C. Smock, and N. Turner, “Recent trends in precision polymer optics fabrication,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing (Optical Society of America, 2008).

Renishaw, “Non-contact position encoders,” (2011) www.renishaw.com.

Heidenhain, “Drehgeber,” (2010) www.heidenhain.de.

Heidenhain, “Optimierte Abtastung bei absoluten Drehgebern; technische Information,” (2006) www.heidenhain.de.

V. Mayer, “Untersuchungen zu optischen Drehgebern mit mikrostrukturierten Maßverkörperungen aus Kunststoff,” Institut für Zeitmesstechnik, Fein- und Mikrotechnik, Universität Stuttgart (2009).

Mediatechnics, “CD & DVD Glass Mastering,” (2011) www.mediatechnics.com.

M. Otsuka, “HD DVD disc manufacturing process development,” in International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society America, 2005), pp. 1–2.

T. Botzelmann, V. Mayer, D. Warkentin, and H. Kück, “Injection moulding of micro patterned polymer discs for optical rotary encoders,” in Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multi-Material Micro Manufacture 4M (2009).

J. Seybold, V. Mayer, H. Kück, D. Hopp, C. Pruss, and W. Osten, “Hochauflösender optischer Drehgeber mit MID-Optikmodul,” presented at 6. Paderborner Workshop “Entwurf mechatronischer Systeme,” Paderborn, Germany, 2009.

D. Hopp, C. Pruss, W. Osten, J. Seybold, V. Mayer, and H. Kück, “Optical incremental rotary encoder in low cost design,” presented at Sensor & Test Opto., Nürnberg, Germany, 2009.

Heidenhain, “Sicherheitsbezogene Positionsmesssysteme,” (2010) www.heidenhain.de.

Pepperl+Fuchs, “Mit dem richtigen Dreh zur funktionalen Sicherheit; Safety-Drehgeber von Pepperl+Fuchs,” (2011) www.pepperl-fuchs.com.

Megatron, “Gesamtprogramm Winkelsensoren,” (2011) www.megatron.de.

Pepperl+Fuchs, “Übersicht Drehgeber,” (2011) www.pepperl-fuchs.com.

Temicon, “Your access to the microscale,” (2011) www.temicon.de.

Renishaw, “The accuracy of angle encoders,” (2011) www.renishaw.com.

T. Kojima, Y. Kikuchi, S. Seki, and H. Wakiwaka, “Study on high accuracy optical encoder with 30 bits,” in 8th IEEE International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control, 2004. AMC ’04 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 493–498.

Hengstler, “Drehgeber für die industrielle Automation,” (2011) www.hengstler.com.

IFM, “Optimierung und Lösung von technischen Abläufen durch Sensorik, Kommunikations- und Steuerungssysteme; Schulungsunterlagen Drehgeber; V1.5,” (2010) www.ifm-electronic.com.

Hengstler, “Wind energy; Drehgeber für die optimale Ausrichtung,” (2009) www.hengstler.com.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics