The theory of generalized grating imaging for a one-dimensional grating is applied to a pattern projection system in pattern projection profilometry. Contrast of the projected grating image is calculated under various conditions. The results help to determine the conditions suitable for obtaining high contrast grating images in a large space. Although the gratings required for the profilometry are hexagonal, the theory for two-dimensional gratings is prohibitively complex. Therefore, the projection system was designed using the one-dimensional theory. The projection system using two-dimensional hexagonal gratings was constructed and experiments were done with it. The result agrees approximately with the theoretical calculations for one-dimensional gratings. This suggests that the one-dimensional theory may be used for estimating the approximated behavior for hexagonal gratings for use in pattern projection profilometry. Some discussions are given for the application of the projection system for profiling the mannequin or human body.
© 2011 Optical Society of America
Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.