Abstract

We propose a bend-insensitive optical fiber with optimized design for the ultralow bending loss at 1550nm for 5mm of bending diameter, with a wide cutoff wavelength tolerance.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Draka (2009), BendBrightXS at http://www.drakafibre.com.
  2. M.-J. Li, P. Tandon, D. C. Bookbinder, S. R. Bickham, M. A. McDermott, R. B. Desorcie, D. A. Nolan, J. J. Johnson, K. A. Lewis, and J. J. Englebert, “Ultra-low bending loss single-mode fiber for FTTH,” Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC-2008(Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP10.
  3. Stokeryale bend-insensitive fiber (2009), http://www.stockeryale.com/o/fiber/products/bif-1550-l2.htm.
  4. I. Sakabe, H. Ishikawa, H. Tanji, Y. Terasawa, M. Ito, and T. Ueda, “Enhanced bending loss insensitive fiber and new cables for CWDM access networks,” Proceedings of 53rd International Wire and Cable Symposium (IWCS Inc., 2004), pp. 112–118.
  5. K. Himeno, S. Matsuo, N. Guan, and A. Wada, “Low bending loss single mode fibers for fiber-to-the-home,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3494–3499 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. ITU-T recommendations: G.652, G657.
  7. P. R. Watekar, S. Ju, and W.-T. Han, “Near zero bending loss in a double-trenched bend insensitive optical fiber at 1550 nm,” Opt. Express 17, 20155–20166 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. R. Watekar, S. Ju, Y. S. Yoon, Y. S. Lee, and W.-T. Han, “Design of a trenched bend-insensitive single mode optical fiber using spot size definitions,” Opt. Express 16, 13545–13551(2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. P. R. Watekar, S. Ju, and W.-T. Han, “Design and development of a trenched optical fiber with ultra-low bending loss,” Opt. Express 17, 10350–10363 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. R. Watekar, S. Ju, and W.-T. Han, “Bend insensitive optical fiber with ultralow bending loss in the visible wavelength band,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3830–3832 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. R. Watekar, S. Ju, L. Htein, and W.-T. Han, “A simple and reliable method to determine LP11 cutoff wavelength of bend insensitive fiber,” Opt. Express 18, 13761–13771 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. FiberCAD, Optiwave Corporation, Canada (2000).
  13. A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory(Chapman and Hall, 1983).
  14. D. Marcuse, “Curvature loss formula for optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 216–220 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. Donlagic, “In-line higher order mode filters based on long highly uniform fiber tapers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3532–3539 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C.-C. Chang, G. Senft, Z. He, N. Ahmad, E. Sahinci, and W. Mahmood, “Evaluation on fiber boot of optical component by bend radius measurement in side pull test,” Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2003), p. WA-1.
  17. J. Wu and C. R. Sykora, “Triple-band bend tolerant optical waveguide,” U.S. patent application 11/196185 (2 March 2006).
  18. G. Scott, P. Dainese, M. Edwards, and J. Dhliwayo, “The mechanical reliability of corning optical fiber in small bend scenarios (White Paper),” Corning White Paper (2007), pp. 1–7.
  19. Samsung single mode optical fiber data-sheets (2010).

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

1976 (1)

Ahmad, N.

C.-C. Chang, G. Senft, Z. He, N. Ahmad, E. Sahinci, and W. Mahmood, “Evaluation on fiber boot of optical component by bend radius measurement in side pull test,” Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2003), p. WA-1.

Bickham, S. R.

M.-J. Li, P. Tandon, D. C. Bookbinder, S. R. Bickham, M. A. McDermott, R. B. Desorcie, D. A. Nolan, J. J. Johnson, K. A. Lewis, and J. J. Englebert, “Ultra-low bending loss single-mode fiber for FTTH,” Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC-2008(Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP10.

Bookbinder, D. C.

M.-J. Li, P. Tandon, D. C. Bookbinder, S. R. Bickham, M. A. McDermott, R. B. Desorcie, D. A. Nolan, J. J. Johnson, K. A. Lewis, and J. J. Englebert, “Ultra-low bending loss single-mode fiber for FTTH,” Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC-2008(Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP10.

Chang, C.-C.

C.-C. Chang, G. Senft, Z. He, N. Ahmad, E. Sahinci, and W. Mahmood, “Evaluation on fiber boot of optical component by bend radius measurement in side pull test,” Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2003), p. WA-1.

Dainese, P.

G. Scott, P. Dainese, M. Edwards, and J. Dhliwayo, “The mechanical reliability of corning optical fiber in small bend scenarios (White Paper),” Corning White Paper (2007), pp. 1–7.

Desorcie, R. B.

M.-J. Li, P. Tandon, D. C. Bookbinder, S. R. Bickham, M. A. McDermott, R. B. Desorcie, D. A. Nolan, J. J. Johnson, K. A. Lewis, and J. J. Englebert, “Ultra-low bending loss single-mode fiber for FTTH,” Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC-2008(Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP10.

Dhliwayo, J.

G. Scott, P. Dainese, M. Edwards, and J. Dhliwayo, “The mechanical reliability of corning optical fiber in small bend scenarios (White Paper),” Corning White Paper (2007), pp. 1–7.

Donlagic, D.

Edwards, M.

G. Scott, P. Dainese, M. Edwards, and J. Dhliwayo, “The mechanical reliability of corning optical fiber in small bend scenarios (White Paper),” Corning White Paper (2007), pp. 1–7.

Englebert, J. J.

M.-J. Li, P. Tandon, D. C. Bookbinder, S. R. Bickham, M. A. McDermott, R. B. Desorcie, D. A. Nolan, J. J. Johnson, K. A. Lewis, and J. J. Englebert, “Ultra-low bending loss single-mode fiber for FTTH,” Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC-2008(Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP10.

Guan, N.

Han, W.-T.

He, Z.

C.-C. Chang, G. Senft, Z. He, N. Ahmad, E. Sahinci, and W. Mahmood, “Evaluation on fiber boot of optical component by bend radius measurement in side pull test,” Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2003), p. WA-1.

Himeno, K.

Htein, L.

Ishikawa, H.

I. Sakabe, H. Ishikawa, H. Tanji, Y. Terasawa, M. Ito, and T. Ueda, “Enhanced bending loss insensitive fiber and new cables for CWDM access networks,” Proceedings of 53rd International Wire and Cable Symposium (IWCS Inc., 2004), pp. 112–118.

Ito, M.

I. Sakabe, H. Ishikawa, H. Tanji, Y. Terasawa, M. Ito, and T. Ueda, “Enhanced bending loss insensitive fiber and new cables for CWDM access networks,” Proceedings of 53rd International Wire and Cable Symposium (IWCS Inc., 2004), pp. 112–118.

Johnson, J. J.

M.-J. Li, P. Tandon, D. C. Bookbinder, S. R. Bickham, M. A. McDermott, R. B. Desorcie, D. A. Nolan, J. J. Johnson, K. A. Lewis, and J. J. Englebert, “Ultra-low bending loss single-mode fiber for FTTH,” Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC-2008(Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP10.

Ju, S.

Lee, Y. S.

Lewis, K. A.

M.-J. Li, P. Tandon, D. C. Bookbinder, S. R. Bickham, M. A. McDermott, R. B. Desorcie, D. A. Nolan, J. J. Johnson, K. A. Lewis, and J. J. Englebert, “Ultra-low bending loss single-mode fiber for FTTH,” Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC-2008(Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP10.

Li, M.-J.

M.-J. Li, P. Tandon, D. C. Bookbinder, S. R. Bickham, M. A. McDermott, R. B. Desorcie, D. A. Nolan, J. J. Johnson, K. A. Lewis, and J. J. Englebert, “Ultra-low bending loss single-mode fiber for FTTH,” Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC-2008(Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP10.

Love, J. D.

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory(Chapman and Hall, 1983).

Mahmood, W.

C.-C. Chang, G. Senft, Z. He, N. Ahmad, E. Sahinci, and W. Mahmood, “Evaluation on fiber boot of optical component by bend radius measurement in side pull test,” Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2003), p. WA-1.

Marcuse, D.

Matsuo, S.

McDermott, M. A.

M.-J. Li, P. Tandon, D. C. Bookbinder, S. R. Bickham, M. A. McDermott, R. B. Desorcie, D. A. Nolan, J. J. Johnson, K. A. Lewis, and J. J. Englebert, “Ultra-low bending loss single-mode fiber for FTTH,” Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC-2008(Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP10.

Nolan, D. A.

M.-J. Li, P. Tandon, D. C. Bookbinder, S. R. Bickham, M. A. McDermott, R. B. Desorcie, D. A. Nolan, J. J. Johnson, K. A. Lewis, and J. J. Englebert, “Ultra-low bending loss single-mode fiber for FTTH,” Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC-2008(Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP10.

Sahinci, E.

C.-C. Chang, G. Senft, Z. He, N. Ahmad, E. Sahinci, and W. Mahmood, “Evaluation on fiber boot of optical component by bend radius measurement in side pull test,” Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2003), p. WA-1.

Sakabe, I.

I. Sakabe, H. Ishikawa, H. Tanji, Y. Terasawa, M. Ito, and T. Ueda, “Enhanced bending loss insensitive fiber and new cables for CWDM access networks,” Proceedings of 53rd International Wire and Cable Symposium (IWCS Inc., 2004), pp. 112–118.

Scott, G.

G. Scott, P. Dainese, M. Edwards, and J. Dhliwayo, “The mechanical reliability of corning optical fiber in small bend scenarios (White Paper),” Corning White Paper (2007), pp. 1–7.

Senft, G.

C.-C. Chang, G. Senft, Z. He, N. Ahmad, E. Sahinci, and W. Mahmood, “Evaluation on fiber boot of optical component by bend radius measurement in side pull test,” Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2003), p. WA-1.

Snyder, A. W.

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory(Chapman and Hall, 1983).

Sykora, C. R.

J. Wu and C. R. Sykora, “Triple-band bend tolerant optical waveguide,” U.S. patent application 11/196185 (2 March 2006).

Tandon, P.

M.-J. Li, P. Tandon, D. C. Bookbinder, S. R. Bickham, M. A. McDermott, R. B. Desorcie, D. A. Nolan, J. J. Johnson, K. A. Lewis, and J. J. Englebert, “Ultra-low bending loss single-mode fiber for FTTH,” Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC-2008(Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP10.

Tanji, H.

I. Sakabe, H. Ishikawa, H. Tanji, Y. Terasawa, M. Ito, and T. Ueda, “Enhanced bending loss insensitive fiber and new cables for CWDM access networks,” Proceedings of 53rd International Wire and Cable Symposium (IWCS Inc., 2004), pp. 112–118.

Terasawa, Y.

I. Sakabe, H. Ishikawa, H. Tanji, Y. Terasawa, M. Ito, and T. Ueda, “Enhanced bending loss insensitive fiber and new cables for CWDM access networks,” Proceedings of 53rd International Wire and Cable Symposium (IWCS Inc., 2004), pp. 112–118.

Ueda, T.

I. Sakabe, H. Ishikawa, H. Tanji, Y. Terasawa, M. Ito, and T. Ueda, “Enhanced bending loss insensitive fiber and new cables for CWDM access networks,” Proceedings of 53rd International Wire and Cable Symposium (IWCS Inc., 2004), pp. 112–118.

Wada, A.

Watekar, P. R.

Wu, J.

J. Wu and C. R. Sykora, “Triple-band bend tolerant optical waveguide,” U.S. patent application 11/196185 (2 March 2006).

Yoon, Y. S.

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (11)

Draka (2009), BendBrightXS at http://www.drakafibre.com.

M.-J. Li, P. Tandon, D. C. Bookbinder, S. R. Bickham, M. A. McDermott, R. B. Desorcie, D. A. Nolan, J. J. Johnson, K. A. Lewis, and J. J. Englebert, “Ultra-low bending loss single-mode fiber for FTTH,” Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC-2008(Optical Society of America, 2008), paper PDP10.

Stokeryale bend-insensitive fiber (2009), http://www.stockeryale.com/o/fiber/products/bif-1550-l2.htm.

I. Sakabe, H. Ishikawa, H. Tanji, Y. Terasawa, M. Ito, and T. Ueda, “Enhanced bending loss insensitive fiber and new cables for CWDM access networks,” Proceedings of 53rd International Wire and Cable Symposium (IWCS Inc., 2004), pp. 112–118.

FiberCAD, Optiwave Corporation, Canada (2000).

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory(Chapman and Hall, 1983).

ITU-T recommendations: G.652, G657.

C.-C. Chang, G. Senft, Z. He, N. Ahmad, E. Sahinci, and W. Mahmood, “Evaluation on fiber boot of optical component by bend radius measurement in side pull test,” Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2003), p. WA-1.

J. Wu and C. R. Sykora, “Triple-band bend tolerant optical waveguide,” U.S. patent application 11/196185 (2 March 2006).

G. Scott, P. Dainese, M. Edwards, and J. Dhliwayo, “The mechanical reliability of corning optical fiber in small bend scenarios (White Paper),” Corning White Paper (2007), pp. 1–7.

Samsung single mode optical fiber data-sheets (2010).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Bend-insensitive optical fiber (BIF).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Effects of trench index difference and trench width on the cutoff wavelength.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Effects of trench separation on the cutoff wavelength.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Effects of trench separation on the bending loss and dispersion characteristics. Bending loss was determined at the loop diameter of 5 mm .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optimized trench parameters of the BIF.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectral variation of the bending loss of optimized BIF.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Spectral variations of the dispersion and the mode-field diameter of optimized BIF.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Dependence of zero dispersion wavelength on trench parameters.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of FiberCAD Simulation Results and Measured Bending Losses for Various Bend Insensitive Optical Fibers a

Tables Icon

Table 2 Comparison of Theoretical Cutoff Wavelength with the Experimental Results for Three Different Fibers

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

α macro = 10 Log e 10 ( π V 8 16 r c r b W 3 ) 1 / 2 exp ( 4 r b Δ W 3 3 r c V 2 ) [ 0 ( 1 g ) F 0 r d r ] 2 0 F 0 2 r d r ,
g = n ( r ) 2 n min 2 n max 2 n min 2 , V = k 0 r c n max 2 n min 2 , Δ = n max 2 n min 2 2 n max 2 , W = r c β 2 ( k 0 n min ) 2 .

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