Abstract

Broadband chaos generated in an optically injected semiconductor laser is applied for power-over-fiber transmission. By varying the injection power, period-one oscillation, period-two oscillation, and chaotic oscillation are observed in the injected slave laser, indicating a period-doubling route to chaos. Compared to the free-running output of the laser, its chaotic output has a drastically increased signal bandwidth, which leads to a 19dB increase of the stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold. Using a chaos of 5.2GHz bandwidth, a maximum optical power of 27dBm is obtained after 20km transmission over fiber, which is applicable to optically powering some advanced communication networks. The approach uses the inherent nonlinear laser dynamics, which requires no modulation electronics or microwave signal sources.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Roeger, G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, A. W. Bett, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optically powered fiber networks,” Opt. Express 16, 21821–21834 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Tanaka, T. Shioda, T. Kurokawa, J. Oka, K. Ueta, and T. Fukuoka, “Power line monitoring system using fiber optic power supply,” Opt. Rev. 16, 257–261 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, M. Roeger, A. W. Bett, T. Kueng, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “An optically powered video camera link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 39–41 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Wake, A. Nkansah, and N. Gomes, “Optical powering of remote units for radio over fiber links,” in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2007), pp. 29–32.
  5. D. Wake, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, C. Lethien, C. Sion, and J.-P. Vilcot, “Optically powered remote units for radio-over-fiber systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2484–2491 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. C. Banwell, R. C. Estes, L. A. Reith, P. W. Shumate, Jr., and E. M. Vogel, “Powering the fiber loop optically—a cost analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 481–494 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539–541 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. M. Liu, Photonic Devices (Cambridge University, 2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. B. Ruffin, M. J. Li, X. Chen, A. Kobyakov, and F. Annunziata, “Brillouin gain analysis for fibers with different refractive indices,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3123–3125 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. H. Stolen, “Polarization effects in fiber Raman and Brillouin lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1157–1160(1979).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 710–719 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. O. van Deventer and A. J. Boot, “Polarization properties of stimulated Brillouin scattering in single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 585–590 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. Miyakawa, Y. Tanaka, and T. Kurokawa, “Design approaches to power-over-optical local-area-network systems,” Appl. Opt. 43, 1379–1389 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Yang, X. Xu, Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Continuous-wave single-longitudinal-mode fiber-optical parametric oscillator with reduced pump threshold,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1870–1872 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. X. Xu, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, Y. Liang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Optically powered WDM signal transmission system with distributed parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1232–1234 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. Torounidis, B. E. Olsson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber-optic parametric amplifier in a loop mirror configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 321–323 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. B. Coles, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, S. Moro, C. S. Bres, J. M. Chavez Boggio, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and S. Radic, “Bandwidth-efficient phase modulation techniques for stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression in fiber optic parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express 18, 18138–18150 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and P. M. Alsing, “Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539–3541 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  19. F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, “Harmonic frequency locking in a semiconductor laser with delayed negative optoelectronic feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3128–3130 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. C. Chan, S. K. Hwang, and J. M. Liu, “Period-one oscillation for photonic microwave transmission using an optically injected semicondutor laser,” Opt. Express 15, 14921–14935(2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. Y. Takeuchi, R. Shogenji, and J. Ohtsubo, “Chaotic dynamics in semiconductor lasers subjected to polarization-rotated optical feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181105 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. Kobyakov, M. Sauer, and D. Chowdhury, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 2, 1–59 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (3)

2009 (2)

Y. Tanaka, T. Shioda, T. Kurokawa, J. Oka, K. Ueta, and T. Fukuoka, “Power line monitoring system using fiber optic power supply,” Opt. Rev. 16, 257–261 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Yang, X. Xu, Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Continuous-wave single-longitudinal-mode fiber-optical parametric oscillator with reduced pump threshold,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1870–1872 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, M. Roeger, A. W. Bett, T. Kueng, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “An optically powered video camera link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 39–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takeuchi, R. Shogenji, and J. Ohtsubo, “Chaotic dynamics in semiconductor lasers subjected to polarization-rotated optical feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Wake, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, C. Lethien, C. Sion, and J.-P. Vilcot, “Optically powered remote units for radio-over-fiber systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2484–2491 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Roeger, G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, A. W. Bett, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optically powered fiber networks,” Opt. Express 16, 21821–21834 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2005 (2)

A. B. Ruffin, M. J. Li, X. Chen, A. Kobyakov, and F. Annunziata, “Brillouin gain analysis for fibers with different refractive indices,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3123–3125 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Torounidis, B. E. Olsson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber-optic parametric amplifier in a loop mirror configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 321–323 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, “Harmonic frequency locking in a semiconductor laser with delayed negative optoelectronic feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3128–3130 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and P. M. Alsing, “Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539–3541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. O. van Deventer and A. J. Boot, “Polarization properties of stimulated Brillouin scattering in single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 585–590 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

T. C. Banwell, R. C. Estes, L. A. Reith, P. W. Shumate, Jr., and E. M. Vogel, “Powering the fiber loop optically—a cost analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 481–494 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 710–719 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

R. H. Stolen, “Polarization effects in fiber Raman and Brillouin lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1157–1160(1979).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539–541 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Alic, N.

Alsing, P. M.

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and P. M. Alsing, “Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539–3541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

Annunziata, F.

Aoki, Y.

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 710–719 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Banwell, T. C.

T. C. Banwell, R. C. Estes, L. A. Reith, P. W. Shumate, Jr., and E. M. Vogel, “Powering the fiber loop optically—a cost analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 481–494 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Becker, J.

M. Roeger, G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, A. W. Bett, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optically powered fiber networks,” Opt. Express 16, 21821–21834 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, M. Roeger, A. W. Bett, T. Kueng, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “An optically powered video camera link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 39–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bett, A. W.

G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, M. Roeger, A. W. Bett, T. Kueng, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “An optically powered video camera link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 39–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Roeger, G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, A. W. Bett, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optically powered fiber networks,” Opt. Express 16, 21821–21834 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boettger, G.

M. Roeger, G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, A. W. Bett, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optically powered fiber networks,” Opt. Express 16, 21821–21834 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, M. Roeger, A. W. Bett, T. Kueng, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “An optically powered video camera link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 39–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boot, A. J.

M. O. van Deventer and A. J. Boot, “Polarization properties of stimulated Brillouin scattering in single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 585–590 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bres, C. S.

Chan, S. C.

Chavez Boggio, J. M.

Chen, X.

Cheung, K. K. Y.

X. Xu, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, Y. Liang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Optically powered WDM signal transmission system with distributed parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1232–1234 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Yang, X. Xu, Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Continuous-wave single-longitudinal-mode fiber-optical parametric oscillator with reduced pump threshold,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1870–1872 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, D.

Coles, J. B.

Dreschmann, M.

G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, M. Roeger, A. W. Bett, T. Kueng, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “An optically powered video camera link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 39–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Roeger, G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, A. W. Bett, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optically powered fiber networks,” Opt. Express 16, 21821–21834 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Estes, R. C.

T. C. Banwell, R. C. Estes, L. A. Reith, P. W. Shumate, Jr., and E. M. Vogel, “Powering the fiber loop optically—a cost analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 481–494 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Freude, W.

M. Roeger, G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, A. W. Bett, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optically powered fiber networks,” Opt. Express 16, 21821–21834 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, M. Roeger, A. W. Bett, T. Kueng, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “An optically powered video camera link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 39–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fukuoka, T.

Y. Tanaka, T. Shioda, T. Kurokawa, J. Oka, K. Ueta, and T. Fukuoka, “Power line monitoring system using fiber optic power supply,” Opt. Rev. 16, 257–261 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gavrielides, A.

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and P. M. Alsing, “Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539–3541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gomes, N.

D. Wake, A. Nkansah, and N. Gomes, “Optical powering of remote units for radio over fiber links,” in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2007), pp. 29–32.

Gomes, N. J.

Huebner, M.

G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, M. Roeger, A. W. Bett, T. Kueng, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “An optically powered video camera link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 39–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Roeger, G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, A. W. Bett, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optically powered fiber networks,” Opt. Express 16, 21821–21834 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, S. K.

Ippen, E. P.

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539–541 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, M.

Klamouris, C.

M. Roeger, G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, A. W. Bett, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optically powered fiber networks,” Opt. Express 16, 21821–21834 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, M. Roeger, A. W. Bett, T. Kueng, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “An optically powered video camera link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 39–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kobyakov, A.

Kovanis, V.

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and P. M. Alsing, “Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539–3541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kueng, T.

G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, M. Roeger, A. W. Bett, T. Kueng, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “An optically powered video camera link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 39–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, B. P. P.

Kurokawa, T.

Y. Tanaka, T. Shioda, T. Kurokawa, J. Oka, K. Ueta, and T. Fukuoka, “Power line monitoring system using fiber optic power supply,” Opt. Rev. 16, 257–261 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Miyakawa, Y. Tanaka, and T. Kurokawa, “Design approaches to power-over-optical local-area-network systems,” Appl. Opt. 43, 1379–1389 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lethien, C.

Leuthold, J.

G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, M. Roeger, A. W. Bett, T. Kueng, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “An optically powered video camera link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 39–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Roeger, G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, A. W. Bett, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optically powered fiber networks,” Opt. Express 16, 21821–21834 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, M. J.

Liang, Y.

X. Xu, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, Y. Liang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Optically powered WDM signal transmission system with distributed parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1232–1234 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, F. Y.

F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, “Harmonic frequency locking in a semiconductor laser with delayed negative optoelectronic feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3128–3130 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. M.

S. C. Chan, S. K. Hwang, and J. M. Liu, “Period-one oscillation for photonic microwave transmission using an optically injected semicondutor laser,” Opt. Express 15, 14921–14935(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, “Harmonic frequency locking in a semiconductor laser with delayed negative optoelectronic feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3128–3130 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and P. M. Alsing, “Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539–3541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Liu, Photonic Devices (Cambridge University, 2005).
[CrossRef]

Mito, I.

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 710–719 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Miyakawa, H.

Moro, S.

Nkansah, A.

D. Wake, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, C. Lethien, C. Sion, and J.-P. Vilcot, “Optically powered remote units for radio-over-fiber systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2484–2491 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Wake, A. Nkansah, and N. Gomes, “Optical powering of remote units for radio over fiber links,” in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2007), pp. 29–32.

Ohtsubo, J.

Y. Takeuchi, R. Shogenji, and J. Ohtsubo, “Chaotic dynamics in semiconductor lasers subjected to polarization-rotated optical feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oka, J.

Y. Tanaka, T. Shioda, T. Kurokawa, J. Oka, K. Ueta, and T. Fukuoka, “Power line monitoring system using fiber optic power supply,” Opt. Rev. 16, 257–261 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, B. E.

T. Torounidis, B. E. Olsson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber-optic parametric amplifier in a loop mirror configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 321–323 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Radic, S.

Reith, L. A.

T. C. Banwell, R. C. Estes, L. A. Reith, P. W. Shumate, Jr., and E. M. Vogel, “Powering the fiber loop optically—a cost analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 481–494 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Roeger, M.

M. Roeger, G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, A. W. Bett, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optically powered fiber networks,” Opt. Express 16, 21821–21834 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, M. Roeger, A. W. Bett, T. Kueng, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “An optically powered video camera link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 39–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ruffin, A. B.

Sauer, M.

Shioda, T.

Y. Tanaka, T. Shioda, T. Kurokawa, J. Oka, K. Ueta, and T. Fukuoka, “Power line monitoring system using fiber optic power supply,” Opt. Rev. 16, 257–261 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shogenji, R.

Y. Takeuchi, R. Shogenji, and J. Ohtsubo, “Chaotic dynamics in semiconductor lasers subjected to polarization-rotated optical feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shumate, P. W.

T. C. Banwell, R. C. Estes, L. A. Reith, P. W. Shumate, Jr., and E. M. Vogel, “Powering the fiber loop optically—a cost analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 481–494 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, T. B.

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and P. M. Alsing, “Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539–3541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sion, C.

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen, “Polarization effects in fiber Raman and Brillouin lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1157–1160(1979).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539–541 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Sunnerud, H.

T. Torounidis, B. E. Olsson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber-optic parametric amplifier in a loop mirror configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 321–323 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, K.

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 710–719 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Takeuchi, Y.

Y. Takeuchi, R. Shogenji, and J. Ohtsubo, “Chaotic dynamics in semiconductor lasers subjected to polarization-rotated optical feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

Y. Tanaka, T. Shioda, T. Kurokawa, J. Oka, K. Ueta, and T. Fukuoka, “Power line monitoring system using fiber optic power supply,” Opt. Rev. 16, 257–261 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Miyakawa, Y. Tanaka, and T. Kurokawa, “Design approaches to power-over-optical local-area-network systems,” Appl. Opt. 43, 1379–1389 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torounidis, T.

T. Torounidis, B. E. Olsson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber-optic parametric amplifier in a loop mirror configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 321–323 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ueta, K.

Y. Tanaka, T. Shioda, T. Kurokawa, J. Oka, K. Ueta, and T. Fukuoka, “Power line monitoring system using fiber optic power supply,” Opt. Rev. 16, 257–261 (2009).
[CrossRef]

van Deventer, M. O.

M. O. van Deventer and A. J. Boot, “Polarization properties of stimulated Brillouin scattering in single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 585–590 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vilcot, J.-P.

Vogel, E. M.

T. C. Banwell, R. C. Estes, L. A. Reith, P. W. Shumate, Jr., and E. M. Vogel, “Powering the fiber loop optically—a cost analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 481–494 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wake, D.

D. Wake, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, C. Lethien, C. Sion, and J.-P. Vilcot, “Optically powered remote units for radio-over-fiber systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2484–2491 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Wake, A. Nkansah, and N. Gomes, “Optical powering of remote units for radio over fiber links,” in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2007), pp. 29–32.

Wong, K. K. Y.

X. Xu, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, Y. Liang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Optically powered WDM signal transmission system with distributed parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1232–1234 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Yang, X. Xu, Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Continuous-wave single-longitudinal-mode fiber-optical parametric oscillator with reduced pump threshold,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1870–1872 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

X. Xu, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, Y. Liang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Optically powered WDM signal transmission system with distributed parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1232–1234 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Yang, X. Xu, Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Continuous-wave single-longitudinal-mode fiber-optical parametric oscillator with reduced pump threshold,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1870–1872 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S.

X. Xu, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, Y. Liang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Optically powered WDM signal transmission system with distributed parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1232–1234 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Yang, X. Xu, Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Continuous-wave single-longitudinal-mode fiber-optical parametric oscillator with reduced pump threshold,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1870–1872 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yuk, T. I.

X. Xu, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, Y. Liang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Optically powered WDM signal transmission system with distributed parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1232–1234 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

S. Yang, X. Xu, Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Continuous-wave single-longitudinal-mode fiber-optical parametric oscillator with reduced pump threshold,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1870–1872 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and P. M. Alsing, “Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539–3541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, “Harmonic frequency locking in a semiconductor laser with delayed negative optoelectronic feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3128–3130 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takeuchi, R. Shogenji, and J. Ohtsubo, “Chaotic dynamics in semiconductor lasers subjected to polarization-rotated optical feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539–541 (1972).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. H. Stolen, “Polarization effects in fiber Raman and Brillouin lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1157–1160(1979).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

G. Boettger, M. Dreschmann, C. Klamouris, M. Huebner, M. Roeger, A. W. Bett, T. Kueng, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “An optically powered video camera link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 39–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Yang, X. Xu, Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Continuous-wave single-longitudinal-mode fiber-optical parametric oscillator with reduced pump threshold,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1870–1872 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Xu, K. K. Y. Cheung, S. Yang, Y. Liang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Optically powered WDM signal transmission system with distributed parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1232–1234 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Torounidis, B. E. Olsson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber-optic parametric amplifier in a loop mirror configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 321–323 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

D. Wake, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, C. Lethien, C. Sion, and J.-P. Vilcot, “Optically powered remote units for radio-over-fiber systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2484–2491 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Banwell, R. C. Estes, L. A. Reith, P. W. Shumate, Jr., and E. M. Vogel, “Powering the fiber loop optically—a cost analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 481–494 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 710–719 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. O. van Deventer and A. J. Boot, “Polarization properties of stimulated Brillouin scattering in single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 585–590 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Rev. (1)

Y. Tanaka, T. Shioda, T. Kurokawa, J. Oka, K. Ueta, and T. Fukuoka, “Power line monitoring system using fiber optic power supply,” Opt. Rev. 16, 257–261 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

D. Wake, A. Nkansah, and N. Gomes, “Optical powering of remote units for radio over fiber links,” in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2007), pp. 29–32.

J. M. Liu, Photonic Devices (Cambridge University, 2005).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of PoF transmission using optical chaos. ML, master laser; SL, slave laser; VA, variable attenuator; CIR, circulator; OI, optical isolator; FC, coupler; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; SMF, single-mode fiber; PV, photovoltaic converter; R, resistor; TL, tunable laser; PD, photodetector; A, microwave amplifier; PSA, power spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical spectra from the slave laser in the (a) free-running state, (b) period-one state, (c) period-two state, (d) chaotic state, (e) period-one state, and (f) stable-locking state, where the injection power is 0, 0.05, 0.21, 0.31, 3.78, and 23.6 mW , respectively. The injection detuning frequency is kept at 11.0 GHz , as the arrows indicate.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output optical power versus input optical power for transmission over fibers. The fiber lengths are indicated by the legends. The open and closed symbols are obtained when the slave laser is in the free-running state and the chaotic state, respectively. For each curve, the output power saturates because of SBS reflection.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output electrical power versus input optical power for transmission over fibers. The fiber lengths are indicated by the legends. The open and closed symbols are obtained when the slave laser is in the free-running state and the chaotic state, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Saturated output optical power versus fiber length. The open and closed symbols are obtained when the slave laser is in the free-running state and the chaotic state, respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Optical spectra measured (a) at the input to the EDFA and (b) at the output after PoF transmission. The solid curves are obtained when the optically injected single-mode laser is in the chaotic state. The dashed curves show the spectra obtained when the laser is replaced by a cw multilongitudinal mode laser without optical injection.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P p th = ( 1 + Δ ν p Δ f B ) · ln G B th A eff K g ˜ B 0 max l eff ,

Metrics